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坐牢17年,印度男子以犯罪时未成年为由提出抗辩,最高法院将其释放

 After 17 years in jail, man cites juvenility, SC sets him free

坐牢17年,印度男子以犯罪时未成年为由提出抗辩,最高法院将其释放

NEW DELHI: This is what happens when proper legal assistance is not provided to an accused. A man was 17 years and seven months old when he committed a murder but he and his lawyer did not raise the defence of juvenility at trial stage while challenging his conviction in the high court and Supreme Court. He ended up spending over 17 years in jail when the maxmum punishment for a juvenile is sending him to a special home for a period of three years.

新德里:如果没有向被告提供适当的法律援助,就会发生这种情况。一名男子在17岁零7个月的时候犯了谋杀罪,但他和他的律师在审判阶段没有提出未成年抗辩,而是在高等法院和最高法院对他的定罪提出了质疑。他最终在监狱里度过了17年,而对未成年的最高惩罚是把他送到教管所,为期3年。

Twelve years after exhausting all his legal options to challenge his conviction and award of life imprisonment with the dismissal of his appeal in the apex court in 2009, the convict in 2021 filed an application in the SC raising the issue of juvenility for the first time. He came to know about the defence of juvenility when he approached a lawyer for his premature release.

2009年,他在最高法院的上诉被驳回,12年来他用尽了所有的法律选择质疑定罪和终身监禁的判决,并于2021年向最高法院提出了未成年抗辩的申请。他找到律师申请提前释放,他开始了解未成年抗辩。

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On examining his documents, his lawyers Aarif Ali and Md Irshand Hanif found that he was a juvenile at the time of offence and filed an application before the SC raising the defence of juvenility. The lawyers brought to the court's notice that the date of birth of the convict is May 16, 1986, and therefore he was a juvenile on January 8, 2004, when the offence was committed. The SC directed Juvenile Justice Board of District Maharajganj in UP to hold an inquiry into the claim. The Juvenile Justice Board passed an order in March holding that his correct date of birth was May 16, 1986, and his age at the time of offence was 17 years 07 months and 23 days.

在查看他的文件时,他的律师Aarif Ali和Md Irshand Hanif发现他在犯罪时是一名未成年人,于是向最高法院提出了未成年辩护的申请。律师提请法庭注意,该罪犯的出生日期是1986年5月16日,因此他在2004年1月8日犯罪时还是一名未成年。最高法院指示北方邦Maharajganj区少年司法委员会对这一说法进行调查。少年司法委员会在三月通过一项命令,裁定他的出生日期是1986年5月16日,而他在犯罪时的年龄是17岁零七个月零23天。

Accepting the finding of the board, a bench of Justices A M Khanwilkar and Abhay S Oka directed that he be forthwith set at liberty. It said only the Juvenile Justice Board had jurisdiction to try a juvenile and an accused was entitled to raise a claim of juvenility before any court, even after the final disposal of the case. It said if the court found the accused to be juvenile on the date of commission of the offence, the court should forward the juvenile to the board for passing appropriate orders. But the bench said in this case the convict had already spent over 17 years in jail and it would be unjust to refer the case to the board.

法官A M Khanwilkar和Abhay S Oka接受了委员会的裁决,要求立即释放他。法官说,只有少年司法委员会有审判未成年人的管辖权,被告有权在任何法庭提出未成年主张,即使在案件最终申理之后。委员会指出,如法庭在犯罪当日裁定被告为未成年人,则应将该未成年人送交少年司法委员会。但法官表示,在这起案件中,罪犯已经在监狱中度过了17年,将案件提交该委员会是不公正的。

In this case he was was convicted along with others by the sessions court in May 2006 in a triple murder case and was sentenced to undergo life imprisonment. Appeal filed by him and other convicts was dismissed by Allahabad HC and their plea was also dismissed by SC in August 2009.

在这起案件中,他和其他几人在2006年5月的三起谋杀案中被法庭定罪,并被判处终身监禁。他和其他罪犯提出的上诉被阿拉哈巴德高等法院驳回,他们的请求也在2009年8月被高等法院驳回。

 

以下是印度时报读者的评论:译者:Jessica.Wu

Sandesh Ak

Reduce the juvenile age to 14 years. Matter is resolved.

将未成年年龄上限降低到14岁,问题解决。

 

Mohit Goyal

After comiting a murder/rape, accused can not can not get away with Juvenility clause. This clause must be for minor crimes like theft etc....

犯了谋杀罪/强奸罪后,被告不能以未成年条款为由逃脱惩罚。该条款必须仅适用于轻罪,比如盗窃等....

 

Deepayan Choudhury

As per the Indian Law - Its is ok to murder rape etc till you are 18 years of age.

根据印度法律,18岁之前谋杀、强奸等都没事

0 0 • Reply • Flag

stupidity .,how can some one murder rape if he is really child.

愚蠢,如果真的是孩子,怎么能谋杀、强奸。

 

0 0 • Reply • Flag

The stupid juvenile law encourages boys who are mature enough to commit rapes and murders. They will escape punishment if they take care to do such crimes before crossing 18 years. Adolescents are capable of fathering a child but the victim will suffer lifelong shame and ridicule.

未成年保护法鼓励成熟的男孩强奸、谋杀。如果他们在满18岁之前犯下这样的罪行,可以逃脱惩罚。未成年也能让对方怀孕,但受害者将遭受终身耻辱,终身被人嘲笑。

 

User Hemal

Talk about his henious crime rather than blaming system.

说说他的滔天罪行,不要责怪制度

 

Owais Qanungo

We need to change this.. juvenile age upto 12 is ok..13and 14 age should be partial juvenile..max imprisonment 10 yr..15 and above 15 same as adult justice system.

我们需要改变这一点。12岁以下为未成年差不多,13岁和14岁应该是半成年了,最高监禁10年,15岁或15岁以上和成人一样。

 

prabin singh

I don't want youngster to follow any crime so those who commit crime like murder or rape should be hang till dead.

我不希望年轻人犯罪,绞死所以那些犯下谋杀或强奸罪行的人死。

 

0 0 • Reply • Flag

The Juvenile Justice Board must reconsider the age limit as the current age of 18 years might be obsolete in this fast growing generation.

少年司法委员会必须重新考虑年龄限制,目前18岁这个年龄界线可能已经过时,现在这一代都早熟。

 

Sham

Now citing juvenile law loophole he will get out. Once he gets out he will be free to commit another murder.

现在以未成年法漏洞为由,他将会被释放。一旦他出狱,他又可以杀人了。

 

1 0 • Reply • Flag

now most of crimes are done by juveniles who are supported by big criminals from escape of punishment

现在大多数的犯罪都是由未成年犯下的,他们在大罪犯的支持下逃脱惩罚

 

Rokkam Krishna

Should be dearth penalty even a juvenile if he committed a heinous crime.

如果犯了滔天大罪,即使是未成年也应该受到惩罚。

 

Satyendra Kumar

Matlab He can become mature enough not to kill some body in just 5 months ??? .

他能在短短5个月内变得足够成熟而不再杀人?

 

4 0 • Reply • Flag

A child brought up by his or her parents in a correct manner will never murder someone. The parents of the juvenile in question are to be blamed for not inculcating human values in him in his childhood. A child who is encouraged in stealing other's property by his parents will grow up into a smuggler or thief. SC erred in freeing the murderer just because he is below 18 years in age by a few days.

一个有教养的孩子永远不会杀人。这名少年的父母应该受到责备,因为他们没有在孩子童年时代向他灌输正确的价值观。父母鼓励孩子去偷别人的东西,孩子长大后会成为走私犯或小偷。最高法院在释放凶手时犯了一个错误,仅仅因为他犯罪时还差几个月才18岁。

 

nagarajan sankaranarayanan

Sadly no one takes a point that justice has been denied to this person (we may make an attempt to amend the juvenile law, that is a different thought altogether. Sadly the system of judiciary had failed to take decision based on material facts and the provisions of law upon which justice to be rendered

遗憾的是,没有人认为这个人蒙冤了。我们可以尝试修改未成年法,这是一个完全不同的想法。遗憾的是,司法制度未能根据实际事实和据以伸张正义的法律规定作出判决。

 

ANUBHAV SINGH

Court should also suspend the judge who haven't noticed the age 17 years ago, and set an enquiry for the same.

法庭应该把17年前没有注意到犯罪年龄的法官停职,并对其进行调查。

 

1 1 • Reply • Flag

What if he changed his birth certificate date by a few years?

如果他把出生证明上的日期改了几年呢?

 

2 0 • Reply • Flag

Punishment of the guilty is a part of justice to the victim. When juveniles take part in heinous crimes, should they be handled with kid gloves. This is the stupid law by which a rapist of Nirbhaya escaped gallows.

惩罚罪犯是为受害者伸张正义。当未成年犯罪时,应谨慎对待,这是一条愚蠢的法律,尼尔巴娅案的强奸犯靠未成年法逃脱了绞刑。

 

Amit Thorat

If you're 16 or 17 and you can commit rape or murder, that person deserves the death penalty. Our Judiciary is a joke.

如果你是16或17岁,你可以强奸或谋杀,被该被判死刑的。我们的司法系统就是个笑话。

 

TruthSeeker

So, being juvenile it's ok to kill someone and simply walk away with a minor 3 years punishment.He was almost 18 when he committed the crime.

所以,只要是未成年人,杀人后只判3年。他犯罪时就快18岁了。

 

Ananthagopal Kp

Juvenile accused of rape / murder should be tried as adults

被控强奸/谋杀的未成年应该像成年人一样受审

 

Amit Subuddhi

juvenile still having the capability to murder

未成年人也有杀人的能力

外文:https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/after-17-years-in-jail-man-cites-juvenility-sc-sets-him-free/articleshow/90831412.cms

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