三泰虎

莫迪治下的瓦拉纳西发生了什么变化

 How Varanasi Changed Under Modi

莫迪治下的瓦拉纳西发生了什么变化

VARANASI: When Narendra Modi decided to contest from Varanasi in Lok Sabha 2014 polls, the east Uttar Pradesh city always po itically alive but often indifferent to change – was taken by surprise. It was uneasy too. Varanasi is a holy city for the Hindus. But it has also been a place where Hindus and Mus ms have lived side by side for centuries, their lives intertwined like zari with cotton in the eloquent saris that are livelihood to lakhs and part of the city’s identity. Some were anous that Modi’s brand of Hindutva po itics could unsettle the city’s fragile fabric. Electorally, it turned out to be a min ity view. Modi triumphed by over 3.71 lakh ves, getting more than 56% of the ballot cast.

瓦拉纳西:自2014年纳伦德拉·莫迪决定在人民院投票中从瓦拉纳西展开角逐,这个北方邦东部城市一直在上活跃,但往往对变革漠不关心,这让人感到意外,也感到不安。瓦拉纳西是印度教徒的圣城,也是几个世纪以来印度教徒和一直共同生活的地方,他们的生活就像沙丽上的金线和棉线一样交织在一起。纱丽是数十万人的生计,也是城市身份的一部分。一些人担心莫迪的印度教会动摇这座城市脆弱的结构。从结果来看,这只是少数人的观点。当时莫迪以37.1万张获胜,获得56%以上的。

Now five years later, while the rest of India gets ready to judge the PM, Varanasi’s appraisal also includes his report card as an MP. Travelling across Varanasi, what’s clear is that major infrastructural changes have taken place in and around the city in the past five years. Offi al statistics show an estimated Rs 21,862 crore has been spent since 2014-15 on development and construction works in the city.

五年后的今天,当印度其他地方都准备好评判总理时,瓦拉纳西的评价也包括了其作为国会议员的工作报告。纵观瓦拉纳西,我们可以清楚地看到,在过去的五年里,城市内部和星期围的基础设施发生了重大变化。官方统计数据显示,自2014年至2015年,瓦拉纳西在开发和建设方面的支出估计为2186.2亿卢比。

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The first major change is visible just as one steps out of the airport: a freshly-constructed four-lane highway. Entering Varanasi is now a breeze. Ta driver Dilip Shukla tells you that the first phase (17km) of an ambitious Ring Road project is also ready. Work continues in the remaining 26km. The Ring Road will ease traffic congestion in the city and facilitate travel from nearby towns. “With better road connectivity, Varanasi is develo as a commercial hub,” says a senior district offi al.

第一个重大变化是显而易见的。走出机场是一条新建的四车道公路。进入瓦拉纳西现在是轻而易举的事。出租车司机Dilip Shukla称,一个雄心勃勃的环城公路项目的第一阶段(17公里)已完工,余下的26公里仍在继续施工。这条环路将缓解城市的交通拥堵,方便附近城镇居民的出行。一名地区高级表示“随着公路的改善,瓦拉纳西正在发展成为一个商业中心。”

There’s a lot more. The cutting-edge Mahna Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya Cancer Centre, jointly set up by Tatas and BHU, was readied in 10 months and should be a boon to the region. An old railways cancer hospital has now morphed into the modern Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital. Deendayal Hastk Sankul, a swank and capacious trade facility-cum-museum of handicrafts, offers space to award-wng weavers and craftsmen to sell their product. Shopkeepers say, customers are few and sales low. But the adjoining three-floor museum of textiles, handicrafts and memories–Bismillah Khan’s shehnai being one–is state-of-the-art. Built at a cost of Rs 238 crore, the facilities are meant to attract both domestic and foreign tourists in droves.

这样的例子还有很多。由塔塔和BHU联合建立的前沿Mahna Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya癌症中心,在10个月内完工,对该地区来说应该是一个福音。一家老铁路癌症医院现在已经演变成现代 Homi Bhabha癌症医院。Deendhastk Sankul是一家华丽宽敞的贸易设施兼手工艺品博物馆。

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At the moment, though, there aren’t any. Many visitors are young local couples. “The museum has received an average footfall of 300 visitors every day this year,” says director Ajay Srivastava. Shop owner Gulzar Ansari, son of award-wng weaver Kluddin Ansari says, he barely sells 3-4 renowned kadwa saris a month. “We are patient for but how long? This place should be promed better,” he says.

不过,目前还没有多少游客。许多游客是当地的年轻夫妇。“今年,博物馆平均每天接待300名游客。”馆长阿杰伊·斯里瓦斯塔说到。店主古尔扎尔•安萨里是屡获殊荣的纺织工卡迈勒丁•安萨里的儿子,他说:“我们有耐心,但能坚持多久?”这个地方应该进行更好的推广。”

Manduadih, one of the four railway stations of Varanasi, has received a makeover. With marbled floors and stainless steel seats, the upgraded station looks more like an airport now. The colorful façade lighting and the vintage engine has turned it into a selfie point. There are glitches though. The canteen was dark when TOI visited the station. Canteen manager Lokesh Verma says, “There is no ricity in the canteen for the past three days.”

Manduadih是瓦拉纳西的四个火车站之一,已经进行了改造。升级后的车站铺着大理石地板,座位是不锈钢的,现在看起来更像是一个机场。不过也有一些小故障,当我们去车站时,食堂里一片漆黑。食堂经理Lokesh Verma说:“过去三天,食堂都没电。”

The superfast Vande Bharat, which covers 775km distance of Varanasi to Delhi in eight hours and has been the target of stone-pelters, was launched in Feb 2019. And an inland water port been built. “A freight village is under construction,” offi al sources said.

速度超快的“致敬印度号”于2019年2月投入使用,从瓦拉纳西到德里仅需8小时,全程775公里,但一直是掷石者的目标。已建成一个内河港,官方消息人士称:“正在打造一个货运村。”

The Benaras airport has never been busier. Number of flights have shot up four-five times in the past years. A senior airport offi al in Varanasi says, “New flight destinations include Chennai, Bhubaneshwar, Jaipur, Guwahati, Surat and more. The number of annual passengers has lfrogged to 7.6 lakh in 2013-14 to 25 lakh in 2018- to Feb 2019.”

宾那拉西机场从未如此繁忙过。在过去几年里,航班次数已经增加了4-5倍。宾那拉西机场的一位高级称:“新航班目的地包括钦奈、布巴内斯瓦尔、斋普尔、古瓦哈蒂、苏拉特等。2013年至2014年,年客运量已跃升至76万人次;从2018年至2019年2月,年客运量已跃升至250万人次。”

This is being reflected in the hospitality business. Gokul Sharma, general secretary, Benaras Hel Association says, “Overall, room occupancy has doubled. That apart about 150 new hels have come up in Varanasi and around.”

这也反映在酒店业上。宾那拉西酒店协会秘书长Gokul Sharma称:“总的来说,客房入住率翻了一番。除此之外,瓦拉纳西及星期边地区新开了大约150家酒店。”

To most, Varanasi is the city of bylanes and ghats

在大多数人的印象中,瓦拉纳西是由小巷编织而成的城市。

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He, however, also pointed out that the river hasn’t been cleaned up as was expected. Adds Ajit Sahni, who owns 12 boats, “There is no visible improvement in the quality of the water.” There was a Rs 20,000-crore “Nmi Gange” project to “conserve, clean and rejuvenate” the Ganga river. But the results, field reports suggest, are not yet encouraging.

然而,他也指出,这条河并没有像预期的那样被清理干净。拥有12艘船的Ajit Sahni补充道:“水质没有明显改善。当时有一个耗资2000亿卢比的项目,旨在“保护、清洁和复原”恒河。但实地报告显示,结果并不令人鼓舞。

Domestic tourists have grown. Abdul Jalil of Abu Hanifa Travels, who receives tourists from Delhi, Bombay and Madras says, “Business has gone up by 30%-40% in the past couple of years.” Sahni says, “The number of people at the ghat are increasing by the day. Income has doubled. Modi brought Japan’s PM Shinzo Abe and French Presi nt Emmanuel Macron to the ghats. This increased curiosity among many Indians.” Boatman R (no surname) says there’s a 30% surge in his income. “Earlier the tourist season lasted from August to March. Now people are visiting the ghats throughout the year,” he says.

国内游客增加了。Abu Hanifa旅行社的Abdul Jalil接待来自德里、孟买和马德拉斯的游客。 Sahni称:“在过去的几年里,业务增长了30%-40%。游客人数每天都在增加,收入也增加了一倍。”莫迪将日本首相安倍晋三和法国总统埃马纽埃尔·马克龙带到高止区。这增加了许多印度人的好奇心。船夫R说,他的收入增加了30%。早些时候,旅游旺季从8月持续到3月。现在一年到头都有游客来访。

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In 2014, when this reporter had spoken to power loom owners in Varanasi, absence of ricity was the main problem. Most said that the city received 10-12 hours of ricity. "Now supply has improved to 22-23 hours per day," says Naushad Khan, who's in the hel business.

2014年,当本报记者采访瓦拉纳西的力织机所有者时,缺电是主要问题。大多数人表示,该市有10至12小时的电力供应。“现在供应已经提升到每天22-23小时,”从事酒店业务的Naushad Khan说到。

The change is visible in several other areas too. Godowliya chowk, where ricity wires once dangled precariously much like Delhi’s Chandni Chowk, looks neat. The wires have been shifted underground. An integrated command and control centre worth Rs 173.53 crore has been set up to manage traffic. However, the traffic remains unruly. The city is still dug up in many parts. The construction of a flyover was delayed due to a major accident that cmed 19 lives when two beams col psed near Varanasi railway station last May. The 2,261-metre flyover is being built at a cost of Rs 129 crore by UP State Bridge Corporation.

这种变化在其他几个领域也很明显。Godowliya chowk,这里的电线曾经像德里的Chandni chowk一样摇摇欲坠,现在看起来很整齐。电线已被埋到地下。已建立了一个价值17.353亿卢比的综合指挥控制中心来管理交通。然而,交通仍然混乱。这座城市的许多地方仍在修路。去年5月,瓦拉纳西火车站附近的两根横梁倒塌,造成19人死亡,导致天桥施工被推迟。这座高2261米的天桥由印度北方邦桥梁公司建造,造价12.9亿卢比。

Sewage disposal problems remain, though a treatment plant has been readied at Goithaha at the cost of Rs 218 crore.

污水处理问题依然存在,尽管Goithaha的一个污水处理厂已经准备就绪,耗资21.8亿卢比。

But only half of the households have been connected to the sewer line, in Trans-Varuna area so far,” says SK Rai, general manager, Ganga Pollution Control Unit, UP Jal Nigam.

恒河污染控制部门总经理SK Rai称,到目前为止,只有一半的家庭的生活用水排到了瓦卢纳地区的污水管道。

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Like Prayagraj, the murals and wall paintings have created a new -look Varanasi. The Allahabad artwork looks ber though. But the Varanasi paintings and murals are more diverse. Bhagat Singh, APJ Abdul Km, Jawaharlal Nehru, scenes from Premchand’s Eidgah and Jaishankar Prasad’s famous poem, Kyani are included in the murals made on Lahura Bir chowk. But painter Manjula Chaturvedi points out, “A lot of money has been spent. But the wall paintings are not upto the mark. They have not been put in a planned, aesthetic manner.”

和Prayagraj一样,壁画造就了一个新的瓦拉纳西。阿拉哈巴德的作品看起来更鲜明,但是瓦拉纳西的绘画和壁画更加多样化。画家Manjula Chaturvedi指出,“已经花了很多钱。但是这些壁画没有达到标准,并没有以一种有规划的、审美的方式摆放。”

Setting up industries hasn’t been a’s priority area. R K Chaudhary, chairman Varanasi chapter of Indian Industries Association, lauds the PM for building the city’s infrastructure. But adds, “Modi ji came here so many times but he did not host a single meeting with industrialists and traders. There’s zero investment. And so much unemployment,” he says. Congressman Gaurav Kapoor, secretary (research), UP in-charge has the same view. “Not a single stone laying ceremony for a factory has been d. There’s no new business coming to town. There is no employment generation,” he says.

建立产业并不是一个优先领域。印度工业协会瓦拉纳西分会主席R K Chaudhary称赞莫迪总理建设了这座城市的基础设施。他补充说:“莫迪多次来这里,但他没有主持一次与实业家和贸易商的会议。投资为零,还有这么多人失业。”国大党议员Gaurav Kapoor也有同样的看法,他表示“没有一个工厂的奠基仪式。城里没有新公司,也就没有创造就业岗位。”

However, Subina Chopra, director, Aryan International School feels that one must evaluate Modi’s work in the context of what Varanasi was and what it has become in the past five years. “Varanasi is a more liveable city today,” she says.

Overall, Varanasi remains a work in progress. But it has also made a lot of progress.

然而,雅利安国际学校院长Subina Chopra认为,人们必须结合瓦拉纳西的过去和过去5年的发展来评价莫迪的工作。“瓦拉纳西现在是一个更适合居住的城市。”她说。

总的来说,瓦拉纳西的建设仍在进行中。但它也取得了很大的进步。

NEW CORRIDOR HAS NO PLACE FOR BYLANES' 'TRUE INHABITANTS'

新走廊没有地方容纳“真正的居民”

Temples, some over 200 years old, jut out of the rubble, like a surrealistic Dali painting. Boys play tennis ball cricket on a flattened piece of land oblivious to the earth movers working furiously nearby. Armed sentries repose under the summer sun. Not long ago this area, near Kashi Vishwanath temple, was a cluster of homes and lanes leading to the Jsen ghat. Now it has been turned inside out for a proposed pedestrian corridor -- 50-70m wide and 330m long -- leading directly to three ghats on the Ganga (Manikarnika, Jsen and Lalita) from Kashi Vishwanath temple.

有200多年历史的寺庙矗立在废墟中,就像一幅超现实主义的大理油画。男孩们在一块平整的土地上打网球、板球,完全没有注意到附近的推土机在疯狂地工作。全副武装的哨兵在夏日的阳光下休息。

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A few hundred yards away, a Dalit family sits quietly near a cement platform close to a wall painting of Babasaheb Ambedkar. They are restless having sold off their modest two-storey home for Rs 24 lakh. They have come to visit the pace, like birds flocking back to home out of habit and ache. “We sold the house voluntarily. But actually we had to. Other homes were being demolished nearby. Our structure was weak and we feared that it might come down,” says Shyamu, who works as daily labour.

几百码外,一个达利特家庭安静地坐在一个水泥平台旁,旁边是一幅Babasaheb Ambedkar的壁画。他们以240万卢比的价格卖掉了自己的两层平房,心里很不安。他们来到这个地方,就像鸟儿蜂拥回家一样。从事劳动的Shyamu说:“我们说是自愿把房子卖了。实际上我们不得不这么做。附近的其他房屋正在被拆除。我们的建筑很脆弱,我们担心它会倒塌。”

Vishwanath Dham, as the ambitious project has been named, will offer “world-class” amenities such as hospital, auditorium, shops, lodging, etc., that will be constructed specially for the corridor. The project requires about 39,000 square metres of land and by the end of last month, 88% had already been purchased and acquired, top offi als associated with the project said. To that end, 240 properties have been purchased so far, 212 homes demolished. In the process about 42 temples, largely hidden from the public eye, have been discovered.

这个雄心勃勃的项目名为Vishwanath Dham,将建成“世界级”的设施,如医院、礼堂、商店、住宿等。与该项目有关的表示,该项目需要约3.9万平方米的土地,截至上月底,已购买了88%的土地。到目前为止,212套房屋被拆除。在这一过程中,大约发现有42座寺庙,大部分都是隐藏在公众视线之外的。

“Everything has been done as per the recent Land Acquisition Act. We have paid the owners two times the value of their homes. Even rentiers have received up to Rs 10 lakh,” says , secretary, Varanasi Development Authority. About Rs 290 crore has been spent for this purpose. Last March, PM Modi told a gathering at the temple that “this project will become a model for similar projects elsewhere, and would give a new global identity to Kashi.”

瓦拉纳西发展署秘书Vishal Singh说:“一切都是按照最近的《土地征用法》进行的。我们付给业主的钱是其房屋价值的两倍。甚至连食利者也收到了高达100万卢比的补贴。”为该项目已经花费了大约29亿卢比。去年3月,莫迪总理在寺庙的一次集会上表示,“这个项目将成为其他地方的一个典范,并将赋予Kashi新的全球身份。”

Prof Vishwamber Nath Mishra, who teaches ronics in IIT (BHU) and is also the mahant of Sankatmochan Temple feels that the step is ill-thought and out of sync with the ethos and character of the city. “Benaras is a place to feel, sense it vibrations. The demolishing of bylanes (galis) near Kashi Vishwanath goes ag inst the very essence of Benaras. Those who have been made to leave are the true inhabitants of the city,” he says. Then he adds, “Benaras is known as Shiv’s City; this is an attempt to leave a personal stamp on the city.”

Vishwamber Nath Mishra教授在印度理工学院(BHU)教授电子学,同时也是Sankatmochan Temple的负责人,他说:“宾那拉西是让人有心灵感应的地方。拆除湿婆神庙附近的小巷违背了宾那拉西的本质。那些被迫离开的人才是这座城市的真正居民。”然后他补充道,“宾那拉西被称为湿婆之城。”

Singh counters the view. He maintains there is “no credible opposition” to the project. “I fail to any see the argument ag inst it,” he says.

辛格反驳了这种观点,他坚称,该项目“没有任何反对意见”。“我看不出有什么反对的理由。”他说到。

The overall amount, Rs 24 lakh, that the extended Dalit family of 32 had received has been distributed among six co-owners. Each received Rs 4 lakh. They now live in rented homes at Piplani Katra and Gowdowlia. “We have been distanced from our work place. We wonder what will happen when the money gets over,” says Sanjay Bharti, an occasional boatman. Sheela Devi worked as a maidservant in nearby homes. Now she is searching for new workplaces.

这个拥有32个家庭成员的达利特大家庭收到的拆迁款为240万卢比,已分配给6个人。每人收到40万卢比。他们现在住在租来的房子里。“我们已经远离了工作场所。我们想知道,当资金到位时,会发生什么。Sheela Devi在附近的家里做女佣,现在她正在找新工作。

IN WEAVER'S COLONY, TALK OF GST, COMMUNAL TENSION

It is an early summer afternoon. The city temperature has shot up in the past few days. And it’s no different at the Bunkar (weaver’s) Colony in Varanasi’s Nati Imli area where even a conversation on economy gets heated. “The co-operatives benefit from the assistance that a go nment provides. They have grown rich over the years. We still lead lives of uncertainty,” says Saud Ahmed.

这是一个初夏的下午。在过去几天里,这个城市的气温急剧上升。在瓦拉纳西纳提伊姆利地区的班卡(织布工)聚居地也不例外,在那里,甚至关于经济的讨论都很激烈。“合作社从政府提供的援助中受益。这些年来他们变得富有了。我们仍然过着不确定的生活。”Saud Ahmed说到。

It’s a group of 10 odd weavers but Ahmed is the most vociferous. “We want a Bunkar (weaver’s) card. All assistance should be transferred directly into our accounts,” he demands. Others nod in affirmation.

这是一个由10个织工组成的团体,Ahmed是最吵的。“我们想要Bunkar。所有的援助都应该直接转入我们的账户,”他要求道。其他人点头表示肯定。

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He has other worries too. The day after Pulw, he was roughed up by Hindutva goons in a chauraha nearby. “ Pakistan kab jaibe (When will you go to Pakistan)?,” they asked me,” says Asif.

他还有其他担忧。在普尔瓦玛事件后的第二天,他在附近的 chauraha 被印度教徒殴打。他们问我“你什么时候滚回巴基斯坦?”

Trader Pervez Akhtar said he has started getting more business in the past few months. But he too is worried about the communal temperature. “Since Modi came to power, one can see a wedge between Hindus and Mus ms,” he says. He was, however, optimistic that Varanasi will not change. “The local administration is working hard to maintain peace. After all, the lives and work of both communities are intertwined,” he says.

交易员Pervez Akhtar表示,过去几个月他已开始获得更多业务。但他也担心民众的紧张关系。“自从莫迪上台以来,人们看到印度教徒和之间的裂痕,” 然而,他乐观地认为瓦拉纳西不会改变。“当地正在努力维持和平。毕竟,这里的生活和工作是相互交织的。

以下是印度时报读者评论:

译文来源:三泰虎  http://www.santaihu.com/47483.html  译者:Jessica.Wu

外文:https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com

Rakesh Patel • 5 hours ago

Great PM ever in Indian History, Proud to Be Indian

印度历史上的伟大总理,为自己是印度人感到自豪

 

Rakesh Patel • Dekhu • 4 hours ago

The tallest leader of the country today who has brought India to the centre stage of the world.

莫迪是当今印度的最高领导人,将印度带到了世界的中心舞台。

 

Indian • 5 hours ago

Amethi and rae bareily remain underdeveloped places even after 60 years of congress rule.

But the indians want freebies and reservation and continue voting for Congress and remain poor.

即使在国大党执政60年后,阿米提和ace仍然是欠发达地区。

印度人想要免费赠品和预留名额,所以会继续为国大党投票,然后一直穷下去。

 

Indian • Lucknow • 2 hours ago

During last 5 years huge amount of money was spent on development of Varansi what prompted Modi ji to ignore development of other city like Kanpur , Meerut , Jhansi, Lucknow , Bareilly, Rae Bareli . Amethi. Is Modi prime minister of Varansi and Ahdabad city ? Can Such favouritism be expected for other nationalist leader? No NOt at all.

在过去的5年里,瓦拉纳西的发展耗资巨大,这让莫迪忽视了坎普尔、米鲁特、詹西、勒克瑙、巴雷利等其他城市的发展。

 

Indian • Dekhu • 4 hours ago

Congress stalwarts including presi nt are making a fool of the people. But they now know people are solidly behind Modi. Congress Presi nt did not have the courage to field Priyanka Gandhi from Varanasi as it would have meant sure defeat.

国大党中坚分子正在忽悠人民。他们现在知道人们坚定地支持莫迪。国大党主席没有勇气让瓦拉纳西的普里扬卡·甘地参选,因为她肯定会失败。

 

Devanshu Shakya • 5 hours ago

If modi could do so much for Varanasi in 5 years. Why Gandhis failed to transform Amethi and Raibareli in 70 years? It''s all about attitude, while modi spent his time glorifying his constituency, the Gandhis spent their time glorifying their Swiss accounts. NAMO again for 2019.

如果莫迪能在5年内为瓦拉纳西做这么多。为什么甘地在70年里没能改变阿米提和雷巴雷里? 这完全是态度的问题,当莫迪在建设他的选区时,甘地在增加瑞士账户的存款。2019年再次选择莫迪。。

 

Nimesh t • Location • 5 hours ago

Effort of visionary prime Minister. Would like to see entire India transformed

有远见的总理。想看到整个印度发生转型。

 

Nimesh t • 4 hours ago

Visionary?? my foot.. he does not even know teh spelling or meaning of vision.

有远见? ?我的天啊. .他甚至不知道vision怎么拼写,也不知道是什么意思。

 

Jagdish Madan • Vancouver BC • 4 hours ago

Modi has transformed Varanasi into a livable city.

莫迪把瓦拉纳西建设成了一个宜居的城市。

 

Chowkidar Sunil Kokrady • India • 4 hours ago

There is no doubt that Varanasi has Changed. The speed of change is so much that it is invisible to secular eyes. You need fa th to see it. Without fa th you will never be able to see it.

毫无疑问,瓦拉纳西已经改变了。变化的速度如此之快,以至于世俗的眼睛是看不见的。你需要才能看见。没有,你永远看不到。

 

Pratik Powar • 4 hours ago

Best pm any country can get

世界上最优秀的总理

 

John Tulip • Pune • 5 hours ago

Modi is the only Pm who transformed his constituency like this ... Modi for 2019 and 2024

莫迪是唯一一位这样改变其选区的总理……2019年莫迪连任,2024年莫迪连任。

 

Gopal Pokhariya • 4 hours ago

Need to give him at least 10 more years to witness a Developed India.... India has started its make-over journey under this Go nment

为了见证一个发达的印度,需要至少再给莫迪10年的时间…在这个政府的领导下,印度已经开始了改头换面。

 

R • 5 hours ago

In 5 years so much development for Varnasi. Amazing.

在5年的时间里,瓦纳西取得了很大的进步。不可思议。

 

SINGH TECH • 5 hours ago

Great PM of India

伟大的印度总理

 

Ramesh K • Pune • 5 hours ago

21K crore for one city what about the rest of India cites??

一座城市就花了2100亿卢比,其他城市呢?

三泰虎原创译文,禁止转载!:首页 > 印度 » 莫迪治下的瓦拉纳西发生了什么变化

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