India's Iran oil purchases to fade ahead of US sanctions
NEW DELHI: Indian refiners will cut their monthly crude loadings from Iran for September and October by nearly half from earlier this year as New Delhi works to win waivers on the oil export sanctions Washington plans to reimpose on Tehran in November.
India's loadings from Iran for this month and next will drop to less than 12 million barrels each, after purchases over April-August had been boosted in anticipation of the reductions.
The United States is renewing sanctions on Iran after withdrawing from a nuclear deal forged in 2015 between Tehran and world powers. Washington reimposed some of the financial sanctions from August 6, while those affecting Iran's petroleum sector will come into force from November. 4.
India, Iran's No 2 oil client behind top buyer , does not recognise the reimposed US sanctions, but wng a waiver from the restrictions is a must for New Delhi to prect its wider exposure to the US financial sy em.
India's oil ministry in June told refiners to prepare for a "drastic reduction or zero" imports from Iran from November.
"Some refiners have either already exhausted or front-loaded their term contract to a large extent, which allows them the flebility to go to zero if required, or until clarity on the waivers emerge," Amrita Sen, chief oil analyst at Energy Aspect, told Reuters.
Energy Aspect公司首席石油分析师Amrita Sen向路透表示:"一些炼油商已经在很大程度上提前履行了定期合约，这使得它们在必要时可以灵活地将合约降至零，或直至豁免条款变得明确为止。"
Washington will consider waivers for Iranian oil buyers such as India but they must eventually halt crude imports from Tehran, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said last week in New Delhi after a meeting of high level offi als.
The Indian go nment, already facing a backlash over a falling rupee and record high fuel prices, does not want to halt the oil imports from Iran as the Is mic republic offers a discount on oil sales to India.
Go nment sources said India made this point clear in last week's meetings with USoffi als and remains engaged with Washington to work out waivers on its oil purchases from Iran.
"We have a special relationship with both the US and with Iran, and we are seeing how to bnce this all, and also to bnce out the interest of the refiners and end-consumers," said one of the go nment offi als.
But if Washington adopts a tough line, India would have no other choice than to end imports from Iran, they said.
Cutting imports nearly in half
India lifted about 658,000 barrel of oil per day (bpd) from Iran in April-August, according to data obtained from trade sources by Reuters, and the cuts projected for September and October would drop the daily average over those two months by about 45 per cent to 360,000-370,000 bpd.
Indian oil refiners have already given the October loading plans to the National Iranian Oil Co (NIOC), sources familiar with the loading schedule said.
Top refiner Indian Oil Corp wants to lift 6 million barrels each in September and October, while Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals would load 3 million barrels each for those two months, the sources said.
IOC would also lift 1 million barrel for its subsidiary Chennai Petroleum Corp in October, they said.
Bharat Petroleum Corp would lift 1 million barrels in September and skip purchases in October, a company source said on Tuesday.
Bharat Petroleum has already drawn more than its fixed volumes - the amount it is obligated to purchase - that were contracted for 2018/19, its chairman said on Tuesday.
巴拉特石油公司董事长周二表示，该公司已经缩减了必须购买的原油数量，这些原油的合约期为2018 - 19年。
Nayara Energy, part owned by Russian oil giant Rosneft, plans to lift 1 million barrels each in September and October, the sources said. But the refiner began reducing its oil imports from Iran in June and aims to completely halt purchases from November.
Hindustan Petroleum, Reliance Industries and HPCL Mittal Energy (HMEL) have no plans to buy from Iran in September and October, they said.
India refiners - excluding Reliance and HMEL, which do not have term contracts with Iran - will together lift about 73 per cent of their fixed contract volumes from Iran by end-October, the loading data showed.
IOC, Nayara and MRPL did not respond to Reuters' emails seeking comments.
来源：三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/46068.html 译者：Jessica.Wu
Same USA sanctioned Iran...MMS govt showed resolve n guts n kept procuring. 56 weak kneed USA living present pm bows down. What a shame..
Why is modi govt in its knees in frintbof USA ? No guts
Biranchi Narayan Acharya
India should think about it''s national interest & act accordingly.