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印度2020年能成为超级大国吗

Will India become a superpower in 2020

印度2020年能成为超级大国吗?

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以下是Quora读者的评论:

Harsh Bhate, M.S. Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology (2019)

Not at all.

India's GDP per capita is paltry compared to US, military weaker compared to let alone US. All the other indicator say the same too. There's a greater chance of man going to Mars by 2020 than India being a superpower by 2020

绝无可能。

印度的人均GDP与美国相比微不足道,军事实力比弱,更不用说跟美国比了。其他方面的指标也都一样。到2020年,人类登上火星的可能性比印度成为超级大国的可能性更大。

 

Anurag, Bachelor of Technology Instrumentation Engineering & PGDM, MSc, Uttar Pradesh Technical Univerity (2010)

Firstly one needs to understand what is the defination of 'Super Power' as a country .

Is there a standard or a scale on which super powers are measured?

Answer is 'No', there is no defination of the term 'Super Power'.

No country is perfect in every aspect hence there are no standards on which super powers can be defined. That means there is no country that can be termed as Super Power.

Now here comes the question that, from where did the term came from?

The term 'Super Power' was first applied to the British Empire, the United States and the Soviet Union because of their overall influence on the world by means of military strength, technological advancement, cultural heritage and diversity, economic strength and diplomacy. But after the World War II and Cold War respectively it was difficult to call U.K. and Soviet Union as Super Powers.

If we go by the above defination, India will surely be a 'Super Power' but not by 2020, it may take another decade or more to achieve the medal of super power.

首先,我们需要理解“超级大国”的定义是什么。

是否有衡量超级大国力的标准或判断?

答案是“没有”,“超级大国”这个词没有定义。

没有一个国家在各方面都是完美的,因此没有任何标准可以界定超级大国。这意味着没有一个国家可以被称为超级大国。

现在的问题是,这个词从何而来?

“超级大国”一词最初指的是大英帝国、美国和,因为它们通过军事力量、技术进步、文化遗产和多样性、经济实力和外交手段对世界产生了全面影响。但是,在第二次世界大战和冷战之后,英国和很难被继续认定为超级大国。

如果我们按照上面的定义,印度肯定会成为“超级大国”,但时间不是在2020年,可能还需要十年或更长的时间才能获得超级大国称号。

 

Shravan, BCA from CMR University (2021)

currently its the US which is having a tag as a superpower.The US also tops the list in GDP followed by . may soon overtake the US in a couple of years in GDP and maybe the next superpower.

India can be a superpower provided in next 40–50 years it focuses on its economy

目前,美国被贴上了超级大国的标签。美国的GDP高居榜首,其次是。的国内生产总值可能很快就会超过美国,成为下一个超级大国。

如果印度未来40-50年专注于经济,它是有可能成为超级大国的。

 

Bholanath Singh, Working at Go nment of India

Mainly because less than 4 years left.

A superpower country is a combination of strong military might, economic dominance, po itical influence ans mostly a cultural hegemony.

(human development , education and internal peace is not directly associated with term superpower.)

Just google and it is easy to find various data, reports and graphs to compare the above parameters among different major countries. Also, esting value, growth rate and future expectations can be shown by various charts, graphs and facts.

In military might, US is only country which has commands distributed into globe zones and not in national zones. It reflects the meaning that US has direct planning and preparedness to fight all kinds of war at virtually any place in the world. The technical advancement and innovation of US is known to world. US military expenditure is more than the same of next 12 countries combined together!!!

India is not like Russia (better say USSR, before 1991) which had highly centralized command and a will to invest highly in military strength.

India is not like  which has capacity to invest heavy money for defense import and developments. 

主要是因为还剩下不到4年的时间。

超级大国是强大的军事力量、经济优势、影响力和文化霸权的结合体。

(人类发展、教育和内部和平与“超级大国”一词没有直接联系。)

谷歌一下,很容易找到各种数据,报告和图表来比较主要国家的上述参数。此外,现有价值、增长率和未来预期可以用各种图表、图表和事实来表示。

在军事力量上,美国是唯一一个在全球多个地区设有指挥部的国家。这说明美国有直接计划、意图在全球几乎各地区进行各种战争。美国的技术进步和创新举世闻名。美费开支比紧随其后的12个国家的总和还要多!!

印度不像俄罗斯(或者说1991年以前的),有高度集中的指挥,并愿意在军事力量上投入巨资。

印度不像,有能力在国防进口和发展上投入大量资金。

 

Samved Iyer

Not 2020. Atleast not a military superpower.

Economic superpower is possible, but I do not guarantee it. I can only predict, simply because out of the several develo countries on Earth, India is the fastest.

So maybe economic superpower by 2020. Military will take more time.

We need to upgrade our Army equipment. We need around 200–250 more fighter aircraft in our Air Force. Our Navy needs two to three more aircraft carriers. And our “supercarrier” programme, along with FGFA programme needs to be successful.

Then we can become a military superpower.

2020年是不可能的。至少无法成为军事方面的超级大国。

经济超级大国是有可能的,但我不敢打包票。我只能预测,因为在地球上的几个发展家中,印度是发展得最快的。

所以,也许到2020年,印度会成为超级经济大国。军事方面则需要更多时间。

我们需要更新我们的军队装备。我们空军还需要200-250架战斗机。我们的海军还需要两到三艘航空母舰。我们的“超级航母”项目和第五代战斗机项目需要成功。

这些都实现后,我们是有能力成为军事超级大国的。

 

Akshay Vannery, works at Blue Cross Blue Shield Association

It is extremely unlikely. 

India was and continues to be an important country in South-Asia, but it has a long way to go in terms of technological innovation, poverty alleviation, basic civic structure, basic infrastructure, financial and go nment regulations, social attitudes, volume of trade, among hundreds of other factors that contribute towards making a country a "super-power". 

Military strength aside, we should be (and are) focusing on getting these things to every Indian. In descending order of importance for 2020:

Food, Water, Clothing, Shelter, Education, Healthcare, Electricity and Internet.

 这是极其不可能的。

印度过去是,也将继续是南亚的重要国家,但它在科技创新、扶贫、基本的社会结构、基础设施、金融和政府法规、社会态度、贸易规模以及数以百计的其他因素方面实现超级大国的目标还任重道远。

撇开军事力量不谈,我们应该(而且正在)为每一个印度人提供以下保障。按2020年的重要性降序排列:

食物、水、衣服、住所、教育、医疗、电力和互联网。

译文来源:三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/49102.html 译者:Joyceliu

 

Jay Sinh, lived in India

Becoming top is not important, remaining at top is what matters. India don't believe in that, India believe in development and growth.

India is a develo country and I believe develo is a continuous process and better than Stopped.

we may not be top in 2020 but we may have developed or on rise in different fields and in technology.

Ne: India don't care much about the top positions, it like "okay we at on top, now move to next" we don't compete or feel like we are in competition.

成为顶级大国并不重要,重要的是始终保持顶尖地位。印度不在意这些,印度在意的是发展和增长。

印度是一个发展家,我相信发展是一个持续的过程,比原地踏步要好。

我们可能不会在2020年成为第一大国,但我们可能在不同的领域和技术上有所进步。

 

Deepak Kumar

may be next 100 years , but then all countries like us would be super powers, we need to urgently put brakes on huge population growth, co ption, reservation, do massive investments on education, infra, science, technology, research, health, insurance, sanitation, jobs, local domestic manufacturing, agriculture etc.

presently we are going on a snail’s pace with no major initiatives by gt.

gt. focus is only to win ions and not on real time devlopment.

也许得等到下个世纪吧,但那时所有像我们这样的国家都将成为超级大国,我们需要紧急遏制人口增长、、预留制,在教育、基础设施、科学、技术、研究、医疗、保险、卫生、就业、国内制造业、农业等领域进行大规模投资。

目前我们进展缓慢,政府没有采取重大举措。

政府关注的只是赢得,而不是发展。

 

Tsam Gürkhān (Цам Гүрхан), Thousand-Yards Stare on Po itics

No. India is not a World Superpower. India is a Soft power, with limitations.

India is on the track, since, it was able to abrogate the age old Article 370 and attack Pakistan twice, without any major nation questioning. So it might be on the track.

India needs Bold Leader.

不。印度不是世界超级大国。印度是软实力大国,但也有局限性。

印度走在正确的道路上,因为它能够废除过时的370条款,在没有任何大国质疑的情况下两次攻击巴基斯坦。所以它可能选对了路。

印度需要勇敢的领导人。

 

Pavanan Pil, Pharmacist at Pharmaceuticals (2006-present)

NO.

India would never become a superpower unless

Reservations are stopped and merit rewarded

Quality of teachers improves, which requires them to be paid the highest sries.

Indians understand that re gion and caste are personal and stop ing candidates based on such criteria

Get the judiciary to reform so that justice is immediate and the law is equal for all

Invest in modern technology and research rather than building bigger and grander temples, mo es, churches and such buildings deved to re gion

Follow these and in two generations India would be a superpower

不。

印度永远不会成为超级大国,除非预留制被罢黜,大家凭实力竞争。

教师的素质提高了,这就要求他们能得到最高的工资水平。

印度人明白和种姓是个人化的,因此不再根据这些标准来候选人。

推动司法体改革,使司法公正立竿见影,法律人人平等。

投资于现代技术和研究,而不是建造更大、更宏伟的寺庙、、教堂等建筑。

照此下去,两代人之后,印度将成为超级大国。

 

Manjunatha Shastry Jayaram, Vice Presi nt (1991-present)

It is not so easy to become world superpower. To become superpower of the world by any country needs to be ruled by a non-de ratic . In a de ratic sy em to pass any policy there will be pro-ag inst by citizens. Hence it is not possible to become India a world superpower.

成为世界超级大国并不容易。要成为世界超级大国,任何国家都需要非党派来统治。在制下,推出任何政策都会遭到公民的支持和反对。因此,印度不可能成为世界超级大国。

 

Saurabh Negi, Indian Soul, Human Body!...

India already is one of the most powerful countries.

Only thing left in its arsenal is induction of ICBMs (Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles) with range in excess of 10,000 Km.

Agni VI currently in development with range of around 12,000 Km is slated to be under trial by 2018.

Other than that, India achieved Nuclear Triad capability, Aircraft Carriers, Nuclear Submarines, Own GPS satellite networks, etc which does make it a Super-power. Along with it, some form of coalition with US, Japan, Australia and other South-East Asian countries will provide a final push to the level of a Super power.

印度已经是世界上最强大的国家之一。

它的武器库中只有射程超过1万公里的洲际弹道导弹。

烈火六号目前正在开发中,射程约1.2万公里,计划在2018年进行试验。

除此之外,印度还拥有核三位一体能力,航空母舰、核潜艇、GPS卫星网络等等,这让印度成为了超级大国。与此同时,印度与美国、日本、澳大利亚和其它东南亚国家结盟,将为印度成为超级大国提供最后的推动力。

 

Manchuvaru Reddy, Business (2017-present)

INDIA is slowly inching towards SUPER POWER STATUS, gradually & by 2025/30, possibilities are a near dream come true, to achieve the SUPER POWER STATUS

印度正在慢慢地向超级大国地位靠近,逐渐地,到2025/30年,实现超级大国地位的梦想基本就能成真了。

 

Anonymous

No ,India needs atleast two decades impressive growth to become middle income country. So i think it will be possible around 2035

不,印度需要至少20年的高速增长才能成为中等收入国家。所以我认为可能在2035年左右能实现。

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