Why didn't Genghis Khan invade India?



原创翻译:三泰虎 译者:Joyceliu


Ahmad Shah Durrani

Genghiz Khan and his armies did invade South Asia few times and conquered Lahore and marched close to Delhi but were defeated due to the valor and military strategy of Sultan Alauddin Khalji. The Mongol Empire launched several invasions into the South Asia from 1221 to 1327, with many of the later raids made by the unruly Qaraunas of Mongol origin. The Mongols occupied parts of modern Pakistan and other parts of Punjab for decades. As the Mongols progressed into the Indian hinterland and reached the outskirts of Delhi, the Delhi Sultanate led a campaign against them in which the Mongol army suffered serious defeats.


Akhtar Uzzaman

Genghis Khan was not interest about India. Geographical and weather condition was not suitable for his warriors. Refusal of Iltutmish also encouraged him to take the decision to leave India.
Iltutmish did not have power to face Genghis Khan this is why he did not give shelter to Kawarizium prince.
After death of Genghis khan Mongol army massacre Bagdad in 1258 leaded by his grandson Halagu Khan




Sneha Prakash, studied at National Institute of Technology Durgapur

They tried but din't succeeded!


Anbu Venkat, toy-tiger

Crossing the Himalayas with just horses, i guess not possible.


Dinesh Thangaraj, SDE-2 at Amazon (2018-present)

Simple - he would have been afraid to cross himalayas and face the death in the hands of brave people south of himalayas


Hardik Rathore, Game Developer

Genghis khan was a non-muslim emperor who vowed to demolish all those who take humans as slave and for that he came fighting toward bagdadh not just for the sake of expansion .. letter mongols converted to muslims and mixed with Turks and wrote lots of false thing about genghis khan .


Pranith Maddirala

The Himalayas.


Pravinchandra G Dhameliya, Project Manager (2015-present)

In fact they got too much in between and got distracted..They found too much wealth and later become kings there..they found Afghanistan and Europe route and looted that places as well...


Irfan Ghani

It is always difficult to come on top of any country if people of the country is united and no politics was played against them. When AKBER was the ruler we had the longest border around the corner of the country why ?


Siddhu Yeturi, studied at Srigayatri Academy (2011)

Because of the Himalayas. They act as a natural border to India


Patrick Owen, Tobacco & Tea Philosopher

He didn't live long enough.


Temugun TurAmgalan

Genghis khan thought about invading india but his army was exhausted from long war and he needed to stop the rebellion of tangut’s. But when he was going home he raided


Satish Kumar, Engineer, Brake Horse power junkie!

lets see,
1)Tibian cold desert, the only place where you can die from both frostbite and heat stroke
2)Annapurna Range
3)A giant Brahmaputra river blocking the north east.
4)Persia was one of the most richest civilizations at the time, owing to the fertile lands in the Tigris and Euphrates basin.
Hence the cost of getting to India was not at all worth the returns that could be extracted from it.







Abhishek Rajput, B.A history from Shivaji University, Kolhapur (2018)

He tried to invade India.his commanders actually entered in India but at that time ruler of Delhi Sultanat Jalaluddin Khilliji stopped the invasion.thus a series of battles were fought where Khilliji gain decisive victory over Mongols .


Karthikeyan Viswanathan, Senior Section Engineer at Southern Railway Zone, India (2015-present)

Crossing The Great wall would have been easier since.... how much so ever magnificient it is... it is still man made...
But for India we are talking about the natural barrier... The Great Himalayas...
SO he would have thought one great wall is enough for me....




Yugantar Singh Chauhan, works at Bachpan Bachao Andolan

Well this not the only reson. Iltimush was aware of Genghis Khan power and had established a team 40 powerful turkish minister's. Also Genghis Khan knew that fighting against Indians even if he would win there will be a huge loss of his army.


Pulkit Dahiya, works at Students

According to ur points, it was a child's play for Khan to destroy India, but wait we are not so weak and timid to be killed like sheeps. He had to face gujjars in North himalayas, jats in North India, bhils in rajasthan.


Ameya Rao, Political & Defense Analyst

The Mongol Kingdom did try to invade India, but their invasion attempt was successfully fended off by the then ruler of North India - the Delhi Sultanate. But not sure whether Genghis Khan was at the helm when the invasion was attempted


Saravana Kumar, to be deciphered...

In those days, there were lot of superstitions. Chengiz Khan sent an ambassador to Iltutmish regarding Jalal. Through that ambassador, Khan informed Iltutmish that when Khan burnt sheep skin to find omens whether to invade India, He received bad omens and hence not willing to invade India... Thanks to the smoke from sheep skin, India escaped from A massacre


Anil Singh, Analyst

Temuin popularly known as Chengiz Khan, the leader of the Mongols, started invading Central Asia. He defeated Jalaluddin Mangabarni, the ruler of Kwarizam. Mangabarni crossed the river Indus and sought asylum from Iltutmish. Iltutmish refused to give him shelter in order to save his empire from the onslaught of the Mongols. Fortunately for Iltutmish, Chengiz Khan retuned home without entering into India. In fact, the Mongol policy of Iltutmish saved India from the wrath of Chengiz Khan.


Saurabh Dubey, studied Biotechnology at Rutgers School of Environmental and Biological Sciences

The main weapons of the Mongol army at the time were their horses and the composite bow. Their horses were smaller than the European counterparts but had more stamina and could easily forage on their own. Their bows were made to be carried on horseback and we're highly powerful and accurate.

But they are used to a very cold climate of the sort not usually found in India. They found that their composite bows fell apart in the hot and humid climate. Also their horses need open spaces to graze and also their war tactics are best when used on an open plain. We are talking about 200,000 or more horses here. A good part of India is terrain unsuited for cavalry like forests or mountainous region. Again though they would have been unsuited to the climate and susceptible to diseases for which they'd have no real immunity against.

That said the Mughals their descendants did in fact conquer a good portion of India.



Larry Penland, former TV Photojournalist at Catamount Broadcasting - NBC & CBS Affiliate (2000-2013)

Cross post of answer I wrote to a very similar question.

In point of fact Genghis sent a tuman in pursuit of Muhammad Shah’s son Jelal-al-Din after he escaped by riding his horse off a cliff into the Indus River. Some of the answers here claim that the mountainous terrain would have prevented the Mongols from reaching India. Well, since Genghis had just taken Afghanistan from the Khwarismian Muhammad Shah and drove his son into the Indus, this claim is patently wrong. As was his habit in preventing the re-appearance of an old foe he would pursue and eliminate former enemies. He sent an armed cavalry force down the Kyber Pass into India to catch Jelal-al-Din. They did not succeed. They found the diseases, heat and humidity, badly affected the troops and horses who were equipped (heavy warm clothing and very shaggy coats) and acclimated to dry, thin, and cold air. They decided it was not a good day for revenge and reconnaissance in force, so they withdrew. Genghis never tried again. But a descendent, Baybar The Tiger, did and helped found the Moghul principalities in India.



Jonathan Keiler, Army veteran

As Saurabh Dubley notes the Mongol horse cavalry thrived best in relatively dry climates, and flat lands.

Climate wise, it was not so much that India was hot, but during monsoons wet and humid, which as Mr. Dubley says was not good for their bows. Held together with animal tendons and glue, they came apart in wet, humid climates. The Mongols by no accident came to halts around present day Vietnam and Germany for similar reasons. Heat in and of itself was not such a problem for the Mongols, they conquered Persia, Mesopotamia and , places that can get pretty warm.

The other issue was the Himalaya mountains, which act as a barrier of sorts between central Asia and India. It’s not that the Mongols could not have managed them had they wanted to, but there were easier pickings to the west and east, the so they didn’t go that far south.

Had the Mongols stayed unified after the death of Genghis Khan and been able to consolidate their gains, rather than squabbling over them, they might have eventually turned towards India, but as it happened, they just never got around to it.





Ritik Soreto, lives in Bangalore Urban (1995-present)

The turko Mongol warlord Chenghis did invade and pillage India but not the whole of it only the Indus valley and the mountains north of it, the Hindu Kush. Why'd they did not progress further into India is maybe because of geography and climatology as others have mentioned, for the same reasons the did not go into Arabia or Egypt.. They were not accustomed to the hot tropical savanna climate and geography of India. Most places they conquer were cool stepps or semi arid grasslands (there are cold deserts too if you didn't know) that they were accustomed to. Russiais a very cold place, and even the southern parts of are much cooler than North India because there are no mountains to bar cold winds from blowing to the south, in India the Himalayas form a barriers against frigid Siberian winds.

It would be inaccurate to say the Mongols never conquered all of India. Later in 16 the century the islamised descendants of Turkic Mongol warlords in central Asia, the Moguls Tamerlane and Babur would conquer and establish the Moghul/ mughal empire which spanned almost all of India except parts of southern India.



Avinash Ankamreddi

According to me India is very deep rooted in all sectors. Observe the history who wanted to ti conquer India they could not escape from this country . After Genghis Khan , his grand attacked India to the northern part ,, why he did not go to south ? THE MONGOLS ESTABLISHED A GREAT EMPIRE IN CHINA AND PERSIA? Why did not in India?

And the Mongols got defeat in Egypt. And by Allaudin kilji . Kilji killed all his uncle jalaludin kilji who married his daughter to kublitz Khan (the descendent of Genghis and occupied ) and all the Mongol officials in his court.

The Mongols could not take revenge at that time ,why?

India had so many kingdoms and empires ..with a single raid or a normal attack they could not occupy . So much struggle should be done for centuries as THE BRITISHERS





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