Why is China called one of the world's oldest civilizations when China didn't exst as a kingdom before 221BC?




Peter Ole Kvint

If China is only 2240 years old. Which other countries have exsted for more than 2240 years?





Halfman Huang

Of course China is a kingdom before 221BC.

Qin Shi Huang was the first emperor of China but not the first central monarch of China, King Qi of ia Dynasty was, and that was 2,070 BC.

During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, it was still nominally the Zhou Dynasty, although the Zhou royal family was no longer able to control the feudal lords during that time. So nominally, China in that time was still one kingdom but with lots of feudel lords in wars on each others, pretty similar to the HRE.







Waseem Ijaz

Paragraph 1: China is often regarded as one of the world's oldest civilizations, not because the modern nation-state of China exsted, but due to the rich history and cultural legacy that dates back thousands of years. The roots of Chinese civilization can be traced to the ia Dynasty, which is said to have begun around 2070 BCE. While it's true that the political entity of China as we know it did not exst until the Qin Dynasty in 221 BCE, the historical continuity of the region's culture, language, and societal structures is what justifies its classification as an ancient civilization.





Father of History

China is considered one of the world's oldest civilizations because it has a continuous cultural and historical tradition that can be traced back over 4,000 years. While the unified state of China, as we know it today, was not established until 221 BC under the Qin dynasty, there were various Neolithic cultures and early civilizations that flourished in the region long before that.


The ia Dynasty (c. 2070-1600 BC): The ia Dynasty is the first dynasty recorded in Chinese history, though its exstence is still debated among historians. However, archaeological evidence suggests that there was a complex and advanced civilization in the Yellow River Valley during this period.


The Shang Dynasty (c. 1600-1046 BC): The Shang Dynasty is the first dynasty for which there is indisputable archaeological evidence. The Shang people were skilled bronze workers, and they left behind a rich legacy of artifacts, including oracle bones, bronze vessels, and jade carvings.


The Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC): The Zhou Dynasty was a long and influential period in Chinese history. The Zhou people introduced a number of important innovations, including the feudal system and the idea of the Mandate of Heaven.


The Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC) unified China under a single ruler for the first time. The Qin dynasty was short-lived, but it had a profound impact on Chinese history. The Qin standardized the writing system, currency, and weights and measures. They also built the Great Wall of China, which is one of the most iconic structures in the world.


The Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD) is considered one of the golden ages of Chinese history. The Han Dynasty expanded China's territory and established a strong central government. The Han people were also skilled in arts, literature, and technology.


Throughout these dynasties and periods, China developed a unique culture and way of life that has endured for centuries. Chinese civilization is characterized by its emphasis on family, education, and social harmony. It has also made significant contributions to art, literature, philosophy, science, and technology.

While the unified state of China did not exst until 221 BC, the cultural and historical traditions that define Chinese civilization can be traced back to much earlier periods. China's long and rich history makes it one of the most fascinating and influential civilizations in the world.






Sophia Leete

Very strange question you are asking. Emperor in united the kingdoms at 221BC, not created a kingdom. Let me disclose some Chinese history info.—-Liao civilization, Yangtze civilization (c. 8500–2000BC), Ancient ia kingdom(c. 2070 - c. 1600 BC) Shang (c. 1600 - c. 1046 BC) Zhou (c. 1046 - c. 256 BC) Western Zhou (1046-771 BC) Eastern Zhou (771-256 BC) Spring and Autumn (c. 770 - c. 476 BC). For a while there were many kingdoms exsted as constant warring state but first time as united as one country was 221BC as I mentioned. These dynasties were not just tribes but separate kingdoms. Look at the size of the country. Many other civilizations like Israel they were tribes during Abraham time, just look at the map how small old kingdoms were Syria, Jordan. Greeks had separate kingdoms like China, constantly fighting to conquer each other too. I guess Alexander Great united whole country or his father Phillip?

你问的问题很奇怪。公元前221年秦朝是将各个王国统一成了中国,并非新建一个王国。我可以介绍一下中国的历史—大辽文化、长江文化(约公元前8500 - 2000年)、夏(约公元前2070年-1600年),商朝(公元前1600年-公元前1046年),周(公元前1046-公元前256年),西周(公元前1046-771年),东周(公元前771-256年),春秋(公元前770 -公元前476年)。





Patrick S

China, known as one of the world’s oldest civilizations, indeed has a fascinating history that dates back thousands of years. While it is true that China did not exst as a unified kingdom before 221 BC, this does not diminish its status as an ancient civilization. To understand why China is considered one of the oldest civilizations, we need to delve into its rich past.


The story of China’s civilization begins long before the establishment of a unified kingdom. Archaeological evidence suggests that human settlement in the region can be traced back to at least 1.7 million years ago. The early inhabitants of this land developed their own unique cultures, languages, and ways of life. They laid the foundation for the civilization that would emerge centuries later.


It was during the Neolithic period, around 10,000 years ago, that agricultural practices began to flourish in the Yellow River Valley. This marked a significant milestone in human development, as people transitioned from a nomadic hunter-gatherer lifestyle to settled farming communities. The advancements made during this era in pottery, weaving, and other crafts laid the groundwork for the sophisticated culture that would follow.


Over time, these disparate communities gradually coalesced into regional states. These states, such as the Shang and Zhou dynasties, exsted alongside each other, with varying degrees of political power and influence. Despite their lack of centralization, these states shared common cultural traits, including a writing system, religious beliefs, and artistic styles. It is through these shared elements that we can identify the continuity of Chinese civilization throughout its early history.


The unification of China under the Qin Dynasty in 221 BC, led by the first emperor, Qin Shi Huang, is often regarded as a turning point in Chinese history. It brought together various warring states and established a centralized government, standardizing laws, currency, and writing systems. This event marked the begng of imperial China, which endured for over two millennia.


While the unification of China under a single kingdom was a pivotal moment, it is important to recognize that the civilization that emerged was built upon the foundations laid by countless generations before. The diverse cultures, technological advancements, and philosophical ideas that had evolved over centuries all contributed to the unique identity of ancient China.


Furthermore, the impact of ancient Chinese civilization cannot be overstated. From the invention of paper and gunpowder to the development of silk and the compass, Chinese innovations have shaped the course of human history. The philosophical teachings of Confucius and Laozi continue to resonate today, influencing moral and ethical systems around the world.





Doyle Drake

That might be a wrong question. According to knowledge I know from the video game” Crusader Kings”, China had established its first empire dynasty Qin at the year of 221BC. Before that, countless kingdoms had already rised and fallen in China for over thousand years.





Eugenio Orlandi

According to historical sources and archeological evidence the oldest civilizations flourished in Egypt and in Mesopotamia more than 5,000 years ago. According to historical sources and archeological evidence the Chinese civilization is at least one thousand years younger compared to Egypt and Sumer. It is also true that the Egyptian and the Sumerian civilizations have disappeared but some of their achievements still survive in the civilizations that replaced both of them. If it is true that China was unified only in 221 BC it is also true that in 221 BC there was a political unification of pre-exsting very similar civilizations flourished in the area of today China a bit less than two millennia before. A civilization (the Yellow River civilization) is a broader concept compared to a state entity (China under Qin Shi Huang Di). If we speak of the oldest still exsting civilization, may be China has to share the record with the Indus Valley civilization.



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