Why is India still a poor country even with a huge population and natural resources?




Dr. Balaji Viswanathan

India is a rich country with poor people. If you just consider the land, it is doing fine — with well less than half of Australia’s area it produces a more than its GDP. If you consider GDP (PPP) per square mile, India’s is somewhat comparable to the US. However, when you spread that $2 trillion GDP across 1.3 billion people you get poverty. Our natural resources [in terms of mineral and energy resources] is good for the land size but not that high for our population size.

The problem is that majority of the 1,300,000,000 people we have are not able to create sufficient amount of economic worth. The reasons are plenty:



Majority of our labour is untrained. After many centuries of neglect, the labour available is simply not good enough for many of the complex engineering challenges of today. Thus, our industries often do low level work.

The work done by most of Indian women is not counted in the GDP. If your mom cooks you food, the country’s GDP doesn’t show an increase. But, if you hire her as a cook, the GDP increases. In general, GDP doesn’t include activities done at home without pay.



Continuing from the previous point, most women don’t have sufficient level of modern technology to reduce their burden freeing them to do other productive work. Cumbersome wooden stoves still exst and plenty of women spend hours to get the family’s daily water needs from taps a long distance away.

Until recently plenty of women had a lot of children and given the outdated birthing methods used by many, a lot of women spent too much time birthing and raising children — leading to lower economic productivity.

The labour available is not as healthy as in rest of the world. Malnutrition is rampant and communicable diseases are plenty. A normal worker spends far more time sick than in the developed world.




Our laws are not good enough for fostering entrepreneurship. Starting a company is hard and running it is even harder. Thus, not enough companies are started and only when enough companies exst there will be competition to hire — increasing the salary of everyone. It is easy to start an IT company [due to few regulations] and thus the salaries & resulting GDP from IT sector is high.

In short, India’s path towards riches is fairly straightforward.

Trained labour. Women freed up from big household chores. Healthy labour. Business friendly laws.







Devendra Tandale

Following reasons for poor India.

British model of administation

British laws still active like Indian forest act 1864- 1927- 1980 no major updates after independence just maintained formality to accept under constitution. Police act 1961 and many.

Definition of civilians is used in reference to govt and citizens , which was used in British Raj. Even till date Indians never changed civil hospital to district hospital. Now all over world civilian is used regarding military and citizens. This mindset kept citizens away from govt affairs.

Without citizens contribution no country can grow. Govt bureaucracy and employees are consider them firat citizenship for themself and secondary citizenship to nongovt citizens.

India. Citizens don't feel connected to govt system. They feel govt is for their extortion and it is true.










PMGowindan Nampoothiri

India is not a poor country . It is classified as Develo Country. Be proud of your country . (A poor country is percapita income below 1000 USD )





Hari Gobindram

33% of our land has become un cultivable.

There is huge difference in Rural and Urban income.

49% of population is in villages.

There value addition is only 70% where as 25% of Urban's make value addition of 50%.

Village youth have gone lazy.

Our human index is near 130 out of 190.

( education , health, living standards) make index










Rajiv Kumar Bhatnagar


Why is India still poor despite having rich natural resources like good land, hills, rivers, and weather?

When India got independence our population was 33 crore(330million), today it crossed billion plus people.So whatever growth achieved eaten up by the increase in population.

Not all is bad, after opening up of market and started move towards globalization things change rapidly and large number of people come out of poverty line.

If we will be able to control corruption and uncontrolled growth in population,I hope it removes poverty from the country.

Thanks for reading.









Manab Roy

Corruption,no adequate infrastructure to use resources,dirty politics,1000 yes of looting by mughals,British left no wealth in the country.Traitors at a large scale always sabotaging.wrong educational system which has no practical output.Faulty constitution,legislation etc.





Hariharan PV


Why is India a very poor country while having a lot of resources?

The following are India’s main Resources, and how much are un-utilized:



India's total rainwater is 3.45 trillion Cu.M capable of allowing every person (in the total of 1,360 million population) having not less than 7,000 L per day for all 365 days; but now over 90% are wasted, without proper storage and management. Incidentally, every year rains create flood havoc, and that adds up to the troubles created by “water non-availability” because of wastage;



India has over 10 billion Tons of non-forest vegetation, which includes a total of 1.5 billion Tons of materials that make up all our foods, vegetables, fruits, flowers, and fodder. The balance 8.5 billion tons (even more) are wasted without utilizing them appropriately. Let us consider one such Vegetation resource being wasted: COCONUT TREES. India’s total coconut trees volume is estimated at between 1.8 billion and 2.2 billion. On the basis of 60 year life for a tree, the annual Tree-materials available at “end-of-life” is 30 million trees, which form about 24 to 25 million Tons in weight (here we are not talking about the Coconuts, but the Tree that falls of after 60 years life). Almost 100% of these are now wasted. These could be a total of 40 million T, valued not less than Rs.4 trillion. This is just the case of one tree/ vegetation resource: We have Banana trees, Mango trees, Tamarind trees, Varieties of Palm trees, Arecanut trees, and various bamboos, grasses, shrub plants and even water hyacinths - all being completely wasted (as pointed out earlier, that wastage is a whop 8.5 billion T - annual!).





Another utilization could be conversion of available Biomass into Bio-Petrochemicals. Were we to convert about 3 billion T of the 8.5 billion T available biomass, India can generate not less than 300 million T Bio-Petrochemicals. India today imports about 190 million T petroleum. Thus, by converting only part of the wasted/ unused biomass, India can enjoy the benefit of more than 150% of the volumes and values of Petroleum now being imported - needing zero imports.


India has an estimated 300 billion Tons of coal, which should help us use OUR OWN Coal at 1,000 million for at least 300 years. But the Govt now imports about 250 million to 300 million, every year - wasting our own coal - and creating a big burden our poor economy.

India has about 500 million Cattle (equivalent), including all household animals and horses/ camels/ goats/ pigs etc. The daily animal waste from all of these animals is a whop 3,75 million T. These could be utilized in generating not less than 60,000 MW power, at village levels, capable of servicing over 635,000 villages - now struggling for power. Millions would get jobs stop the need for them to migrate to cities and far away places.



We have over 6,750 KM seacoast and a seawater volume of not less than 50 trillion Cu.M. Currently we are not using even 0.5% of the seawater, which contains, apart from Salt, many specialty metals (magnesium and many others of high values). India imports much of these from other nations. Extracting within India would stop imports.

… The above are just a tip of the iceberg of our huge resources and how we are wasting all these, and instead importing from other nations - becoming Economic Slaves of such nations. today, out GDP is just a paltry $2.75 trillion. That tells how low we are in conversion of the resources at our disposal.



三泰虎原创译文,禁止转载!:首页 > 资讯 » 印度拥有庞大的人口和丰富的自然资源,为什么还这么贫穷