Why do most developed nations lie in cold regions?





There are a few reasons why many developed nations tend to be located in colder regions. One reason is that these areas often have access to natural resources such as timber and minerals that are important for building and sustaining industrial economies. Additionally, colder regions tend to have fewer natural disasters and pests, which can help to reduce economic disruptions. Additionally, it is thought that the cold weather may have played a role in encouraging technological innovation and advancements in transportation, which have helped to spur economic development.





Sourabh Mhetre

I would rather ask why the most of the world changing and world sha inventions were from cold regions? Which led them to develop their countries. Obviously the population in these countries is the considerable factor. But how did they find themselves in a place of science and technology? This is also the question. Unlike the hot regions you would feel very fresh in cold regions. Which I think leads to keep going in a certain work or research. New ideas comes to mind in such great atmosphere and it eventually shapes the country. Now , let us take an example of Japan. Japan is not that cold as compared to the European nations. But natural calamities are so high in Japan and also there is no production of oil one would find in Japan. Which led them to develop technology according to that. They are ahead of the rest of the world in technology related to the rock, soil and testing of the element erupts through the volcanoes.









Hari Subramanian

Earlier, fresh water, fertile land and comfortable climate were the valuable resources. This made India & China support large populations and generate a lot of wealth by human activity like agriculture and metal working. After the discovery of oil, cold regions & deserts not very conducive for human habitation became wealthy as oil could be used to heat/cool rooms and transport goods and people. Scantly populated means that the wealth generated needn’t be distributed among a lot of people. However, I think that once the world runs out of oil and/or steel, naturally habitable countries like India and China will again become wealthy. Or present day poorly populated wealthy countries dependent on oil could run out of skilled human capital. This might force them to attract foreign migrants to run the country which could lead to social and political unrest.





Kancheepuram Narasimhan

Singapore/ Australia/ South Africa/ BRAZIL/ UAE Dubai —are these countries not considered as developed?

They are not in cold regions.






Akshay Gowda

Hot climate make human productivity to become very less. people will take rest more in the hot climate, ex. Nobody will work outside in afternoon hot summer.

Mild climate favoured Industrial revolution in Britain, because people including inventors worked long time without being tired..climate favoured them.






Dr. Balaji Viswanathan

We are running through one period where there are many rich countries in colder region. There are also many poorer cold countries (Russia, Mongolia, central asia, eastern Europe) just as there are richer hot countries (Singapore, Australia).

Even among richer countries, a lot of important economic activity might come from their warmer regions (California in USA, Guangzhou — Hong Kong in China).



Here is the thing — colder countries don’t necessarily have a high GDP, they just have low population that concentrates the land’s wealth into a few. Historically, very few people survived in those temperatures, thus yielding a small and a more hardy population.

Norway and Philippines have a comparable land area and GDP. Just that Norway has just a fraction of the population to share all of the country’s rich oil resources. Thus Norway is much more richer than Philippines on a per capita basis. There are also some warm countries with lower population (like Australia due to geographical isolation) that are rich. Again fewer people to share natural spoils. You don’t have to be white cold to get rich either — Botswana is rich (with lower population sharing a lot of the diamonds) and so are Qatar, Oman and other middle eastern countries.



A lot of the cold countries including Canada, Norway, Russia, USA, UK have very rich natural resources. And unlike the densely populated warm countries they have to share this with fewer people. Over centuries, this had led to better education and a virtuous cycle of prosperity.

Besides natural resources, during the industrial age it was also much easier to build the industrial infrastructure (railroads, warehouses, factories, power plants) given that there were fewer people to be dislodged and land was very cheap. This led to a further improvement of prosperity.



Given the lower population density and colder climate, there were fewer epidemics to derail the economic growth.

Finally, a significant fact is that by 18th century the Europeans through a combination of factors got to dominate global trade and economy. European countries are colder and thus it made the correlation. In other periods other regions had dominated and were relatively richer.






Tran Huu Tuyen

Why rich nations is at temperate climate ?


1) Temperature range 5-20oC is good for intellectual activity, and technical deepening. So, working time by brain is high, leading to many deep, innovative thinking and more productive result

2) This kind of Temperate climate is favourable for growing diverse natural food products and processing method, cooking recipes. People eat these foods will become healthy, having good characteristics, qualities like hardworking, patient,

3) The lifestyle of people tend to freedom,

4) Less severe diseases than other hot areas because of harmful microorganism and bacteria growth speed and its impacts on people, animals, tree.

5) Natural disaster's impact are not huge and damaged as tropical's.











Ojas Choudhari

I would like to add and emphasis on few supporting but essential points to Akshay's answer here:

Industrial revolution and colonialism,point from which Europe took off and went 'out of sight' of the slave colonies and countries. Exploiting resources from their colonies and kee a foot on the gas when it comes to scientific development.With Industrial development came most crucial elements of Economic development like added ability of production of goods at a cheaper rate,when aided with advanced Transport facilities (which were aided by Scientific and industrial development) like superior navy,Railroads and Land Transport enabled these countries (businesses) to overwhelm and conquer overseas markets, especially those in colonised nations which were mostly lying in hotter and tropical regions as pointed in your question.


工业革命和殖民 主义使得欧洲经济出现腾飞。他们从殖民地压榨资源,并加速科学技术的升级换代。随着工业的发展,经济发展的最关键因素出现了,比如以更低的价格生产商品的能力增加了,在先进的运输设施(比如先进的海军)的帮助下,铁路和陆路运输帮助这些国家(企业)征服海外市场,尤其是殖民地国家市场,这些国家大多位于炎热的热带地区。

e.g. In India Traditional Handloom business came under direct threat of extinction (during British Rule) as British cloth from mills (mostly located near Manchester) was available on large scale and at much cheaper rates than Indian cloth. Cotton used in these british mills was collected forcefully from farmers in from India and other slave countries at rates much below the market rate to England.Moreover,The farmers were made to take crops of Industrial importance and extra Taxes were added on domestic good to weaken their market share against Foreign goods.Colonialism aided with Industrial revolution widened the gap between Developed and underdeveloped countries.


The gap between nations clearly widened after 16th century with many revolutions mostly centered in Europe (Industrial revolution,Cultural revolution (Arts,Christianity and Church),French revolution and American Freedom,etc).

Education and Scientific Development is another primary area which according to me played a very important role in some countries develo faster than others,as we can see most of the top Universities in modern world are located in "colder" countries and were established in 18th and 19th century,some universities like "Oxford" and "Cambridge" date back to 17th century,this emphasis on quality education certainly triggered growth in science,Literature as well as Art which are all essential elements of balanced development of human civilizations;is evident and embedded in the word "Advanced nation"



Democracy,Legal system and Cultural development have their say in stating a nations as "Advanced" because lack of social security,law and order creates Chaos as observed in poorly ruled states like Zimbabwe (today),which works in counter to development.It can be commonly observe in todays developed nations that Law and order has been stronger than most underdeveloped nations,again the fact that these countris lie in the colder belt. Where most of the undeveloped countries lacked central Governing systems or were under slavery.

All these factors arose from close competition between European colonial powers which eventually led the world into 2 world wars in the 20th Century.

民 主、法律体系和文化发展对“发达国家”的定义也很有发言权,因为缺乏社会安全、法律和秩序,就会造成社会混乱,就像津巴布韦等治理不善的国家。在今天的发达国家,法律和秩序会比大多数不发达国家更强。大多数不发达国家缺乏中央管理,甚至仍处于奴隶制之下。


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