India's Semiconductor Failure
India is a semiconductor design powerhouse. Nearly every major semiconductor company has a presence in India, designing some of the most advanced chips in the world.
But once those designs are completed, they are sent to the United States, China, South Korea or T to fabricate.
It begs the question. Why can't India fabricate any of the chips they lay out?
In the 1980s, the Indian go nment attempted to follow China, T, Mysia, Korea, and Singapore in creating their own semiconductor manufacturing national champion.
Things got off to a promising start, but then disaster struck. And the company - along with India's entire semiconductor manufacturing industry - hasn't recovered since.
I didn't know India even had a plan for semiconductor manufacturing.
India has top talent and the capability in almost all major industries. Petty po itics, Lack of quality leadership and accountability is the reason for this sad state. Most intelligent people are pushed out of the country because the old guard doesn't want change.
India and TSMC just had a talk over setting up 7.3 billion USD, semiconductor development plants in India.
Replace "Semiconductor" with names of other advanced Industries, and you have a script for why India missed the manufacturing bus entirely.
Krishnan Unni Madathil
It goes to a larger truth - India sorely missed out on the ronics manufacturing revo tion which is was lifted Japan, Korea, T, Singapore and Mysia after the WW2. By the time India realised, it was too late. She was always playing catch-up and the economies of scale had already been realized elsewhere. Tough lesson but one to keep in mind.
I remember back in the day teaching Indian ronic workers how to fix thru hole mounts, covered by bad soldering, by using a small drill. The next day we found them using a hammer drill. I found that while there's excellent engineers etc, what was really lacking were the skills of the common labourer. Also there was the horrible power grid, with constant brownouts and starting of spare generators. I certainly hope things have improved, because I do have high hopes for India. (This was some 20 years ago)
I remember back in 2015 there was a lot of craze of semiconductor manufacturing to start here but then in 2016 the go nment of Gujarat said it won't spend money and expected private companies to lead the funding, or something similar and then the whole thing fizzled out. Tata, a month ago once again glared up hopes they want to start to manufacture semiconductors.
It seems semiconductor manufacturing tech is so insanely difficult and ultra expensive that it's even a miracle that any country can have a self sustaining semiconductor industry. Even the US has sold out most of it's semiconductor industry to T and South Korea in hopes of leveraging scale of efficiencies and cost savings. Just one single CPU generation costs billions and billion of dollars just to tool up for. It's crazy.
I important thing you forgot about the tough sanctions that were placed on India from 1998-2008 after the Nuclear tests of 1998. As a result SCL wasn’t able to acquire critical components from US and EUROPE. The sanctions we so tough that India couldn’t even get SUPER COMPUTERS so we had to make our own from scratch. So after the sanctions were lifted in 2008 SCL was able to restart manufacturing of chips
Instead of removing barriers and bureaucracy to the private sector, the go nment decided to get into the business itself, like it did before, making light bulbs, tractors, watches, telephones and telephone exchanges and on and on to disastrous effect.
I still remember how Intel went to Vietnam after dum bangalore because the lack of speed by our govt offi als.
This might be the first time I hear of a country failing to develop an industry while it has the human resources. Usually, the lack of skilled labour is the bottleneck.
It breaks my heart to know that India imports worth about INR 2.0 Lakh crore (US$ 25-27 billion) every year whereas tiny nations like T, Korea etc. have the capability to manufacture and we don't.
印度每年进口价值约2万亿卢比(250 - 270亿美元)的芯片，而韩国等小国却有能力制造，我们没有，这让我感到心碎。
There was Hindustan Semiconductor (Fairchild collaboration) plant in Gujarat in 70s. It manufactured analog components like transistors and LM741 like ICs. This was closed due to some labor strike.
yes we missed the semiconductor revo tion in the 80's and it is hard to get back. Many southeast Asian countries made use of it and are top players now.
Indian engineers go to philipes for semiconductor related training. I am one of the instructor in training. The problem of indian engineers are they look themselves as a highly educated people that knows everything. Everytime I finished discussing the topic in the training, I asked if they understand the topic. They will reply that they know already the topic that I discussed. I asked them to do it by their selves and none have been finished after 4hrs.I just laughed
All talent leave India as soon as they have the opportunity.
The task of develo leading edge semiconductor industry is tough even for the whole EU, let alone India
It was go nment intervention that messed the whole thing up. China started a new project a few years ago and got a veteran from TSMC to head up the building of a new fab. Project tanked.
Sigh, if T and India had worked together and cooperated on these technologies, then everything today would be peaceful and happy.
It is a pity India can't fully utilize so many of their zing talents I seen and met so many Indian's who are so well versed in their field of study/expertise. But most end up deciding to settle in the countries outside that hired them since they are appreciated there more than their own country.
Informative Video, nice to know that India did try to emerge as a destination for chip manufacturing hub but could not. Hope is not lost and we could become one of the major exporters of chip in the future ;)