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两学者开发分子构建新工具,获诺贝尔化学奖

 Duo win Chemistry Nobel for develo tool to build molecules

两学者开发分子构建新工具,获诺贝尔化学奖

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NEW DELHI: The 2021 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was on Wednesday awarded to German scientist Benjamin List and Scotland-born scientist David WC MacMillan “for the development of asymmetric organocatalysis.”

新德里:周三,2021年诺贝尔化学奖被授予德国科学家本杰明·李斯特和苏格兰出生的科学家大卫·麦克米伦,以表彰他们“在不对称有机催化方面的研究”。

"The 2021 chemistry laureates Benjamin List and David MacMillan have developed a new and ingenious tool for molecule building: organocatalysis. Its uses include research into new pharmaceuticals and it has also helped make chemistry greener," the Nobel Committee said.

诺贝尔委员会表示:“2021年化学奖得主本杰明·里斯特和大卫·麦克米伦开发了一种新的、独特的分子构建工具:有机催化。它的用途包括研究新的药物,还有助于使化学更环保。”

Researchers long believed that there were just two types of catalysts available: metals and enzymes.

长期以来,研究人员认为只有两种催化剂可用:金属和酶。

Independently of each other, laureates Benjamin List and David MacMillan developed a third type – asymmetric organocatalysis – which builds upon small organic molecules.

获奖者本杰明·里斯特和大卫·麦克米伦各自独立地开发了第三种类型——不对称有机催化——建立在小的有机分子上。

Organocatalysis has developed at an astounding speed.

有机催化以惊人的速度发展。

Using these reactions, researchers can now more efficiently construct anything from new pharmaceuticals to molecules that can capture light in solar cells.

利用这些反应,研究人员现在可以更有效地构建东西,从新药物到可以在太阳能电池中捕捉光的分子。

以下是印度时报读者的评论:译者:Jessica.Wu

Vivek Jadhav

India needs to learn alot... Indians are still living in false history with no scientific temperament and rationality. Wng a nobel prize in Chemistry is a big thing...

印度需要学的东西很多…印度人仍然生活在错误的历史中,没有科学氛围,不理性。获得诺贝尔化学奖是件了不起的事……

S Das

Absolutely-our institutes of higher study must collaborate with the best minds in the world-we must not live in a cocoon.

没错,我们的高等研究机构必须与世界上最优秀的人才合作——我们不能作茧自缚。

 

User ACCOUNT

Last time an Indian who won a Nobel in Science (Physics/Chemistry) was prior to Independence, CV Rn. We did not have reservations back then. There are two more Indian born scientists who received it as well but with citizenship of US and UK, Subrnian Chandrashekaran in 1983 and Venki Rkrishnan in 2009 respectively. Its not that we don't have brains, due to reservations some of these individuals move out of India.

印度人上一次获得诺贝尔科学奖(物理/化学)是在印度独立之前,CV Rn。那时我们没有预留制。另外两名印度出生的科学家也获得了该奖项,但分别入了美国和英国籍,分别是1983年Subrnian Chandrashekaran和2009年的Venki Rkrishnan。并不是我们没有人才,由于预留制,一些人才离开了印度。

User singh

very true.. In today's scenario..we need to start innovating or else we will be like a ch labor for foreign companies

没错,在当今的情况下,我们需要开始创新,否则我们就会成为外国公司的廉价劳动力

 

Ankush

its not big thing actually

其实这不是什么大事

 

mahesh

In India, one person got Nobel n science several decades ago, we celebrate birthday every year. At this rate, how many days in a year should be celebrated abroad? In India, independant thinking is discouraged, is treated as indefferent from flow.. Over and above, nepotism, lenghty precedures.

在印度,几十年前就有一个人获得了诺贝尔奖(科学领域),我们每年都庆祝。照这样下去,一年有多少天应该在国外庆祝呢?在印度,独立思考是不被鼓励的,

 

Raap Chik

Indians are not wng mainly because of bad English..!

印度人拿不到诺贝尔奖,主要是因为英语不好!

 

Sandy

Not correct. In 2009, Dr Venki Rkrishna won CHEMISTRY NOBEL. He is offi ally considered Indian for the sake of the Prize

2009年,Venki Rkrishna博士获得了诺贝尔化学奖。为了获得诺贝尔奖,他被正式认定为印度人

 

Raj Sharlan

in Olympic India got One gold medal and china 50 still no celebration small people celebrate big achievement as miracles

在奥运会上,印度获得了一枚金牌,中国获得了50枚都没有庆祝,印度人把成就当作奇迹来庆祝

 

Milan E

They could have considered a Nobel Prize for Modi Ji

他们本应考虑给莫迪发一个诺贝尔奖的

 

Raap Chik

Excellent work by these scientists! Thank you Modiji..! Only because of you..!

这些科学家的工作很出色!感谢莫迪,多亏了你!

 

Deepak Soni

And this year's Nobel prize for arrogance ignorance egotistical whimsical arbitrary and co ption is shared equally by the po iticians and bureaucrats in India . They have discovered new methods in these areas .

今年的诺贝尔“傲慢、无知、自负、异想天开、武断和腐败”奖,授予印度的政客和,他们在这些领域发现了新方法。

 

User singh

baba Ramdev should be given a Nobel for Coronil...

印度的拉姆德夫先生应该被授予诺贝尔奖…

 

Anony

Wng Nobels has more to do with the creation of research oriented scientific mindset and development of congenial eco sy ems in a country like India. It has less to do with the total population of a country. Despite less Nobel recognition, Indian institutions like IISc, Bangalore and UDCT and CISR's labs are doing great work under many constraints. Don't worry, apna time ayega!

在印度这样的国家,获得诺贝尔奖更多地与建立以研究为导向的科学思维和发展适宜的生态系统有关,与一个国家的总人口关系不大。尽管获得诺贝尔奖的机会较少,但印度研究所、班加罗尔、UDCT和CISR等机构的实验室在许多限制条件下做得很出色。别担心,有那么一天的!

 

A Singh

Many Indian scientists who migrated to US and did wonders but were denied any recognition. There are many unsung hero who hold several US patents, yet were denied a Nobel prize. Not many Asians are considered for this award, only reserved for Americans and Europeans.

很多印度科学家移民到美国,创造了奇迹,但没有得到认可。有许多无名英雄拥有数项美国专利,却没有获得诺贝尔奖。没有多少亚洲人被认为可以获得这个奖项,只有美国人和欧洲人。

 

Godfather Senior

As long as reservation is in force. and merit is pushed to last, getting a prize on any subject is a distant dream........

只要预留制还在,印度人要在任何学科上获奖都是一个遥远的梦想........

 

Cherian Thomas

No Indian in Nobel prize list ?

诺贝尔奖名单上没有印度人?

 

Jigyasu

The fields in which research is being carried out is mind boggling.

正在进行的研究领域令人难以置信。

 

User singh

our indians should get a Nobel prize for inventing new scams

我们印度人发明了新骗局,应被授予诺贝尔奖

 

Raap Chik

One day Hindu-stan will also win Nobel Prize (after so many decades' gap). Only field and year are absolutely unknown! Jai Hindu--stan!!

总有一天,印度斯坦也会获得诺贝尔奖的,几十年之后吧。

只有领域和年份是绝对的未知数!印度斯坦必胜!

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