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印度最高法院拒绝重新审查配额上限设为50%的命令

 SC refuses to re-examine its 1992 order setting quota limit at 50%

印度最高法院拒绝重新审查其1992年将配额上限设为50%的命令

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NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Wednesday refused to re-examine its 1992 verdict, which put a cap of 50% on quota, turning down the plea made by various states that the ceiling fixed by court be scrapped and they be allowed to grant reservation beyond it.

新德里:周三,最高法院拒绝重新审查1992年的裁决,该裁决将配额上限设定为50%,拒绝了各邦提出的要求,即废除法院设定的上限,允许他们在超过这个上限的情况下预留名额。

A five-judge Constitution bench said that its three decade-old verdict in the Indra Sawhney case has stood the test of time and rejected the plea of states that 50% ceiling needed to be relaxed due to changed social dynamics.

五名法官表示,对英德拉·桑尼一案长达30年的判决经受住了时间的考验,驳回了各邦的请求,即由于社会动态的变化需要放宽50%的上限。

The bench, comprising Justices Ashok Bhushan, L Nageswara Rao, S Abdul Nazeer, Hemant Gupta and S Ravindra Bhat, unanimously decided that the cap on reservation was fixed "to achieve principle of equality and with an object to strike a bnce which cannot be said to be arbitrary or unreasonable".

法官一致决定,设置预留名额的上限是“为了实现平等原则,目的是达到一种不会被认为是武断或不合理的平衡”。

"To change the 50% limit is to have a society which is not founded on equality but based on caste rule. De acy is an essential feature of our Constitution and part of our basic structure. If the reservation goes above 50% limit which is reasonable, it will be a slippery slope, the po itical pressure makes it hard to reduce the same. Thus, answer to the question posed is that the percentage of 50% has been arrived at on the principle of reasonability and achieves equality as enshrined by Article 14 of which Articles 15 and 16 are facets," Justice Bhushan said in his judgment.

Bhushan法官在判决中表示:“改变50%的上限,就是要建立一个不是建立在平等之上,而是建立在种姓制度之上的社会。如果预留名额超过50%(合理上限),这将是一个滑坡。因此,对提出问题的回答是,50%的比例是根据合理的原则达成的,并达到了第十四条所规定的平等,第十五条和第十六条也是一方面。”

以下是印度时报读者的评论:译者:Jessica.Wu

Sid Thakur

SCRAP QUOTA SYSTEM FULLY

彻底废除预留制

 

Narender Gaur

it is high time, India scraps caste based reservation and goes for economic status based reservation Or makes education free and compulsory for all till 12th and post that economic support to students from economically weaker sections.

印度早就该废除基于种姓的预留制,转而实行基于经济地位的预留制或在12岁之前实行免费义务教育,并向来自家庭经济较差的学生提供经济支持。

 

Tanmay Chakrabarti

The quota sy em has to be abolished.

印度必须废除预留制。

 

Krishna Singh

Now i wanted to be a doctor but dailed but guys of my class much worst then me became doc. Some were rich some were obc i was poor upper caste. Anyway i left india as i cant let my kid go through same strugglle.

我想成为一名医生,但失败了,班上比我成绩差得多的同学当上了医生,其中有些是有钱的孩子,有些来自其他落后种姓,而我是贫穷的高种姓。不管怎样,我离开了印度,我不能让我的孩子遭遇同样的经历。

 

kchoudhury082 choudhury

SC should totally scrap reservations

最高法院应该下令废除预留制

 

Pranshul chaudhary

States should instead try to abolish quota instead 60 years are more than enough,

The quality of administrative services,including medical are suffering because of this

各邦应该废除配额制度,因为实行这种制度,行政服务,包括医疗服务的质量受到影响

 

Klesh

India should abolish caste sy em, quota will automatically go

印度应该废除种姓制度,预留名额自然会消失。

 

Kumar Sinha

Reservation should solely be set at family’s financial situation.

Major cause of brain drain to overseas countries is this reservation.

保留名额应该只根据家庭的经济状况而定。

人才流失到海外国家的主要原因就是预留制。

 

Shiva Shankar

Scrap quota sy em.. If not possible immediately then change rules.. If in a family anyone got govt job then that family not e gible for reservation quota..

废除配额制度。如果不可能马上废除,那就修改规定。如果一个家庭有人在政府工作,那么这个家庭就没有资格获得预留名额

 

Tony Breganza

All deserving students.. Please study hard and get a good job abroad... India is being pulled down to remain a 3rd world country by our own ed po iticians..

学生们,请努力学,然后去国外找份好工作……

印度正在被我们自己选举出来的政客拖垮,沦为第三世界国家。

 

Rcp

Why should quota sy em be allowed in the first place??? That means the go nments have done nothing to the improve the backward class, and have repeatedly failed!!! Shouldn't we kick out such Po iticians who form go nments???

为什么要允许配额制度的存在?

这意味着政府没有采取任何措施来改善落后阶层的处境!!

难道我们不该把这些印度政客踢下台吗?

 

Venkat

Good judgment.

判得好。

 

Chirag Sanghavi

I am glad that the SC has rejected the appeal of state go nment. Its merely a po itical gimmick of the po itical parties.

很高兴最高法院驳回了邦政府的请求。

 

Saurabh Shah

Quota Sy em creates injustice to B and deserving students , I am personally a victim of this sy em. If we do not scrap or reduce this the knowledgeable breed of our country which is moving out will completely diminish from our sy em. and other countries will benefit from it.

配额制度对聪明的学生不公平,我个人就是这个制度的受害者。如果我们不废除预留制或减少比例,我们国家的人才将全部外流,其他国家将从中受益。

 

paarth

The SC should setup a gradual reduction of this 50% in terms of 10% per decade.

印度最高法院应该逐步减少这50%的比例,每十年减少10%。

 

Krishnamurthy Sridhar

Most of the states have exceeded the mamum quota of 50%. What action is the SC going to take ag inst the central/state govts to make them comply with their order?? SC should completely scrap quota based on caste

大多数邦都超过了50%的最高限额。最高法院会对中央/邦政府采取什么行动,让他们遵守命令?

最高法院应该完全废除基于种姓的预留制

 

maneesh arora

There should be no reservations except economically weaker class

除了经济较弱的阶层之外,其他阶层不得享受预留名额

 

Indo American Airman

This sy em of reservation based on caste and sub caste is why India is not growing economically and socially.

这种基于种姓的预留制是印度经济和社会无法发展的原因。

 

Aam Aadmi

While India should progress towards quota less society after 70 years of independence , our leaders are taking us towards sectarian society.

独立70年后,印度应该朝着减少配额的社会发展,而我们的领导人却把我们引向宗派社会。

 

sandesh Deshmukh

THANKS GOD THERE IS NO RESERVATION FOR SUPREME COURT JUDGES

谢天谢地,最高法院的法官没有预留席位

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