View: Why farmers are upset about agriculture reforms that claim to grant them more freedom
Three months ago when Parliament was not in session, the Government of India issued three ordinances. Normally ordinances are issued only as an emergency law, and they have to be converted into proper legislation as soon as Parliament reconvenes. These three ordinances were about agriculture and farming. All three were in the spirit of ‘reforms’, i.e. removing shackles from the farmer. Now one of the ordinances has been passed in the Lok Sabha. The other two are in the pipeline. You would imagine that farmers would welcome any reform that gives them more freedom.
But this ‘granting of freedom’ has met with a big backlash. Farmers in Punjab and Haryana have come to the streets. The agitation may spread to Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh too. It has spilled on to highways. Opposition parties too are criticising the ordinance, but that is expected. The ruling party in Punjab is opposing the new law, but asking farmers to not blockade traffic. The most awkward thing for the ruling party in Delhi was that the Union food processing industries minister resigned from the cabinet. She resigned in protest because she claimed that the new law is anti-farmer. But in the four-page resignation letter written to the prime minister she did not spell out how, exactly, the new reformist law was anti-farmer. She belongs to Alkali Dal, a coalition partner to BJP.
但这种“给予自 由”的改革遭到了强烈抵制。旁遮普邦和哈里亚纳邦的农民走上街头抗议。骚乱可能还会蔓延到拉贾斯坦邦、中央邦和北方邦。抗议已经蔓延到了高速公路上。反对党也在批评该法令，但这是意料之中的。旁遮普的执政党反对这项新法律，但要求农民不要阻塞交通。对德里的执政党来说，最尴尬的事情是联邦食品加工业部长从内阁辞职。她辞职以示抗议，她声称新法律是反农民的。但在致总理的四页辞职信中，她并没有详细说明这项新的改革法律究竟是如何反农民的。该部长来自人民党的联盟伙伴Alkali Dal。
Why are the farmers so upset, and how come the Centre is still pushing this new law? Agriculture is notoriously shackled by all kinds of laws, which control price and quantity. Hence the system is sought to be compensated by subsidies to the farmer. It has been difficult for successive governments to break out of this syndrome.
The present law dilutes the power of the middleman. The farmer is now free to sell his produce to whoever he wants to at whatever price he negotiates. It basically removes the middleman, the adhtiya, who operate in the mandi, i.e. the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee (APMC). Of course, the option of selling in the APMC is still there. So the farmer has more options, and how can that be a bad thing?
Even Minister of state agriculture said that she understood the act now For prices farmer must do collective agreement with super-markets/industries for all their produce/vegetable/fruits/sugarcane and so on to get good prices better than mandi create better storage facilities to help farmers
Poor and desperate people are easier to control. opposition parties have been using this tactic from British for decades. Time to make desi farmers WEALTHIER & HAPPIER. Vande Mataram
Lets have all our smart people in India move to villages, partner with farmers and get all rich together. Better help our desi farmers well.
Very nice. Most farmers will be getting huge benefits.
Ravi Kishore Shrivastav
THE ONLY SECTOR WHICH HAS SHOWN POSITIVE GROWTH during pandemic so government should be sensitive about this act and never forget that more than 60% people are dependent and engaged in this sector.
Those who are protesting are not farmers. They must be middlemen (dalals). This needs to be exposed by government.
The new policy needs massive awareness among farmers.
Those who make adverse comment on the agricultural policy should point out the clauses on which they disagree n why.This help the public to understand the policy.
The farmers are to be explained the salient features of the new scheme and as how marginal farmers will benefit.
The P.M. is not a visionary person. He is a person hiding his real self. He claims the law is beneficial to farmer. But behind his claim, there is his sinister intention.
I firmly believe this is a move to help the big retail Giants like Ambani who had now closed the deal with Future Group so that they can negotiate with the farmers for cheaper prices lesser than the MSP. Otherwise, they will be forced to procure wheat and rice from mandi with MSP rates.
But definitely that will help the Common man in getting quality products at comitative prices and also pushes India as a Global player in farm commodities exports much like Russia, Australia and the US for sure.
Any change not explained to people at grass root before made into law will have push back from the beneficiaries. In this case, it is dealing with farmers who are tightly in opposition hands
Sridhar Raghunatha Rao
Two things were important.
Firstly, the grass root level politicians should have educated the farmers about the drawbacks of the present system and advantages of the new system instead of exposing them to any misgivings.
Secondly, how does the farmers know the right price for direct negotiations? They may be again mislead. A mechanism is necessary to avoid this
Anything in this world is controlled by demand & Supply...so understand that how to balance and avoid middlemen automatically the farmer and the end user get benefitted ..Which this ordinance aims to do. and make India more self reliant in Agri commodities to feed increasing population.
Sridhar Raghunatha Rao
Generally in retail market the buyer quotes a lower price and the seller exaggerates the actual price. In between someone will lose