Harvard Hyderabad and Oxford Kolkata? The future of US higher education could be in India
By Tyler Cowen
With much of U.S. higher education online only this semester, and its more long-term future deeply uncertain, now is a time to dream big. My own fantasy is based on the Indian go nment’s recent plan to encourage the top 100 universities in the world to operate in India.
Consider how the next 30 years might look if India were to allow the creation of a “Princeton Mumbai,” a “Harvard Hyderabad” or an “Oxford Kolkata.”
At first, most top U.S. universities would be reluctant to proceed boldly. Branch campuses abroad exist, such as the Yale-NUS College in Singapore, but they are usually smaller and less important relative to the home university. Top universities jealousy guard their positions as exclusive institutions, and it would not be easy for Harvard (even pre-Covid-19) to hire faculty of comparable quality in India in most areas of academic study.
Still, some schools in the top 100 would start operations in India. Even if Harvard hesitated, schools such as University of Texas at Austin, Georgia Institute of Technology or perhaps one of the nearby Singaporean schools would not.
In my fantasy, the schools that are open to expanding their India operations will rise considerably in reputation. India, and South Asia more generally, is in the midst of a phenomenal explosion of talent in diverse fields. Sundar Pichai runs Alphabet and Google, and Satya Nadella runs Microsoft. Abhijit Banerjee recently won a Nobel Prize in economics. Vishy Anand is one of the world’s top chess players. Indian writers are famous around the world. And so on.
The universities that open significant branches in India thus would become among the very best in the world — not the top 100, but the top 50. India could find itself in a situation much like that of the U.S. in 1900, when most American universities and scholars lagged behind those of Europe but were within decades of overtaking them. Competitive pressures would kick in, and the very top schools that initially were reluctant to enter India would find themselves drawn in.
You might wonder whether India actually needs all of these foreign branches, when it has some superb schools of its own, for instance the various Indian Institutes of Technology. In my fantasy, some Indian institutions of higher education will improve and force some competitors — shall we say UC Berkeley? — to leave the country. Yet many talented Indians will find attending a branch of Harvard or Yale to be an appealing option. Furthermore, the top foreign schools may form alliances with Indian institutions (as Yale has done in Singapore), giving students the best of both worlds.
This future gets better yet. Over time, the population of Indian alumni of prestigious U.S. universities will increase, relative to those who studied and graduated in America. America’s top schools thus will become engines of opportunity. It might also become obvious that the students attending in the U.S. are underperforming their Indian counterparts. What better way to light a competitive fire under the current dominant institutions?
And maybe some of the keenest and most ambitious American students will prefer to study in India rather than in America. (Perhaps a “canceled” American student could be sent to Brown Uttar Pradesh?) Wouldn’t you want to study with the very best of your peers, knowing you might be sitting next to the next generation’s Einstein, von Neumann or, of course Ramanujan?
Best of all, America’s top schools would learn they could open their doors to many more students, while boosting the reach and prestige of their institutions overall. The success of Princeton Mumbai would lead to a much larger Princeton in New Jersey. After all, if they can admit more qualified students from Kerala, doesn’t it follow that they can also accept more high-achieving kids from suburban Maryland? Or even, say, Detroit?
As I said, this is all a fantasy. Indian bureaucracy can be frustrating, Indian politics can be forbidding, and many talented faculty still seek to leave India rather than to move there, among other problems. Still, especially considering the implications of a rising India, this future no longer sounds crazy. An Indian expansion could be the best thing to happen to American and British higher education in this century.
译文来源：三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/p/50572.html 译者：Jessica.Wu
HIgher education is not a challenge but good to talk as it attract attention easily. We need more of good ITI skilled labors MBA's,Engineers etc fancy stuff will not solve India mass population employement problem.Nor they will help industry to have right talent.
Foreign universities will grant Indians foreign degrees which are needed to open up jobs working for all the companies in the world. German and Japanese universities can also come to India.
BEST IS FULL COMPETITION. INVITE ALL GLOBAL UNIVERSITIES. WE WILL GET BEST EDUCATION IN ENTIRE WORLD.
brand names and quality of education do not always go together. Folks go to US , only because of the potential high salaries which when converted to Indian salaries is high. Outsourcing happens due to the cost of labour involved not due to lack of quality candidates back in US
I would Say In India places like kutch ,Rajasthan,Etc must be made education zones where all foreign universities must be opened and let students from abroad to come there
Needless to say the two major economies US and China are virtually enjoying a global monopoly because of their indelible foot prints in science and technology.The fact that majority of Nobel Prize winners in various fields are from US, speaks of the way the nation has shaped it self and reaped from thrust on research.It is only through development in science and technology the nation can hope to aim high !
Can Karachi become California? And Lahore become London? Few days back one American citizen was shot dead in court for blasphemy by his accusers and the Judge said good. Every year hundreds of Hindus and Christians are imprisoned for blasphemy in Pakistan. Many are killed without trial.
if they have to work under ABVP and NSUI god alone knows how long they will last
Perhaps you might not know; what is a student's life under SFI (Students Federation of India) and SIO (students Islamic Organization) who even possess torture rooms in Kerala colleges!
India has to work on so many fronts, it is dire need of the time,but first and foremost we have to raise the bar in all the aspect, rather it is education or discipline, or cleanliness or law and order, list goes on......
Ahmedabad will have campus of MIT I hope
As long as Indian currency get devalued, people will go out.. and Indian will remain sl ve to foreign countries.. end up working for other countries for money... it is happening since 1947... ultra rich, politicians and business class will keep money abroad to prevent devaluation and they use it for education of children...
Nice to hear!
Success of institution argely depends on what it can offer post completion of program. In major cases - jobs. The article completely ignore this aspect and projects a Utopian world. No point of these fantasies until the job market is improved in India.