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印媒:特朗普考虑暂停H-1B签证,印度人正在放弃“美国梦”

 Trump mulls suspending H-1B visas

特朗普考虑暂停H-1B签证

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WASHINGTON: Indians students and white collar professionals are ditching the “American dream” to pursue a Canadian one because of the increasingly restrictive visa and immigration policies of the Trump administration, which, according to the US corporations, are going be tightened further within days with dging consequences for the country.

华盛顿:由于特朗普政府日益收紧的签证和移民政策,印度学生和白领专业人士正在放弃“美国梦”,转而追求加拿大梦。美国企业表示,这些政策将在几天内进一步收紧,给美国带来破坏性后果。

There is heightened expectation in wing quarters – and growing apprehension in US corporations and academic circles — that Presi nt Trump will issue an executive order late on Friday (Saturday in India) or early next week to scrap or freeze the H-1B visa programme and the optional practical training programme that allows graduate foreign students to intern in the US, because of the high unemployment rate due to coronavir s. But a new analysis of US go nment data shows Indian STEM students and skilled professionals were already veering away to Canada.

美国企业和学术界的担忧也日益加剧,由于疫情导致失业率高,特朗普总统将于星期五晚些时候或下星期初发布行政命令,取消或冻结H-1B签证项目以及允许外国研究生在美国实的可选实践培训项目。但一项对美国政府数据的新分析显示,印度的STEM学生和专业技术人员已经转向加拿大。

Data examined by the National Foundation for American Policy (NFAP) show that the number of international students from India enrolled in graduate-level computer science and engineering at US universities declined by over 25% between the 2016-17 and 2018-19 academic years. At the same time, the Canadian Bureau of International Education reported that students from India studying at Canadian universities rose from 76,075 in 2016 to 1,72,625 in 2018, a 127% increase.

美国国家政策基金会(NFAP)的数据显示,2016-2017学年和2018-2019学年,在美国大学就读研究生级计算机科学与工程专业的印度留学生人数下降了25%以上。与此同时,加拿大国际教育局报告称,在加拿大大学学的印度学生从2016年的76075人增加到2018年的172625人,增长了127%。

Indian students have long formed the bulwark of STEM education in the US. As recently as the 2016-17 academic year, 67% of international graduate students in computer science at US universities were from India. While for engineering as a whole international student enrollment at the graduate-level at US universities dropped from 96,330 in 2016-17 to 86,070 in 2018-19, a decline of 10,260, or 10.7%, the NFAP analysis ned, “was primarily a result of enrollment of Indian students in engineering falling by 10,870, or 27.5%, between the 2016-17 and 2018-19 academic years.”

长期以来,印度学生一直是美国STEM专业的支柱。就在2016-2017学年,美国大学计算机科学专业67%的国际研究生来自印度。NFAP分析指出,美国大学工程专业的国际研究生入学人数从2016-2017年的96,330人下降到2018-2019年的86070人,减少了10,260人,降幅为10.7%,“主要原因是2016-2017年和2018-2019学年工程专业的印度学生入学人数减少了10870人,降幅为27.5%。”

In computer science, international student enrollment at the graduate-level dropped from 70,630 in 2016-17 to 64,580 in 2018-19, a decline of 6,050, or 8.5%. As with engineering, the decline was largely due to the enrollment of Indian graduate students in computer science drop by 11,080, or 23.3%, between 2016-17 and 2018-19.

在计算机科学专业,研究生的国际学生人数从2016-2017年的70630人下降到2018-2019年的64580人,减少了6050人,降幅为8.5%。与工程专业一样,其主要是因为计算机科学专业的印度研究生入学人数在2016-2017年和2018-2019年减少了11080人,降幅为23.3%。

Canadian immigration lawyers are acknowledging that Canada is benefiting from a diversion of young Indian tech workers and students from US destinations, largely because of the challenges of obtaining and renewing H-1B visas and finding a reliable route to US permanent residence. In fact, the number of Indians who became permanent resi nts in Canada rose from 39,340 in 2016 to 85,585 in 2019, a rise of more than 117%, according to a the NFAP analysis of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada data. Canada’s Global Skills Strategy allows many applications for high-skilled foreign professionals to be approved in two weeks, in contrast to the situation in US where the H-1B visa process can take months, and where the annual limit on 85,000 H-1B visas has been reached for the past 18 fiscal years.

加拿大移民律师承认,年轻的印度技术工人和学生正从美国转移到加拿大,这让加拿大受益。主要是因为难以获得H-1B签证和续签H-1B签证,以及难以寻找可靠途径获得美国永久居住权。事实上,根据NFAP对移民、难民和加拿大公民身份数据的分析,成为加拿大永久居民的印度人从2016年的39340人增加到2019年的85585人,增幅超过117%。在加拿大的全球技能战略项目下,许多高技能外国专业人士的申请可在两星期内获批,而在美国,H-1B签证审批可能需要数月时间,而且在过去18个财年,美国的H-1B签证每年8.5万的上限已经达到。

But even that has not satisfied the Trump base, which is now pressing the White House to altogether ban H-1B and OPT programmes. An rmed US Chamber of Commerce on Thursday rushed a letter to Trump urging him not to go down that route. Its CEO Thomas Donahue wre, “If companies cannot hire new H-1B workers or continue to employ current H-1B workers, innovation and productivity growth would suffer greatly.”

但即便如此,特朗普阵营也不满意,他们目前正在向白宫施压,要求全面禁止H-1B签证及OPT项目。惊慌失措的美国商会星期四匆忙致信特朗普,敦促其不要重蹈覆辙。其首席执行官托马斯•多纳休写道:“如果公司不能雇佣新的H-1B员工或继续雇佣现有H-1B员工,创新和生产率增长将受到严重影响。”

 

以下是印度时报读者的评论:译者:Jessica.Wu

Alien on a trip here

Where is Indian Dream ? Forget America or Canadian dream. Stay in India, contribute and develop the country in such a way that it becomes a dream of rest of world to get Indian Visas.. Reverse the brain drain !

印度梦呢?忘了美国梦或加拿大梦吧,留在印度,为这个国家的发展做贡献,让获得印度签证成为别人的梦想。逆转人才流失!

 

Patriot

Indian student do not come to study and soon they arrive look for job in restaurants and grocery stores.

印度学生不是去求学的,他们是去餐馆和杂货店打杂的。

 

handy moth

Canada is becoming a socialist country like Europe. Not much growth. India is the best place.

加拿大正在成为一个国家,就像欧洲一样,经济没有多少增长,印度才是最好的地方。

Citizen

Yes, "India is the best place" for corrupt, unethical, immoral people.

是的,对于、不道德的人来说,“印度是最好的地方”。

 

James Alvares

Easy way to realize American dream is to cm a Refugee status....

实现美国梦最简单的方法是申请难民身份。

 

Human

International students in US are being backstabbed by White supermacist. US citizen students need to pay 1/3rd of fees but International students need to pay full fees. Now with billions of job loss across the world and no stimulus package by many third world countries, racist in US are backstabbing after taking full fees from the students.

在美国的国际学生被白人超级主义者在背后捅了一刀。美国公民学生只需支付三分之一的学费,但国际学生需要支付全部费用。如今,全球失业人数达数十亿人,许多第三世界国家又没有经济刺激计划,美国的主义者在收取学生的全额学费后开始在背后捅刀子。

 

James Murphy

I have been hearing about Indians giving up on the USA for twenty years and have yet to see them go.

我听说印度人20年前就放弃美国梦了,但是还没看到他们离开。

 

Suresh Tekade

Ve Trump 2020

投票给特朗普

 

Vande Matram

canadian jobs don't pay well, and they will realize that Canada doesn't have many jobs either.

加拿大的工资水平不高,他们还会发现加拿大的工作机会也不多。

 

Mohandas Vasu

Trumps statement is confusing, whether he is for India or ag inst India?

特朗普令人困惑,他到底是支持印度还是反对印度?

Suresh Tekade

He is for America first

他支持美国优先

 

MOIN KAMAL

Canada is the best nation for migration as the day you land, you think you have a future here. All the talented Indians and Pakistanis are heading to Canada as they are fed up waiting for a green card and citizenship.

加拿大是最适合移民的国家,从你登陆加拿大的那一天起,你就会认为你在这里有未来。所有有才华的印度人和巴基斯坦人都在前往加拿大,因为他们等绿卡和公民身份已经等得不耐烦了。

 

Indian talents

Indians used to cm US depends on Indian IT talents, without which US would col pse. Trump is showing to Indians these are all Indian BULL sxyt. Indian talents take the cue and are fleeing to Canada.

印度人曾经声称美国依赖印度的IT人才,没有这些人才,美国就会。特朗普是在向印度人展示这些都是狗屁。印度人才纷纷转战加拿大。

 

Vishal Dalela

BTW what is "Canadian Dream" eh... sincere advise, either go to US or stay in India... I lived in Canada for 16 years and moved to US and its was a good move. Nothing ag inst Canada though... very nice and clean country with some good support sy em for resi nts but opportunity wise US is better for obvious reasons.

“加拿大梦”是什么?真诚建议你们,要么去美国,要么留在印度…我在加拿大住了16年,然后搬到了美国。虽然不是针对加拿大…加拿大非常漂亮、干净,有一些很好的居民支持系统,但显然美国更好。

 

a

Ok. yes. No need to come to US.. Indians can definitely try going to can, aus, uk or any other places, but let US be the way it is

不一定非要去美国,印度人可以尝试去澳大利亚、英国或其他地方,随美国去吧

 

Anilk Khan

Too bad that the majority of Indian Students want to stay in the USA after studies.

可惜大多数印度学生在毕业后都想留在美国。

Suresh Tekade

Majority? Almost all. Since 60's, almost all stayed in USA. Some went back and within year said to India "no thanks" and retuned to USA

多数?是几乎全部。从60年代开始,几乎所有印度留学生毕业后都留在了美国。其中一些回到印度,不过一年后就返回美国了。

 

Gus Sinha

US jobs are very less due to Corona.Trump has to take care of US citizen first

疫情期间,美国的就业机会非常少,特朗普必须优先照顾美国公民

 

IIT BITS ONLY THANKS

US unemployment is 45 MILLION. Please et US as soon as possible.

美国的失业人口达到4500万,请尽快离开美国

 

Sai Narayan

its the reverse Indian students are being ditched and have no choice

印度学生被抛弃了,他们别无选择

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