If India and China are both ancient civilizations, why doesn't the Himalayas have a Chinese name? China can surely see the Himalayas from its side
Mani Duraisamy, History Geek
I did a quick Google search after reading this question and it looks like Himalayas does have a Chinese translation, called- xǐ mǎ lā yǎ shān mài,
在看到这个问题后，我在谷歌上搜索了一下，貌似喜马拉雅山脉确实是有一个中文译名的，叫—xǐ mǎ lā yǎ shān mài。
However, if you are asking for a name which has its roots in core Chinese, then I need more time to search.
However, there is a possible explanation as to why Himalayas (the Indian name- called the ‘Abode of Snow’) is more popular and widely used across the world today rather than its Chinese equivalent (if it exists).
Here is a map of the ancient Indus and Ganges river basins:
You can see that both the Ganges basin and the Indus basin is closer to the Himalayas.
Now look at the map of the Chinese civilizations:
The Huang Ho river basin and the Yanngtze River Basins are far away from the Himalayas.
This is also one factor why Indians have more closer cultural ties with Himalayas compared to China. The proximity of the mountains acts as an advantage. The Chinese side of the Himalayas faces the cold Gobi desert, hardly has any rivers carrying the amount of silt like Ganga in UP and Bihar. There is no sea coast in which can be accessed like how we used to access both Bay of Bengal and Arabian sea by river transportation via Ganga and Indus respectively.
Riverian plains form the base for agriculture, industries and transportation. These three are needed for a civilization to thrive.
India has this advantage and China does not. Thus the Indian civilization being closer to the Himalayas- named the mountains after the words which has its roots in Indian languages.
Abhijit Raghunathan, A connoisseur of Indian sport
Well, for those who have done an extensive reading of the Himalayas, they will know where exactly the mountains lie. Of course, you have a small chunk of the ranges and even the foothills in both India and China, but the ranges are predominantly present in Tib and Nepal.
As far as names go, I really don't know how well you know your history, but there is definitely a Nepalese and a Tiban name for the mountain.
It is called Chormalungma in Nepal, named after some God/Goddess I think while it is called Sagamartha in Chinese (not sure of these spellings). Apart from that, when one attempts to traverse the path to Everest from the Nepal side, they have to cross over the Khumbu glacier and the Lhoste summit. Both these are thriving places and cities in Nepal. (I am still unsure about Lhoste).
Ankhi Mun, Hometown in the (pre-)historical city of Varanasi
The ancient Chinese civilization was quite far away from the Himalayan ranges. They named nearby ranges only, e.g. Kunlun Mountains - Wikipedia, Qin Mountains - Wikipedia etc.
All ancient Civilizations are mainly plains based where farming is plentiful. And naming Geographical features is dependent on proximity and mostly for usage as a landmark, either near a village or path. For example, Mount Everest - Wikipedia has the real (in my opinion and the original Everest would have agreed with me) name of Sagarmatha in Nepali (and surrounding plains languages), the Chinese here took the Tiban name Qomolangma (again cause Tibans were in proximity and had named it).
Mani Than, former Self Employed
The factual reason is India is having portion of Himalayas in its territory. So they gave a name to the mountain range.
Greater part of Himalayas lie in Tib. Which had a mild chinese influence.
Yash Sharma, Managing Director at Myka Organics LLP (2017-present)
Since all the languages have been derived from Sanskrit , that’s why it has such a name.
That’s why a suffix “sthan” which in Sanskrit means PLACE.
For example ,
And these places are far away from INDIA , in a recent answer by MR.Duriaswamy he said that it is because of the proximity of the mountains , it has nothing to do with the proximity of himalayas. These places are nowhere close to India but still includes the sanskrit suffix.
K Sree Harsha, studied Mechanical Engineering
Well even China got the name from sanskrit of Indian origin from the word चीन ( chin ) !
就连中国的名字也是来源于印度的梵语词चीन ( chin ) !
Culturally speaking India has more connection towards himalaya (spiritually and environmentally ).
Yuki Liu, works at AIESEC UNNC, Mainland of China
Because in ancient China, Chinese people have no idea what is Himalayas because it is thousands kilometres away from the central China(where most Chinese people lived). But for India, if you look at their map, how far is the Gangetic plain from Himalaya?
Gwydion Madawc Williams, Read a lot about this
The Himalayas tower over North India. They are remote from the population centres of China. China’s link with Tib only began in Tang times
Srikant Sekhar, lives in India
Ancient China lived almost entirely close to the eastern coast, which is rather far from the Himalayan ranges. They also lived somewhat more to the north than the eastern edge of the Himalayas. On the other hand, a lot of Indians lived along the rivers (like Ganga) emerging from the Himalayas, which run extremely close to the mountain range.
Richard Parker, Historian
Indus valley Civilization belongs to the Dravidians, the modern day South Indians. There is nothing called North Indian or Indian civilization. The Central Asian Nomads who settled down here don’t belong to India at all. They are Nomads
You India must eager to be part of China. But we do not want to rule such a poor and dirty place.
Derek Y.H. Chen
First, China is too vast, also mountainous in the south, plain in the north, more plateaus and basins in the west. Himalaya is only one of the most towering mountains in China, also too distant from plain and populous areas.
Second, the Classic of Mountains and Seas, which dates back to about 4000 years ago, could be the first literal document of the Himalaya. The textologists of Qing dynasty asserted the first chapter (南山经, Nanshan Jing, which means records of the southern mountains in Chinese) should be based on the mountains and lakes in Tib, the Himalaya for example. Maybe then Tibans and ancient Chinese were of the same ethnic who share the same language. Nowadays, all of us Chinese and Tibans still speak Sino-tiban languages. Additionally, it's under argument why and who wrote this classic. One thing is fixed - it was not authorized by orthodoxy Chinese who supported the authority, maybe even not a Chinese but a minority I guess. It told us how the ancient good kings imprisoned persecuted and killed each other, not like what traditional Confucians thought.
Thirdly, we took the other way to india, the Tea Horse Road - Wikipedia and later the silk road.
The safer route is through Yunnan and Burman jungles. This completely avoided the Himalaya. Between China and India is not only the Himalaya, also Southeastern Asia
译文来源：三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/49611.html 译者：Joyceliu
Sahil Chatta, Amazed and disturbed, my life as an Indian.
The answer lies in the geographical location of these civilizations and their proximity to Himalayas.
The history of Indian civilizations begins with the Indus valley, which was situated alongside river Indus and came to be identified with it. Himalayas had still not come into prominence because of limited expanse of this civilization.
The Chinese civilizations in the form of Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties, in chronological order began taking shape in succession in the far East, in the yellow river valley.
This was followed by the rise of Mahajanpadas which were situated mainly around the Gangetic plain and as these expanded, they reached the periphery of the plains which were the foothills of Shivalik, one of the three parts of Himalayas. Hence, the geographical significance of Himalayas became established. Also, due to it being uncharted, it became a part of myths and legends, becoming known as the abode of Gods in the Vedic religion. Hence, the cultural prominence.
At the same time the Zhou dynasty breaks into smaller states and is yet restricted to the east of China with still no contact with the Himalayas.
Indian civilizations expand and north and western India are under the Scythians while the East comprises of small kingdoms, confined to the north by Himalayas and to the East by dense forests. To north of Himalayas are the Tiban tribes with little political or cultural influence in the region.
The Chinese under the Han expand further but are yet to reach the Pamir plateau. No contact with Himalayas still.
The rise of Tiban Empire in the north of the Himalayas and the small Rajput kingdoms in the south. Chinese kingdoms expand in the east.
The Chinese Qing dynasty ann-xed Tib and marked the expansion of Chinese territory to the northern edge of South Asia, north of Himalayas. By the time it happened, most of the world was already named including the Himalayas. The word ‘Himalayas’ had already entered the lexicon of over a dozen languages and become even more ingrained in the local cultures and traditions of Indian subcontinent. And since India had extensive trade relations with the rest of the world, the name was carried on to other cultures as well