Who allowed the British East India company to enter India?



Shaishav Jogani, Research Assistant at Arizona State University (2017-present)

East India company was founded on 31 December 1600, whose primary purpose was to trade with India. However, due to their Dutch and French competitors they failed to enter in Indian market until 1608 when they first enter into Surat which is located on the west coast of India.

Sir Thomas Roe from company reached the court of the Mughal Emperor, Jahangir, as the emissary of King James I in 1615, and gained for the British the to establish a factory at Surat.

Then the company rented a trading outpost in Madras (now Chennai) in 1639.

Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan gave the permission to trade with Bengal, where Company had established their factory in 1641. In 1717, the Company achieved its most notable success when the Mughal Emperor exempting the Company from the payment of custom duties in Bengal.





译文来源:三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/46864.html    译者:Jessica.Wu


Akshat Jain, lives in India

In 1600, queen Elizabeth 1 granted monopoly to East India Company for trade with East Indies.

The first factory of the company was set up in Masulipatnam( present day machilipatnam, Krishna) in 1611.

in 1612, it got permission from Mughal Emperor Jahangir to establish Factories in Surat.

This is considered as the begng of the company rule in India. This marked the begng of around 200 years of colonial rule.





Prem Chand

British followed Spain and Portugal in order to exploit the pential of spices market in East and particularly India . They obtain permission from Queen Elizabeth in 1600 and secured offi al farman for trading and opening their factories in East coast in India and by mid 1618 they obtain imperial farman from shajahan and open factories at Surat and many places . Mughals and nizams in view to expand commercial interests they allowed British and France and Portugal from 15th century onwards. Earlier British purely a merchant company involved in exports of agriculture and spices from India and import gold and gems in exchange for them. Later with mutual quarrels of Indian empires at different they gain opportunity to weild their power slowly and raise to Ruler stage after defeating Siraj ud duh in Battle of Plassey 1757 and in 1764 Battle of Buxar Defeated Combined armies of Bengal, awadh and mughal king



Kuldeep Jain, Student at SSC CGL 2018 (2018-present)

Jehangir aka shehzada salim aka shekhu baba …..

Captain William hawkins a british trader came to india with his ship ”Hector”.he presented himself in the court of jehangir in 1608 and asked for trading s, initialy jehangir resisted but later he allowed him to setup a factory in surat in 1612, jehangir honored him with the title of “English Khan” later in 1615 another english diplomat sir thomos roe came to india and he was awarded trading s in bengal.



Jaideep Paul

There was no “India" until the British gave the name, it was a divided group of princely states.

As far as who allowed were the kings and princes who wanted to make more money by aligning with the British and they did until the brits shown them their true colors.

It was the British who gave India the unity as a country, sure people after the weakening of brits in ww2 pressurized them to leave the nation but it is true the kings and princes allowed them to get into their kingdoms in the first place.





Laksha, Class 8 Student at P.K.R. Jain Vatika Senior Secondry School (2017-present)

In 1600 queen Elizabeth 1 signed a charter giving east India company to carry out trade in India . as dutch ,French and Portuguese were already there in India east India company asked jahangir to give them permission to fortify their settlements in order to prect themselves from other trading companies and problem started from there



Priyanka Bisht, B.A History, University of Delhi (2018)

India had been involved in the bullion business with the British and they had the permission Mughal authorities.



Nidhi Arora, History buff by choice. Po itical observer by necessity.

That was owing to the rajahs of India, who trusted the Brits and the French more than they trusted other Indian kings, hence the "Residency".



Sohail Anwar, Principal at SHM Community College

Mughal Emperor Jahangir enterrained Thomas Roe the English ambassador and allowed one opening of factory in Surat.




Bhagirath Lal Chawla




Mintu Pande




Nitesh Bhardwaj

It was jahangir who allowed britishers to enter in india



Aurobindo Ghosh

They were lucky because India was ruled by an indiscipline Mughal emperor when they first arrived.



Shreedhara Kedilaya, former Banker

They came uninvited but indians gave them shelter but as the true whites they thought that it is the duty of the blue blooded chr tians to uplift the lives of these miserable lots .. so pushed them out and occupied their home.

They had done the same to natives of america ..australia and africa




Girish Bhatnagar, works at My Export Business Was in Delhi.

It was king Jahangir who allowed the British to enter India, who later on established the East India Company.



Gowindan Nampoothiri, former General Manager PP (Retired )

There was no present day India when East India Co was established .They entered via Surat with permission of King Jehangir of Mughals



Mark Kram, worked at Various Crappy Jobs

Originally Answered: How did the British East India company arrive in India?

In 1685 it was by ship, 2 East India Company ships above.





Vivek Singh, History nerd

After defeating the Spanish Armada in 1588 with their naval forces, England established itself as a world power with a strong naval force to reckon with. Inspired by the fresh victory, a bunch of traders presented a memorial to Queen Elizabeth I requesting permission to sail east and invoke a new trading route yet to be explored.

The Queen agreed to the petition and in 1591, three English vessels embarked on their first voyage around the Cape of Good Hope in Indian Ocean. One of the ship was lost along with its commander, George Raymond while Jacob Lancaster sailed  to the My Peninsula in the other ship and returned to England in 1594. Another voyage with three ships was sent two years later in 1596 and was again lost but one Englishman, John Midnall made it to northern India. He traveled extensively and spent seven years in the East and was also reported to visit Emperor Akbar.  By the time he returned, the formation of company was already set into motion.

On September 1599, Few merchants of London held a meeting and after raising a capital of  £30,133, sought incorporation from the Crown which wasn't accepted. They reconvened again after a year and doubled their capital to £68,373 and sought approval for the second time. Finally on December 31 1600, Queen Elizabeth incorporated the merchants, 217 in total by the Royal Charter as "The Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies" and thus was born the East India Company. James Lancaster who penetrated to the My peninsula in his previous attempt led the first offi al voyage of the East India company. The first voyage sailed to Bantam (in modern Indonesia) and opened a factory to engage in spice trade.  The Second voyage sailed to Bantam, Ternate, Tidore and Amboyna (all part of modern day Makuku islands of Indonesia). It wasn't until the third voyage that a successful landing was made on the coast of India in 1608 and the very first factory was established at Machilipatnam

As History witnessed over the next three centuries and half, a trading company with handful of merchants paved the way for colonization of a giant nation that had earlier thwarted the invasions of Alexander, Persians and the might of Mongols.



1599年9月, 几个伦敦商人召开了一次会议,筹资30133英镑, 寻求将公司合并,但未获得女王的许可。一年后他们再次开会,资本增加到68373英镑,再次请求批准合并。最后,在1600年12月31日,伊丽莎白女王允许这些公司合并,根据皇家特许状,“伦敦商人在东印度贸易的公司”成立,总共有217名股东,于是,东印度公司诞生。詹姆斯·兰卡斯特在他之前的尝试中潜入马来半岛,领导了东印度公司的第一次正式航行。第一次航行到班塔姆(现在的印尼),并开设了一家工厂从事香料贸易。第二次航行航行班塔姆、特尔纳特、蒂多雷和安汶岛(都是今天印尼马库库群岛的一部分)。直到1608年的第三次航行,它才成功登陆印度海岸,第一家工厂在默吉利伯德讷姆建立。


Avantika Prabhu, Marketing Manager (2013-present)

The East Indian Company was formed in England to explore the south east Asian countries via sea routes and initiate trade with them initially. India traded various items with East Indi8a Company on a large scale like cotton and spices. Slowly, the East India Company started controlling several regions of the Indian subcontinent. After defeating the Portuguese in the Battle of Swally in 1612, at Suvali in Surat, they thought of expanding their territory in India. They also started co-ordial relations with the Mughal Emperors of that time to set up more industries.


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