Abhijit Mukherjee, works at Department of Electrical Engineering, Jadavpur University
This is only my personal impression I cannot claim it to be above doubt or flaws. There are a number of reasons :
1) Certain castes are marked as 'scheduled castes' and 'other backward castes' and people identified as belonging to those castes get considerable favor through elaborate quotas in college admission, lucrative public sector jobs and hence they have no material reason to demand abolition of the caste system.
2) The politicians have arranged their pieces on the basis of the caste divides and their entire rule book of how to exploit people's sentiments are conceived with the caste considerations at the very foundation.
3) There are illiterate, semi-literate and highly literate people who have traditionally learnt to judge people by their respective caste affiliations. Their language, anecdotes, vast range of prejudices are all so closely entangled with caste identities of people that culturally it is difficult to extricate them from this putative classification of human beings.
4) Since the caste system divides the nation vertically and effectively weakens the social fabric, international power corners have a stake in the continuation of India's caste system. Thus academic forums, centers, disciplines have been established with close international links, that evaluate every event in terms of caste related consequences and create considerable inter caste strife in the name of awareness campaigns. Till now this creed, in the garb of liberal intellectuals, have considerably succeeded in weakening the national spirit.
All these and perhaps a few more factors have kept this scourge alive and are corroding the nation's strength.
Aniket Kadam, We the people!
I won't go in details about the caste system or its benefits or it's drawbacks. But, I would like to estimate why this system exst.
We, Humans, are probably the most dominating creatures who have left their impressions on earth. We use tools to overpower our fellow beings.
We are naturally overpowering creatures.
Human beings are born to dominate or our greed has made us to dominate over others. CASTE SYSTEM was an outcome of this domination. People used it to their own benefits. And it will continue to exst as Humans love to dominate.
Whereas in INDIA, we have a Religion Mosaic and we have ingrained caste system deep into our blood. It will be visible in one form or other, sadly.
Our Constitution has laid down principles to bring class, community and regional equality. Diversity is our strength. We are growing at rapid rate both in educational and in economic way.
Education and community maturity is essential for carving out this unnecessary stigma of caste. It will take more years to remove this system. And political indulgence is as threatening for this system.
The caste system exst because it is a double edged sword. Political masters used it for Votes and for crawling up the economic ladder. Now both the lower caste's use this for bargaining power at times and the upper caste's use it for their own domination.
It's a see-saw of uncertainty. We can expect it to see this system for the next century. As long as our breed exsts, our natural tendency to dominate over others will exst then also. Caste system will stay. Either in it's core form or diluted. Sadly
Anurag Kumar, My caste is Indian.
There are many reasons.
- Our politicians are kee it alive to secure a 'dalit vote bank'.
- Reservation system is hel in it, as you have to get a caste certificate for getting reservation, which means that you have to know your caste. It also means that others will know your caste, when you take admission in a college or get a job using it.
- See the matrimonials section of any newspaper. You can see the headings easily like Brahmin, Kayastha etc. People don't want to marry outside their castes.
- Stereotypes- some people have a stereotype for a particular caste. For example, some people have a stereotype that Rajputs are hot headed. Hence people try to know someone's caste to have an idea about his nature.
- You can see people bragging about their castes. Some brahmins keep on flaunting about their castes.
- Some people actually do the work assigned to them by the Varna system. For example, most of the sweepers are 'valmikis' .
- People use certain surnames which give an idea about their castes. For example, Chaubey surname is generally used by Brahmins.
The list is not an exhaustive one.
Bodi Sanz, Traveler. Writer. Self improvement junkie
Well if everyone were the same caste, how would we know who to exclude?
People like to segregate. A friend once told me about this experiment- a group of children were given T-shirts in two colors. Some kids got a red t-shirt, and some kids got blue. No further instruction. Almost automatically, the kids with the blue t-shirt flocked to one side , and the kids with the red t-shirt flocked to the other.
So deeply is identification with a group ingrained. People like to belong to something. It helps make sense of the world, especially in a wildly heterogenous society like India. They also like to feel superior to others. Be of the “in” crowd.So- if you have people of different colors, that's where you segregate. If everyone is the same color, then it's religion. If it's the same religion, then it's caste. If everyone was the same caste, people will most probably find something else. As long as our evolutionary physiology remains the same, we will continue to have social inequity.