India to launch first manned space mission by 2022: PM Modi
NEW DELHI/BENGALURU: Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday, as part of his Independence Day speech, vowed to put an Indian in space by 2022 + .
"When India celebrates 75th year of Independence in 2022, and if possible even before, an Indian son or daughter will undertake a manned space mission on board 'Gaganyaan' carrying the national flag," the PM announced from the ramparts of the Red Fort. This would make India the fourth nation to send a human in space after the United States, Russia and China.
However, the proposed human spaceflight programme (HSP), something that has been on the table since 2004, is still a long way away despite advancements in some critical technologies in the past decade.
The original plan was realising a Two-Stage-to-Orbit (TSTO) fully reusable launch vehicle, which could carry two-three people into low earth orbit and bring them back. The UPA go nment had sanctioned Rs 145 crore for pre-launch activities and Isro is expected to get more funding in the coming months following Modi's announcement today.
最初的计划是研发一种两级入轨(TSTO)可完全重复使用的运载火箭，它可以将2 - 3人送入近地轨道并将他们带回地球。团结进步联盟政府批准了1.45亿卢比用于发射前的准备工作，在莫迪今天发表宣告之后，预计在未来几个月Isro将获得更多资金。
As of today, there is no actual estimation in public domain, but insiders say that it needs a budget of at least Rs 10,000 crore to Rs 12,000 crore.
As part of the preparations, Isro has been testing some technologies, an important one involving the crew escape system- a key system being developed as part of the proposed HSP- was tested on July 5.
The space agency tested the Crew Escape System (CES) for its crew capsule in an emergency pad abort test (PAT) in Sriharikota. The test, which lasted 4.31 minutes, involved aborting the space capsule at launch.
The Crew Escape System is an emergency escape measure designed to quickly pull the crew module along with the astronauts to a safe distance from the launch vehicle in the event of a launch abort. The first test (Pad Abort Test) demonstrated the safe recovery of the crew module in case of any exigency at the launch pad.
This was a second major test after it successfully launched a crew module with dummy payloads and brought it back on to the Arabian Sea. Isro has already completed successful tests of the scaled down version of the Re-usable Launch Vehicle Technology Demonstrator (RLV-TD), and is preparing for two major experiments in 2019 - one will involve using a helicopter, while the second and major one would be the orbital re-entry test.
The space agency has completed the wind tunnel model with landing gear and low subsonic tests at the Indian Institute of Technology-Kanpur (IIT-K). For the orbital re-entry test, Isro has proposed to design and develop a scaled-up version of RLV.
"You must understand that this won't be the actual RLV, but a model," Isro chairman K Sivan said at a press conference he had convened on August 12.
Speaking separately with TOI, Sivan said that they are yet to finalise the landing site for the experiment. "There are options in Challakere, one place in Rajasthan and another forward post, there is no final decision yet. The important thing would be to select a place that will have no habitation around the landing site. This is an experimental test and we need to take all precautions," he said.
All these technologies are crucial for the manned mission, and these are just some of the early stage experiments. Sivan has said that Isro was in the process of preparing a revised report on the preparations of the project.
The said report is to be purely an internal document, with no other potential stakeholder involved. "We are making a few changes...it is purely an internal document and there's no other agency involved at this moment," Sivan had said on July 7, at the sidelights of the LM Katre Memorial Lecture.
Answering a specific question on HSP, Sivan had said: "It is our imagination, our dream that it should happen. But right now we are only in the preparations stage where we are demonstrating critical technologies, there's a lot to do."
Stating that Isro always anticipates and develop technologies for the future even before a project is on the cards, he said that the HSP is one such programme.
Conceding that there is still a long way to go, Sivan had said Isro was yet to even decide which rocket-GSLV MK-II or GSLV MK-III-it will use if the HSP gets the green signal from the go nment.
金斯旺承认还有很长的路要走，他说Isro甚至还没有决定要使用哪种火箭，是GSLV MK-II还是GSLV MK-III。
"We are working on several combinations," he had said. But experts and some Isro insiders TOI has been speaking with suggest that neither of the two rockets are man-rated yet. Insiders say that if India does launch people into space, it can only do it with the GSLV MK-III, and that too an advanced version of it, which the agency must now build and master with virtually no errors.
Modi is a very enthusiastic and visionary leader. He inspires common man and instills more confidence and passion in them.
Arey Feku baba first give me job and 15 lakhs credit in my bank account. We want proper medical, power, drinking water. Then think about space missions.
Modi has dumped the congress party in corner. Congress has nothing to sell except Rahul ji 2019 election.. But feel difficult get buyers for him.
modi is trying to take credit over ISRO's work
Feku on jumla spree again!!! Common citizens waiting to throw him in the gutter he crawl out from.
So $1=70.10 INR on the 72nd Independece Anniversary. Way to go!!
The Holy Cow
Feku Farrts from the Red Fort after eating Dhokla, releasing poisonous gas polluting the environment of Delhi and Bhak says what a MASTERSTROKE from Modiji. Jai Shri Modiji ki Jai...
莫迪在红堡吃了鹰嘴豆发糕后，释放污染德里环境的有毒气体，印度人民高呼这是莫迪的丰功伟绩。Jai Shri Modiji ki Jai…
send RAGA in it whenever u launch it, and don't allow the reentry to come back to India but instead redirect it to some other planet.
Since Feku loves to travel, they should send him upto space as the first bakra.
Nice! Pack the spacecraft with Modi and his chelas and send it off into space.
Now he will start election rallies from space
Five years of Modi Govt will be remembered for :
lynchings, rapes of kids, absconding defaulters, triple prices of Rafael, Demonetisation, gutter-gas and pakodas.
Feku World tour finished in 5 years ....Next 5 years feku target go to space & watch all world
feku..pl provide food to all and safety to women first
MODI ATLEAST TODAY YOU STOP TELLING LIE AND FOOLING INDIAN PEOPLE. YOU BETTER GO TO YOUR OLD JOB SELLING TEA AND PAKODA ON ROAD. WE DONT TRUST YOU AND WE DONT NEED YOU.
And when are we going to get pothole free roads ?
Jumlebazi beyond national & international level now, at new extraterrestrial level...
Jumlas unlimited. Making new promises while previous r left undelivered
Modi just gave his farewell speech from red fort.
He should also go with his ministers and bhakts
PM claimed to come from chaivala background, now I think he forget that period and mvning like --- with the fake slogan serve the poor. After seeing his yoga tamasha I changed my view on PM
Modi will be the first man from India into the space.
Feku World tour finished now He start targeting space Let send hime into space First man From India
MODI...M D F C K R and B S T R D
M D C H O D ...have u done anything apart from creating communal differences in Hindu n Muslim.
The bigger you dream...the higher you reach.
PM Modi the nation stands behind you. Lead us.
New election lollipop
Send Pappu and her girlfriend Mamta out of earth into moon...never to return again.....ha ha
Modiji is the Best PM after Independence with great Vision.
Left over of 1947, please choose out of 56 countries and migrate ! Modiji is here to stay ! Long LIVE NAMO ! Jai hind ..Vande Matram
Modji, can you please pre-pond this deadline? Do we have to wait that long to get away from you?