原文标题：Pentagon accuses China of spying, using Western technology to bolster military
WASHINGTON: China is pursuing a massive military modernisation aimed at winning "local wars under conditions of informatisation," and is actively using Western dual use technologies to upgrade its defence capabilities, the US Defence Department has said.
The world's "most active and persistent" perpetrators of economic espionage, Chinese agencies also represent a "growing" threat to US economic security, the Pentagon said in a Congress mandated report.
China is "pursuing a long-term, comprehensive military modernisation programme designed to improve the capacity of China's armed forces to fight and win local wars under conditions of information, or high-intensity, information- centric regional military operations of short duration," the report said.
Noting that China continues to modernise its military by incorporating Western (mostly US) dual-use technologies, which have also assisted its overall indigenous industrial, military industrial, and high-technology sector development, the report said one of China's stated national security objectives is to leverage legally and illegally acquired dual-use and military-related technologies to its advantage.
"Chinese actors are the world's most active and persistent perpetrators of economic espionage. Chinese attempts to collect US technological and economic information will continue at a high level and will represent a growing and persistent threat to US economic security," the report said.
It pointed out that the nature of the cyber threat will evolve with continuing technological advances in the global information environment.
The Pentagon said that sensitive US economic information and technology are targeted by intelligence services, private sector companies, academic/research institutions, and citizens of dozens of countries.
China is likely to remain an aggressive and capable collector of sensitive US economic information and technologies, particularly in cyberspace, it said.
The Pentagon said China's leaders view modernisation of its army as an essential component of their strategy to take advantage of what they perceive to be a "window of strategic opportunity" to advance China's national development during the first two decades of the 21st century.
"During this period, China's leaders are placing a priority on fostering a positive external environment to provide the PRC (People's Republic of China) with the strategic space to focus on economic growth and development," it said.
At the same time, Chinese leaders seek to maintain peace and stability along their country's periphery, expand their diplomatic influence to facilitate access to markets, capital, and resources, and avoid direct confrontation with the United States and other countries.
This strategy has led to an expansion of China's presence in regions all over the world, creating new and expanding economic and diplomatic interests, the report said.
The Pentagon in its report told the Congress that with its growing power and international status, China periodically acts more assertively in pursuit of its strategic priorities, while also seeking to take advantage of a favourable external environment to pursue economic and military modernisation goals.
"Beijing is finding it increasingly difficult to balance these interests, particularly when the pursuit of one conflicts with the pursuit of another.
"For example, although defending territorial claims allows China to display firmness on sovereignty related issues, Beijing must balance such behaviour against the need to avoid a backlash among neighbouring countries that could undermine the stable external environment on which Beijing depends for domestic development," the report said.
Since the early 1980s, it said, China's leaders have sustained an ambitious and broad-based military modernisation programme intended to transform the People's Liberation Army (PLA) into a modern force.
The Department of Defence estimates China's total military-related spending for 2011 ranges between USD 120 billion and USD 180 billion.
"This increased military spending has fueled improved training and the acquisition of new equipment and capabilities across China's military forces," it said.
Running into more than 50 pages, the report includes information on China's aircraft carrier programme, anti-ship ballistic missiles, and aircraft development, as well as discussion of the Chinese pursuit of its "new historic missions" around China and far from its shores.
Chinese are smart people, we need to adopt their same methods or lose the battle.
World listens when you have power of money or power of weapons. what China is doing shows their high ambition ,though bad for India.
George Chungath (India)
Now it is too late they already got what they want from western technology. For this western countries paved path by them knowingly or unknowingly .which helped them to become to the present stage.
Prof. Amartya Sengupta (KOLKATA)
12 hrs ago (10:00 PM)
China is weak and backward in reality can not even seize Taiwan. But she is getting Western military technology via her Israel allies and many Jewish technicians are working for China. All military experts are aware of this. Example Read: China Scolds U.S. for Blocking Israeli Arms Sale Read for example: By Edward Cody Washington Post Foreign Service Tuesday, June 28, 2005
Dr. Amjad Hussiain (Patna) replies to Prof. Amartya Sengupta
10 hrs ago (12:00 AM)
Amartya is correct it is the Jews and China a single block. Though Israel helps China with arms a Philippino ship is today challenging the Chinese and the Chinaman can do nothing.
Raees (Delhi) replies to Prof. Amartya Sengupta
10 hrs ago (11:15 PM)
I pity on your students, professor. China has developed on its own. It might be our enemy, but we have our lessons to learn from them.
Pi (Us) replies to Raees
10 hrs ago (11:31 PM)
It did not invent or develop with its own technology. It copies and steals western technology by infiltration and no regards to patent. They have no innovation. Tell me which technology or product you use daily was an invention of chinese brain.
Sania replies to Pi
10 hrs ago (11:49 PM)
But 'naqal kai liye bhi aqal ki zaroorat hoti hai'. :P I'm teling you, their people are hardworking, and the government has ensured that the disadvantages of huge population are converted into merits, something the subcontinet countries need to do.
This is an open secret. China has been using western technology and trade secrets by hacking onto the networks of US MNCs. For instance last year NASA was breached more than a dozen times according to a report. This expertise in hacking can have serious repercussions for India in particular in the advent of war. We will lose even before a single artillery is fired!
china's desperation to become the dominant superpower of the world are reflected from such actions.India needs to step on the acceleration paddle of military modernization otherwise that day is not far when china will start throwing it's weight around and start bullying india on territorial disputes.
Wuo ai Zhong Guo !
sniper (India) replies to Ivars
11 hrs ago (10:49 PM)
ni sha ma? Zhongua ren or Inthu ren ?
Ivars replies to sniper
I am Indian, lived in China for some years and like Chinese more than Indians!
What western super powers are doing is adopted by China.
Yogesh Saankhla (Bangalore, India)
If pentagon know all this what the heck is USA doing? Why not take steps to counter them. China is actually a threat to world's peace and its good for all the countries to keep a check on china.
ashish (lucknow) replies to Yogesh Saankhla
9 hrs ago (12:21 AM)
pentagon is not going to attack on bejing as like they did on iraq because they know if they attack on china by any means they will be devastated by chinese.every one knows about americans.however for india chinese are real thread.india must have to plan somthing otherwise it will definately create problem for us and we would stand in the same situation as after 1965 war.
Why does US accusing and worrying about China action? They should try to learn from and live like India!! Does India at any point of time worried when China built Dam across bhramaputra, or when supplied weapons to Pak and Srilanka, or when occupied some portions of india after 1965 war or when still saying arunachal pradesh is part of china or when supporting pak in their militant activities against india? US try to learn from India
rajeevpandey100 (Mumbai) replies to sridharrganesan
I am not sure if it is cynicism or passive submission, a typical Indian trait.
Derrick Dias (taleigao goa)
The trouble with USA is that they expect the world to follow them blindly! They attacked Iraq because Iraq had weapons of mass destruction (WMD).After so many years of occupying Iraq they are still to find WMD.They are still searching!
superpower are not made in one day but china is moving very fat for the status . may be new cold war era will start
15 hrs ago (11:13 PM)
How come America realizes who are its enemies only after the damage is done? Were they not aware that Pakistan is supporting the Taliban & Osama Bin Laden was hiding in Pakistan? Still they continue to give millions in aid to Pakistan. Western FDI is continue to pour into China b'cos of lower costs but thru this only a monster i.e. China has been created.
Proud Indian (Chennai)
15 hrs ago (11:15 PM)
US can't do anything to China. It's too big and too powerful for US to hurt China. USA better sit and watch the rise of China.
Arunav (India) replies to Proud Indian
15 hrs ago (12:03 AM)
You are wrong, Mr. Proud Indian. You have no knowledge of the current geopolitical situation. It is very surprising that Indians like you support China who is not a friendly nation to India. USA is an ally of India, and do not forget that Companies from USA have created millions of jobs in India by outsourcing them. Please get informed what is happening around you, and do not believe in conspiracy theories.
Proud Indian replies to Arunav
14 hrs ago (12:14 AM)
I am talking about the relationship between US and China, NOT between US and India. FYI, US doesn't do free service for humanity. They kick weaker nations and respect capable nations. I agree that India has lot of challenges but it commands respect in the world arena.
Obsever (Milan) replies to Proud Indian
4 hrs ago (10:58 AM)
What respect has india in world arena ? Apart from exporting the the worst of her mankind and causing all sorts of obnoxious problems for the host countries, what have indians achieved ?
Pi (Us) replies to Proud Indian
15 hrs ago (11:36 PM)
At the end of day USA and its allies can handle China. It is India that needs to be worried, given we do not have technology or the wherewithal to manage china. Did you read the recent reticle on incursions daily into runachal Pradesh
Zaheer (Lahore) replies to Proud Indian
15 hrs ago (11:24 PM)
Typical Indian mentality. Sit and wait for others to kick your a$$ too
Proud Indian replies to Zaheer
15 hrs ago (11:50 PM)
Entire world calls you TERRORIST and kicks your arse wherever you go. Every airport suspects you. You are ashamed to disclose your PORKISTAN identity in any civilized nation. We proudly say we are INDIAN. Even your own Arab brothers don't give jobs for you. Your people come in the name of Hajj, beg and sell drugs in the streets of Mecca in hundreds. Your tribe is an insult for Hajj. You are the only Muslim nation where Muslims kill Muslims inside the Mosque. You are an insult for Islam. Be careful next time before you comment any non sense.
Gogo (gogo2) replies to Proud Indian
14 hrs ago (12:15 AM)
Time out! You people drink cow, camel and human urine and your minds are so badly affected by the filthy bacetias that anything you comment is uselss, baseless to extreme. Fch off! and blease continue your barking.
Proud Indian replies to Gogo
14 hrs ago (12:36 AM)
Thank God, this guy can't reach me via internet. Otherwise, he would have screamed Allahu Akbar and blew up himself.
Zaheermulla (Paki) replies to Zaheer
15 hrs ago (11:40 PM)
While typical Paki Mentality is to lick Chinese a$$ and beg for money from Americans which hiding Osama in their army camp. Zaheer why do you show up on Indian posts..
Avijit (Mumbai) replies to Zaheer
15 hrs ago (11:33 PM)
Zaheer bhai...USA is a threat for both India and Pakistan...
Raj (USA) replies to Avijit
15 hrs ago (11:47 PM)
Disagree! WHy is it a threat?
Ninad Varadkar (Bahrain)
The quality of their spying if is same as their products then no one needs to worry...........
15 hrs ago (11:20 PM)
Root of all problems in the world : USA.....bomb f$$cker country....
Arunav (India) replies to pp
15 hrs ago (11:57 PM)
Keep in mind, PP, that it is USA has created millions of jobs in India for you guys to talk big. And, whenever you are in trouble with Pakistan and Kashmir, you look to USA leadership for support, and not to Russia or any other nation.
pp replies to Arunav
13 hrs ago (01:47 AM)
My god....I am extremely baffled by your ignorance....how old are you?I bet you are some school student....
Human (India) replies to pp
13 hrs ago (02:09 AM)
maybe he is a school student but you are definitely an arrogant fool. GROW UP !
15 hrs ago (11:34 PM)
After all what is this western technology. That is what all the slaves(sorry immigrants) from China India and other countries make out for them!!
jollyrodders (Little India") replies to Rajkumar
Oh dear another Indian who thinks the western world would fall apart without Indians --- LoL!!!
Arunav (India) replies to Rajkumar
15 hrs ago (11:54 PM)
You are wrong, my friend. These technologies are not developed by Indians and Chinese, though a bunch of them may be working in the US DOD labs, but all top leaders and innovators are Americans.
Wokenup (HK) replies to Arunav
5 hrs ago (09:29 AM)
Another conned Indian.
Raj (usa) replies to Rajkumar
15 hrs ago (11:42 PM)
I think you got your visa rejected :) or maybe your just ignorant!!
syed zaheeruddin (india)
u can spy anyone, and nobody should spy u?
Satayajit Basu (Noida)
15 hrs ago (11:51 PM)
Communist Chinese are stupid and morons but they have strong Jewish help. It is the Jews who help them in every area. There are at least 5000 Jewish technicians in Communist China. Dr. Kissinger the man behind the "China Card" is their political adviser.
15 hrs ago (12:04 AM)
US can spy on any country and wage war on weak countries but when some other country spies on them , then they are outraged and say its unfair.........what double standards????????
Ramesh Sargam (Bangalore, India)
Pentagon thinks 'spying' is a monopoly business of only the US. No other country should involve in spying. I am not supporting China here, but questioning the dictatorial attitude of the US. I think the way the US behaves one need to take their permission if one wants to go for urine or to attend nature's call.
ViV (Delhi) replies to Ramesh Sargam
14 hrs ago (12:40 AM)
Its their internal report. They are free to think of their own interests. Why don't you think about India's interests.
Cantcompete (Moon) replies to ViV
5 hrs ago (09:15 AM)
India also spies but not very successful. Not much brains you know. Also contrasting colour is too great, you can spot a black in a white crowd from a mile off.
M Sharma (Germany)
14 hrs ago (12:27 AM)
Were they sleeping? They should have known it long ago. Amazing that having powered China to be the second largest economy of the world, US are waking up to the reality that the Chinese are stealing every possible technology to thrust themselves to counter the Amercican might. Having stolen designs of Airbus, fighter aircrafts and recently on show of even stealth technology, China is the biggest stealer of everything. They have nothing of their own creation worth a name. Hope lessons are learnt.
14 hrs ago (12:28 AM)
Can the Indians ever imagine that if China has the ability to spy on a Super power like USA armed with all it's high technology spy and surveillance tech, what chance has India got against this type of sophisticated spy network and ability ? They are not even in a position to defend a simple cyber attack from Chinkies. With clowns like Digi, Laloo, etc...throwing sh*t at each other all the time where is the country heading ? Down a Sh*t hole. !!!!!!!
Love India (India)
14 hrs ago (12:56 AM)
Baseless and useless statement. Why not take some action? China is spying but how Pentagon knows without spying China? Stupid, ugly and dirty like Vidya balan international politics.
Keval Patel (Ahmedabad)
Jaago India Jaago...China's increasing military power can be a threat for India due to inimical relation between two countries. India should too bolster it's military power as early as possible.
Jagmohan Gupta (Jullunder) replies to Keval Patel
13 hrs ago (01:45 AM)
The year 2012 is not 1962. A couple of AGNIs and China is history. This is the ultimate answer to all propaganda done for China. We in India are alert and ready for all. Try us
NicSin (USA) replies to Jagmohan Gupta
8 hrs ago (06:28 AM)
Its not that simple though looks good on paper. Agni's dont have a combat history and a proven track record compared to Chinese missiles.
Runningindian (Olympics) replies to NicSin
6 hrs ago (08:26 AM)
Agni has a homing system like a homing pidgeon. Good-bye boys.
kuldeep rathore (Melbourne)
Time will soon come when whole world will unite against china.
50 cents bridgade (Malaysia)
6 hrs ago (08:28 AM)
Pot calling the kettle black. Was it not the US stole Nazi technology? Was it not the White stole land from the Native American? Was it not US stealing and conducting bio piracy? I guess it is US karma. What you did in your past has now come back to haunt them. India should also heed the Chinese advice, if you continue to provoke the Chinese, another 1962 debacle will repeat and this time the Chinese will not withdraw.