印度人看中印战争。三泰虎4月2日译文，澳大利亚记者内维尔•马克斯韦尔两周前公开了亨德森布鲁克斯报告的部分内容。 后续的印度政府都拒绝将其公开。该报告被认为只存在两份，从未有人怀疑马克斯韦尔查阅了该报告，因为他1970年出版 的《印度对华战争》大量引用了该报告。在他把报告公开以来第一次接受印度媒体采访中，现年88岁的马克斯韦尔透露，多年以来，他一直想方设法将报告公之于众，但无人愿意发表。当然，他仍然将战争归咎于尼赫鲁，而不是中国人。
外文标题：It wasn’t China, but Nehru who declared 1962 war: Australian journalist Neville Maxwell
Two weeks ago, the Australian journalist Neville Maxwell finally made part of the Henderson Brooks report public, by putting it up on his blog. The report was an internal Indian Army enquiry into its rout in the 1962 war with China — Maxwell was the New Delhi correspondent for The Times, London, at the time — but in the 51 years since the report was written up by Lt Gen Henderson Brooks and Brig PS Bhagat, successive Indian governments have refused to make it public. Only two copies of the report were thought to be in existence, although there was never any doubt that Maxwell had had access to the report for his 1970 book India’s China War quoted extensively from it. In his first interview to the Indian media since he made the report public, the now 88-year-old Maxwell tells Parakram Rautela that he had been trying to make the report public for years but that nobody would publish it. He adds that he was only able to get hold of Volume I of the report, minus 45 pages, and that he never laid eyes on Volume II. And of course he still blames Nehru for the war, not the Chinese. Excerpts:
两周前，澳大利亚记者内维尔•马克斯韦尔最终通过放到他的博客上，公开了亨德森布鲁克斯报告的部分内容。这份报告是关于印度军队在1962年与中国战争中溃败的调查。马克斯韦尔当时是英国《泰晤士报》驻德里的记者。自从亨德森布鲁克斯中将和Brig PS Bhagat撰写报告后的51年里，后续的印度政府都拒绝将其公开。该报告被认为只存在两份，从未有人怀疑马克斯韦尔查阅了该报告，因为他1970年出版的《印度对华战争》大量引用了该报告。在他把报告公开以来第一次接受印度媒体采访中，现年88岁的马克斯韦尔对Parakram Rautela透露，多年以来，他一直想方设法将报告公之于众，但无人愿意发表。当然，他仍然将战争归咎于尼赫鲁，而不是中国人。以下是采访节选：
Q: You suggest India’s official account of the cause of the 1962 border war is false. What, in your view, is the truth?
NM: By September 1962 the Indian “forward policy” of trying to force the Chinese out of territory India claimed had built up great tension in the Western (Ladakh) sector of the border, with the Chinese army just blocking it. Then the Nehru government applied the forward policy to the McMahon Line eastern sector and when the Chinese blocked that too India in effect declared war with Nehru’s announcement on October 11 that the Army had been ordered to “free our territory”, which meant to attack the Chinese and drive them back. As General Niranjan Prasad, commander of 4 Division, wrote later: “We at the front knew that since Nehru had said he was going to attack, the Chinese were certainly not going to wait to be attacked” — and of course they didn’t. That’s how the war began. The Chinese attack was both reactive, in that General Kaul had begun the Indian assault on October 10, and pre-emptive because after that failure the Indian drive had been suspended to build up strength for a resumed attack.
Q: What in your opinion were the policies, on both sides, that brought about the basic quarrel over the border?
NM: As far as the McMahon Line was concerned India inherited the dispute with China, which the British had created in the mid-1930s by seizing the Tibetan territory they re-named NEFA. The PRC government was prepared to accept that border alignment but insisted that it be re-negotiated, that is put through the usual diplomatic process, to wipe out its imperialist origins. Nehru refused, using London’s false claim that the Simla Conference had already legitimised the McMahon Line to back up that refusal — that was his Himalayan blunder. Then in 1954 he compounded that mistake by laying cartographic claim to a swathe of territory in the north-west, the Aksai Chin, a claim which was beyond anything the British had ever claimed and on an area which Chinese governments had treated as their own for at least a hundred years. To make matters worse, he ruled that there should be no negotiation over that claim either! So Indian policy had created a border dispute and also ruled out the only way it could peacefully be settled, through diplomatic negotiation.
Q: Whatever the truth about the origins of the war, it’s the effect on India-China relations and the deadlock since then that is important now… And there was the worry that bringing up all the bitterness of that bloody conflict may only make matters worse?
NM: Certainly not, the opposite is true I think. If the Henderson Brooks Report is read closely in India (and it’s not easy reading!) people will see that political favouritism put the Army under incompetent leadership which blindly followed the Nehru government’s provocative policy. It shows that all the way, from formulation to implementation of the Forward Policy, that policy was resisted by the pucca soldiers because they saw it must end in a conflict India could only lose, but the orders came from the top and in the end had to be obeyed… the authors of the report ruefully quote the poem, “theirs not to reason why… but to do or die”.
Yeah, next he would say that australia was ruling england, or that england is where the australians had downloaded their criminals.
Nehru made big blunders and this is just one of them…..
Congress has been the bane of the nation for 66 years.
Sameer Rai (India)
Interesting read and analysis….. God only knows how much is the truth…. but then if yes there is an iota of truth in what he is saying…… lot of reworking have to be done by the future governments….
anjan kumar paul (Kolkata)
We DEMAND the report (Indian Army inquiry on 1962 China War) be made Public after so many years of false history. We presume history books have to be rewritten.
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Last chance for Indians to say NO to the dynasty that ruined the democratic vlaues
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USA better than India (USA)
He was a damm fool
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Bache ki Jaan loge kya…Galathiyan miscalculations no jaathi hai…and again it was no big war just skirmish at border check posts…Nehru could have easily used air attacks but due to some good reasons avoided that…
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Vishwanath Holla (Bangalore, India)
The statement came at wrong time. Cannot verify the authenticity of event in the absence of classified war information not available with us. The way in which government is desperately trying not to make it public substantiate the fact of correctness of authors statement.
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puneet vishnoi (moradabad)
this is wrong. When Nehru was saying to clear India’s own territory then how did India declare war . India was only trying to send the infiltrators back and this is not atttack .Nehru was founder of panchsheel policy and considered china a great friend of India in the dame manner India was eying for peace and stopped manufacturing war items. this is another matter that china was not a true friend and deceived India
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