原文标题：Is India a colony of China?
There is nothing known as a Chinese East India Company, but the pattern of trade between India and China is fast taking the shape that trade between India and England was when the London headquartered East India Company was exploiting the resources of India in the 18th and 19th century.
China is today the largest trade partner of India and the pattern of this trade between the two countries is such as would be between an imperial power and its colony. In fact with the passage of every year, the India – China trade balance is turning more adverse for India. In 2011, the adverse trade balance had risen to 27.08 billion US $, up from 20.82 billion US $ in 2010 and 15.87 billion US $ in 2009. The total trade between the two countries in 2011 was $ 74 billion.
India’s largest export to China is iron ore, which the Chinese use to produce steel. Using ore from India as also Australia and Brazil, China produces 630 million tons of steel, which is nearly 44 per cent of the world’s steel output. This steel is used to build the infrastructure of China, which in turn goes to make it a mighty nation. That might is used to threaten and blackmail other countries including India. More of this later in this piece.
The other exports of India include low price yielding commodities and primary products like copper, salt, sugar, vegetable oil and leather but there is also cotton yarn and electric machinery. But Indian companies are crying hoarse that the Chinese ease restriction of entry of Indian pharmaceuticals and IT. On paper, Chinese exports to India include fertilizers, vehicles, furniture, prefab buildings and manmade filaments. But anybody with a discerning eye and staying in India knows that the Chinese products of all sizes and dimensions have flooded the markets in India. This could include even include Kutchi handicrafts, kites, lanterns and hospital beds. It now seems that some Chinese companies want to set up units in Indian Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to be closer to the Indian markets so that they can exploit it more effectively.
The trade balance between India and China would have been even more adverse to India had not the Supreme Court stepped in last year and banned exports of iron ore from Karnataka. Bellary district of Karnataka popularly called the Republic of Bellary where the writ of the Gali brothers reigned supreme and the Indian government was all but absent – is the place from iron ore was being mined both legally and illegally – and exported to China through various ports of south India. Gali Janardan Reddy has now been incarcerated and there has been a massive crackdown on mining. This has brought down the exports of iron ore to China. But not before the Chinese have made substantial use of the Indian raw materials to build its massive infrastructure in the last few years.Increased consciousness in the security establishment of India has led to a higher export duty on iron ore and also increased railway freight rates for transporting iron ore. This has also contributed to the falling exports from last year.
But the counter lobby that seeks more exports of iron ore from India is strong: they are calling for renewed iron ore exports from India to China. They point out how the revenues of some railway zone like South Western Railway based in Hubli has been affected by the curb on exports. They also argue that the livelihood of many engaged in the mining and transportation related activities have been affected too. Representatives of the lobby also contend that India has a huge reserve of iron ore and it does not matter that if some of it is exported to China. They, of course miss the point that besides strengthening the hands of China it also was fuelling illegal incomes in India. A large part of this money was going into politics to subvert the process of democracy in India. A politically weaker India would be a perfect breeding ground for China to exploit more of India’s resources.
Remember this is the way through which the English entered India.
Not surprisingly the Chinese have also been lobbying hard so that exports of iron ore can be increased from India. They are lamenting that if Indian exports cannot be raised then they would have to scour new sources in Africa other than increasing dependence on Australia and Brazil. The Chinese ambassador to India is quoted recently as saying: “Our market (for iron ore) is always open for India.”
But behind this all is the mailed fist of the Chinese. These days the Chinese are quite vociferous about India exploring for oil and gas in the South China Sea. After an agreement with the Vietnam in 2006, ONGC Videsh – the offshore wing of the public sector company ONGC – is prospecting for two blocks in the Sea. But the Chinese are protesting claiming that they have territorial rights over the waters, which is off the coast of Vietnam. Beijing has declared that: India will have to pay a heavy price for exploring in the disputed waters of South China Sea. Not only oil exploration, the Chinese have also objected to the presence of an Indian naval ship on a good will mission to Vietnam in the South China Sea. In July 2011, INS Airavat on a friendly visit to Vietnam was contacted 45 nautical miles off the coast and threatened by the Chinese.
但是一切的背后是中国人的武力威胁。中国人这些天对印度开发南海石油天然气大声喧嚣。国有的印度石油天然气公司（ONGC）的外国子公司——ONGC Videsh在2006年和越南签署协议后，正在南海的两块区域勘探。但是中国人抗议称他们对这块海域拥有主权。北京宣称：印度将为南海争议地区的石油开发付出沉重代价。不仅是石油开发，中国人也反对印度海军军舰在南海“友好”访问越南。2011年7月，“艾拉瓦特”号（INS Airavat）“友好”访问越南，在离海岸45海里处受到中国人的威胁。
There have been more serious transgressions by the Chinese in recent years. When Prime Minister Manmohan Singh went to Arunachal Pradesh in 2009 to campaign for the polls, ludicrous that it may sound, the Chinese objected! “We are strongly dissatisfied with the visit to the disputed region by the Indian leader,” the Chinese posted on their foreign ministry website. For those who came in late, the Chinese have been claiming Arunachal Pradesh to be their own and have even named it as South Tibet. It is a different matter that the Chinese have gobbled up Tibet and made it their own after throwing out the Dalai Lama.
Now through Tibet, the Chinese want to control the whole of Asia. Tibet, the plateau high up in the Himalayas is the place from where all the major rivers of Asia originate. This includes the Brahmaputra, Indus, Sutlej and the Yangtze, Yellow and Mekong rivers. The Chinese are now damming the Brahmaputra (called Tsang Po in Tibet) to supply waters not only to Tibet but also other parts of China. They are also seeking to divert the waters of the Brahmaputra to the Xinjiang province of China. It is also learnt that one of the dams on the Brahmaputra called the Dagmu dam will produce power that will not only serve Guangdong but also can be sold to Myanmar, Thailand, Bangladesh and Laos. The last four countries are also at the mercy of China because the latter have been building dams on the upper reaches of the Mekong that is affecting water flow of the river downstream.
Mekong, happens to be the lifeline of Indo China. Needless to add the damming of Brahmaputra in many places in Tibet will lead to water shortages in Assam and Bangladesh. This is a real possibility that should not be discounted.
In the ultimate analysis this is the reason that China does not let go off Tibet. The Chinese have denied the Tibetans their human rights but want to use the resources of their land to increase their strength and lord it over the rest of Asia including India. But except for the Indian security and foreign establishment a large part of opinion makers are oblivious of the Chinese threat to India which is now not only military but also economic. There is much ecstasy in Indian business circles about growing Indo- China business relationship oblivious to the dangers of this relationship. Indo Chinese friendship societies have also sprouted in many cities in India. If in the good old days only the CPM cadres were the fans of China, the fan following has now extended to large sections of small, medium and big businessmen who do not understand the perils of greater engagement with China.
jasonsaps (vadodara, gujarat)
April 25,2012 at 11:52 PM IST
Mr Nag … Although i do agree with some of your points, but please enlighten us .. .who is stopping India to use her own iron-ore to build massive infrastructure … huh? If Chinese can take advantage of SEZ to be closer to Indian market than who is stopping Indian businesses to do the same using our own SEZs? Is it even a point to complain that they sell us Kutchi handicrafts, kites, lanterns and hospital beds. Who is stopping us to do the same…? I am not a fan of China but how long we would keep on complaining and not take up the challenge … Who’s stopping us …. oh wait …
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(Reply to jasonsaps)- SR (Canada) says:
April 26,2012 at 07:27 AM IST
Incompetent government at centre is stopping us. In today’s climate of free market economy, there is no point in complaining about China leaping forward and capturing Indian markets. Only solution is for the government to wake up from the deep slumber and become pro-active. Support local industries and develop infrastructure- just like Modi is doing in Gujarat.
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(Reply to SR)- Indi (Maharashtra) says:
April 26,2012 at 11:33 AM IST
Modi is doing a good job in helping Gujus obtain green Cards.
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(Reply to Indi)- SR (Canada) says:
April 26,2012 at 08:30 PM IST
Gujus spread to whole world before Modi was even born and will continue going to other parts of world even when he won’t be around. Only people like you who cannot see and are opposed to the good things Modi has done for Gujarat and will continue doing.
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(Reply to jasonsaps)- NE (Imphal) says:
April 26,2012 at 05:16 PM IST
many companies in Gujarat are taking help from china consultancy…they import the whole materials from there and set it up…it also happens in other states if u will check…BHEL doesn’t have enough manpower to take the orders from all these companies and so they take help mainly from China…it is not always the government…we simply do not have enterprises who can help set up companies
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(Reply to jasonsaps)- indian (indian) says:
April 26,2012 at 08:50 PM IST
thats coz we only know how to complain. here people will not do their job well unless u bribe them n also not let others do their job well. Unless u pay them to leave u alone.
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Vidya bhopi (Usa) says:
April 26,2012 at 04:41 AM IST
i have always feared one day this would happen. It’s high time we wake up
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RN (canada) says:
April 26,2012 at 06:09 AM IST
He is absolutely right. Nobody is stopping India from using its iron ore to build its infrastructure. The problem with India is the lack of shared perspective and the lack of a sense of national collective good. Not only politicians but Indians too. In several countries I visited Indians are viewed as crude, uncouth and arrogant…….
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madav (india) says: [Is India a colony of China? : India : Kingshuk Nag : TOI Blogs]
April 26,2012 at 08:43 AM IST
our politician will sell their wife or mother to anybody if they get ton crores of money… stupid politician, paid news to support these politicians by media, our general public stupid knowledge of what is india( i think indians are divided in ourselves) thackrey marathis , kannada rowdies,malayali mafia,bengali self pride, ignorant people,nobody is thinking or behaving as a indian….. treat everyone as a indian, whether he is a assamese, kashmiris, tamilan,bihari, …. first be united… fear is the most powerful weapon of all(toi never spread awareness in people , they are good only in spreading rumours n fears)….
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Umesh (delhi) says:
April 26,2012 at 10:14 AM IST
I am working in a Chinese company and more than 500 Chinese are working here(more than Indians Working Here,it’s a thermal power project ) in 2 years of my working period i have seen how they play with INDIAN laws ( with the help of INDIANS) from local Police Chief to Politicians everybody is helping them just for money .
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R.Kannan (Ahmedabad) says:
April 26,2012 at 11:18 AM IST
What Nag fails to explain is how the various govt’s economic policies are designed to be aginst indian interests. If iron ore is available in excess, what has stopped India from converting it to steel ? If Chinese are able to become the factory of the world, it is because their economic policies are designed to do so. India has suffered mainly because the national economic policy is designed to protect special intrests rather than benefit the average Indian. Even now, the biggest concern in Delhi is how to help Pakistan by extending all types of benefits to them without insisting on reciprocity.
If, as Nag claims, Indian companies in IT & Pharma sector cannot operate in China, it would be simple for Indian govt to take retaliatory measures , especially as it would hurt China more due to balance of trade issue. Unfortunately, we need to recognise that red tape & infrastructural constraints in India are holding the nation back but this appears to be the desire of all indian governments since independence.
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deepak (ahmedabad) says:
April 26,2012 at 12:19 PM IST
we should not blame china for everything, we have to learn a lesson from 1962 and the way british people did decades ago. our democratic system is failure. our leaders are diverting our attention towards pakistan, but we have to be more careful towards china.
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Rakesh Katyal (Delhi) says:
April 26,2012 at 02:48 PM IST
Mr Nag how can you write an article without mention of Narender Modi. I think this fall out of Mr Modi’s visit to China and the praise he got there. And you may not know but we all know that Goa under Digambar Kamat equally contributed to the loot of iron ore to China. But alas he is from Congress and you dare not mention his name.
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Desh Premi (Hyderabad) says:
April 26,2012 at 03:16 PM IST
As long as the Mughals were ruling India, neither the British nor the Chinese were able to rob and steal our raw material away. And whatever wealth the Mughals looted, they kept all that within India, not in any Swiss or Mughal Bank outside the country. It is on record that only the Hindu businessmen were the collaborators of the British and now of the Chinese. It is the corrupt Hindu traders, backed by the RSS, who are the real Desh Drohis of Hindustan.
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(Reply to Desh Premi)- ABC (Hyderabad) says:
April 26,2012 at 05:14 PM IST
British invaded while Mughals were ruling. Nadir Shah invaded while Mughals were ruling and took Peacock Throne and Kohinoor Diamond. China and India lived in peace for centuries together. Their Huang Tsang etc. learned from India and took back Buddhism. Under Muslim rule (especially Turk, Mughal and Afghan Sunni), Hindus were left behind, exploited, raped and 30% were converted.
Thanks to British, Hindus got a chance to bounce back. Thank god 1857 Mutiny was a failure which could bring Muslim rule back. It was unthinkable for Muslims in 1857 to live under Hindu rule. What a difference 90 years could make! By 1947, Hindus were ready to rule themselves and as well as Muslims. But to your point, RSS are Pigs and Desh Drohis. They smear Nehru and worship Jinnah.
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Loyal Congress (Hyderabad) says: [Is India a colony of China? : India : Kingshuk Nag : TOI Blogs]
April 26,2012 at 04:31 PM IST
A country that exports raw material and imports finish goods, is by definition, a colony. Sri Nag’s description if appropriate. If CPM was fan of China, right-wing Swatantra Party rejoiced when China attacked India in 1962. They finally found someone who could bring Mighty Lion Jawaharlal Nehru to his knees! The problem is not Chinese but Indians. It is not China’s fault that they’re progressing. It is our fault that WE are not! Jawaharlal Nehru worked for self-reliance (which China is today) and we smear him as ‘socialist’. We are more interested in toppling Congress governments and smearing Jawaharlal Nehru. If India had Hindu growth under Nehru, China had negative growth under Mao. 36 years after Mao’s death, China turned leaf and became superpower. 48 years after Nehru, India moans, complains and can’t go forward. None after Nehru could carry this nation yet we are so ungrateful and self-destuctive.
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(Reply to Loyal Congress)- India (Muscat) says:
April 27,2012 at 02:27 PM IST
Dear Sir, How do you explain Congress rule for major period of Indian Independence. So as per your Statement; Congress is the real culprit in not implementing Nehru’s agenda of Stronger India.
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citoyen (world) says:
April 26,2012 at 04:54 PM IST
Your column makes a lot of sense. The fault is squarely ours. India is like Kumbakarna ie fast asleep. We have been sleeping for over 1000 yrs, occasionally rising as in 1947, but only to sleep again. We slept as the Turks invaded us, slept thru the years of Mughal rule, and hardly stirred as a pack of English ruffians stole our country right under our noses. Nehru slept when China occupied the roof of the world, and in one stroke defeated us. We lost the war even before we realised that there was a war to be fought. The debacle of 1962 , only revealed an existing reality. We were sleeping in Kargill and again when Kasab and his boys shut Bombay down. Nothings stirs us. Indian must be the only major country which has not experienced anything like the French/ Russian /American /Chinese revolution. Sleeping people do not revolt, do not clamour for change. We are still sleeping today. God help us!
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Viswanath (Hyderabad) says: [Is India a colony of China? : India : Kingshuk Nag : TOI Blogs]
April 26,2012 at 04:58 PM IST
We should we view history objectively. Sri Nag speaks of China gobbling up Tibet. There are those that turned the argument on Nehru for not invading Tibet to fight-off China. Idiots like Narendra Modi speak of some letter written by stupid Sardar Patel ‘secretly warning’ Nehru of Chinese intentions. What was idiot Sardar Patel’s source? Where was the need to ‘secretly warn’ when Chinese intentions were open proclamations? Tibet was part of Qing (Chiing) rule until 1911. Upon call of Sun Yat-sen all provinces in China, along with Tibet, declared independence. Sun’s idea was to reunite China as a republic (RoC). All the leaders from Sun to Mao never gave up claim on Tibet or any other province. With political turmoil, civil wars and WWII, none of the leaders got time for Tibet which was on outer rims of China.
Finally, Mao, after consolidating his power, moved on Tibet. Fledgling India could never have stopped China. Fighting China could have killed hundreds of thousands of soldiers and millions could have died of starvation. Pakistan could have taken advantage and taken Kashmir while remaining states declare ‘independence’. In 1950, Mao’s PLA pushed mighty McArthur’s WWII winning coalition from Manchuria to 38th parallel suffering half-million deaths and inflicting same. China lost 23 million in WWII, 15 million to different civil wars and 45 million to starvation during ‘great leap’. Indians still cry over 3,000 deaths 50 years ago. Those that don’t have stomach for war should not monger war. We should help Tibetans but we shouldn’t fight China. HINDI-CHINI BHAI BHAI.
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(Reply to Viswanath)- ravi (blore) says:
April 27,2012 at 01:56 AM IST
u r a chinese agent or pak terrorist.
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chinmay (hyderabad) says:
April 26,2012 at 05:43 PM IST
Kingshuk Nag your evil congress is more dangerous than china
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Ajay (US) says:
April 26,2012 at 06:27 PM IST
India does not have the guts to stand upto Pakistan. How do you expect it to stand upto the ultimate bully-China. The only time our foreign ministry does something is when some politician or filmstar is interrogated/frisked at an airport.
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April 26,2012 at 07:32 PM IST
Surprisingly… an article from this Nag without mentioning the name of Modi!!!!
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sam the man from pakistan (canada) says:
April 26,2012 at 08:33 PM IST
YES Nag,You are 100% right,india will be very soon colony of china and pakistan,india will be devided into 50 diffrent states and slave by china and pakistan………….and this is the reality…… GAY HIND
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