原文标题：Indian students pull back from US; China races ahead
WASHINGTON: Fewer Indian students are studying in America these days. The number of students from India in the United States dropped for the second successive year even as there was a surge of Chinese students amid an overall increase of foreign students coming to America.
The annual ''Open Doors'' survey of international students in US released this weekend showed 100,270 Indian students in the US in 2011/2012, a 3.5 per cent drop from previous year, after the number peaked at around 105,000 in 2009. Meantime, number of students from China shot up from 157,558 in 2010/2011 to 194,029 in 2011/2012, a 23 per cent increase.
Overall, the number of foreign students in the US in 2011/2012 was 764,495, up from 723,277 the previous year, a 5.7 per cent increase, as US universities strove to attract more international students in what the US Commerce Department estimates is a $ 22.7 billion windfall for the American economy.
Open Doors 2012 reports that more than 70 percent of all international students receive the majority of their funds from sources outside of the United States, including personal and family sources as well as assistance from their home country governments or universities.
The top five countries from where the U.S is hosting international students are China, India, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Canada. Saudi Arabia recorded a big 50 per cent surge, the number of its students going up from 22,704 in 2010/2011 to 34,139 in 2011/2012.
After trailing China for much of the 1990s, the number of students from India overtook the number of Chinese students in early part of last decade, but China has surged ahead since.
The study says factors behind the decline in the numbers from countries such as India and Japan may include global and home country economic issues, growing higher education opportunities at home, and stronger employment opportunities at home after graduation.
The survey reveals that California, New York, Texas, Massachusetts, and Illinois are the top five states for foreign students. The top five universities, each hosting more than 8000 international students, include University of Southern California, Los Angeles; University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; New York University, Purdue University; West Lafayette; and Columbia University, New York.
Nearly 50 per cent of foreign students in the U.S study Business and Management (21.8 per cent), Engineering (18 per cent), and Math and Computer Science (9.3 per cent). Humanities and Agriculture are at the bottom of the list.
Nearly 60 per cent of students Indian students in US are in the engineering (36.7 per cent) and math and computer sciences (21.7 per cent) fields. The corresponding number for China is 19.6 per cent and 11.2 per cent. Surprisingly, there are twice as many Chinese students (28.7) per cent pursuing business/management as Indian students, 14.1 per cent of whom are in U.S b-schools.
This 2011/12 data marks the sixth consecutive year that Open Doors reported expansion in the total number of international students in US higher education; there are 31 percent more international students studying at US colleges and universities than there were a decade ago.
Large increases in undergraduate students from Saudi Arabia, funded by Saudi government scholarships, also help explain why international undergraduates studying in the United States now outnumber international graduate students, for the first time in 12 years.
There is also an uptick in American students studying abroad. UK leads the field here, hosting 33,000 American students, followed by Italy, Spain and France. China is at fifth place with 14,500 American students. India has 4345, a significant increase of 11 per cent from the previous year.
Overall, some 274,000 American students are studying abroad, nearly 50 per cent in the fields of social sciences, humanities, fine arts, and foreign languages.
R n rao (U s a)
May be falling rupee is the cause?
look at the Dollar RATE!, afterall there are no bed of roses, India is far better if you have to spend 30-40 lakhs in another country.
if indian students are not applying to US universities anymore that does not mean we are giving better education. all that means is people do not have funds to go abroad.
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In us there is no caste system. In India some barbarians created caste system . As you sow so you reap. So caste quota will be here for ever.
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Manohar Singh Charan (California)
Simple reason: The job salaries in US (for Indians and other aliens) have gone down and Job salaries in India has gone up so the spread is pretty much narrowed now. No point going to US and live between poor Americans who themsleves are becoming third world country day by day...
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USA rocks (USA)
Earn better in India?How? A person can not earn more in India without corruption..I have 7 yrs of IT experience and getting $ 120000 per annum...can I get similar earning in India with hard work
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Simple ! Chinese are geting rich day by day but Indians are not. In 1978 per capita income of INDIANS AND CHINESE ARE THE SAME BUT NOW THE DIFFERENCE IS FOUR TIMES COURTSY OUR CORRUPT POLITICIANS.
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Gurjot Dhaliwal (Rolla, Missouri)
Well what I noticed in my 1 year stay in US university as a PhD student is that China and Arabic countries(Including Libya and Iraq) give full sponsorship to there students for education. While Indian government does not effort for the well being of the students. So many people cannot afford to goto US for study and whose who can, they prefer never to return back.
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munna (usa) replies to Gurjot Dhaliwal
First of all, cost of living is very high in USA. College tuition/fees is high. Then after spending 10-15 lakhs of rupees, it is almost impossible to find a job. one is becoming poor as well as unemployed. Dont go to USA on higher studies.
There is a very important question that needs to address, why this number is decreasing? Is it becuz opportunities in homeland? or Becuz stringent rules by US? Is it becuz economic growth in homeland or becuz fees hike by US schools?
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It would be nice if this drop were due to the fact that Indian Universities have improved the standard of education so Indians do not HAVE to go abroad for a good education.
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As with all else, Chinese are funded by the state and subsidized because they are also spies of the highest order , poor Indians are self funded and our govt does not dare to spy on US soil.
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Or may be they are finiding more malls and shops and resturants wher they can clean the toilets hahahahhahahahahah....
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gagan (new york)
All the corrupt govt employees send the kids overseas for higher education, maybe the income has decreased
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Derrick Dias (goa)
May be our Universities have improved
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day dreaming,,?!!!! they have degraded in fact
Coco (India) 6 hrs ago
The Chinese are more wealthier. Also, sending one's kid to study to the U.S. is a step towards permanent residency in U.S. and so is an anchor for the parents, in case China were to implode one day in future and the Chinese government decides to take over the wealth of rich people in China. You will find lots of Chinese students going to Canada, Australia, etc. And the reason is the same. So I guess it means Indians are more secure of their country's future. And that is good for the country.
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Amit Thackeray (Bhayya Hunter)
Why should Indian students go to US when we have the best educational institutes in the world like IIT, NIIT, Aptech. We also have the best traditional medicine like Baba Ramdev's patanjali yog peth, where research has been done and already cure has been found for Cancer, AIDS and other deadly diseases. We are the best economy in the world now as we have already taken over US, UK and China. Go India Go!!!.
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Its true, Germany is good for studies. But its all about jobs after completing studies. And nothing comes close to US in terms of jobs for students.
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some one told me that Indian are investing heavily in cow pee research, is it true?
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The fight against Black Money has prevented young Indians from studying in USA with parents using Black Money to finance them. Second reason could be they are going to Australia, UK and Canada for higher studies. The West has lost its charm to a certain extent
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This is because the current batch of Indian students are more interested in mobile phones, facebook, twitter and girl friends.
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Important piece: quota system. I lost my seat by few decimal points in a prestigious institute in India. The cut off for other communities were way lower. So what do you want us to do?
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You are funny man... so the Indain government should pay for your phoren aducation so that you can get lakhs in aid and then dissappear in one of the first world countries without a trace?
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Living expense in USA is much higher than India so you can't compare the salary in US with India.
Murali (chennai) 27 mins ago
We forced them to go to US for studies by applying unfair reservation policies. Not fair to expect them to come back.
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unending caste based quotas was the reason I left India to US 25 years back. still quotas didn't go away
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MAHENDRA GAUR (Jaipur)
Statistics reveal a lot but conceal the vital.
If an avarage Indian students spends say USD 150,000 for four years to study in US, and its Indian parents who spend this money, US gets about 4 billion USD per year from India . With this money, Indian Government can open TWO IITs per year. And this money never comes back, as Indians student get US citizenship never send a penny back home!! Its true. They only come to India to sell the property of their dead parents to take back that money also!!! Its also true.
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Yes it is a lot better in India where we can pay a bribe of 50 lakhs to get admission, not attend classes and be on strike, and still get a degree. Great culture that only exists in India.
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