原文标题：India lost war with China but won Arunachal’s heart
BOMDILA: Writers and historians say India lost the 1962 Sino-Indian War to the invading Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) in the erstwhile North Eastern Frontier Agency (Nefa), now Arunachal Pradesh. But, not many people are aware that despite the defeat, Indian nationalism in the form of Hindi won a long-drawn war of language crisis in the state.
“Hum Chini ke haath ladai to haar gaye, lekin Hindustan ke liye jung jeete the. (We lost the war in the hands of the Chinese, but we won it for India),” says 47-year-old Tsering Wange, adviser of Arunachal Pradesh Tour Operators Association, in Bomdila, which was the headquarters of Kameng sector during the war
Born after the 1962 war, Wange, who’s a new generation entrepreneur, feels the war was in fact a blessing in disguise for the various Arunachali tribes who hardly understood each other before 1962.
With an area of 83,743 sq km and a population of 13.82 lakh as per the 2011 census, Arunachal Pradesh is inhabited by 26 major tribes and over 100 sub-tribes.
The war changed the course of India’s history and, eventually, Arunachal Pradesh was born. As on today, Indian nationalism runs high among the people of Arunachal in the entire trouble-torn northeast.
Before the war, Arunachal tribes would learn Assamese in order to be able to communicate with each other and to carry out trade with the people of the Brahmaputra valley. But as New Delhi troops were pumped into Nefa, the locals had to learn Hindi to interact with the soldiers of the Indian Army and the Border Road Task Force (BRTF) employees, who were mainly from the Hindi heartland, explains 63-year-old Dorjee Tsering, who runs a private school called Guru Padma Sambhava Memorial School, at Bomdila.
As the Army did not have porters during the war, they took the help of tribal villagers to carry food and ammunition. Soon, the tribals started picking up Hindi from them. The administrative officers and teachers who first landed in Nefa were also from Hindi-speaking states and this led to Arunachal residents adopting Hindi as their second language.
Now also it’s very difficult to win war against china.
nimesh (delhi) replies to mujeeb
Good point. Peace would be the much better option
mujeeb replies to nimesh
yes indian need peace but others countries using this(peace) as our weakness.
india begins1 (bbsr)
china has been defeated two times from japan in early twenties . shameless chuck wants to show his power .. whatever it is the world knows how our heart is we never attacked first.. we believe in piece ..not in war
beautiful article…..hats off to Indian soldiers and Arunchali people….Unity is Strength!!!
While this is a very good thing to happen, people in India should be made aware of the fact that not everyone in the country speaks Hindi, nor is it compulsory to do so. People should always try to learn the language of the place in which they are living regardless of where they are from since they are enjoying its hospitality.
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Anand (Mumbai) replies to Pranay
But everyone should speak national language also. I am a proud Maharashtrian and love Marathi, but just like with English, all Indians must learn Hindi also. It is for our own good to have common national language. One good example is Indonesia which is longer than even India (taking farthest points, not area) where every island has their own language, but still Bahasa Indonesia is common binding language for all Indonesians.
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chander (India) replies to Anand
Sanskrit was the language which unified India for thousands of years, not hindi which is a mongreal language.
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Anand replies to chander
So what? Languages also evolve and follow Darwin’s theory. Latin is history and old classical English of the Shakespearan era is no longer spoken. Infact English is a creole and not chaste anymore, with loan words from 100s of languages, including many from India. So stop living in the past. We can either lament about our glorious past, or do somethign about our futre.
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Sandeep (BLR) replies to Anand
Agree! State language is paramount but national language is no less.
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bharat (mumbai) replies to Sandeep
Hindi is not our national language , in India we dont have any language called National language . But English, hindi , marathi , etc are official language.
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Kamaljit (Delhi) replies to Anand
🙂 Bro Hindi is the official language, not “the” national language!!
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Anand replies to Kamaljit
Yes, yes we all know that India has 17 official languages.. blah blah blah… But admit it, atleast 70% of Indians speak/understand Hindi if not more, so why not the rest ? It will be for their own good if tehy learn it.
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Brilliant (Indiano) replies to Anand
why should the rest learn hindi ? because u cannot speak their language?
Next war China will be wiped out hopefully
Concerned Indian (India) replies to TNT355
Sadly, it won’t happen. Don’t hope, look at the reality. We are way way behing them, both in numbers and in quality.
Circe (India) replies to TNT355
This is frankly silly. Any war between two nuclear nations would just be suicidal for both of them. Let’s hope such a thing never happens. India and China were friendly cultures for 3000 years of their existence, and there is no reason that state cannot be achieved again.
Making Love (Everywhere) replies to TNT355
Dude I can understand your sentiments but our govt has not done enough to built such strong military , China is at least twice as powerful as our military , they have three times times more no. of warships than India have ,more than twice fighter jets as India have , Army more mordanized than India .
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Concerned Indian (India) replies to TNT355
Happy dreaming. Don’t even dream of next war with China if you are a true Indian. We won’t be able to stand on ur feet for next few generations. In fact war with any country will bring us back few years. However, war with China would have devastating effect on us.
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AArunachal should maintain its culture.For communication in India one needs Hindi and English apart feom onws own language.
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Sujith Kumar (Gandhari, Andhra Pradesh)
We won their heart coz To kill the people is simple…but to win their heart is a great thing…..
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This is a good news for national Integrity.Peaceful Arunachal can attract tourism as it seems to be a very beautiful state from the photos available in internet.
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I been to AP 3 years later & love the people there.They are very friendly , inspite of, not being an NE person, they helped me in every possible way. AP is full of natural beauty. All indians must visit it.
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nope, either English or Indic (India)
As a proud Indian, I will NEVER speak Hindi. Every word spoken through Hindi, means I am speaking a mix of Khariboli – Farsi(The dialect of local Haryana plus Invaders Farsi).The only unifying language and culturally superior one in inherent to INDIA is Sanskrit and Tamil.All Indians should know Sanskrtic and Tamil..Our languages diversified only 1000 years ago, before that we had commonalities..
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rajesh (N Delhi)
It has only a threat called Islam and its followers which is hell bent to implement the culture of a desert and wants to destroy the great India culture. India must be protected from such menace.
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I am a native Hindi speaker, and I am perfectly fine with India not having a centrally enforced national language. In my view, India would be “less Indian” if we had such a language.
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I dont know why peoples were still believing hindi as a national language. As i from tamilnadu i dont feel necessity to learn hindi. As for communication one language is fine no need for two..
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munesh (banglore) replies to Gokul
Gokul ji,living in a village don’t need even one language.Monkeys work with symbols only.
Jitendra (New Delhi) replies to Gokul
come to delhi, or go to dubai, you will learn automatically hindi, no need of books, teacher or attending classes for hindi. I have learnt some words in Tamil while touring the state, but if I reside there for a longer period I will learn more. So all the Tamils in Mumbai, Kolkata and elsewhere are fluent in Hindi, only those residing full time in TN cannot understand or know Hindi.
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Sirius Sam (Kolkata) replies to Gokul
I understand, go to Karnataka or Andhra Pradesh, speak Tamil with them, then you will get to know why Hindi (even though not actively spoken by all of them)is needed. India is not restricted to Tamil Nadu, Bengal or any other state. It is huge with hundreds of languages and dialects. So a NATIVE mother tongue is required. (English is a foreign language)
swapnil (India) replies to Gokul
but English is fine with you, a foreign language, what similarity do you have with British?
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ashraf (dubai) replies to Gokul
I am from Keral, But I feel it’s importanat to have the national language, It’s not ncecessary to be Hindi. Since Hindi is the most popular language, it has an edge over other vernacular language. Idealy, it’s better to learn English. Whatever status we achived internationaly, its because of our comment in english.We can out pace Chinese dominace through engilsh language.
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Rajeev Narayan (Nagpur)
Great article. We all should be able to speak Hindi, as a common national language would promote national integration.
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raja vishnu (Bengaluru) replies to Concerned Indian
let’s speak Kannada, one of the oldest native language and a classical one rather then hindi which is a hotch potch language made off gariboli and non native urdu. Kannada surely will promote national integration!!! good feelings, eh???
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Sirius Sam (Kolkata) replies to raja vishnu
Why not speak Sanskrit, Garo, Munda, Khasi etc., which is older than the oldest language spoken by the majorities of any states of India? Those languages are also rich. Do you know friend, we like being together, but we hate to accommodate. Even if you make Kannada the national language, then I am sure the Andhras, Kerala or any other state will not like. Let’s accept what we have, at least it is Indian not of some British (or Italian LOL) origin.
raj karandikar (tx)
India does not have any national language. Hindi is spoken/understand by only like 35% of indias population. In south india hindi speakers are made fun off and spit upon. same in manipur, meghalaya…
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HatePorkistan (Pune) replies to raj karandikar
ever try to come your capital Delhi…then we will show u who is the boss
Zokhuma Lushai (Aizawl) replies to raj karandikar
They are the black sheep of the family.
We are proud of our Arunachal brothers who are helping our country in being united. Arunachal should definetly get more incentives from the country for its upliftment.
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Long LIVE Pakistan and China’s Friendship. DEATH for INDIA
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G Singh (India) replies to Azim.Sheikh
It’s not called frndship it’s called pr0stitution….u selling ur mother land to them for money….
raj john (sj) replies to Azim.Sheikh
MAJORITY OF PAKI ,,,OUTSIDE PAKISTAN SAY THEY R FROM INDIA,, BEC OF PUNJABI ACCENT,,,, MAJORITY OF CHINESE OUTSIDE CHINA SAY ,THEY R TAIWANESE OR HONGKONG?????? …???? A FATE FOR PORKI AND CHILIBANS,,,,CANT EVEN SAY WHO THEY R???? SO SAD
indian (delhi) replies to Zokhuma Lushai
gud one bro,,we gave porkistanis their land and Chinese their religion. still these bas**rds have forgot the past and fight with their originators.
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sunbird (Delhi) replies to Azim.Sheikh
Don’t know about so called Pakistan and China’s Friendship but surely Pakistan is on the verge of death. Right from Churchill, everybody is predicting death of India but alas, that’s just mirage for them and India is growing stronger and stronger every day.
HatePorkistan (Pune) replies to Azim.Sheikh
Pakistan and China’s Friendship!!!…Friendship was Jerking in 1971 when Bhadwadesh was in creation!
Rosy (india) replies to Azim.Sheikh
You Paki. How dare you say you are from India?
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lalit (India) replies to Rosy
don’t be surprised such people also exist in India. But they will never succeed in their nefarious design.
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Salute to Hardworking and intelligent people of Arunachalpradesh.
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Language is an important part of culture. Arunchal show their patriotism by speaking the main language. As for China they are nothing but a bunch of commie land grabbers and should get the hell out of Tibet. Thieves that they are….
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Great people of Arunachal. It is our land, our country and we love the Arunachalis.
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Sagar Keni (Mumbai)
Arunachal and all the seven sisters are integral part of India and we should be homogeneous. We should not make fun of Mongoloid faces in those states. It surely hurts sentiments.
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I am not a fan of Hindi, but I understand the need of some language which common people can understand and converse in, everywhere. It makes things a lot easier and help us be united as a nation.
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pai dawe (Arunachal Pradesh)
We were, we are and we wl be alwys proud to be true and patriotic Indian, rest of the non-speaking Hindi states should learn from arunachalee….
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Brilliant (Kottayam) replies to pai dawe
how can u say that non hindi speakers are not patriotic? when hindi is jus one of the language like all others and not a national language
Vish… (Everywhere) replies to pai dawe
Well said. But I do not see any problem if people do not speak Hindi. Tamil, Telugu, Bangla, Punjabi, Marathi, Bhojpuri and all other languages are equally good methods of communication. Problem starts when one claims his language (or religion, caste etc. for that matter) is better than other languages. Then it simply becomes a powerplay.
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I almost cry when I learn about Arunachal and Sikkim’s recent history. We need to treat them special as some 16-18 years old treat their 1-3 old sibling. They need all our special love and affection.
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Crack Jack (747) 22 hrs ago
In short, the moral of the LOOOOOOOONG article is “Speak Hindi”
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Aruni and Sikkimese are very special. We all love them too much like our little brothers and sisters.
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We Indians are like a grip of fist… once together.. No one dares to confront us.. Jai Hind!!
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India does NOT have any NATIONAL Language…. India has 17 OFFICIAL Languages and Hindi is one among them… Each state is allowed to have 1 official language..
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AKG (Delhi) replies to King
Official or not, Hindi is the Number 1 language of India. In the UK, many people speak Scottish, Gaelic and Welsh, but the primary language is English. Samjha?
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iamshit (san diego)
YEs they can speak good hindi but you north Indians always pass comments and call them Nepali or Ch*nk*. They are humiliated as foreigners in their own country. Im telling based upon personal experience and overall news and this is a national shame for being a racist country.
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shamma parveen (pulwama)
That shows the unity in diversity in our country , we must make sure all the people from North Eat should never be socially alienated or harrased due to their appearance, they are a part of our culture. & also use of hindi language should be encouraged in all parts of india.
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If they could have picked up English they would have developed more.
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Saurabh (ind) replies to DLJ
Thankfully, Japan, France and many other developed European countries did not follow your suggestion.
AB (Mumbai) replies to DLJ
and what are you…a proud dravidian… So developed by not knowing Hindi huh….
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Hindi is out national language. That is why everyone should learn and speak Hindi.
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selvam (chennai) replies to really
please read& understand the constitution carefully. Hindi is a official language. Not a National Language.
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Our politicians and administrators who take pride in speaking and working in english and look down upon hindi should also learn a lesson from the people of arunanchal pradesh.
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Amlan Rath (Bhubaneshwar, Orissa, In)
Good to know that the people of Arunachal Pradesh feel that way. it was also a surprise that Hindi is the majorly spoken language there. I hope many other states learn from it and start following it too. Many people still treat Hindi as a degraded language and their own mother tongue as the best. This is cheap and small mentality and people ought to come out of it.
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