原文标题：Higher education: India lags behind China despite English language advantage
MUMBAI: Despite the English language advantage and the government's enhanced focus on higher studies, India's top educational and research institutes, including the IITs and IIMs, lag Chinese universities in global ranking.
The Times Higher Education World University Rankings has nine universities from China in its 2012 list of Top 400 compared with just one from India. Another latest ranking by Guardian Higher Education Network shows nine Chinese universities among top 50 Asian universities, while no university from India makes it to the list.
China has been consistently scoring over India in higher education for several years, as reflected even in previous rankings.
The Times ranking, based on five broad parameters: teaching, research, citations, industry income or innovation and international outlook in terms of staff, students and research, covers subjects including engineering and technology, arts and humanities, health, life sciences, physical sciences and social sciences.
"China has invested heavily in infrastructure, research resources and that too from local councils and state bodies, not just from central government," says Anil Gupta, professor and founder, Honey Bee Network, IIM-Ahmedabad.
The draft document of the 12th Five Year Plan proposes to increase investment on higher education to 25% of all government education spending, or 1.5% of GDP from the current 18% and 1.12% respectively. An increase of 0.38% of GDP means an additional allocation of about Rs25,000 crore to higher education for the Centre and the states together.
On the other hand, China's expenditure in education from the central public budget reached more than 1.2 trillion yuan ($191 billion) during January-November last year, an increase of 25.8% from previous year, according to reports.
"The biggest gap (for India) lies in the quantum of research. A systematic approach needs to be taken to reform the structure of universities into teaching and research institutions," says Devang V Khakhar, director, IIT-Bombay. He sees a need for a significantly greater financial support for infrastructure, faculty positions and research facilities.
AUGC report "Higher Education in India at a Glance" paints a dismal picture on student enrolment. While 86% of students complete graduation, mere 12% opt for post-graduate education and barely 1% go for research.
In the past 60 years, the number of universities in India has grown 30 folds to 634 in 2011, while the numbers of colleges are 33,023, averaging 55 colleges per university, the UGC report shows. This is leading to huge pressure on the university administration in managing these institutions.
“印度最大的差距在于量子研究。应该采取系统方法，将大学改革成教学和研究机构。”印度理工学院（孟买）的主任Devang V Khakhar说。他发现有必要显著增加对基础设施、教员职位和研究设备的财政支持。
Dinesh Prabhakar (delhi)
Times Higher Education World University Rankings is biased towards US continent, many good European universities from Germany do not appear in their rankings.
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NST (PNQ) replies to Dinesh Prabhakar 1 day ago
Go for Shanghai's JaoTong University's ranking. Over 50% of top 500 universities in the world are in America. That is why so many Indians and rest of world's youth want to go to US for higher education. In that ranking 18 of the top 20 universities are American. That country may not have good governance, but they have undoubtedly the best governed universities in the world. Look at the list of Nobel laurets. American universities are producing more Nobelists than rest of the world's.
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Indian (India) 1 day ago
China and India are poles apart when it comes to Education. Education in China are taken care of by the state in India its primarily private. The chinese always take grass root level approach and that is paying huge dividend. In India education sector is completely chaotic. There are no appreciation of talent. People who can buy a degree by paying huge sums do so but turn out to be completely incompetent. The other half does not have to do anything just use their caste to get degree and finally job. In India there is no appreciation of quality. People are simply happy with the quantity. India is far behind China in any indicator not just education but everything else.
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Lalit Chaudhary (Jaipur City, Rajasthan,)
India is better than China for education.
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NST (PNQ) replies to Lalit Chaudhary 1 day ago
You are dead wrong. After retiring from a scientific research job at an international outfit, I worked as a professor at one university in China for over three year. After finishing that assignment I returned to India, what I thought for good, and started working full time as an honorary professor at research univeristy in India. The academic environment at the Indian university was so bad that I gave up and returned to the Fareast where I made my career in research. I am now working full time as an honorary professor there and enjoying it all in a productive academic environment. Indian universities are degrading rapidly. The whole governance in India is degrading, so why univeristies should be an exception. Both government and academics, especially the latter are to blame.
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abhi (pune) 1 day ago
how hard it is to understand that english is not an advantage! actually in the same time that we spend in refining the english vocab and rotting useless spellings, we could actually make some progress in science, maths or medicine. and thats what china is doing.
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cess (india) 1 day ago
Jobs in India mainly in the education and research always involve bribes. Nepotism and regionalism is killing the entire structure. You can walk into any University or research centers you will see the same picture. People have different aim in their life. No one is into academics. They have buisness in their wife's name. Some others are into running a coaching centers. You all know the picture, I don't know why we all periodically waste our time in going through the same topics. Fact is not just China but even countries like Indinesia, etc are all too advanced compared to us. We are in a state of gutter and just the sub saharan countries are somewhat similar to us. We don't feel it because we have been havituated to the smell of the cesspit we are in.
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Saratchandran (Australia) 1 day ago
The curret English advantage would be negated by China in the next 5-7 yrs time. While India is producing Universities where pedestrian quality education is offered to get graduates to take up work that is available in the market place, China has been investing in Universities and research institutions to equal and even better than the best educational and research institutions in the West! They are committed to succeed,and they will, while the clueless who are in the executives of Indian administration flounders and reportedly spending resources to gratify their lust for wealth and taking decisions to please certain political support group. There seems to be no vision, mission or commitment. They can always trumpet around saying that they are better than Pakistan!! The Indians who believe in destiny bear the brunt and stay paralyzed by a belief of powerlessness. Time for development is wasted and the future of generations following stymied!
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India_Sucks (Beijing) 1 day ago
Education is not the only area where India lags behind. There are many like Infrastructure, Governance, Law,,Etc. Well we can't blame just government as we are the one who select them. I still do not understand Indian mentality. Still do not understand the reason NDA was defeated. I believe 'Golden Quadrilateral' and Project to Interlink the rivers were outstanding.
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India also lags behind Germany, Japan, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, France,Belgium,Spain, S.Korea,Switzerland,Austria and many more countries where English is not the lingua franca or medium of higher education. Indians after 200 years of slavery under British have come to believe that learning English is learning knowledge. No country can progress unless it develops knowledge in its own languages and distributes this knowledge to the largest number in every lingusitic group. India will at best remain a 2nd rate nation of call centre workers, failing to develop original thinking in its own languages. India's IITs, IIMs and other great universities have failed to develop even one original idea/thought in last 50 years. The time/energy/money that is spent in learning English can rather be used to learn the sciences and arts in our own languages.
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Short-Sighted (ss) 1 day ago
Forget English language advantage. Indian should wake up and stop day dreaming. They should start teaching Chinese to their kids. Its already a second language for kids in many schools and universites abroad. Atleast those who are farsighted they know chines will dominate soon.
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Niks (London) 1 day ago
Chinas university are good no suprise, China has been sending a large number of students to UK and USA university for studies since about 10 to 15 years. Their aim to finish the masters/PHD etc and goback to their country to improve their standard of education. Unlike Indian student who came and does not want to go back, even prefers to work in KFC and Macdonald as waiters what do you expect the Indian university to grow?
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abc (delhi) replies to Niks
Have you ever pondered why indian student dont come back? The problem is we dont have Research and Development scope in India. These days you will se a large number of IT Engineers in india but they mostly are occupied with US firms which make them do some sort of testing or primitive development. However all the major development and research related work happens in the company's country. That;s the reason highly talented students feel wasted here because they are made to do work which other person with average skill can do it.
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NST (PNQ) replies to Niks 1 day ago
Niks, there is no academic environment in India. The bad governance in public life has now infiltrated the administrations of the universities. There is too much political interference by state level politicians becasue the public universities are run by the each state's Ministry of Education. Not too long ago one state's Minister of Education was not even a highschool graduate. Then we have quotas. World's worst run universities are the agricultural universities of India, which are run by Ministries of Agriculture.
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Ashok (US) 1 day ago
It is because we became parasite un to ourselves due to long term out side rulers.
NST (PNQ) replies to Ashok 1 day ago
Our education and researche achievements were much better under outside rulers than the inside ones. Besides, outside rulers left over 65 years ago. Could not we improve during that period. It is the bad governance in all spheres of publica life that is ailing or society and the universieis cannot be exception. Ove 7 years ago this prime minister promised (interview with Nature Magazine) to review all universities and research institutions and rectify the situation. Nothing happened, yes nothing happened. China's Minister for Education is non-politician, not even a member of communist party. Can our politicians tolerate that?
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Yawnnnnn...... (India) 1 day ago
Who said English language is advantage? If anything it is the greatest impediment in India's path towards success. And you said it yourself that China is far ahead because their medium of instruction is Chinese language not any foreign language which is unknown to 99% people in China. But in India where 90% people don't know English is the first language of instruction in institutes of higher education and that is the reason India will never progress except in serving USA and UK. A nation can't produce anything world-shattering if its fundamental research is not in its language. People in India waste time in gaining mastery on English language which they never can and all their fruitful years are wasted on this and those who manage to do so simply leave this country because who will want to rot in this system. India will never developed until like China all our higher education is in Indian languages.
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anup (W B) replies to Yawnnnnn......
The argument will not hold water since in India a single language rule cannot go which the Chinese can for their whole country.
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suresh (Hyderabad) replies to Yawnnnnn...... 1 day ago
Well said. In my company we work with Armenia team on one of the projects. They are very poor in English speaking, but technically we are nowhere compatible with them. Don't know when our Indian people will understand the importance of Mother tongue.
aaditya K (Hyd)
In other countries,Students who are intrested in research and further educations become professors.Here in India,Students,who want comfortable lifestyle,Who wan't the authority to boss over others,opt for teaching.
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santhosh (kerala) 1 day ago
Just because Chinese students do not waste time watching Hindi films.
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Antonio Barbosa (Goa)
We are only ahead of China in the number of films we make per year. Otherwise there are no comparisions.
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AJ (Hyderabad) 1 day ago
In a country with so many languages, the only way to have a consistent and standard higher Engineering/Medical/Science education system in the country is by having English as the language of instruction. Otherwise the quality of higher education in the areas of Engineering/Medicine/Science would be poor because of substandard/low quality and out of date textbooks. While I understand the need for the Mother tongue to be the primary language of instruction, this is not feasible in a country with a migrant population speaking different languages. For the better or worse English is the only option for most of us in Higher education in the country, and it is up to us to convert this weakness into a strength.
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Kartik (Coimbatore) 1 day ago
Hmm I guess there is no quota reservation system in China ;)
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Suresh (London) 1 day ago
The rankings place too much emphasis on internationism - international faculty and international students. The IITs were created for Indian students. Take the rankings with a pinch of salt.