原文标题：India irked as China gets Pakistan's strategic Gwadar port
NEW DELHI: Pakistan's cabinet formally agreed to hand over the operation of its strategically located Gwadar port to China on Wednesday. This puts in place China's famed "string of pearls" strategy which may have significant implications for India.
On Wednesday, the Pakistan cabinet, in one of its last decisions, transferred the operations responsibility of the Gwadar port from Singapore's PSA (Port of Singapore Authority) International to China's Overseas Port Holdings. This had been agreed some time ago as PSA International and Pakistani navy fell out over land transfers, security issues and lack of infrastructure. PSA had asked to withdraw from the contract and Pakistan had agreed.
In 2011, the Pakistani defence minister had announced in Beijing that Islamabad would transfer ownership to a Chinese company. China had demurred then, but despite the worsening security situation in Balochistan, the Chinese have apparently agreed to take it over.
China has already encountered opposition from Baloch people, who have objected to the Chinese taking over their traditional lands. And as the transition in Afghanistan draws near, that region, specially Quetta, which apparently houses top Taliban leaders, is likely to see more violence.
Gwadar was built by China but during its operation by PSA, it barely attracted any commercial traffic. There is also a lot of port development that remains to be built. Pakistan expects China to complete that construction in record time, given its past performance.
More than that, Pakistan expects China to turn Gwadar into a naval base. However, China has its work cut out. A container terminal, rail and road links from the port across Balochistan would need to be built, before China can take advantage of the port itself.
For China, Gwadar could also be a conduit for energy flows into northwestern China, by transporting oil and gas from the port through pipelines that traverse Balochistan and the federal agencies to feed into China's Xinjiang province. As China's oil imports increase, it would prefer to insulate its energy flows from the turbulent waters of the Straits of Malacca and the South China Sea.
Indian ships among others patrol the former as an anti-piracy measure. In the latter, China is involved in a territorial dispute with Vietnam and Philippines among others. In a conflict, it would be easy to shut off China's energy supplies. But not if they can be routed through Gwadar where Pakistan Navy can also add to the security.
According to recent figures, over 60% of China's imported oil travels through the Straits of Hormuz. Having Gwadar under its command would change the security dynamics for China.
As China moves into the Indian Ocean, Gwadar port would be ideal as a staging ground for Chinese ships. China already has a steady presence in Sri Lanka's Hambantota port, it is wooing Maldives, though no port presence is planned yet. China is also building a port in Chittagong, Bangladesh, as well as Sonadiya, near Cox's Bazar.
From the security point of view, India could find itself considerably constrained. It's not for nothing that India has ramped up its relations with Oman, though there is no security presence there yet. India has been pushing to develop the Iranian port of Chahbahar, but that remains a long-term project.
allergic to bullshit (us)
What the f#$K our intelligence people doing??? instigate more violence in balooch....disintegrate balooch. join hand with uzbeck ,iran and slice the porki again, chinki will fall down. you can kill two birds with one stone.
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Does not matter. China is already sharing a long boundry with India, so, this port will not make any difference. Does is matter, if this port is run by Pakistan or China? No, because both are good friends and have strong defence ties.
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SKY. (Prithvi) replies to Sandeep
actually it matters in war like scenarios its easy to tackle pakistan there by cutting the aides frm that route but tackling china will take lots of steam from India
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India should build ports in Vietnam, Philippines, Korea, Japan, Malaysia,Spore and Somalia. Then we will have our golden noose for China. Jai Hind.
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Dr K (Canada)
Planning and DOING are two different things. India talks, dreams, fumes, but doesnot ACT.
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Well everyone knew it coming. This is the Pakistan India is bending backwards to make peace with. It has stabbed India in the past and is still stabbing as it talks about peace. India lost Maldives and Sri Lanka due to sheer stupidity. It might even loose Scycelles. Now who is the stupid boy ? Pakistan is busy building port at Gwader and Roads through POK with China, while China is busy building dams over Brahmputra. India like a joker is watching a Bollywood film Vishwaroopam. India thinks that by buying sophisticated weapons from the West it's problems will magically disappear into thin air.
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Logical view (San Jose, California)
That is what happens , if we build unhealthy relations with our neighbors(Pakistan, China, Bangladesh, Sri-Lanka). All the neighbors are united against us.
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Mr. Bernard Wijeyasingha (Clinton, USA)
Both China and India are trying to contain each other. The big difference is that India's allies have never come to the aid of India. India could list a string of nations ranging from Australia, Japan, South Korea as her "string of pearls" but when a showdown happens will these nations risk a soldier for India fearing to offend China? answer is no. None on these nations have the Security Council vote to block them as China does and even in the ongoing border issue, none of these nations have spoken to Beijing in India's behalf. However India does have the support of the USA who like China has refused India a place in the Security Council. Any major conflagration in that area would have meant a massive US presence but the US economy which is shrinking and the massive budget cuts on our military would mean China still holds the cards.
Next move is transferring/selling entire Pakistan to China or China grabbing Pakistan for protecting of China's investments etc., etc.,
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swatant (ind )
China is able to do this because of its account surplus with a lot if countries. This gives china more reserves, especially foreign, to invest abroad. Also, china has built its infrastructure!!! Thus, the Beijing Olympics, a huge success.
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Pakistan is an idiot in a few years there will be NO pakistan!! as it will be annexed by china! lol Vivek
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our indian babus keep talking about the string of pearls and does nothing to counter the threats it poses. by the time these idiots wake up the string will strangle the country to death.
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rvijaykrishnan Vijaykrishnan (pimpri)
All our neighbours are with Chinese naval presence a bad diplomacy by India
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India should cordinate close ties with Japan, Vietnam AND Philippine navy in south china to Counter China also Russian borders n Tibet are also good to execute Pressure n the policy is known as Containing the Dragon.
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Dr.Raj (Flushing, NY)
Why fear when we can break pakanistan and create balochistan.
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Cutting Edge (Paris)
China encircled India from all around, very successfully. India needs good visionary leaders to do same. Mongolia, Ex USSR states, Afghanistan, Korea and Japan, Vietnam, Philippines with Singapore are friendly to India and can be roped in such defense alignment. Problem lies in will and dedication, which is not present.
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I think US is to lose more than India. US needs Pakistan for their on going war in Afganistan and Iraq and it is slowly losing its grip over Pakistan. Millitarily the navy expansion of Chins around the world is more a threat to US than India.
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Umesh (Havelock North)
I doubt if India is even bothered about Gwader port ! Does it matter if it is in the hands of China or Pakistan? Baluchistan where Gwader is situated is in turmoil and a headache for rulers of Pakistan. It will be very difficult for China to operate there. Baluch nationalists will oppose it and more violence would follow.
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I think there is too much paranoia in dealing with any news about China. The port seems to be given to Chinese company rather than Chinese navy. If Pakistan does allow Chinese naval base on Pakistani soil, it will have huge diplomatic issues with U.S government. If China does manage to get a naval port in Gwadar, it will be very easy for India to monitor Chinese ships and subs going there. In addition the naval base will be very vulnerable without air force presence to protect it. So if Pakistan gives a naval port they will have to give air force base to China too. If Pakistan does that it will have to say goodbuy to any aid it receives from U.S and NATO.
In any case it is laughable to think that we can easily shut down the flow of oil through South China sea but we can't do anything to Chinese port in Gwadar. The South China sea is China's backyard. It won't be easy even for U.S to blockade Soth China sea. India's navy is much smaller than U.S navy and South China sea is 1500 miles from Indian naval base. Port of Gwadar will be much easy target for India because it will be less than 200 miles from Indian naval and air force bases. So use common sense before writing.
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Commies and Muslims are strange bed fellows. One is religious fanatic and other is godless.
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To counter this India should give vizag or Bengal ports to US
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Jaspal Singh Randhawa (Amritsar)
Last night when i read this news i was very upset and got a headace becuase i dont like chinks or porkis so i took 2 pills which i thought were asprin but in the darkk i couldnt see and ended up taking 2 viagras AND NOW ITS BEEN 6 HRS ITS NOT GOING DOWN i am wondering should put it in the ice or go to the hospital
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Some warnings to China 1 Port may fall to terrorists 2 Unstable Pakistan may collapse, China has to run like in Egypt, Tunisia etc 3 Baluchistan is unstable country 4 In event of war with India the port may be bombarded
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Arm the baluchi separatist groups! Train them to target the chinese technicians and engineers! Use them to sabotage and target the facilities there! Bleed the chinese and pakistanis by a thousand cuts! But this UPA skunks are incapable and are also unwilling to act against Pakistan due to vote bank compulsions! Make Modi as PM fast , or we are sunk!
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Pakistan (also called Begistan by their Arab Allies) has no alternatives. They are an economic suckling now...they have no resources and no infrastructure, soon they will start offering Karachi and Lahore to anyone who will give them wheat...or power....
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India should hand over commercial operation of Mumbai port to china. Then the string of pearls will complete with a diamond in the center. And the politicians dream of making Mumbai as shanghai will be complete. It's a win-win for all.
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