三泰虎博客10月11日译文，印度时报文章《数据表明中国超过美国成为最大石油进口国》。文章称，中国取得了其领导人并不想要的另一个世界一流地位：最大石油进口国。本周公布的美国政府数据显示，在快速经济发展和强劲汽车销售的推动下，中国今年9年超过美国成为世界最大石油净进口国。美国能源情报署(Energy Information Administration)本周表示，中国每天消耗的石油超过产量630万桶，这表明该国必须进口这么多石油来填补缺口。
外文标题：Data show China passing US as biggest oil importer
BEIJING: China has achieved another world-beating status its leaders don’t want: Biggest oil importer.
China passed the United States in September as the world’s biggest net oil importer, driven by faster economic growth and strong auto sales, according to U.S. government data released this week.
Chinese oil consumption outstripped production by 6.3 million barrels per day, which indicates the country had to import that much to fill the gap, the Energy Information Administration said this week.
美国能源情报署(Energy Information Administration)本周表示，中国每天消耗的石油超过产量630万桶，这表明该国必须进口这么多石油来填补缺口。
“China’s steady growth in oil demand has led it to become the world’s largest net oil importer, exceeding the United States in September 2013,'” the agency said in a report. “EIA forecasts this trend to continue through 2014.”
China’s economic boom has raised incomes and increased its global influence. But it also has spurred demand for imported oil and gas, which communist leaders see as a strategic weakness.
Rising auto ownership has left China’s cities choking on smog and added to pressure on Beijing from its own public to curb pollution and from other nations to rein in surging greenhouse gas emissions.
The United States, with a population about one-third the size of China’s, still consumes far more oil per person than China does.
In September, Americans used 18.6 million barrels per day of oil and other liquid fossil fuels, while China used 10.9 million, according to the EIA’s Short-Term Energy Outlook. U.S. production was 12.5 million barrels per day, while that of China was 4.6 million.
China’s economy, the world’s second-largest, is cooling but still is forecast to grow by nearly 8 percent this year, well above forecasts for the U.S.
The Chinese auto market, the biggest by number of vehicles sold, also is cooling but sales still rose by 11 percent in August.
This is not something for China to boast of, as oil imports cost a lot. The reason behind China importing more oil than the US might be because its population figure is very high when compared with US.
it is the increasing shalegas output in US that has led to this in fact it is projected that in the coming years US will become selfsufficient in oil
nanjundesha babu (bangaluru)
This is not a good sign. We Indians are same in quantity but no quality when compared with china. Every other product is Made in China what we do as Indians with so much quantity. We need to see and act fast or we will be still poor country
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Bhavinkumar Shah (Unknown)
Is this the good news?? Earth is already suffering due to humans continuously using non-conventional natural resources.. this lead to Global Warming.. If they want to take proud on themselves then they should start using Conventional energy sources..!!
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Gundappa Srinivas (Bangalore)
Really this mad attitude of China is destroying the natural resources of china and other countries, so greedy and selfish they are that they are buying huge acres of forests, agri lands in other nations to feed their over greedy and consumptive populace, their one attitude let us grab all things of all nations and let us alone survive
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Rabin Chanda (Kolkata)
This report approves the maintaining steady growth of Chinese economy our economist FM and PM should feel ashamed.
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To all readers of my post: Please do not get misled by this. China has large oil reserves which she is conserving and importing crude and petrol as they have large foreign exchange also. They are importing by planning to save the reserves. Good going , China!!!
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India do something !
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China’s industry is about 1.3 times of that of US. and China’s auto market is now 1.5 times of US’s. The world is changing fast
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pibaap (Location) replies to badegg
USA is 1/4 th of china. Do the math. China population is 1360 million. USA is 310 million approx. the way I learnt math is, usa would be approx.24% of china population.
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nearmsp (USA) replies to badegg
US is a developed country where there are as many cars as people. The car sales is a replacement cycle. In China many people have never sat in a car. You can never compare growth rates in non developed countries with developed countries. Roads are all built in the US. China is still building up rail and road infrastructure. So developing countries need much higher growth rates to catch up. Unfortunately India, a poor country has growth rates of near developed country so it will remain poor for decades more.
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