原文标题：China SPENT Rs 8 lakh crore on its military last year
This year China has again announced a double-digit increase in its military spending, as concerns continue to rise in the region and beyond about China’s true intentions behind its building of capabilities.
Last week, Beijing announced that the total defence budget for 2012 would be increased to $106 billion, from $95.6 billion last year, an increase of 11.2 per cent. And this is when vital elements of the Chinese military build-up, including cyberwarfare and space capabilities (as well as foreign procurement) were not included in the announced budget.
The bulk of the increased defence spending will go to the Chinese navy, air force and the Second Artillery Corps — which runs the strategic nuclear forces.
The spokesman of the National People’s Congress, who announced the military budget, suggested that the military spending increase was in line with Chinese economic development and as a percentage of gross domestic product compared with other countries, specifically the United States and Britain, the increase was relatively low.
What has been causing concern in Asia and beyond is the opacity that seems to surround China’s military build-up, with an emerging consensus that Beijing’s real military spending is at least double the announced figure. Just last year, it has been estimated that China ended up spending $160 billion instead of the announced $95.6 billion!
This year’s dramatic rise comes at a time when the US has initiated its foreign policy pivot towards Asia. As the US secretary of state has already underlined, “the future of politics will be decided in Asia, not Afghanistan or Iraq, and the United States will be right at the centre of the action.”
At a time when talk of American decline and retrenchment from global commitments has become de rigueur, the signals coming from Washington are that it has no intention of leaving the Asian strategic landscape.
Nor will regional states allow America to lower its profile. After all, the elephant in the room, or region, is China’s faster-than-expected ascent in the global inter-state hierarchy.
The new defence strategy outlined by Washington recently is explicitly geared towards tackling the emerging threat from China’s massive and rapid military build-up. It takes forward the process already-underway, of reorienting the American military might from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
With his visit to Asia last November and with a new military strategy that focuses on the region, the Obama administration is underscoring America’s commitment to regional stability at a time when the US is wrapping up two wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. This new strategy is unambiguous in underlining the challenge in the Asia-Pacific and turning America’s gaze Asia-ward.
“As I made clear in Australia, we will be strengthening our presence in the Asia-Pacific, and budget reductions will not come at the expense of this critical region,” Obama remarked at the Pentagon while releasing the new strategy.
It remains to be seen how successful this strategy will be in meeting the challenges of the future, but it should give some respite to regional states, including India, which are confronted with a rapidly rising China and all its attendant consequences.
As America’s economic constraints force it to go back to an “offshore balancing” posture, it needs new arrangements in Asia if it wants to prevent China from dominating the regional strategic landscape.
The US will increasingly rely on its regional allies and regional arrangements to carry more of the security burden, much as it did via its hub-and-spokes alliance system in Europe since the end of the Second World War.
China, of course, remains very sensitive to this more pro-active approach in Asia and has suggested that a “Cold War mentality” is not the way forward; but the regional states have their own plans.
Concerns remain that, while the US is ostensibly shifting its strategic focus on Asia, it is decreasing its military strength in the region, leading to an inevitable power vacuum in East Asia and the Pacific which China may be determined to fill.
The US has encouraged a greater role for India in East and Southeast Asia. Exhorting India to lead and look beyond its immediate neighbourhood, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton during her visit to India earlier this year asked India “not just to look east, but to engage east and act east as well.”
India has responded with a renewed focus on its Look East policy, which has evolved from economic and trade linkages with various regional countries to a gradual strengthening of security ties.
India’s ties with Japan, in particular, have been gaining momentum, with both New Delhi and Tokyo making an effort in recent years to put Indo-Japanese ties into high gear. India’s role in East and Southeast Asia is only likely to grow in the future as China’s faster-than-expected economic and military rise forces New Delhi to reorder its strategic priorities.
Beijing’s rapidly rising defence expenditure; its expansive maritime sovereignty claims; its aggressive behaviour pursuing them; its support for states such as North Korea and Pakistan; and its non-transparent military build-up all raise questions about its willingness to act as a responsible stakeholder in the region. How to manage China’s rise and mould its behaviour will be one of the biggest diplomatic challenges facing the region and the world in the coming years.
why dont they donate that amount for poors in africa etc
by youngcitizen (View MyPage) on Mar 28, 2012 06:53 AM
this amount can be donated to the poors.what they will do by spending such heavy amount..are they planning to fight with all nations or what?thats why earthquakes are coming in all countries nowdays.
so poor china
by jackson (View MyPage) on Mar 28, 2012 05:53 AM | Hide replies
our minister raja spent 2 lac crore whereas a country spending 8 lac crore…. so poor china. This money is just couple of scams for india. mind it. !!!
Re: so poor china
by youngcitizen (View MyPage) on Mar 28, 2012 06:51 AM
we r rich in scams.there must be a scam based courses inclusion in our books.scams and peopl must be the title
what a joke
by Varma (View MyPage) on Mar 28, 2012 04:18 AM
Bill Clinton is supporting China
Hillary Clinton is “supporting” India
we are very
by sarfarosh (View MyPage) on Mar 28, 2012 01:03 AM
busy with scams
Indian Doesn’t Need Huge Budget
by Bigtribe (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 05:41 PM | Hide replies
Why do we have massive population in our country? We’ve enough trained people to fight any enemies?
? Mullahhh inspired and trained fighters can match half of the Chinese army and ammunitions.
? RSS breeded and trained soldiers are another troupes to match other half to see off Chinese raids, ready even to climb over the Himalayas.
? Prayers of the babas and devotees are sufficient to ward off latest fighter jets.
Little less that Cole Scam in India !!
by Indian Citizen (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 05:10 PM
We only seems to do Scams every where to the tune of army budget of China !!
And how much was spent on corruption
by Amit Sharma (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 01:52 PM
Probably fairly little as corrupt anasholes are normally shot dead and their family asked to pay for the bullets that kills them.
by zubair shighrekar (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 01:28 PM
rising of a new super power country!!!!!
we are not behind
by vimal singh (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 12:09 PM | Hide replies
We also spent Billions of dollars defending our democracy and on politicians. we not not behind to China
Re: we are not behind
by Ashok tyagi (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 01:29 PM
Our politicians swallow this much in a year and deposit in swiss banks.If we catch hold or raja,kalmadi,chidamberum and kodas we can pump this much for development of rural India.
by sunny India (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 11:34 AM
Defense depts of all countries; if they do not spend on Arms for one year, but just salaries for their army – that savings will sustain world economy for 15 years.
Chinas military budget
by Ramana Murthy (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 11:29 AM
Instead of worrying why China is spending huge amounts and doubting its intentions, we have to move in a calculative manner and equip ourselves to face the enemy.
CONGRESS LOOTED 8 LAKH CRORE
by mack michael (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 11:26 AM
IN INDIA IN LAST YEAR thats the way they competing with china.
India under leadership of MMS
by yugapurush (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 11:24 AM
Congies under leadership of MMS earned than that on corruption
challenge to china
by veerapuram dharan (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 11:22 AM | Hide replies
in the days of 1962, we were new as a united nation, just 15 years passed by after independence and to understand what was happening during the war was not easy..but now, we all are united from east to west and north to south..we may have internal fights between different states but when it comes to war, am sure, this generation will give a fitting reply to these arrogant race..
as a common man of india without any weapons and ammunitions but with lot of guts, i challenge these chinese to attack us..
Re: challenge to china
by deepak kotnis (View MyPage) on Mar 28, 2012 02:06 AM
they are not increasing budget to defeat india. for india, 1 lak crore is more than enough.
CONSIDER THIS …………. BEFORE SHOOTING OFF MOUTHS
by Chalta Hai (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 11:15 AM | Hide replies
FACT – CHINA has border with FOURTEEN COUNTRIES
FACT – Most of the countries in China’s neighbour are barbaric including India
FACT – As world’s richest CASH RICH country, a country will spend MORE on EVERYTHING including defence , why such hue and cry ?
GET A LIFE !
Re: CONSIDER THIS …………. BEFORE SHOOTING OFF MOUTHS
by Arun Shrivastav (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 11:19 AM
This is less than coal scam!
Re: Re: CONSIDER THIS …………. BEFORE SHOOTING OFF MOUTHS
by Chalta Hai (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 11:21 AM
Nasir Hussain rightly called Indians donkeys
who love to
by veerapuram dharan (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 11:07 AM | Hide replies
we can relax as the real fight is between the US And china and we might be used as a support to tackle china..so, no worries..
by Saji Falgun (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 10:59 AM | Hide replies
Only 8 Lac crore on military??? Indian Politicians are capable doing more this on a single scam.
Re: Poor China
by Romesh (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 11:09 AM
We save in Swiss Banks. Chinese don’t.India is Great!
by A M (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 10:52 AM
Indian govt spent last year over 10 Lac cr…on scams….
by arungopal agarwal (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 10:48 AM
No match in between China and India. As per budget, India is spending a good amount on its defence, we are to fix N weapen carrying facilities near China border so as to have a fear in Chinese mind as we cannot match with his capability to strike otherwise.
Arms FLEXING FOR arms Twisting
by ratanlal purohit (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 10:17 AM
Soon India will have to pay the price with maimed arms.
China SPENT Rs 8 lakh crore on its military last year
by G Kalsi (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 09:41 AM | Hide replies
Sorry, Chine did not spend any Rupees. They spent US Dollars.
Re: China SPENT Rs 8 lakh crore on its military last year
by M A (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 09:46 AM
HA HA!! WHY US DOLLARS? WHAT HAPPENED TO CHINEESE CURRENCY? NOT TRADABLE?
send the bills to our politicians….
by prakash sharma (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 09:24 AM
8 lakh crores is like pocket money to our netas. they wil pay for your expenses if u dun enuff reserve funds..in china
before it was pak trap, now china trap
by D S (View MyPage) on Mar 27, 2012 09:02 AM
…india can make it’s security solution more missile based and less imports based. So more anti-aircraft/anti-submarine/anti-frigate/etc missiles and so on.