原文标题：China to opertionalise 3rd generation nuke reactor next year
BEIJING: China will operationalise its first third generation nuclear reactor by next year despite its cautious approach after the Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster in Japan in 2011.
China's first AP1000 nuclear power reactor is expected to come into operation by the scheduled time of 2013, Xinhua news agency quoted a official as saying.
Chinese government has halted the construction of new nuclear plants to undergo safety checks following the Japan nuclear crisis .
Construction progress of the country's third-generation nuclear reactors is generally "under control", Wang Binghua, board chairman of the State Nuclear Power Technology Corporation (SNPTC), said.
China started to construct its first third-generation pressurised water reactors in 2009, which were also the world's first to use AP1000 technologies developed by US-based Westinghouse.
Construction progress has slowed down after a massive earthquake and tsunami caused devastation and sparked a nuclear power crisis in Japan last March, causing delays of six to twelve months for the reactors under construction in China's coastal areas, according to Wang.
Wang also attributed the delays to Westinghouse's design adjustments during construction and a stricter construction requirement for endurance concerns.
It has also taken more time for the construction and management staff to adapt to the construction methods of third-generation reactors, he added.
Simultaneously, China has rolled out its advanced 1,000-megawatt pressurised water nuclear power reactor, ACPR-1000 which could allow it to export technology to other countries, including Pakistan, without the constraints of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) issues.
The reactor was "independently" developed by China Guangdong Nuclear Power Corporation, with full IPR and made its debut at the 13th China Hi-Tech Fair in southern city of Shenzhen, state-run People's Daily reported recently.
The technology has incorporated the lessons of the Fukushima nuclear accident.
It can cope with extreme situations, with its all technical and economic indicators meeting the standards of international third-generation nuclear power technology.
China currently has 13 nuclear power plants with varied capacities and constructing 27 others, mostly with 1000mw capacity, made with US, French and Japanese technologies.
Work in all these plants was stopped for safety review after the disaster at the Fukushima nuclear reactors.
The new reactor was also expected to be ready for installation by next year.
15 Jan, 2012 07:43 PM
Let us concentrate on what we can do better. India had a head-start on Thorium Powered Nuclear Reseach. Why not pursue that vigourously. We should also look at related alternative like LiFTR (Liquid Flouride Thorium Reactors); and TWR (Travelling Wave Reactors) which uses Depleted Uranium as fuel and cuts path to less waste and zero-emission.
Wide eye (New Delhi - Bangalore)
15 Jan, 2012 05:49 PM
China is no competition to India. China could leverage her resources, create reserves, strengthen foriegn policy, secure resources around the globe, become mfg. backyard of the world and are evolving a good energy mix including Nuclear. India shouldn't compete such a position directly but leverage her resources in next 20 years and create a unique position in our own area of strengths and stop comparision with China as that boat has sailed.
Both India and China have been non-aggressors militarily and like to protect their integrity of their territory. India could do well to put an people oversight on politicians (Lokpal) and take risks in land reforms for agriculture, urbanisation and letting states compete with each other for investments and retain large size of revenues. Democracy has kept India together any other form will see at least 10 to 20 countries out of one. I believe India would do well in fits and starts. We have a very bright young generation that will mutate.
Indian (Delhi) replies to Wide eye
15 Jan, 2012 06:36 PM
You got it all wrong. India is all time competitor of China. With no competition, there will be no growth, no advancement. without jealousy there would be no improvement or development. Indians like self-pride and boast daily of our superiority over Chinese in all spheres. Daily, we compare with china and that trait is etched inside each and every Indian's heart. We have not missed the boat as you described. It is a tortoise and hare race that India is giving way for China to temporarily run ahead. We start slow but we will reach the end goal earlier than the Chinese. That's the moral of the story.
Currently, India do not need Lokpal Bill. It is all talks and no substance. It will never be passed while politicking since 1968. It is best to put it to rest. Our democracy encouraged us to keep our current status as shining example to the world as world no. 1 superpower as proclaimed by President Obama and PM Sarkozy when they came calling at Delhi late 2010. PM Singh acknowledged the credit smilingly with a nod and thank you.
Wide eye replies to Indian
15 Jan, 2012 08:04 PM
I like the views and angle added in your comments. It is not wrong or right. If we see that Pakistan competes with India and is jealous of our status. This doesn't get them anywhere as India has reached a level that they won't compete directly.
In sense of competition it is strategic advantage and position that gets us to next levels not jealousy and direct competition in my opinion. It can sometime come in our way if our mindset is blocked by competing mindlessly rather creating a new smart position. Western world knows that Indian public and politicians like to be told that we have arrived, we can be smarter than that false gratification. We know where we actually are and have a way to go in development. We can do better than tortoise of the race.
Luk (Boston) replies to Indian
15 Jan, 2012 08:02 PM
I saw a couple people like you mentioned "world as world no. 1 superpower" This is very ridiculous.
1) President Obama and PM Sarkozy did say that, but that had one purpose: wanted India to buy their fight jets
2) they also promised for India UN security console seat -- Do you really think India is No 1 and how many people will agree ?
Peijun Gao (Lanzhou Shi, Gansu, China) replies to Luk
17 Jan, 2012 12:12 AM
you are right for this issue
15 Jan, 2012 05:26 PM
Our government is busy in scandals, corruption and election activities. No time available with them to think for the prosperity of country.
15 Jan, 2012 05:00 PM
China prospered without India's dummy democracy/caste system. Indians are brainwashed to believe that voting in elections = democracy and a solution to all their problems.
FACTS (Mumbai) replies to 4thAugust1932
15 Jan, 2012 11:07 PM
Germany and Japan didn't have democracy in the 1930s and they prospered; USSR didn't have democracy and it advanced in the 1950s. Mexico and Philippines have democracy, and they are both chaos. So it is not democracy or not, it is the people the country has that makes the most difference.
September to July (UK) replies to 4thAugust1932
15 Jan, 2012 07:30 PM
The USSR did NOT prosper although it never had democracy/caste system. USA, Canada, all European countries, Australia prospered 'despite' being democratic. (You?) Pakis are brainwashed into believing that praying five times a day = solution to all their problems! They do not realise it is not insallah, but insa-ISI that overrides any powers that be. Also, China will do the same to them as it did to Nehru.
15 Jan, 2012 04:44 PM
lucky pakis the have china as a friend who can help them in technology and other assets they will develop in future
Aslam (Chennai) replies to lachman
15 Jan, 2012 07:44 PM
Pakis are been used by US and china only to keep their guns on pakis shoulders and fire. Earlier USA utilised pakis to attack Afgan and now china wants pakis to trouble India and keep India's concentration busy along pakis border.
15 Jan, 2012 02:39 PM
How soon before they pass on the technology to Pakistan who will use it for non-peaceful purposes?
15 Jan, 2012 01:09 PM
Meanwhile India keeps watching and talking! the Opposition Politicians planning how to protest and stop any new development ventures.
15 Jan, 2012 12:59 PM
Spelling mistake in the title, I feel so sorry about quality of TOI which still continues its downward spiral.
Aussie boy (Australia) replies to smt
15 Jan, 2012 01:25 PM
I think the TOI is great. Mostly you can say what you want. Typos are common in many papers.