BEIJING: China’s ruling Communist Party will hold its key leadership meeting here on Saturday to unleash a new “wave of reforms”, stated to be the biggest in over three decades after the country moved away from Mao Zedong’s “chaotic class struggle” to market-oriented policies.
The 18th plenum of the Party comprising 376-member Central Committee, one of its highest policy bodies, would hold its four-day meeting under the leadership of President Xi Jinping to deepen economic reforms and to halt the slide of the world’s second largest economy which fell from double digit growth rates to around 7% in the last two years.
While official media was abuzz with impending wave of reforms, experts say plenums in the past acted as launch-pads for many of China’s major reforms.
The leadership headed by Xi is working on a ‘master plan’ to unveil at the plenum, which will be largely devoted to provide ideological direction to economic reforms for the next five years.
This year’s plenum is being billed just as significant as the one in December 1978 that marked the start of market-oriented reforms in China over three decades ago under Deng Xiaoping, who succeeded Mao and reversed the ideological course of China. Not much resistance was expected for reforms unlike in Deng-era as he had to contend to remove resistance from hardliners headed by Mao’s widow Jiang Qing who was ousted.
On the contrary, Xi who emerged as the strongest leader in recent decades is expected to have smooth sailing as any left-wing resistance to reforms was ironed out with the ouster of disgraced party leader Bo Xilai who was sentenced to life recently for corruption and misuse of power.
Since taking over this year, Xi is pushing for more reforms as China’s economy struggled to meet the 7.5% official GDP target this year. New leadership asserts that reforms are necessary to avert a Sovietstyle collapse of the Communist system in China.
今年的全会被认为与开启了中国30年 改革浪潮的1978年3中全会相媲美，当时 在邓小平领导下中国转变了发展道路。这届政府的改革阻力要比78年小得多，当时邓小平需要消除江青为首的党内强硬路线者的影响。
True Indian (blore)
Do we have thoghts for economic reforms..??
vcbhutani (Delhi, India)
This calls for comment at various levels. The system over which Mao presided was dyed deep blue in the colours of the class struggle which communists derived from the so called Marxist concept of class struggle. That concept was much written about by Marx but nowhere in his copious writing did he grapple with the idea what constituted a class. There is no definition of class in his writing. Therefore, his basic and central idea of the class struggle suffered from the disability of unclarity and incompleteness. But his followers worldwide have continued to sing paeans of praise for Marx’s idea of class struggle and have gone on to apply it various societies around the world – with singular unsuccess throughout. Nowhere, not even in the Former Soviet Union, was Marx’s idea of the class struggle applied seriously or with visible results. For something like 75 years the so called Marxist experiment was carried on the FSU but it failed to provide for the minimum needs of all citizens. It was this failure to attend to economic development of the poorest of the society that was at the bottom of the Soviet collapse. Mao’s successors seem to have learnt from the Soviet example and decided to attend to the economic aspect before caring over much or at all for political change. Under the leadership of Deng and his later successors there has been a story of close attention to economic development, which was wholly in order and to the point. As a result we do not hear of much movement for change in the political system, Tiananmen 1989 notwithstanding. We shall wait to see how the forthcoming plenum deals with questions of political change, which do not seem to be central to the situation in China. China’s economy – especially the renminbi – was kept artificially isolated from world economy. As a result Chinese economy continued to grow, even if slightly slower than before. But artificiality cannot be carried too far or too long. Chinese economy cannot go on prospering if the economies of the rest of the world continue to suffer and weaken. This is where the plenum has to do some fresh thinking and go along with a sense of being part of the world economy and not independent of it. If even great Western economies have begun to shrink, surely Chinese economy cannot remain immune to influences all round. V. C. Bhutani, Delhi, 9 Nov 2013, 1037 IST
KK Singh (Delhi)
“wave of reforms”, stated to be the biggest in over three decades after the country moved away from Mao Zedong’s “chaotic class struggle” But why portray Mao as your leader? Its like our political leaders without agenda fighting to usurp heritage of our late leaders!