外文标题：China embarking on vast programme of urbanization: Moving 250m into cities
BEIJING: China is pushing ahead with a sweeping plan to move 250 million rural residents into newly constructed towns and cities over the next dozen years — a transformative event that could set off a new wave of growth or saddle the country with problems for generations to come.
The government, often by fiat, is replacing small rural homes with high-rises, paving over vast swaths of farmland and drastically altering the lives of rural dwellers. So large is the scale that the number of brand-new Chinese city dwellers will approach the total urban population of the United States — in a country already bursting with megacities.
This will decisively change the character of China, where the Communist Party insisted for decades that most peasants, even those working in cities, remain tied to their tiny plots of land to ensure political and economic stability. Now, the party has shifted priorities, mainly to find a new source of growth for a slowing economy that depends increasingly on a consuming class of city dwellers.
The shift is occurring so quickly, and the potential costs are so high, that some fear rural China is once again the site of radical social engineering. Over the past decades, the Communist Party has flip-flopped on peasants' rights to use land: giving small plots to farm during 1950s land reform, collectivizing a few years later, restoring rights at the start of the reform era and now trying to obliterate small landholders.
Across China, bulldozers are leveling villages that date to long-ago dynasties. Towers now sprout skyward from dusty plains and verdant hillsides. New urban schools and hospitals offer modern services, but often at the expense of the torn-down temples and open-air theaters of the countryside.
"It's a new world for us in the city," said Tian Wei, 43, a former wheat farmer in the northern province of Hebei, who now works as a night watchman at a factory. "All my life I've worked with my hands in the fields; do I have the educational level to keep up with the city people?"
China has long been home to both some of the world's tiniest villages and its most congested, polluted examples of urban sprawl. The ultimate goal of the government's modernization plan is to fully integrate 70 percent of the country's population, or roughly 900 million people, into city living by 2025. Currently, only half that number are.
The building frenzy is on display in places like Liaocheng, which grew up as an entrepot for local wheat farmers in the North China Plain. It is now ringed by scores of 20-story towers housing now-landless farmers who have been thrust into city life. Many are giddy at their new lives — they received the apartments free, plus tens of thousands of dollars for their land — but others are uncertain about what they will do when the money runs out.
Aggressive state spending is planned on new roads, hospitals, schools, community centers — which could cost upward of $600 billion a year, according to economists' estimates. In addition, vast sums will be needed to pay for the education, health care and pensions of the ex-farmers.
While the economic fortunes of many have improved in the mass move to cities, unemployment and other social woes have also followed the enormous dislocation. Some young people feel lucky to have jobs that pay survival wages of about $150 a month; others wile away their days in pool halls and video-game arcades.
Top-down efforts to quickly transform entire societies have often come to grief, and urbanization has already proven one of the most wrenching changes in China's 35 years of economic transition. Land disputes account for thousands of protests each year, including dozens of cases in recent years in which people have set themselves aflame rather than relocate.
Prince Charming (Islamabad, Pakistan)
And Blackies embarking on vast programme of Growing slums, G@ng r@ping their blacky women and killing them with iron bars.
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Neha Agarwal Slasher (New Delhi, India)
We are also not far behind....we are moving slums into existing cities
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Singh singh (Los Angeles) replies to Neha Agarwal Slasher
wrong, our cities are turning into slums
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India should also build new cities to relieve the pressure on the already bursting cities!
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unemployement will also grow.....
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China has been urbanizing where as our minister has been keeping the poor to very poor and shruedly use them as MOIST and NAXALITES and later on cleaning them with our poor Military.
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After 50 years Chinese will not have enough agricultural produce and millions will die of starvation and similar thing will happen in India. Sustain and increase agriculture first and then build the cities.
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Rajeev Narayan (Nagpur)
The Chinese first convert the villages into cities and then push the villagers into these homes. They are forced to move into these homes. But, there are going to be repercussions and the people will have to pay for this later.
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Dr. M. K. Dahal (Kathmandu)
China is moving towards a great leap forward !
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Arup Ghosh (Calcutta)
COMMUNIST UGLY FACE OF CHINA.......................
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This is sad as there are many who would prefer basic but content pace and life of rural setting. If you have the resource it is better to provide basic infrastructure and leave the rest to people. Everyone need not be very rich to be happy.
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At least China is creating planned cities on other hand great democracy India is creating slums and chaotic cities, which cannot be fixed in next 1000 years, unless major disaster wipes them out. Looks at Indian cities from mega to villages none has any kind of planning, life is chaotic from delhi to gali.
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AND may I know what is our GOD-CURSED country doing ?
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Ravi (Dubai) replies to IITIAN
I believe it is a stupid idea by the Chinese to do that. I hope India does not follow suit.a
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China is moving 250 MILLION PEOPLE from rural areas to cities, but Congress is busy moving 250 BILLION RUPEES from Govt treasury to Swiss accounts !
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If all the villagers are going to be moved into cities, who will do the farming? Farming is the spine of a country's economy. This move could have severe backlashes on the Chinese economy in the long run. The question now is, what if this bold plan doesn't workout? What will the government of China do? Will they give back the lands that they have bought from these petty landowners? What about jobs when the compensation money given to these farmers runs out? It seems as though the Chinese government has worked out all these details before making such a move.
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bonkim2003 (Blaisdon) replies to Joemask
Mechanised and managed farming does not take a lot of people. Land does not belong to anyone - only those working/using it. It is a national asset.
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Indian (India) replies to Joemask
If 10 farmers have tiny plots of land and 8 move to cities, the remaining 2 are more than capable of farming on all the 10 pieces of land..this is the logic being used by china in my opinion.The agricultural output remains the same and the other 8 would add more to the economy.
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Shame on Indian government. What have you planned for rural india? you cant even provide water and electricity still in some rural areas. See how china is growing. Atleast do 50% of what they are doing.
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Bikram Deb (Chennai, Tamil Nadu)
Let me live the way I want and not the way you want me to live.
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Bangalorean (My Land) replies to Bikram Deb
sure, but don't defect outside my front yard. and don't take your bihari folks to move into my city or build up your tent on our street.
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This is a huge disaster and will stress their infrastructure. A bad bad idea. Forcing people to change their livelihood is not good at all.
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What ever China achieves, the fact is that only 15% of land in china is useable for agricultural purpose, while in India about more than 60% of land can be used for agriculture. Let them serve the world with industrial products India should more concentrate on Agricultural stuff, so that soon a tomorrow china needs Indian food stuff to feed them.
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PunebetterthanMumbai (Mumbai) replies to binnygc
Well china is more industrialized, their land is use for factories, high ways, bullet train rails, air ports, housing. India more than 60% of population is rural which means more farm land and less industrialized areas. China is 60% urban, 40% rural which means less farm land.
While the world is fighting with each other. destroying each other, China is quietly building it's own world. Like it or not, China is working towards being no 1 in world. India should learn from China.
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Nishant Kumar (Pune, Maharashtra)
LOL.... Irony is India's capital airport is waterlogging and china is converting rural into cities....
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maoist of china are better than so called democrate of india. china is progressing day by day. thay have controled their population by hook and crook. they have focused to create new jobs. i know they dont have freedom of expression but what the use of freedom of expression we you dont have basic needs like food, shelter, jobs, money. and in india there is psuedo freedom of expression but it is not helpful to change the system. china has created jobs in manufacuring sector, service sector, agriculture sector but what we did? even IT Sector is not stable and getting pain regularly. india your so called western friend america and europe never help you. china is our neighbour and we should adopt a model of china for progressing.condition of chinease and indian are same. if they progress then we also can progress if we wake up like chinease. LONG LIVE MAOIST, LONG LIVE CHINA.
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It may be similar to Mumbai's slum improvement programme to free the land for commercial purposes.
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kumar (Yokohama- Japan)
Why there is always some news about china being developing, going ahead of india but none from our side. OH I KNOW BECAUSE ITS TRUE.
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Dr K (Canada)
Love or hate China, they have ambition and audacity to match. India, on the other hand, is planning to push 250 million people into poverty.
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Bad step by China govt; village life is always better than city life and people should have their choice to live.
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This is another "Great Leap Forward" kind of program, that will bring untold misery to the people of China.
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If China rises and becomes a super power it would be excellent. People are fed up of western domination, racism, double standards and bullying and arrogance.
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While China is taking away land from the poor to urbanize, India is giving away land to the poor so that more people can defecate outside and fertilize the land. Indian land will become the most fertile land in the world, thanks to national open defecation program.
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Who knows what is happening behind Chinese door, china always publish what they want to for strategic reason.
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