原文标题：China becomes world's fifth-largest arms exporter: Report
BEIJING: China has become the world's fifth-largest arms exporter, a respected Sweden-based think tank said on Monday, its highest ranking since the Cold War, with Pakistan the main recipient.
China's volume of weapons exports between 2008 and 2012 rose 162 percent compared to the previous five year period, with its share of the global arms trade rising from 2 percent to 5 percent, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) said.
China replaces Britain in the top five arms-dealing countries between 2008 and 2012, a group dominated by the United States and Russia, which accounted for 30 percent and 26 percent of weapons exports, SIPRI said.
"China is establishing itself as a significant arms supplier to a growing number of important recipient states," Paul Holtom, director of the SIPRI Arms Transfers Program, said in a statement.
The shift, outlined in SIPRI's Trends in International Arms Transfers report, marks China's first time as a top-five arms exporter since the think tank's 1986-1990 data period.
Now the world's second-largest economy, China's rise has come with a new sense of military assertiveness with a growing budget to develop modern warfare equipment including aircraft carriers and drones.
At the Zhuhai air show in southern China in November, Chinese attack helicopters, missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles and air defenses were on public show for the first time.
SIPRI maintains a global arms transfers database base that tracks arms exports back to the 1950s. It averages data over five-year periods because arms sales vary by year.
"Pakistan - which accounted for 55 percent of Chinese arms exports - is likely to remain the largest recipient of Chinese arms in the coming years due to large outstanding and planned orders for combat aircraft, submarines and frigates," SIPRI said.
Myanmar, which has been undergoing fragile reforms that the United States thinks could help counter Beijing's influence in the region, received 8 percent of China's weapons exports.
Bangladesh received 7 percent of the arms, and Algeria, Venezuela and Morocco have bought Chinese-made frigates, aircraft or armored vehicles in the past several years.
Beijing does not release official figures for arms sales.
Germany and France ranked third and fourth on the arms exporter list. China followed only India in the acquisition of arms, though its reliance on imports is decreasing as it ramps up weapons production capabilities at home.
After decades of steep increases in military spending and cash injections into domestic defense contractors, experts say some Chinese-made equipment is now comparable to Russian or Western counterparts, though accurate information about the performance of Chinese weapons is scarce.
But will they really work, or just like any other junk product of theirs? Phus...Phus...
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kannan (chennai) replies to Bharathi
Important point is they are exporting and we are not.
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kannan (chennai) replies to Bharathi
Quality is based on cost. It will work for a countries with small militry budget. Also it will work for Pak to show that they have huge militry power and also even though it will not hit the target, it will hit somewhere around the place like 100-200 Km, still it hits the country like India but fail in case of small country like Sri Lanka or Maldeives.
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Gaurav Kumar (NCR)
In any case india should not buy defence equipment from China.
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Manish Vaid (Miami) replies to Gaurav Kumar
China will not sell to India....they are equipping Pakistan to use those weapons against India!!!
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Sopan Thengadi (Pune, Maharashtra)
With countries like Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar importing arms from China, it is no wonder that China will soon become no. 1 exporter. We are in a fifth generation warfare where only cutting edge technology matters. India should only import high quality arms from France and US. There is no question of importing arms from China, but even more importantly, it is a high time to take the decision on third rate organizations like DRDO and HAL. Sooner they are closed better it is.
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no after sale grantee of Chinese weapons :D
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Sanjay Ambatkar (Pune)
It was really motivating to listen to Modi..........we should become suppliers of arms equipments.........and not the buyer........!!
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Manish Vaid (Miami)
Its better for India that Pakistan buys weapons from China. There is a good chance when the war breaks, pakistan will be spending more time on repair and service than actual usage!!!
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pokis bought railway engines from China and all are now rotting inside junk yard....
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With Pakistan accounting for 55% share, there is nothing much to speak about. I am sure Pakistan doesn't pay for it in cash or will be paying heavily subsidized prices.
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It seems that no one is interested in toys made by the DRDO like the famous INSAS rifle that jeopardises the lives of the Indian soldiers at the border. Such is its deadly effectiveness that it not used in the VIP security in India.
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Sunil (Jammu (India))
Buy a chinese weapon..give it to your enemy for free... we get two options: 1. weapons explode kiling our enemy 2. weapons don't work..while they try to fix it..we can kill enemy
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China " world's fifth-largest arms Exporter " and in the other end India may be fifth or fourth largest arms Importer . Kudos to Indian kickback earning Politicians .
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HS (Singapore) replies to Kathasarita
No, you are wrong. According to SIPRI, India is the world's largest arms importer, accounting for more than 10% of global arms marker, as it purchases more than 3/4 of all its weapons overseas. India also leases an aircraft carrier and a nuclear propelled submarine from Russia. India is the only major country that has failed to build a domestic defense industry.
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And India is the biggest importer.
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Sanat Attavar (Chennai, INDIA)
Chinese products are quite famous for their inability to last long, it probably work like the fire crackers we buy EVERY DIWALI. Use once and be done with it, a bit of solace though is their scrap value.
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t (b) replies to Sanat Attavar
never underestimate your enemy.
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China always wants to dominate in every field. The low cost is a positive point to them.
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very good China. China is helping Asia itself to develop in large strides. Indian govt too should follow the way china is growing. India too should and can have a large exporting market of indegenously made arms!
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Anirudh Dhodapkar (Mumbai)
This is a clear cut Data ,which shows,Indian Government refuses to become self sufficient while China with same technical knowledge pool becomes worlds number one Arms exporter.Reason is simple,Indian politicians and families are more interested in eating Bribes and importing Choppers from second grade Italian companies .rather than developing defense industry in India..
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Considering India's below the poverty line population, it's a Shame we are biggest arms Importer...I believe..Many hand-to-mouth Indians will prefer to die of Enemy bullets...rather than of starvation...
I think India can get its share but for that our government needs to take a decision that private company can also setup arm company. It will also stop corruption in arms deal some extent. It will provide job to thoudans of engineers.
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Gaurav Lavania (Delhi)
Wonder when India would start arms production, specially through the private sector?
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nish Vaid (Miami)
Whatever money Pakistan receives from US, they run back to China to surrender it and get more weapons so that it can kill their own people and few outsiders!!!
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Ravindra H Chaudhari (Pune)
Pakistani Islamic militants are trying to liberate Xingjiang; the autonomous region of Peoples Republic of China. It will be good news if these Islamic militants liberate Xingjiang with Chinese arms.
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slumdogs Indians (India is heap of slums )
No matter india is strong enough .
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India do not need to be an arms exporter. India needs to improve it's security profile. Still now India have advantage over China. The problem which inhibits its potential is lack of leadership and Indian Psyche. Indian Psyche likes to be lazy and watch films. Not even one single Indian person, young or old think about the country's security status in a serious way. Every Indian likes free handouts and take no pride in placing their country first. China communist party owns its people, In India corrupt politician own India and Indian people. When the Indian Psyche morph into more serious one; India will be number one. Still India is ruled by Europeans, literally, take a hard look at the Italian sailors event, how they were treated by Indian system of law! Police officer salute Italian defendants proudly? It is a mockery of India and her dignity.
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