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印度和中国比一比科学如何

What is India's comparison with China in science?

印度和中国比科学如何?

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以下是quora读者的评论:

Varun Chopra, Educational Lab Equipments like Educational Instruments Manufacturer and Exporter of Wide range of Science La…

A student who is pass out with having 60% marks in 12th. He can get scholarship if he/she belong to reserve cast and another side for general cast he has to take more than 90% then there may be chance not surety of scholarship.
So Reserved cast student will go forward to general cast and 60% of marks boy how much be strong in study. You can think of that.

This is only a small example, by this intelligent students are behind and they do not get scope. So how country will improve.

Sorry if you mind it but it's true

thanks,

一个考了60分的同学,如果是来自受关照的种姓,那么他可以拿到奖学金,而来自其他种姓的学生即便考了90多分,也不一定能拿到奖学金。

靠60分的同学,读书能有多厉害啊。想想就知道了

这只是一个例子。

这样一来,聪明的学生就落在后面了,没有发展的空间,无法脱颖而出。国家又如何能进步呢。

介意的话,我表示抱歉,不过这是真的,谢谢

 

Abhishek Vyas, lives in India

Sir Definitely CHINA. No doubt.

肯定中国更厉害啦,这是毫无疑问的

 

Udbhav Vishwakarma

Hello Asker,

As Prasanna mentioned in his wonderful answer that China is so much technologically advanced than India. I would like to add something;

Prasanna回答得很好,中国的技术的确比印度先进得多。在这里我要做一些补充:

It's because of its Quality population.

人口素质很重要

My father has been to China for official purpose, a 10 day tour organised by his Company's Department.

When he came back, he told me that the way China perceives Education is far different and better than ours. "Children there and children here are pretty different." The Person who was officially elected to help my Father in his tour programme has 1 son (18 years old), whose dream is to be a Footballer. His Dad respects his passion and made him join the Chinese Football Academy, he stays away from his Dad, does a part-time job for his Fees and for financial help and is very much happy with his current life.

我父亲因公务去了中国,公司部门组织了一次为期10天的旅行。

回来后,他告诉我,中国看待教育的方式和我们有很大的不同。“那里的孩子和印度的孩子很不一样。”

那个被选来帮助我父亲的人有一个18岁的儿子,他的梦想是成为一名足球运动员。父亲尊重儿子的志向,让他加入中国足球学院,儿子离开了父亲,做兼职来赚取学费,对自己的生活感到非常满意。

I am sure you must have figured what I mean from the first paragraphs only.

Indian parents don't respect Ambitions, except becoming Doctors and Engineer. I am an Engineering student and I love what I do. I don't consider Engineering as burden. But here in my college I have met many those students who have incredible talents in Athletics, Singing, Dancing etc. that you can't even imagine. Family and Social Pressure has made them do what they didn't want.

我相信你从第一段文字就明白了我的意思。

印度父母不尊重孩子的志向,希望孩子长大后当医生和工程师。

我是一名工科学生,我热爱我的工作。在大学里,我遇到了很多在体育、唱歌、跳舞等方面有天赋的学生。家庭和社会的压力使他们从事自己不想做的工作。

In India, Education is something that can fetch you a stable Job, earn huge money and fullfill your family's needs. This cycle is being continued Generation by Generation.

在印度,读书可以为你带来一份稳定的工作,赚大钱,养家糊口。这种循环一代又一代地延续着。

My Brother always wished to go for Research in Cosmology, Work in ISRO so as to serve his nation. He is now pursuing Electrical Engineering from NITs. Where he wished, where he went :-(

You do something different here, unless it is not providing you with Funds and Resources, its bulls**t. This is the Truth. This makes most of Good Engineers leave their Country, and its completely not their fault.

我的兄弟一直希望研究宇宙学,毕业后在印度空间研究组织(ISRO)工作,为国家服务。

他现在在印度国家技术学院(NITs)攻读电气工程专业。

这是事实。结果,印度大多数优秀的工程师离开了国家,这完全不是他们的错啊。

Sorry for the long post,
But I though it was worth mentioning.
Thank you :-)

写得有点长,不过还是值得一提的,谢谢

译文来源:三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/49914.html

 

Prasanna Sivakumar
I would very disappointingly say its CHINA who is leading in both SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY.

非常失望地说,中国科学和技术都处于领先地位

The past 10 years where the CHINA, clearly over took US as the leading publishers of scientific papers. India clearly lagging behind in the same, I would say, India clearly missed good opportunities of being a leader in scientific field.

在过去的10年里,中国明显超越了我们,成为领先的科学论文出版商。印度显然落后了,我想说的是,印度显然错过了成为科学领域领导者的好机会。

BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) together accounted for about 17.3% of total research papers in science and engineering published in 2011 compared to 7.6% in 1995, whereas their contribution to total doctorates produced in science and engineering in 2010 was 31.2% of the world total. India held second position in 1995 amongst BRICS countries and was behind Russia, whereas in 2011, China not only replaced Russia but also attained second position in publishing science and engineering research papers in the world, next only to USA.

金砖国家(巴西、俄罗斯、印度、中国和南非)2011年发表的科学和工程研究论文总数约占17.3%,1995年为7.6%,而2010年这些国家在科学和工程博士学位总数中所占的比例为31.2%。1995年,印度在金砖国家中排名第二,仅次于俄罗斯;2011年,中国不仅取代了俄罗斯,而且在科学和工程研究论文发表量上排名第二,仅次于美国。

So, its sad to see India despite of having mentors like Dr.A.P.J.Abdul Kalam, still lagging behind in Scientific field, Indian go nment need to bring some schemes helping in the research field.

所以,尽管有像卡拉姆博士这样的导师,看到印度在科学领域仍然落后,我是感到难过的。印度政府应当引入一些机制,为研究提供帮助

EDIT 1:

Recently I came across another archived article which has a good detailed study of world wide scientific papers contribution stats. Its good and very detailed article.

最近,我发现了另一篇存档的文章,其中详细研究了全球科学论文的贡献数据。这是一篇好文章,资料非常详细。

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