Why India may be Donald’s trump card
The US pivot to Asia has been almost a decade in the making. But for the past two decades, the more significant development has been the Indian pivot to the US. This change of direction, after almost half a century of “tilt” towards Russia, has meant that on a geopolitical level, India is quietly reorienting its approach, outlook and policies to reflect the growing convergence with the US.
Donald Trump may be the most transactional US president till date, but he has largely upheld the traditional American understanding that India’s global rise is a good thing because a successful India would be a powerful de ratic counter-balance to an expansionist and auth rian China.
This matches India’s own notion that it was the only natural balancing power to China in Asia. That was one of the reasons behind the US using its global heft in an unprecedented move to lift India’s nuclear pariah status. Since then, India has been integrating itself into the global technology re gies, which it had been denied. As former PM Manmohan Singh observed while returning from signing the deal in 2005, “The nuclear deal will do for India in strategic and technology terms what the 1991 economic reforms did for its economy.”
When Modi came to power in 2014, his overt investment in the US could not be missed. He built a solid relationship with Trump’s predecessor, Barack Obama and over the past three years, has assiduously worked on Trump. Going beyond the trade difficulties, the Modi go nment moved from crafting a joint strategic vision for Indian Ocean and Asia-Pacific in January 2015 to aligning their Indo-Pacific policies by 2019. In 2018, the Pentagon articulated what it called a “three-pronged” strategy of maritime cooperation with India — a shared vision on maritime security, upgrading bilateral maritime security partnership and collaborating to build regional capacity and improve regional maritime domain awareness. In the past few years, India has built its own complementary strategy.
As Ashley Tellis points out in an article for Foreign Affairs, “The Trump administration’s focus on great-power competition, its designation of China as a strategic competitor, and its pursuit of a ‘free and open Indo-Pacific’ all gave India renewed importance.”
What this showed was the growing convergence between the two asymmetrical powers on strategic affairs — as the US took on China in the South China Sea, India has been slowly but surely building up its own capabilities in the Indian Ocean, both with the aim of balancing China’s rise. India has been building its own alliances in the Indo-Pacific region — with France, Australia, Indonesia, Vietnam and Singapore, all with huge overlaps with the US. India’s closest strategic partner in Asia is Japan, which, together with the US, forms the core of the Indo-Pacific.
India has also accommodated the US in its immediate neighbourhood, from Nepal to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, as both powers work to limit China’s influence. In the past few months, both the US and India have independently been reaching out to the Central Asian states, building networks that provide alternatives to Chinese expansionism — the US also wants to limit Russia’s influence, but India is happy to give Russia a lead position there. This flexibility has worked well for India, while the US is slowly learning to live with India’s independent strategic vision that includes Russia and Iran.
Three areas — energy, defence, and people — provide the underpinnings for the new and improved India-US strategic partnership. India is diversifying its energy basket away from the Gulf by buying more oil and gas from the US. The US has become one of India’s biggest defence suppliers. Underlying this geopolitical convergence is the obvious affinity of the Indian people for the US, which has meant 4 million Indian Americans, 200,000 students who form the backbone of the strategic partnership. That is for any US administration to cash in, because it ties India closer to America in the most fundamental of ways.
Tellis says, “India and the US are far from becoming formal allies. They are dogged by persistent trade disagreements, which India shows no inclination to settle. But given Trump’s record with other US allies, his administration has been surprisingly lenient when it comes to India’s uncompetitive trade practices. It has also kept mum about India’s feared drift toward illiberalism, enabling both countries to push ahead on strategic, especially defence, cooperation, which has always been the lodestar that guides US-Indian relations.”
译文来源：三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/49381.html 译者：Jessica.Wu
Ganesh Dore • 6 hours ago
There is a $50 B trade deficit with China in China’s favor ...
India people need to “ voluntarily “ cut China deficit by half by buying only essentials .. here is where Desi Bheja fry is a problem. Big problem .
Raj • Illinois • 6 hours ago
Donald Trump is millions and millions of times superior to his predecessor black African gorilla called as BARACK Hussain Obama.
murthy krishna • 6 hours ago
Trump knows how strong Indians in USA and the influence Modi having on them ....Trump gets lot of funding from Indians ...Definitely Trump knows India and Indians are trump card for him....
Kamal Sinha • 5 hours ago
India is US's and Japan's pawn to contain China. India will buy defunct arms, get obsolete bullet train, have Japanese spies, will sacrifice millions to safeguard Japanese against Chinese, send its technical workers to America and Japan when they are needed back home. India is destined to remain bhangi capital of the world. America and Japan are laughing at India.
VR TNJ• 2 hours ago
this guy cannot be indian.
Paramjit Singh • 3 hours ago
Keeping wonderful relations with both US and Russia is of emmence importance to contain China.
Skrishna • 5 hours ago
Those days of isms and theoretical dogmas of Nixon-Kissinger days are gone. IndoUS collaboration is based upon this exchange of mutual benefits power sharing where needed.
Jayaraman • Chennai • 4 hours ago
Modi is no less a transactional PM who forsees national interest and thinks out of d box solutions to national bilateral and international problems. So, Trump and Modi who are similar in most of their outlooks being contemporarians have benefitted the economic, trade and geopolitical interests of both the countries.
Vasu Devan • 5 hours ago
Pakistan has lost everything and became biggest beggar after supporting America.
It is India's turn now.
New • dd • 1 hour ago
all of us should stop buying chinese goods ................and ask for make in india products only...................
Shiv Tandav • 3 hours ago
So why is Modi not showing off Statue of Unity to Trump but Mughal made Taj Mahal...
N Renganathan • 1 hour ago
all said and done , ensure India does not become dumpyard
rahul ahuja • 2 hours ago
Gujju Chorr Feku Ustad Narrenderrr Ch(o)di has ruined Indian economy
Anthony • goa • 2 hours ago
Both Trump and China cannot be trusted you fool, only country was Russia whom you have distanced
Bhavesh Shah • 40 mins ago
India should give more importance Make in India.
Subbu India • Bengal • 44 mins ago
One reason of Trump’s visit is to campain for election for getting votes of Indias especially a large Gujju community in US.
Raj • Illinois • 52 mins ago
Donald Trump is the greatest President in America's history but Donald Trump's predecessor was a black African origin gorilla called as BARACK Hussain Obama, America's first lady Melanie Trump is fabulous and beautiful but her predecessor was a black African origin female gorilla called as Michelle Obama.
Lost Indian • Aberdeen • 1 hour ago
Nothing is going to change. India is not an influential world power in any arena, neither we have any friendly neighbor. with US signing treaty with Taliban, our presence in Afghan will be reduced to zero. we are a banana republic filled with 130 crore hatred filled inhabitant
New • dd • 1 hour ago
stop buying chinese cheap products ..............................................
Saswati • 1 hour ago
IndiaUS ally may look good but there are many trade disputes exists and India is not gaining from this relationship.
VR TNJ• 2 hours ago
America is super power and president of USA visiting India is really good for India, no matter what negative attitude people say.
HappyTimes User • 2 hours ago
To win next election Trump is wooing Indians, Beware!!
Dreet• 1 hour ago
Yes, they are all hardcore democrats supporters
Dilip Kumar • 2 hours ago
US wants India as favorite to counter China and India is one up in present visit of Trump.....
Amarendra • delhi • 2 hours ago
China already showing it's annoyance for high profile President Trump's visit to India. Have not given clearance for the Indian aircraft to bring back stranded Indians.
Ulhas Kulkarni• 2 hours ago
It isn't in India's interest to act as a US pawn against China. China is much too powerful and a DETERMINED Nation. Not an INDECISIVE ELECTION DEMOCRACY like India.
Ulhas • Navi Mumbai • 2 hours ago
DIRTY US tactics. First pitting Pakistan against India. Now India against China. Pakistan benefitted immensely fro US. But US wants to pit India against China in return for NOTHING. And also BENEFIT by selling arms to India.
Aam Aadmi • 2 hours ago
..... India also need America to counter China Pakistan duo in its neighbors !