Why didn't India develop at the same rate as China? They were both once very powerful civilizations (at various points in their long history), they have smart people, a huge population, and low waged labor, what happened?
India have smart people? Are you kidding me?
Low waged labor? Idiots are not labors!!!
Do you know India jioned WTO in 1996, 5 years earlier than China.
Do you know India have more railways than China when they are founded.
Pls admit that Indians are lazy, stupid, favor of day dream, good at ostentation only. Does anyone remember PM Modi told Indians they would be SUPER POWER in 2020?
If Africa is a country, it is better than India!
Till today, cows own more rights than human in India!
Questions like these have been answered endlessly.
Please read them.
And please read history.
From fall of the Mughals,
To the British,
And so on.
As India didn't industrialise on as vast a scale as China did.
China has certain advantages. It can take decisions regarding projects quickly. They have financial muscle. They can mobilize labor very quickly. But, this type of development is not at all good. People suffer from pollution. All natural resources would get depleted because of manufacturing and supplying to the whole world. People have to work hard. On the other hand, American development style is good. They invest in industries located at China and reap good profits. Unfortunately, go nments create that Chinese type of development is good. Many people also believe in it.
No one who knows the country will invest in India as - at least until recently - any profit made is simply taken by various go nment bodies/individuals. That is what keeps India poor.
Dev Gupta, Chief Technology Officer, Semiconductors ( Computer Chips )
Till 1993 the GDP of China and India were comparable, but now China is 4 or 5 times ahead ! What happened ? Outsourcing of manufacturing from the US to China is what happened. Not only was there massive inflow of FDI to China, there was also free flow of US technology, created about 100 million new jobs ( 20 % of total ) in China, on top of that China was allowed to run up a Trade Deficit of $350 billion a year with the US for the last 20 years. So is it any wonder that the Chinese economy has grown 30x in the last 30 years ! Of course we have to acknowledge that the Chinese themselves also worked very hard and smart to make the most of this Bonanza with no parallel in human history. But part of that working hard and smart also included tempting Japanese and German Co.s ( Kawasaki and Siemens ) with promise of buying High Speed Trains and then pirate their technologies. But the lesson has been learned and no one in High Tech trusts China anymore. The US has blocked the Chinese from buying 3 computer chip companies.
First, China is more united. The Chinese people have a cultural foundation of thousands of years and are not like the cultural foundation of the fault in India.
Second, China has a better electoral system.
Third, China has been honed and prepared for decades in the early stage of reform and opening up. The founding of New China laid the foundation for China.Resume the college entrance examination and start the talent pool. Then reform and opening up allowed China’s economy to take off,
Fifth, China's social atmosphere. The feudal superstition of China a hundred years ago is more serious than the racial system of India. However, the ideological liberation activities of China’s May Fourth Movement, the Cultural Revolution and so on have made China’s feudal superstitions less and less. Now most people believe that science is rejuvenating, and Chinese people know The princes will have a kind of relationship with each other. Although the ethnic system in India has been canceled for decades, it may just be abolished. Most of the thoughts are still deeply rooted in the hearts of the Indian people.
Sixth, the Chinese are more diligent. I went on a business trip to China and India and found the same job. It takes a month for the Chinese to spend only one day doing things. The Indians sat down and prayed after a while, and the Chinese felt that work was a challenge. Everyone works hard for the next challenge.
译文来源：三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/49217.html 译者：Joyceliu
The main reason behind this is that China choosed agriculture as its prime moving force after its independence and they use their agricultural gains to sponser their industrial sector and they later on progressed to service sector.
While India chose industrial sector as its prime moving force after its independence, where country's large number of peoples are suffering from poverty, country do not have food security,country have low investment capital to invest in infrastructure sector I don't think moving straightforward to industrial sector is a sound decision. By not choosing agriculture as PMF we didn't gave a chance to our farmers to progress through agriculture and then progress to manufacturing sector as China did.After new economic policy or we can say LPG reforms the country directly jumps to service sector. The country does not go stepwise in progressing. Today agriculture sector accounted for 13.7% of the GDP and have 50% of the workforce in other words 50% of country's population is relying on 13.7% of GDP. I think that is the real reason that we are not developing in the same rate as China.
Sree V, B Tech Engineering
How did China race past India , even though we were on for Centuries and even till 1970s
- Single party Rule ( I am not suggesting that we should have a similar Governance) allowed long term planning for development.
- Technocracy playing a major role in Economic Policy Cohesion , implementation
- The process started in late 70s , whereas India waited till 1991
- “ Development “ at any cost , may result in some regions getting developed faster , some people getting benefits early , but others can catch up
- First Modernised their Manufacturing Industry , built world scale capacities ( with out any assurance of market from any body)
- Simplified Processes in Govt & industry , Ease of doing Business
- Achieved World Class skills , Productivity & Efficiency at low cost
- Number of Design /Tech Devpt centers
- Export Led Growth - Manufacturing Hub for the whole World
- Use its Massive Domestic Market to bargain with all major companies in the world to set up factories , transfer Technology to local companies
- Ensured competitiveness of Exports by managing the Exchange rate , incentives , low cost financing
- Massive Projects overseas by funding from Govt / Chinese banks with attractive terms.
There ranked no 1 in in GDP -PPP , become no 1 in nominal GDP too in less than 10 years. They are not resting on their laurels . They want their growth to be maintained so that their Per Capita income too reaches the levels of US /Europe
Next phase of development is going to be on “ Leadership in Technology Development , Innovation & boosting Domestic Consumption”
- A number of institutions set up for research into AI,Robotics , Elec Vehicles, Bio technology, Renewables etc
- Getting Talent from Foreign countries ( the best , not necessarily Chinese) on best terms
- Encouraging top foreign institutions to set up centers in China
- Setting up Chinese centers nearer to Talent Eco-system , in Europe/US etc
- Massive Funding for Research Projects
Altaf Abdul Kalam, Indian, Keralite, Tamilian, Mumbaikar
This might get a little pedantic.
Ever heard the adage “Well begun is half done”?
Well, India’s problem was that we didn’t begin well at all.
After Independence, we were staring at a 17% literacy rate and 33 years of life expectancy at birth. The per capita growth in India up until Independence was a pathetic 0.2% and we had repeated famines and droughts and diseases and epidemics and purposive neglect by the British to top it all off.
What we needed were radical changes.
The political leadership at the time was very much in consensus over ideas like a disproportionate role for the public sector, discouragement of foreign investment, economic planning and the like.
For all this to materialise, the go nment had to decide which among agriculture and industry would they choose to be the bulwark of India’s economic development because we sure as hell didn’t have the resources to do both. And they chose industrialization.
And many economists agree today, that that was a poor decision. Some of the reasons given are
- India lacked the necessary infrastructure to sustain an economic development model based on the industrial sector.
- Almost invisible investable capital both from the public and the private sector.
- Lack of any skilled workforce.
- Absence of any sustainable market for industrial goods and services because people needed food for their stomachs and roofs over their heads first.
On the other hand, the reasons to opt for agriculture seemed much more logical given our vast availability of fertile land and immense population which really did not need to be “skilled” to work in the fields.