Do you think India could send humans to Mars? Which country will send its first manned mission to Mars?
Bhaskar Dutta, I am an Indian by birth and by heart
Sending man to Mars has its own complications that needs to be addressed. These include:
The largest limiting factor for sending humans to Mars is funding. The estimated cost of sending humans to Mars is roughly 500 billion U.S. dollars, though the actual costs are likely to be more. In the late 1950s, rivalry between the Soviet Union and the United States stimulated a national priority to send humans to the Moon. Under the current global geopolitical climate, however, go nment funding of these programs has decreased.
Recent participation of private companies in space travel and participation by new nations such as India may present new opportunities.
India’s space agency ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) spent a mere $75 million to launch a small spacecraft bound for Mars, 140 million miles away. The Indian prime minister had previously joked the mission’s budget was lower than Gravity, the Sandra Bullock and George Clooney sci-fi film which was £13 million more expensive.
The general philosophy of India's ISRO is cost effectiveness. The Russians look for robustness and the Americans go after optimisation. The aim at ISRO was how to get to Mars on a budget. Hence, cost may not be a barrier for India to venture into a manned mission to Mars.
A spacecraft would require enough thrust to push itself back and travel a large distance from Mars to Earth. This would require a lot of fuel and would be difficult to carry them in the same space craft. So, India will have to make multiple visits to Mars and store enough fuel there before planning for a manned mission.
India successfully placed an un-crewed Mars Orbiter Mission (also called Mangalyaan) satellite in Mars orbit in 2014. ISRO plans a larger follow-up mission called Mangalyaan 2 by 2020. This mission will likely consist of a lander and a Mars rover. Hence sending multiple spacecrafts to Mars would not be an issue for India.
Indian work culture has a schedule, that’s driven to the extreme. This, apart from preventing cost over-runs, it also minimizes the time spent for mission. The Mangalayan mission had taken just 15 months months from announcement to the liftoff.
Elsewhere in the world, even space scientists have a 35-hour workweek. For Indian scientists, 12-18 hour-days are common. During the launch period of Mangalayan, many of ISRO scientists were working 20 hour-days. Being time effective makes Indians more prone to being successful and timely completion of required development.
There are claims that a long-term investment in space travel is necessary for humanity's survival. The benefits of establishing a human presence on Mars would increase public/private interest to join the cause and spark a cooperation.
In 2018, ISRO released an Announcement of Opportunity seeking proposals from the Indian science community for conducting experiments that could be carried out during the first two robotic flights of Gaganyaan. The scope of the experiments is not restricted, and other relevant ideas will be entertained.
In December 2018, the go nment approved funds for a 7-days crewed flight of 3 vyomanauts (a term used for Indian astronauts/cosmonauts, where, vyoma means 'space' or 'sky' in Sanskrit) to take place in December, 2021. If completed on schedule, India will become world's fourth nation to conduct independent human spaceflight after the Soviet Union/Russia, United States and People's Republic of China. After conducting crewed spaceflights, India also intends to continue with efforts with a space station program and possibly a manned lunar landing. The success of manned mission to Moon would increase the possibility of manned mission to Mars.
However, no plans for an Indian human mission to Mars have been made public by Indian go nment.
译文来源：三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/49180.html 译者：Joyceliu
Rahul Buddala, Men are from MARS
Not just India, any country in this world with a developed space program cannot send man to Mars at this point of time.
The Martian movie can be great to watch, but with current technology it takes 2.5 yrs to send a man to Mars with optimum usage of fuel, and nearly 8-9 months with a decent fuel burn. Austronanuts cannot stay in space for such long durations. It would effect their body physically.
And on top of it, it's a boring 2.5 yrs. Just black space all around. The people on board will be bored to death.
Neha, Enthusiast at Teradata
Will India send a person to the Mars? Yes
When will India send a person to the Mars? Within next 15 years
Will India be the first one to send a human to mars? No. Elon Musk will do it within next 10 years. Maybe he’ll select a few Indians to go to the Mars!
Has India sent a person to Mars? Maybe..at least, according to our mythology, we’ve sent people not not just mars, but other galaxies and Universes too!
I read an article in Times of India that more than one hundred thousand Indians have applied to go to Mars through NASA. So, your dream comes true right away!
Not only that, many many many more Indians should go to Mars. And never come back! Because we have lots of Indians in the world ! :-P
Nihal Kumawat, studied Outer Space & Space at Alok Sansthan (2017)
Yes in near future. It is essential to take step like this for india to stand in worlds space conflict
Yes. But need experience of 5 years in similar feild
Shreyansh Gupta, btech Space Exploration & Computer Programming, National Institute of Technology, Raipur (2022)
India is lined up with many upcoming projects like Aditya l1 mission to sun, chandrayaan 2 second mission to moon,mission to Venus and also isro is planning for mangalyaan 2. So most probably in mangalyaan 2 they will try to send a Rover to Mars but no official confirmation is there
印度有很多即将展开的项目，比如Aditya l1项目、chandrayaan 2项目、月球任务2项目、金星任务以及isro计划中的“火星飞船2号”。所以最有可能的情况是，在火星探测器2号上，他们会尝试向火星发射探测器，但还没有得到官方证实。
Sugandha K, Amateur Astronomer
Sending astronauts to Mars is far away right now.
First ISRO plans to send Indian in the space in the next 5–6 years. Then maybe to the moon in the next 10–15 years.
Meanwhile, NASA would most definitely have sent humans on Mars by that time. So maybe ISRO will follow up about 5–7 years after that.
Or, ISRO can form a partnership with NASA for the Mars mission.
Vivek Khare, studied Master of Business Administration Degrees at Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Indore
If Modi is elected, we can see that in the next 3–5 years otherwise the entire project will be scrapped.
David Cote, B.A. Engineering, University of New Hampshire (2010)
The only organization with an actual plan to get to Mars is SpaceX, and that plan is super far fetched at least at this stage.
Now, the SpaceX plan might very well work eventually, but there is so much we don’t know about operating manned deep space missions for that to realistically be the very first attempt.
The “safest” (and still very dangerous) method would be similar to the one depicted in the movie The Martian.
Basically, the Hermes is a mothership. A moving and “self sufficient” space station that can get to Mars and back all on its own, using supplies and fuel exclusively sourced from Earth.
Gary D. Brown, Operations Manager at BLang Concepts and Designs. (2014-present)
I don’t believe it will be one country. It will be some combination of countries and agencies. I would like to l think we might have representation from a least 3 or 4 nations onboard and maybe 20 nations in support help.
San Jeeth, interstellar travel enthusiasist
United States it will be the first country to send humans to mars .As of now only two organizations having independent launch capability and which are serious about launching a manned mission to mars are
NASA is a year away from testing massive rocket which will carry humans to mars , SLS( Space Launch System) and they have reached major mile stone in order to find solutions for challenges astronauts will face on a trip to mars . They are world leaders in space( do I have to say!)
Next space x, Elon musk’s dream is to colonize mars and space x is also working in that direction they are about to test launch their heavier Falcon 9 heavy launch vehicle this year and already have great success in bringing back spent rocket stages back to earth( saves cost) and they are a private organization, So they can work irrespective of influence of budgetry constrains by govt and they are planning to send humans to mars even before NASA!
接下来说说Space X，埃隆的梦想是殖民火星，Space X也在往这个方向努力。他们即将试射重猎鹰9号重型运载火箭，今年已经成功将火箭助推器带回地球(节约成本)，另外他们是私营企业，所以他们可以不受政府预算的影响，他们计划赶在NASA前将人类送上火星！
Either way they both are from United States.