How Delhi’s super-rich housewives strive to be part of a global elite
When Akash Ambani, son of Mukesh Ambani, one of the richest men in the world, decided to host a pre-wedding event in February 2019, he chose St Moritz in Switzerland. While St Moritz is a popular ski destination for the international jetset, it was not a prominent holiday destination for Indian elites.
But through my research with super-rich housewives of Delhi, I’ve discovered that since the Ambani winter gala, Swiss ski destinations such as St Moritz have become a part of the lexcon of the Indian elite. India’s cricket captain Virat Kohli and his wife, the actress Anushka Sharma, as well as other Bollywood celebrities, recently celebrated new year in Switzerland.
但通过对德里超级富豪家庭主妇的调查，我发现，自从安巴尼冬季盛会以来，圣莫里茨等瑞士滑雪胜地已进入印度精英阶层的词典。印度板球队长Virat Kohli和他的妻子，演员Anushka Sharma，以及其他宝莱坞名人，最近去往瑞士庆祝新年。
By choosing St Moritz, the Ambani family seemed to signal that they are at ease with the way of life of the international super-rich, and are comfortable with both an Indian way of being elite as well as a global one. This ambition, desire and anxety to be a part of the global elite was clear among the subjects of my new book, the super-rich women in Delhi who call themselves housewives.
There are 119 billionaires in India and the top 1% of people took 73% of the wealth generated in the country in 2017. My research looks at how Indian business elites use their money and explains both how their life is structured around luxury and privilege and marred by anxeties of class, money and race.
A global wedding
I spent some time with a bride-to-be, Soha*, who returned from the UK aged 23 after completing a masters programme and was set to marry Akshay, a man from a renowned Delhi business family. The match had been suggested by a famous marriage broker.
Soha was excited about her wedding, especially because her university friends, most of them non-Indians, were going to attend and they were looking forward to what she called a “big fat Indian wedding.” Soha had promised them a gala affair, but also warned them that she was not a typical Indian bride.
She saw herself as a sophisticated Indian and wanted her wedding to incorporate Indian traditions—but also appeal to a global palette. This meant, she told me, that the aesthetics and ambience of her wedding would not be “too loud,” by which she meant ornate decor with bright colours of red and orange. Instead, the colour scheme would be pastel to exude a sophisticated vibe. In fact, for her bridal wear too, Soha chose a golden beige outfit over red, a traditional colour for Punjabi brides.
The Hermès Birkin bag
One symbol of global eliteness that has been embraced by super-rich Indian women is the Hermès Birkin bag. The competition among them does not end at owning a Birkin. It also centres around whether the bag has been purchased from the Hermès showroom in India or from a city abroad, its colour and whether it’s made of “regular” calfskin, or an “exotic” leather such as crocodile skin.
The level of this competition struck me when these women discussed the “thrill” and patience involved in buying a Rouge Hermès Birkin. These red versions of the bag are available in limited Hermès showrooms around the world and there is a waiting list to buy one. These women assess who among them has the best fashion sense and is most “in” with international trends, based on who has the most number of Birkins, in which colour and leather, and bought from which cities of the world. Notwithstanding this sort of one-upmanship, they all agreed that Arab women are always a step ahead of them, buying not one but several Birkins, made of the most exotic leathers which are unavailable in the Indian subcontinent.
Anxeties of travel
For Indian super-rich families, a summer vacation abroad is a necessary signal of being part of the global elite. The super-rich women explained to me that since the middle class also travel widely nowadays, they need to develop strategies of distinction to set them apart from middle or upper middle-class Indians.
The first strategy is to avoid, what one super-rich woman, Reena called, “touristy” destinations such as Barcelona, Rome or Singapore. Instead, the super-rich look for more “exotic” or expensive destinations such as St Moritz, St Tropez in France, or Bora Bora islands in French Polynesia. Reena explained that since these destinations are very expensive—with only five-star hotels and high-end restaurants—the Indian middle class are discouraged from visiting. Moreover, these destinations are also visited by the super-rich of other countries, so they offer a chance for the Indian super-rich to mingle with other global elites.
A second strategy is to make sure they wear visible, high-end brands on holidays. Aarti, another super-rich housewife, recalled that a salesman at a luxury shop in London once mistook her for a middle-class Indian tourist—someone who cannot afford branded clothes and only window shops. As a result, she told me the salesperson responded halfheartedly and rudely to her queries and Aarti believed this was because she was dressed casually and not wearing clothes from any high-end brands. She thought she’d been treated in this way not only because of her race and nationality, but also because the salesman didn’t see her as a member of the global elite who buy high-end fashion products.
Since this incident, she makes sure that when she goes shop anywhere in the world, she wears her Louis Vuitton or Gucci scarf, clothes from Burberry and carries her Louis Vuitton, Dior, or Chanel bag. She wants to be instantly recognised as wealthy.
Adorning high-end luxury products, then, is not just about conspicuous consumption but also a way to assuage anxeties about not being recognised as elite in a global context. In a way, it seems that high-end luxury consumption, for these women, is a “membership fee” to be a part of a global network of elites.
译文来源：三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/49161.html 译者：Joyceliu
India is the poster child for wealth disparity.
The next new reality show: "The Real Housewives of Delhi." C'mon, you know it's coming...
The media is fixated on the Ambanis. Every time they talk about the super rich, they talk about Ambanis. Is there only one super rich family in India?
An article about the rich, superficial & vain housewife. It could be a housewife of any nationality. Not just Indian.
Millions suffer hunger and homelessness and super rich have no compassion.
ambanis should launch a free for all brand of deodorants for his country men.
Offensive at every level.
No wonder the prices are doing up at the Quicky Mart.
Unless you are traveling by private jet and armored car dressing to show your wealth makes you a target.
When you hear any Delhi person speak especially the women from there...they sound cheap! The loud and obnoxous. No where near elite.
sometimes rich is very poor in other areas.
India needs to stop its copycat mentality.
95% of people in India don't have toilets. Why don't these wealthy people build toilets for their country?
Don't they have any self respect?
So they're just housewives? They don't work? They get their money from their hard-working spouses?
Indians can never be egalitarians.
The stench of curry and b. o. are sure to follow
India the country with no flushing toilets
I beg your pardon. But the elite are those with kindness and consideration towards other people. Money has nothing do do with being elite.
I want back the 3 minutes I wasted reading this. Good grief...
A good Indian family.
lol they have to wear loud labels to be seen as wealthy... such big egos for people with no self esteem whatsoever. Always want to act like they’re Arabs, light skinned... self hate is real
Money can't buy dignity nor class.
While millions starve in India due to being poor and in poverty, it is a shame that these of children of ultra rich use wealth accumulated at the expense of hard working common man to spend the foreign exchange for their fun instaed of hel the needy and poor.
For these super rich ( I am sure they will be glad to be addressed as super-rich) everything is valued in terms of Money. They have inferior complexty which tells them that if they don't show off and spend money on luxury items/places then they will be seen with contempt by their peer super-rich families.
In such society one cannot be oneself. Each has to do or prove that they are above others and one way for people in rich category is to show that they can afford lot more than others in their category.
Of course this is not limited to super-rich class. This is common in rich, middle and upper middle class in class based society (India being very good example). Only lower and middle class people have to make choices that are within their financial means and be grounded in reality. Such class makes up 80% of Indian population. In India people evaluate and judge you based on how much you earn, how you are living, how much money you spend. Person's last names matters a lot. Upper class looks down on lower and middle class. Middle class looks down on lower class. Even within a class people compare based on last name, money, wealth (Money, home, car, clothes, color, lineage) and affluence.
You cannot be yourself in India unless you are a foreigner. A white foreigner as soon as they are in India or otherwise immediately occupies a very very high class in India. This is because white is seen as very prominent personality and associating with them gives Indians very high visibility among their peers and others.
Goal is to be seen as rich, affluent, association with other upper class, that's what competition strives for in India. People forget that there are people (either rich or highly intellectual) in India who have sacrificed comforts, live simple life and moved away from competition (because they want to be themselves), but such people in India are not valued and are rejected as failures. In India you are compared on basis of what you have, how much you have and how affluent you are.
If India's greats who toiled for freedom were to be alive today they would be shamed to be called Indians or live in India. India freedom fighter personalities such as Bal gandadhar Tilak, Mahatma Gandhi, Subbash chandra Bose, Dr. Ambedkar, Bhagat Singh, Maulana Abul KAlam Azad, Alluri Sitarama Raju, C. Rajgopalachari, Mrs. Naidu, and so many others lived by the mantra 'simple living and high thinking'. Note that these personalities were highly educated and wrote books of inspiration in high quality English that a rich person today may have difficulty gras.
谁在乎呢? ? ? ? ?
I see Indians in California buying businesses that will cost half a million dollars in order to stay in the Country legally with a temp Visa so later they can become citizens. Buying businesses jut for decoration because they don't do businesses and these who do hire only their illegal Indians and these people work hard working as modern slaves just like most Indians work in their home Country.
Poor little rich people.
Wealthy Indians care more about what would people's impression about their extravagance would be rather than about putting up charitable causes to help billions of suffering poor. If he could uplift the lives of a few thousand people, then it is a good cause. But no. They want people to drool over their wealth.
Nobody cares about India or it's wealthy people,they live in their own bubble.
The only thing people know about India is that they don't have toilets.
Probably one of the dumbest articles ever posted on here. Sounds so ridiculous to have to drape yourself in designer clothes, bags just to prove you are worthy.
After all it's about India. A starved nation and cheapest people in a world and the most unattractive people in a world. I have worked with well paid Indians, all they ate was a bowl of rice. They never invited themselves to a decent meal. Their problem is no matter how rich they get, because they come from hunger, they keep living in their past.
Just imagine India with all their billionaires yet they don't have a formidable charity organizations, still we American and others in the West have to help their poor. They are disgusting.