三泰虎

2030年人均收入达到5000美元—让这成为印度未来十年的目标

View: Let this be India’s goal for this decade — $5,000 per capita income by 2030

观点:2030年人均收入达到5000美元—让这成为印度未来十年的目标

Happy New Decade! Ten years is a long time in an individual’s life, less so for a country the size of India. Incidentally, the current year 2020 is where a lot of people felt India will become a superpower (remember all those Vision 2020 and Superpower by 2020 presentations)? While that has not happened, there has been significant change.

未来十年快乐!十年对于一个人的一生来说是很长的一段时间,对于一个像印度这么大的国家来说就不算长了。顺便说一句,很多人认为印度将在2020年成为超级大国(还记得那些2020年愿景和2020年超级大国的演讲吗?)虽然这还没有发生,但也已经发生了重大变化。

timg.jpg

Per capita GDP, one of the most important indicators of standard of living, doubled from around $1,000 to $2,000 per person, an average growth rate of around 7.2% per annum. This is real wealth in the hands of Indians, and we are all consuming more than we did a decade ago. There is no political suggestion in these achievements. In the last decade we had Congress as well as BJP go nments, so whatever has happened is a combined contribution of the two. We could have grown faster. There is still a long way to go to before we reach developed country levels like that of the USA ($60,000 per person) or even China ($10,000 per person). But we can now at least aspire to $5,000 per person by 2030, a respectable level, which will mean we are no longer a poor country. Take it to a $12,000 per person number by 2040, and we will become a semi-developed country, something many of us might be lucky to see in our lifetime. Rather than ‘superpower’ hyperbole, this can be our aspiration for India for the next two decades: $5,000 per capita GDP by 2030, $12,000 per capita GDP by 2040.

作为衡量生活水平最重要的指标之一,人均国内生产总值(GDP)从1000美元左右翻了一番,达到2000美元左右,平均每年增长7.2%左右。这是印度人手中的真正财富,我们现在的消费都比十年前多。在过去的十年里,我们有国大党和人民党政府,所以无论发生什么,都是两者共同的贡献。我们本可以发展得更快。要达到美国(人均6万美元)甚至中国(人均1万美元)那样的发达国家水平,还有很长的路要走。但我们现在至少可以期望到2030年达到人均5000美元,这是一个可观的水平,意味着我们不再是穷国。到2040年,如果人均消费达到1.2万美元,我们将成为一个半发达国家,我们中的许多人可能会很幸运地在有生之年看到这一点。我们对印度未来20年的期望可能是:到2030年人均GDP达到5000美元,到2040年达到12000美元,而不是“超级大国”这样的夸张口号。

This doesn’t sound sexy as ‘next superpower’ does, but if achieved, this will dramatically change the life of Indians. Per capita GDP apart, compared to 2010, we have better roads, better airports and almost everyone has a mobile phone. Most people have internet connectivity. Abject poverty is down, education and health indicators are higher.

这听起来不像“下一个超级大国”那么诱人,但如果实现了,将极大地改变印度人的生活。除了人均GDP,与2010年相比,我们有更好的道路,更好的机场,几乎人手一部手机。大多数人都能上网。赤贫人口减少了,教育和卫生指标提高了。

While the overall picture of the last decade was decent, as we enter 2020, we face a bleak economy. The average growth rate in the past decade was 7.2%, but the latest quarterly data shows the number at 4.5%. The $5,000 per person by 2030 aspiration requires an annual GDP growth of 9.6%. This is achievable if we focus and make it the number one priority for the nation. A collective goal for the next 10 years is to make the average Indian earn 2.5x more than s/ he does now (or from $2000 to $5000).

虽然过去十年的总体情况还算不错,但随着我们进入2020年,我们面临的是惨淡的经济。过去十年的平均增长率为7.2%,但最新的季度数据显示这一数字为4.5%。到2030年实现人均5000美元的目标需要9.6%的GDP年增长率。如果我们集中精力,把它作为国家的首要任务,这是可以实现的。未来10年的共同目标是让印度人的平均收入比现在高出2.5倍(或从2000美元到5000美元)。

Freeing the economy requires the go nment and its babus to let go of their power to a certain extent. They don’t want to and won’t unless we people push them towards it. If we as citizens demand economic growth as top priority, any go nment will have no choice but to focus on the economy as well.

解放经济需要政府和官老爷们在一定程度上释放他们的力量。除非我们逼他们这么做,否则他们不想这么做,也不会这么做。如果我们作为公民把经济增长作为首要任务,任何政府都将别无选择,只能专注于经济建设。

Let us welcome the next decade with one firm resolve: $5,000 per capita by 2030. A goal like this is better to communicate to Indians, as it sounds more personal than a macro $5 trillion economy. In today’s money, that is around Rs 30,000/month per person or around a lakh per family. This is an amount that can get you a good, dignified and civilised life in India. This is an amount that is achievable.

让我们以坚定的决心迎接下一个十年:到2030年人均收入达到5000美元。这样的目标与印度人更为切身相关,因为它听起来更像个人问题,而不是5万亿美元这样的宏观经济。以今天的货币计算,大约是每人每月3万卢比,或者每个家庭10万卢比。这个数量可以让你在印度过上美好、有尊严、文明的生活。这是一个可以实现的目标。

Let us resolve that in the next decade, we will keep reminding ourselves and the go nment, to make the economy a top priority. Let’s be humble and shun superpower rhetoric. Let’s have a better, achievable and worthwhile goal. To give the average Indian a dignified life, or a per capita income of $5,000 by 2030.

让我们下定决心,在未来的十年里,我们将不断提醒自己和政府,把经济放在首位。让我们保持谦逊,避开超级大国的言论。让我们有一个更好的、可实现的、有价值的目标。让普通印度人过上有尊严的生活,或者到2030年人均收入达到5000美元。

以下是《印度经济时报》网站读者评论:

译文来源:三泰虎        http://www.santaihu.com/49133.html

Bsrahmd

I just read this ! and it articulates exactly like what I had commented in another article in here. At least it makes me happy that somewhere out there are people who wish as I wish !

我刚看了这个!就像我在另一篇文章中所评论的一样。至少让我高兴的是,在某个地方,有人的愿望和我的一样!

 

BSC Sharma

Goal is set ! We may be born poor , but no one can stop us becoming rich by Woking hard and improve our productivity consciously.

目标设定好了!我们可能生来贫穷,但凭借努力工作和有意识地提高生产力,没有人可以阻止我们致富。

 

Sreenivasa Rao

A highly focused approach to better the lives of common man.

这是改善普通人生活的重点解决办法。

 

Kishore Shivani

ONLY SOLUTION CONTROL POPULATION OF SC/ST AND MINORITIES WHO CREATE POPULATION OF LAZY PARASITES WHO ONLY DEPEND ON FREEBIES AND SUBSIDIESAND DOLES AND ALMS WITHOUT CONTRIBUTING ANYTHING .THEN HOW CAN WE ACHIEVE OUR TARGET OF PER CAPITA INCOME.

只有解决方案才能控制社区和 的人口,他们是只靠赠品、补贴、施舍而没做出任何贡献的懒虫。我们怎样才能实现人均收入的目标呢?

 

Kishore Shivani

THIS IS FEASIBLE IF PEOPLE WORK AND NOT BE DEPENDENT ON THE GOVT FREEBIES AND SUBSIDIES AND DOLES AND ALMS..ALL SO CALLED FAKE POOR AND DISTRESSED FARMERS TAKE AWAY THE 95 % OF GOVT RESOURCES WITHOUT CONTRIBUTING ANYTHING THEN HOW CAN WE ACHIEVE THIS TARGET.

如果人们努力工作,不依赖政府的免费赠品、补贴、救济和施舍,这是可行的。所有这些所谓的“伪”贫困农民在没有任何贡献的情况下就拿走了95%的政府资源,那么我们如何才能实现这个目标呢?

 

Sabse Bada Swadeshi

T0 achieve this today Appreciate rupee to Rs 30 per dollar from Rs 75 per dollar by using imports as efficiently as possible and by using all possible import substitutes as much as possible.

今天,通过尽可能有效地利用进口,尽可能多地利用所有可能的进口替代品,卢比从75卢比兑1美元升值到30卢比兑1美元。

 

Micky

NOt possible.In india leaders spend most of the time focusing on winning elections.Take the case of true capitalist country like USA where the not only the fre m of speech is present but country gives top priority on work.People in India dont want protection,they want money.Gov doesn't understand this

不可能。在印度,领导人把大部分时间花在选举上。以真正的资本主义国家为例,如美国,不仅有言论紫游,而且国家把工作岗位放在首位。印度人不需要保护,他们需要的是钱。政府不明白这一点。

 

Realdeshbhakt

Not going to happen.First thing-UP-BIhar-bengal-orissa breed like rats.Whatever gains we get from technology-exports are wiped out by these folks.

这是不可能发生的。首先,比哈尔邦-孟加拉-奥里萨邦的人口繁殖就像老鼠一样失控。我们从技术出口中获得的所有收益都被这些人抹光了。

 

Micky

as if rest of states are minting gold and driving BMW

说得好像其他邦都在铸造黄金,开着宝马似的。

外文链接:https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/view-let-this-be-indias-goal-for-this-decade-5000-per-capita-income-by-2030/articleshow/73105530.cms

三泰虎原创译文,禁止转载!:首页 > 印度 » 2030年人均收入达到5000美元—让这成为印度未来十年的目标

()
分享到: