India approves third moon mission months after landing failure
India has approved its third lunar mission months after its last one failed to successfully land on the moon, its space agency said on Wednesday, the latest effort in its ambitions to become a low-cost space power.
The Chandrayaan-3 mission will have a lander and a rover, but not an orbiter, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Chairman K Sivan told reporters at its headquarters in Bengaluru, according to an official telecast.
The Chandrayaan-2 mission in September successfully deployed a lunar orbiter that relays scientific data back to earth, but was unable to place a rover on the lunar surface after a “hard” landing.
That mission had aimed to land on the south pole of the moon, where no other lunar mission had gone before. The region is believed to contain water as craters in the region are largely unaffected by the high temperatures of the sun.
ISRO had hoped to confirm the presence of water in the form of ice, first detected on its mission in 2008. Chandrayaan-3 will have a “similar configuration” as the previous mission, Sivan said.
Only the United States, Russia and China have landed on the moon. Beijing's Chang'e-4 probe touched down on the far side of the moon last year, while Israel made an unsuccessful attempt to land its Beresheet spacecraft on the moon in April 2019.
India's third lunar mission will likely launch in 2020 and will cost less than its previous mission, the PTI news agency reported on Tuesday, citing Jitendra Singh, junior minister for the department of space.
Sivan also said ISRO was making “good progress” for its human space flight mission slated for late 2021, adding that four astronauts had been picked for training, which will be planned later this month. The project, called Gaganyaan, would cost less than $1.4 billion, the go nment said in 2018.
India has developed a reputation for pioneering affordable satellite launches and space missions. Its unmanned Mars mission in 2014 cost just $74 million, less than the budget of the Hollywood space blockbuster Gravity.
Sivan also announced that ISRO had begun the land acquisition process for a second spaceport in the southern port city of Thoothukudi in Tamil Nadu state.
译文来源：三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/49087.html 译者：Joyceliu
Those try can be only successful and who doesn't do anything can't be successful.
Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad
Before embarking upon Moon, Mars, Jupiter and Galaxy of the Milky Way, please provide proper food, clothing, shelter and bathroom facilities to the helpless, poor, trifle and hapless eighty percent Indian population, including marginalized daleet and shudra people, forced to live under abject poverty line and earning less than three U.S. dollars per day.
India is rich country Now, easily afford funding for Hi-Tech space programs
Focus on your poverty and policies
@Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad, yes along with the same also make rich progress in human development, space exploration and research to make earth a better planet.
@ Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad，是的，随着人类的发展，太空探索和研究也取得了极大的进展，地球成了一个更好的星球。
@Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad, will be difficult for you to understand. This money is being spent so that when we do technology collaborations we do this as equal scientific partners. Projects like this help our local industry. Plus the added boost in national unity and pride.
@ Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad, 你很难理解的。这些资金花出去了，我们进行技术合作时我们才能成为平等的科学伙伴。这样的项目帮助了我们的本土工业。而且也增进了民族团结、增强了民族自豪感。
@Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad, so Pakistan don't do anything in space does all Pakistani have have all the basic facilities?
@ Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad，照你这么说，巴基斯坦并没有进入太空领域，难道所有巴基斯坦人都拥有基本设施了吗?
plenty of arab money is there for the wasting, instead of providing relief to the multitude of the poor. this is progress!
@Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad, Pakistan hardly has a space mission yet it seems to be doing nothing about people living in less than 50 cents a day
@ Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad, 巴基斯坦基本上没有开展太空任务，但对那些每天生活费不足50美分的人似乎一样无动于衷。
Turkeys don’t fly too high! What goes up must come down.
Those who never tried never failed. For some not trying and hence not failing is a success, for others every failure is a lesson learnt , much more than any success can teach you.
@Adil Mustafa, google about poverty in Russia, China and USA, all spending billions on space programmes!
Science to it
@Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad, Dear Doctor sa'ab, how about you focusing on polio instead of making sarcastic comments. Have YOU made any contribution to eradicating the disease (if you are a real medical doctor that is)?
@ Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad, 亲爱的萨阿布医生，不如你把注意力放在小儿麻痹症上，而不是冷嘲热讽怎么样？你曾为根除这种疾病做出过贡献吗(如果你是一名真正的医生的话)?
@Adil Mustafa, What makes you think that improving in space technology will not help to remove poverty? Doing this, India will not only be self-reliant but also earn money. Pakistan can help itself launching its own satellites instead of relying on others. That will surely save some $$ in the future. Simple math but difficult for some people.
Hope this time you are sending only lander and rover. Remeber we are already 98% successful
@Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad, You are simply jealous! Poverty can never be hindrance to science and technology
@ Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad, 你就是在嫉妒！贫困永远不会成为科学技术的障碍。
@Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad, you have good points but it’s kind of out place for this discussion.
@ Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad, 你的观点很好，但放在这里不太合适。
India has capability to achieve this milestone. Apart of our differences I appreciate Indian scientists.
India is trying it's best to stand with the space leaders but failing peace on its streets.
Nadeem I Malhi
Pakistan should also start its moon and space missions asap.
The last moon mission was by no means a failure. It did not land as it was supposed to but the mission overall was considered by all especially NASA as a huge success.
Do they even know where moon is?
Feed your people for crying out loud, getting to the moon ain't going to help anyone fill up their stomach
Off to Moon and then beyond. The future will belong to the dreamers. India is one of those countries.
India will conduct 25 space missions this year. Most of them will be income generators.
Super. Let the humanity benefit from this adventure.
A victory for the entire region. South Asian scientists are second to none.
@Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad, Sir your statistics is from they year 1960, you are quoting from antique books, it is today 2020, please remember it.
@ Dr. Salaria, Aamir Ahmad, 先生，你的数据来自1960年，你引用的是古籍，现在已经是2020年了，请记住这一点。
Care for hygiene. Making toilets in India are more important.
@Asif, India should spend to make toilets for public first.