三泰虎

印度水利部长:印度22%的地下水干涸或濒临干涸

 22% of India’s groundwater dried up or in critical state: Gajendra Singh Shekhawat

加金德拉·辛格·谢卡瓦特:印度22%的地下水干涸或濒临干涸

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NEW DELHI: Almost 22% of groundwater (assessed un- its) in the country has either dried up or is in the ‘critical’ and ‘over-exploited’ categories, Jal Shakti (water resources) minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat said as he emphasised the need to focus on efficient use of water resources and noted that 10% of water saving in the agriculture sector now would make it available for all users for the next 50 years.

新德里:印度近22%的地下水已经干涸或处于“危险”或“过度开发”之列,水利部长加金德拉·辛格·谢卡瓦特表示,他强调应该关注水资源的有效利用,

The ‘Dynamic Ground Water Resources of India’ report of the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) showed that 1,499 out of 6,881 assessed units (blocks/mandals/taluks) in 2017 came under ‘over-exploited’ (1,186 units) and ‘critical’ (313 units) categories. The report sought immediate change in extraction pattern of groundwater and surface water interventions.

中央地下水委员会(CGWB)发布的《印度动态地下水资源》报告显示,2017年,在6881个评估区域中,有1499个属于“过度开发”(1186个)和“危险”(313个)两个类别。报告要求立即改变地下水和地表水的开采方式。

With annual extraction of groundwater in these units exceeding annual replenishment, Shekhawat told TOI on Friday that it was time to improve ‘demand side’ management by taking multiple measures instead of only managing ‘supply side’ of water resources.

谢卡瓦特周五对《印度时报》表示,由于这些地区每年抽取的地下水超过了每年补充的水量,现在是采取多种措施来改善“需求方”管理的时候了,而不是仅仅管理水资源的“供给方”。

“Agriculture sector consumes nearly 89% of available water resources in India. We really need to help farmers and create awareness among them so that they can move towards water use efficiency measures such as drip and sprinkler irrigation,” he said.

他表示:“农业部门消耗了印度近89%的可用水资源。我们应提高农民的意识,这样他们就会采取节水措施,比如滴灌和喷灌。”

The highest number of water stressed blockswere in Tamil Nadu (541) followed by Rajasthan (218), Uttar Pradesh (139), Telangana (137), Punjab (111) and Haryana (81).

用水压力地区最多的是泰米尔纳德邦(541个),其次是拉贾斯坦邦(218个)、北方邦(139个)、特伦甘纳邦(137个)、旁遮普邦(111个)和哈里亚纳邦(81个)。

The CGWB report showed that ‘over-exploited’ areas were mostly concentrated in parts of Punjab, Haryana, Delhi and western Uttar Pradesh (where even though replenishable resources are abundant, there has been indiscriminate withdrawal of groundwater leading to over-exploitation); parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat (where due to arid climate, groundwater recharge is limited); and parts of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Tamil Nadu where due to inherent properties of crystalline aquifers, the groundwater availability is low.

CGWB的报告显示,“过度开发”地区主要集中在旁遮普邦、哈里亚纳邦、德里和北方邦西部的部分地区(在这些地区,尽管可补充的资源丰富,但不加选择地抽取地下水,导致过度开发);

拉贾斯坦邦和古吉拉特邦部分地区(由于干旱气候,地下水补给有限);

在卡纳塔克邦、安得拉邦、泰伦加纳邦和泰米尔纳德邦的部分地区,由于水晶体含水层的固有特性,地下水的可用性很低。

印度时报读者的评论:

译文来源:三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/48848.html   译者:Jessica.Wu

外文:https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com

YogeshDelhi6 hours ago

Construct dams, check dams, interlink all the rivers and harvest rain water harvesting system in every building and farm. The problem of dry groundwater will be solved automatically within a year.

建水坝,把所有河流连接起来,储蓄雨水。地下水干涸问题将在一年内解决。

 

Natarajan D6 hours ago

Minister is simply making statement. He can interconnect rivers to save water. Rain water harvesting system should be done on top priority, central govt can allocate funds for the same

这位部长只是在发表声明。他可以采取实际行动,连接河流蓄水,优先建立雨水收集系统,中央政府可以为此拨款

 

Muthusamy7 hours ago

High time to recharge Indian peninsula for the future

是时候为印度半岛的未来蓄水了

 

TruthUS4 hours ago

Useless go nment just make a speach, did something to save the same. No.

没用的,政府只发表声明,不采取实际行动

 

Gaana5 hours ago

Don't just give statistical figures about depletion of ground water resources. Please inform, what action / initiative is being taken to restore it.

不要只提供有关地下水资源耗竭的统计数据。说说正在采取什么补救措施。

 

DilipVictoria6 hours ago

Rains have hardly left the country a month ago. It was a year of surplus rainfall.

一个月前,几乎天天下雨,降雨量过剩的一年。

 

Ananthagopal KpBangalore6 hours ago

Self-suicide - insentivising farming leadibg to ground water exploitation leading to ground water depletion and finally death of farmjng !!

自取灭亡-对地下水过度开发的漠视导致了地下水枯竭!!

 

Mujeer4 hours ago

Then do something about it!!!! instead of Mandir Masjid issue, politicians dramas conserve precious water, methods to utilize them.

那就来点实际行动吧!!

保护珍贵的水资源

 

pdkan5 hours ago

Time is critical. JUST through off ANY HUMAN ACTIVITIES within 200 meter of water resources. PROTECT and make them more efficient otherwise the country is DOOMED in coming 60 years

保护水源,提高水资源利用效率,否则这个国家在未来60年注定要灭亡

 

G MUTHUSAMY6 hours ago

Lakes and water bodies were spoiled like no where in India

在印度,湖泊和水体遭到了前所未有的破坏

 

Arun Choudhary6 hours ago

very dangerous situation ,,,preventive messure to be taken soon ,,,

形势危急,必须尽快采取预防措施。

 

ArunDelhi4 hours ago

Why we are allowing water to get to sea which is already having level to drown few cities near sea. ries and water� reserve which can help in eliminating difficulties in time of no rain

为什么我们要让水流入大海,海水已经淹没了一些沿海城市。

 

rajneesh_oshoLocation5 hours ago

Stop giving subsidy on water and electricity to farmers. Stop buying Basmati rice in Punjab and Haryana if you are serious

停止对农民的水电补贴。

 

Ashok KumarCalgary5 hours ago

I have wondered for a long time why ground water issue was not discussed any where. This is a very serious matter and must be addressed before it causes more damages. Without knowing the consequences, people dig a birewell indiscrimantely. Government has to regulate it and provide alternative source such as by building canals and joining rivers.

很长时间以来,我一直想知道为什么没有人讨论地下水问题。这是一个非常严重的问题,赶紧加以解决,以免造成更多损失。人们挖深井,不知道会造成什么后果。政府必须对此进行管理,并提供替代水源,如修大坝

 

Patriot6 hours ago

We have enough water coming in all the time from rain which we can store and we have ultimate source sea water desalination for all coastal towns.

降雨量大,我们可以储存雨水。还可以淡化海水,供应所有沿海城镇。

 

gopal goshala3 hours ago

Unless CHEMICAL FARMING is totally banned & we return to our traditional COW BASED NATURAL FARMING, Water Consumption, Wastage & Shortages can not be avoided. Follow Sikkim.

除非完全禁止施肥,回到传统的自然耕作,否则水的消耗、浪费和短缺是不可避免的。

 

Paul S3 hours ago

The problem of ground water due to over exploitation in last couple of decades cannot be solved in a couple of years.Western practice of water consumption is not suited in a highly populated country with scarce water resources.

过去几十年由于过度开采而造成的地下水问题不可能在几年内解决。西方的用水方式不适合人口众多、水资源稀缺的国家。

 

Guest4 hours ago

Yes a real concern and much of our attention needed for this among all the junk news.

是的,这是一个真正的问题,我们应多加关注。

 

Sambappa Kalvala5 hours ago

There should be legislation on exploitation and recharge of ground water

关于地下水的开发利用和补给应予以立法

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