22% of India’s groundwater dried up or in critical state: Gajendra Singh Shekhawat
NEW DELHI: Almost 22% of groundwater (assessed un- its) in the country has either dried up or is in the ‘critical’ and ‘over-exploited’ categories, Jal Shakti (water resources) minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat said as he emphasised the need to focus on efficient use of water resources and noted that 10% of water saving in the agriculture sector now would make it available for all users for the next 50 years.
The ‘Dynamic Ground Water Resources of India’ report of the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) showed that 1,499 out of 6,881 assessed units (blocks/mandals/taluks) in 2017 came under ‘over-exploited’ (1,186 units) and ‘critical’ (313 units) categories. The report sought immediate change in extraction pattern of groundwater and surface water interventions.
With annual extraction of groundwater in these units exceeding annual replenishment, Shekhawat told TOI on Friday that it was time to improve ‘demand side’ management by taking multiple measures instead of only managing ‘supply side’ of water resources.
“Agriculture sector consumes nearly 89% of available water resources in India. We really need to help farmers and create awareness among them so that they can move towards water use efficiency measures such as drip and sprinkler irrigation,” he said.
The highest number of water stressed blockswere in Tamil Nadu (541) followed by Rajasthan (218), Uttar Pradesh (139), Telangana (137), Punjab (111) and Haryana (81).
The CGWB report showed that ‘over-exploited’ areas were mostly concentrated in parts of Punjab, Haryana, Delhi and western Uttar Pradesh (where even though replenishable resources are abundant, there has been indiscriminate withdrawal of groundwater leading to over-exploitation); parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat (where due to arid climate, groundwater recharge is limited); and parts of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Tamil Nadu where due to inherent properties of crystalline aquifers, the groundwater availability is low.
译文来源：三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/48848.html 译者：Jessica.Wu
YogeshDelhi6 hours ago
Construct dams, check dams, interlink all the rivers and harvest rain water harvesting system in every building and farm. The problem of dry groundwater will be solved automatically within a year.
Natarajan D6 hours ago
Minister is simply making statement. He can interconnect rivers to save water. Rain water harvesting system should be done on top priority, central govt can allocate funds for the same
Muthusamy7 hours ago
High time to recharge Indian peninsula for the future
TruthUS4 hours ago
Useless go nment just make a speach, did something to save the same. No.
Gaana5 hours ago
Don't just give statistical figures about depletion of ground water resources. Please inform, what action / initiative is being taken to restore it.
DilipVictoria6 hours ago
Rains have hardly left the country a month ago. It was a year of surplus rainfall.
Ananthagopal KpBangalore6 hours ago
Self-suicide - insentivising farming leadibg to ground water exploitation leading to ground water depletion and finally death of farmjng !!
Mujeer4 hours ago
Then do something about it!!!! instead of Mandir Masjid issue, politicians dramas conserve precious water, methods to utilize them.
pdkan5 hours ago
Time is critical. JUST through off ANY HUMAN ACTIVITIES within 200 meter of water resources. PROTECT and make them more efficient otherwise the country is DOOMED in coming 60 years
G MUTHUSAMY6 hours ago
Lakes and water bodies were spoiled like no where in India
Arun Choudhary6 hours ago
very dangerous situation ,,,preventive messure to be taken soon ,,,
ArunDelhi4 hours ago
Why we are allowing water to get to sea which is already having level to drown few cities near sea. ries and water� reserve which can help in eliminating difficulties in time of no rain
rajneesh_oshoLocation5 hours ago
Stop giving subsidy on water and electricity to farmers. Stop buying Basmati rice in Punjab and Haryana if you are serious
Ashok KumarCalgary5 hours ago
I have wondered for a long time why ground water issue was not discussed any where. This is a very serious matter and must be addressed before it causes more damages. Without knowing the consequences, people dig a birewell indiscrimantely. Government has to regulate it and provide alternative source such as by building canals and joining rivers.
Patriot6 hours ago
We have enough water coming in all the time from rain which we can store and we have ultimate source sea water desalination for all coastal towns.
gopal goshala3 hours ago
Unless CHEMICAL FARMING is totally banned & we return to our traditional COW BASED NATURAL FARMING, Water Consumption, Wastage & Shortages can not be avoided. Follow Sikkim.
Paul S3 hours ago
The problem of ground water due to over exploitation in last couple of decades cannot be solved in a couple of years.Western practice of water consumption is not suited in a highly populated country with scarce water resources.
Guest4 hours ago
Yes a real concern and much of our attention needed for this among all the junk news.
Sambappa Kalvala5 hours ago
There should be legislation on exploitation and recharge of ground water