Why Chinese are traveling to Africa, and why Africans are traveling to China
Direct airline flights between Africa and China have jumped over 600% in the past decade. Planes today are not only full of workers and traders seeking prosperity, but also short-term tourists and students, seeking leisure and knowledge.
China’s “Go Out” policy, implemented in 1999, sent employees of Chinese state-run companies to Africa, as well as investment money. China’s official record shows there were around 200,000 Chinese construction workers, engineers, translators, company executives, and the like in Africa in 2017.The workers typically fly back to China to visit families once or twice a year.
Some workers stayed after their employment contracts ended with the state companies and started their own businesses. Howard French, the author of the book China’s Second Continent: How a Million Migrants are Building a New Empire in Africa, estimated there could be up to two million Chinese workers in Africa.
Africans are also going to China to make money. Unlike the Chinese, they are often not supported by their home country. Some are traders and entrepreneurs going to China to make deals and export Chinese goods to their home countries and regions. There are also small business owners and fashion models, who faced social and legal hurdles.
The largest African immigrant community in China is in Guangzhou, a manufacturing hub and trading port in southern China. The Chinese authorities counted 200,000 entries to the city by African visitors in 2016.
Business travelers may have initiated the demand for easier air travel between Africa and China, but flights today are increasingly serving leisure-seeking tourists.
Chinese travel abroad has tripled in the past decade. The top five most frequently-visited African countries by Chinese travelers reflect the trend.
Most leisure tourists traveling to Africa come from Shanghai. They spend an average of $1,683 for a week-long trip, according to a special 2018 report (link in Chinese) from the China Tourism Academy. Top destination cities include Cairo; Port Luis, Mauritius; and Casablanca, Morocco.
To attract Chinese tourists, Morocco waived visa requirements in 2016 for Chinese nationals traveling 90 days or less. Chinese tourism to Morocco increased from 43,000 that year to over 107,000 in 2017. Tunisia enacted the same visa policy for Chinese travelers in 2017 and tripled its inbound visitors from China. Angola, Botswana, Ethiopia, South Africa, Rwanda, Zimbabwe all made adjustments to their visa requirements in 2018 to make it easier for Chinese nationals to travel to their countries, according to a report by Migration Policy Institute. Just last week, Sierra Leone announced a new visa-on-arrival policy for a number of countries including China, making it the 28th African countries Chinese tourists can visit without obtaining a visa first.
Non-business travelers from China vastly outnumber business travelers in both Kenya and South Africa.
Even with the rapid increase of visitors, however, Africa is still not a typical destination for Chinese tourists. Of the 130 million foreign trips Chinese travelers made in 2017, only 0.62% of them, ended up in African nations.
Africans are traveling to China too. They made up 2.2% of total visitors to China in 2018, up from 1.8% in 2009. There are more Africans in China today than ever before.
China is the second most popular study-abroad destination, after France, for students from African nations. Over 81,000 Africans went to China to study in 2018. Africans are now the largest group of foreign students in China.
译文来源：三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/48400.html 译者：Joyceliu
I visited Africa a few years ago, you have to give credit to the Chinese: they built most of the roads, railway, stadiums and schools in Africa. They are actually helping local developing their living standards!!
China wants bases and expanded markets.
chinese travel everywhere - I saw crowds and crowds of them in a few europian cities
Over 2 years ago the Nairobi , Kenya international airport ( JKIA ) added Chinese to all verbal intercom announcements …..that's how big the Chinese are in Africa .
Television news show 60 Minutes reported years ago that China was building roads, schools, and other infrastructure in their "good faith" efforts to sway entire African countries to sell their oil "exclusively" to China. China would also pay for drilling and refineries to be built. The 60 Minutes show was sort of "strike fear in the U.S." news piece, but also a "how in the world did the United States not see this happening before China was too well entrenched in Africa?"
that seems an angle from the old times with slavery tradition. There is no such term as slavery in chinese history since 3000 years ago
Promoting tourism is big business.
Because China know what Africa has and whoever controls Africa can control the whole world, Africa is a sleeping giant with 65% of the gold and diamonds in the whole world, poor but yet the richest place on Earth and people know it.
Whoever controls Africa will control the world. Believe it or not
While people in the comments can't help their racism... The reason china is so invested is due to resources and possibly land... Africa is a gold mine full of untapped resources the African countries have yet to exploit but it will become a problem when the Africans realize the Chinese are not friendly just greedy and want all the resources they got
China is smart. While America spends money on endless wars, China is building infrastructure in many countries. For example, Africa has a few routes on their new Silk Road. China wants to dominate trade the way America used to. Blood thirsty Americans don't realize wars are EXTREMELY expensive and all these trillions of dollars you guys spent on war could have been going toward investing in other places to solidify your place as number 1.
Well, unlike the scared of everyone not white GOP, China understands some of the largest mineral deposits in the world are in Africa. So China is spending money building up the grids in Africa in order to obtain the resources. While at the same time Republicans are claiming coal is clean and the future of America.
DUH the Chinese are going around the world gathering NATURAL RESOURCES of which im sure there plenty in Africa.They are also setting up banks and factories to set up the whole thing from production to the money end.The USA spent too much time in the middle east now China rules Asia and the waters.
Why? short answer is; mutual respect & mutual beneficial. Unlike the US & the West just loot Africa for over 400 yrs.
Why do you think we have such a "sour grapes" attitude towards China. When we realized that we cant tell the entire world who they can sell their oil to, we had to use tariffs as a way to try and dictate what the world and China can do.
A lot of the citizens of African nations will regret the the deals their already corrupt leaders have/will make. In most infrastructure spending the money goes to local businesses and local workers. The deal China makes is that they use their own companies and their own workers. The difference is a great percentage of the money goes back into China instead enriching the country's economy. They get a very small if any economic benefit, some infrastructure that is poorly made and massive debt.
the world is all connected, I don't care which country wants to help africa, but collectively if we don't positively influence the world, we will be bring destruction.
Secretary of the Fence
China has been "courting" African nations for the last 30 years . When I was in Dakar,in the early 90's, I saw a Soccer Stadium that they gave the Senegalese. Africa is the last cheap labor force to be exploited.
They are traveling there to survey the locations of potential national resources so they can rape and plunder.
Why do europeans immigrants in North America care ??? Cause they have no homeland ... lol hahahaha
I am not surprise at all. They have what it takes to implement the 'Go Out' policy.
Well done, China, very well done Africa indeed. Keep up with the good work and "Make China and Africa Strong, Prosperous and Great Again"
The Chinese are taking advantage of most of Africa. They move in with almost no money create very low paying jobs and enslave the population for a buck an hour. If an american company did that they would get boycotted
China is investing in Africa in order to steal its resources. Rich in resources but lacking in infrastructure to bring it all out of the ground. So they are building roads do the machinery can get access to all the Oil, Gold, diamonds and the minerals for Electronics. It’s all an investment for their self interest. Chinese never do anything unless it pays off for them. They are modern day Colonialists like Britain was in India years ago until they were overthrown.
Somebody should help Africa coup up with the rapidly changing world . China is doing a good job by helping the poorer section of Africa .