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印度的布拉莫斯2:世界上最快的超音速巡航导弹?

Meet India's BrahMos II: The World's Fastest Supersonic Cruise Missile?

印度的布拉莫斯2:世界上最快的超音速巡航导弹?

With the BrahMos II venture put on indefinite hold, the Indian military is forging ahead with new, long-range and deep-dive versions of their BrahMos supersonic cruise missile.

Earlier this week, BrahMos CEO Sudhir Kumar Mishra announced that vertical deep-dive and 500 kilometer-range BrahMos variants are ready to enter India’s missile arsenal: "India has successfully test-fired a vertical deep dive version of BrahMos, the world's fastest supersonic cruise missile, that can now change the dynamics of conventional warfare...the upgraded version of the missile with enhanced range of up to 500 km is also ready.” Both of these new variants will feature the Mach 2.8 speed of the original BrahMos missile, roughly three times the speed of sound.

As the name implies, vertical deep-capability allows the missile to be fired at a “near-vertical” trajectory of 90 degree, climbing fourteen 14 kilometers before making making a steep dive toward its target. Mishra asserts that this will make BrahMos more effective on mountainous terrain and against bunkers as well as large surface vessels, suggesting that these improvements are aimed at bolstering Indian missile strike capability vis-à-vis China ...

随着“布拉莫斯2号”(BrahMos II)计划无限期搁置,印度军方正在研制新型、远程和深水版本的布拉莫斯超音速巡航导弹。

本周早些时候,布拉莫斯CEO Sudhir Kumar Mishra宣布垂直深潜和射程500公里的布拉莫斯变体已经准备好进入印度的导弹库:“印度成功试射了一枚垂直深潜版本的布拉莫斯,是世界上最快的超音速巡航导弹,可以改变常规战争局势…射程高达500公里的升级版导弹也准备好了。这两种新的改型都将具有原始布拉莫斯导弹2.8马赫的速度,大约是音速的三倍。

顾名思义,垂直深潜能力允许导弹以90度的“接近垂直”弹道发射,爬升14.14公里,然后向目标俯冲。Mishra声称,这将使布拉莫斯导弹在山区地形、掩体以及大型水面舰艇上发挥更大作用,这也证明这些改良导弹,增强了印度对中国的导弹打击能力。

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This is admittedly an unorthodox way to use supersonic cruise missiles, but one that may prove cost-effective for India’s budding, homegrown defense industry; modifying the already-existing BrahMos platform can save R&D costs over the risky and logistically difficult venture of investing in a new line of bunker buster-bomb technology.

Mishra claims that, with the introduction of the air-launched 500-kilometer BrahMos variant, the Indian air force (IAF) is the first in the world to arm fighter jets with this type of long-range missile. The successful test was reportedly conducted on a Sukhoi Su-30MKI. Given the massive cost and technical challenges of reinforcing the Su-30MKI’s undercarriage and expanding its hardpoints to accommodate the weight of the prior air-launched, 400-kilometer “BrahMos A”, it remains unknown what-- if any-- further modifications were required to install this latest variant.

A smaller and lighter version of BrahMos, “BrahMos-NG,” is reportedly compatible with the MiG-29K and even France’s Dassault Rafale, but this larger variant seems to be exclusively designed for India’s fleet of over forty Su-30 fighters that are specially modified to accommodate large cruise missiles.

诚然,这是使用超音速巡航导弹的非正统的方式,但对印度正在萌芽的本土国防工业来说,这也许是划算的;对现有的布拉莫斯平台进行修改,可以节省研发成本,若投资建造新的地堡诈弹技术生产线,风险和后勤难度都很高。

Mishra声称,印度空军引进了空中发射的500公里布拉莫斯改型导弹,是世界上第一个用这种远程导弹武装战斗机的国家。据报道,印度空军在苏霍伊Su-30MKI上进行了成功的测试。考虑到加强Su-30MKI起落架的巨大成本和技术挑战,以及增加挂载点以适应空中发射的射程400公里“布拉莫斯A”的重量,目前仍不清楚需要进行哪些改造来安装这一最新导弹。

据报道,一种更小更轻型的“布拉莫斯- NG”导弹,可与米格- 29k甚至法国的“阵风”战斗机兼容,但是这种更大的改型似乎是专为印度的40多架苏-30战机设计的,这些战机经过特别改装,能装载大型巡航导弹。

Last year, India’s Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) announced that it was developing an 800-kilometer BrahMos missile. It is unclear if this latest 500-kilometer variant is a developmental stepping stone to that ambitious goal, or a finished product in of itself.

These exponential gains over the 300-kilometer range of the very first BrahMos missile, developed jointly by Russia and India, were made possible by India’s June 2016 entry into the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), which prevents members from sharing missiles with a range in excess of 300 kilometers with nonmembers.

India has enjoyed rapid progress in developing BrahMos technology over the past several years, but the same cannot be said for the Russian-Indian project to produce its hypersonic successor. BrahMos II has languished in an ongoing cycle of overeager estimates followed by delays since its initial announcement in 2008, leading recent defense commentary to surmise that New Delhi may opt to purchase Russia’s upcoming Zircon hypersonic missiles if the BrahMos II program fails to yield substantive results in the near future.

去年,印度国防研究与发展组织宣布,它正在开发一种射程800公里的布拉莫斯导弹。目前还不清楚最新的500公里改型导弹是这一雄心勃勃的目标的敲门砖,还是最终的导弹成品。

印度于2016年6月加入导弹技术控制制度,严禁成员国与非成员国共享射程超过300公里的导弹,这使得俄罗斯和印度联合开发的第一枚布拉莫斯导弹在300公里以上射程取得了指数级增长。

过去几年,印度在研发布拉莫斯技术方面取得了快速进展,但俄印生产高超音速后继导弹的项目却并不尽如人意。自2008年首次宣布,布拉莫斯二代陷入了热切期盼与屡屡延迟间的死结,最近新德里国防评论猜测,如果近期内布拉莫斯II项目未能取得实质性的成果,军方可能会选择购买俄罗斯即将推出的锆石高超音速导弹。

美国雅虎网站读者评论:

译文来源:三泰虎      http://www.santaihu.com/48034.html     译者:Joyceliu

外文链接:https://news.yahoo.com

007MI64 days ago

Old news! Missiles have been in service since 2006 and despite many high potential capability claims, they are battle untested. Fast is one thing, accuracy is another. Besides how it deals with the sophisticate signal interference is unknown. This project is a collaboration between India and Russia, name came from the two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia. They plan to make 2000 of these and export half of the amount. It will be interesting if Vietnam, The Philippines, and Malaysia are able to buy and deploy these at their coastline, PLAN ships in the South China Sea will be sitting ducks.

又是旧新闻!导弹自2006年就开始服役了,尽管有许多高潜能力声明,但还未经过测试。速度快是一回事,精确度又是另一回事。此外,它如何处理复杂的信号干扰,还不得而知。这个项目是印度和俄罗斯的合作项目,名字来自印度的雅鲁藏布江和俄罗斯的莫斯科河。他们计划生产2000枚,并出口其中一半。如果越南、菲律宾和马来西亚能够购买这些导弹并部署在他们的海岸线上,那么在南中国海部署的中国军舰就危险了。

 

Jag4 days ago

Good news, the first order of priority is to defend your country, as history has shown

好消息,正如历史所鉴,保家卫国是第一要务。

 

mister g4 days ago

Maybe the fastest India cruise missile , will meet Americas fastest laser ! NOTHING IS FASTER THAN LIGHT !!

也许印度最快的巡航导弹,会遇到美国最快的激光!没有什么能比光跑得更快!!

 

Vloodymere_Pudding4 days ago

Hypersonic missiles are already under development which will make current cruise missiles obsolete including the Brahmos.

高超音速导弹已经在研发中,包括布拉莫斯在内的现有巡航导弹都得被淘汰。

 

Tomhum19644 days ago

Hey someone gotta contain China right, and I think India is best for the job due to it geological location which really close to China!

嘿,总得有人牵制住中国,我认为印度是最适合这项工作的,因为它的地理位置非常接近中国!

 

OrdinaryGod4 days ago

some Indians claim they had missiles and fighter jets around 3000-4000BC. the fact of the matter is about 10% of the population still goes on railway tracks. India and Pakistan should focus on building public toilets and keeping them clean before building curry bombs and cruise missiles

一些印度人声称他们在公元前3000-4000年左右就拥有导弹和战斗机了。事实上,大约10%的人口仍奔波在铁路上。印度和巴基斯坦在建造咖喱诈弹和巡航导弹之前,应该把重点放在修建公共厕所和保持厕所清洁上。

 

mike4 days ago

95 percent of India's people dont have 2 nickel's in there pockets and this is what there spending there money on. classic stuff.

95%的印度人口袋里都找不出两枚镍币,可他们却把钱花在这种事上。

 

Will4 days ago

"... the Mach 2.8 speed of the original BrahMos missile, roughly three times the speed of sound." Uhhh, 2.8 times the speed of sound.

“…第一代布拉莫斯导弹速度为2.8马赫,大约是音速的三倍。”嗯,是2.8倍音速。

 

Dave994 days ago

What a confusing un-informative article of The National Interest. I'd suggest it is in the National Interest for The National Interest to leave these stories to those more qualified in explaining them. The Picture isn't even a BrahMos II as the blurb implies it's a BrahMos PJ-10 missile. Easily checked on Wiki. Stick to doing history based articles Mark.

这是一篇涉及国家利益的令人困惑的空泛文章。我认为,把这些故事留给那些更有资格解释它们的人,是符合国家利益的。这张照片甚至都不是布拉莫斯II,因为宣传语暗示它是布拉莫斯PJ-10导弹。很容易在维基上查到。坚持做基于历史的文章标记。

 

StigMeister4 days ago

At least much of China has indoor flush toilets, sweeps their streets and doesn't allow cows to freely walk all over the place.

至少中国大部分地区都有室内冲水马桶,有专人清扫街道,不允许奶牛自由走动。

 

kevin4 days ago

BrahMos II is the world's fastest supersonic crayon cruise missile.

布拉莫斯II是世界上最快的超音速巡航导弹。

 

Puneeth5 days ago

We may not need this in reality. But this will surely keep world bullies at a distance. You know which bully I am referring to.

在现实中,我们可能并不需要这些。但这肯定会让世界霸凌者敬而远之。你知道我指的是哪个恶霸。

 

D4 days ago

I frequently enjoy National Interest, but this nonsense that treats weapons systems and military hardware like online dating really needs to stop. There is NOTHING sexy about advanced weaponry. These systems are (sometimes) a necessary evil. Other times, they are just a waste of money and evil.

我喜欢看《国家利益》,但这种把武器系统和军事硬件搞得像网上约会的无聊事真的得停了。先进的武器并不诱人。这些武器(有时)是种罪恶。其他时候也只是金钱的浪费和邪恶。

 

Kaipo3 days ago

Brahmos is a shared tech with Russia, US is on the verge of deploying tactical defensive lasers to counter supersonic missiles. This supersonic cruise missile will only be effective during bad weather (monsoon) situation. The US is also developing a microwave defensive systems to cook the circuitry of any incoming supersonic or hypersonic missiles. On the Chinese side who claim to have a carrier killer missiles the US will counter that missile system with lasers mounted on every destroyer escorts on the perimeter of an aircraft carriers. That's how the carriers are protected a picket of escort ships with unknown number of hunter/killer subs (Los Angeles Class).

布拉莫斯导弹是与俄罗斯共享的技术,美国即将部署战术防御激光来对抗超音速导弹。这种超音速巡航导弹只有在恶劣天气(季风)情况下才会有效。美国还在开发一种微波防御系统,用于烹煮任何来袭的超音速或高超音速导弹的电路。对于声称拥有航母杀手导弹的中国,美国将在每艘驱逐舰上安装激光反制导弹系统。航母就是这么得到保护的,一群护卫舰带着数量未知的猎人/杀手潜艇(洛杉矶级)。

 

LAXMAN3 days ago

Now somebody will comment about building toilets... LOL

Infrastructure including toilets are being built at a fast pace under Modi govt., and will be solved in the next 4-5 years.

India is fortunate that it has 'solvable' problems of toilets/roads/power and is already working towards solving it at a break-neck pace.

Fortunately, it does not have structural problems like gun violence, single parenting, dysfunctional family system etc. which are much more difficult to solve.

现在肯定会有人提到厕所的……哈哈

在莫迪政府的领导下,包括厕所在内的基础设施正在快速建设,将在未来4-5年内得到解决。

幸运的是,印度拥有“可解决的”厕所/道路/电力问题,而且已经在以极快的速度努力解决这个问题。

幸运的是,印度没有枪支暴力、单亲家庭、功能失调的家庭体系等结构性问题,而这些问题的解决难度要大得多。

 

DAVID4 days ago

It sounds a lot like they are mimicking a ballistic trajectory. If so, why not just use a ballistic missile?

这听起来很像他们在仿制弹道轨道。如果是这样,为什么不直接使用弹道导弹呢?

 

Will4 days ago

Straight up for 14 km isn't all that unusual. What follows is supersonic flight then glide to the target. We were doing that back in the 50's, though not to 14km up and 500 km range. Mach 2.8 is pretty darn good though.

直线爬升14公里并不稀奇。接下来是超音速飞行,然后滑翔到目标。我们在50年代就这么做了,只是没有达到14公里和500公里的距离罢了。不过2.8马赫已经相当不错了。

 

askar4 days ago

BrahMos is made together with Russia but yahoo, obviously, did not mention this.

布拉莫斯是与俄罗斯合作生产的,但雅虎显然没有提到这一点。

 

JackJ4 days ago

How come we don't have anything close to this in the US Inventory? During Obama years we did nothing but twiddle our thumbs when it came to Military Defense. Let's get our act together with both Parties understanding that if we continue to fight with each other this allows our real enemies to increase their advantages.

为什么美国的武器中没有类似的产品呢?在奥巴马执政期间,在军事防御问题上,我们什么也没做,无所事事。让我们和两党一起行动起来,双方都明白,如果我们继续互相斗争,这将使我们真正的敌人增强优势。

 

Rudy4 days ago

I am not a mathematician, But vertical launch to 14 km height,and then steep dive to target? Impossible to reach 500 km in distance.

我不是数学家,但是垂直发射到14千米的高度,然后陡然俯冲到目标?距离不可能达到500公里。

 

El4 days ago

How about providing The fastest toilet or supersonic clean water? People can use those....missiles not so much.

提供最快的马桶或超音速净水怎么样?起码还能让人们派上用场…导弹就不那么重要了。

 

Al3 days ago

Looks a lot like the old RIM-8 Talos missiles we quit using back in 1979.

看起来很像老的RIM-8塔罗斯导弹,我们在1979年就停止使用了。

 

Rashid3 days ago

recently indian air force lost 2 migs and a helicopter and response by bjp govt was that we have many planes and people to throw so its not a problem.

最近印度空军损失了两架米格战机和一架直升机,印度人民党政府的反应是我们有很多飞机和人员可以摔,这不是问题。

 

JJCasino4 days ago

If their software was done by the same Indian firms that did the Boeing Max's expect these missiles to go backwards away from their targets

如果软件是由帮波音Max开发软件的那些印度公司开发的,那么这些导弹会远离目标的。

 

Never Republican Again5 days ago

India ... If you're listening .... there's a place called Maralago. It's a great place to practice your new Missiles... Just Saying.

印度……如果你在听……有个地方叫马拉拉格。是一个试验新导弹的好地方…。

 

Ima4 days ago

Taking a vertical accent will put this weapon in jeopardy of being shot down...having it dive bomb on a target does not make any more accurate or effective.

As an anti ship weapon, if it flies higher then 200 feet, it will be detected and shot down....

垂直爬升会让这个武器有被击落的危险。用它来轰炸目标无法增强其精确度和有效性。

作为反舰武器,如果飞行高度超过200英尺,很容易会被侦测并击落。

 

Martin4 days ago

Next time Pakistan attacks, just bring 3-5 Su 30 MKI arm with BrahMos-Air supersonic cruise missile over to the border and wreck havoc.

下次巴基斯坦发动袭击时,只要带上3-5架苏30 MKI武装用布拉莫斯-空超音速巡航导弹越过边界,就能造成严重破坏。

 

Jeff4 days ago

It's Russian technology rebranded as Indian. The Russians don't trust giving their secrets to India and have diverted all resources to Sarmat. Trust was also lost when India divulged Russian military hardware secrets to visiting US officials, pulled out of joint 5 gen fighter development, insisted on "inspecting" Russian engine development, and other failed ventures.

俄罗斯的技术被篡改成了印度技术。俄罗斯人不放心把他们的机密技术交给印度,因此把所有资源都转移到了萨马特。因为印度向来访的美国官员泄露俄罗斯军事硬件机密、退出联合5代战斗机开发、坚持“检查”俄罗斯发动机开发,加上其他以失败告终的合作项目,印度也失去了俄罗斯的信任。

 

Daniel3 days ago

They have Hypersonic, counties only publicize obsolete weapons. The composite heat transfer material is well known in India. Hypersonic seems to be easier than we though and cheaper. It is just a aerodynamics and heat transfer problem, but the rest is common.

他们是具有高超音速,各国都宣传过时的武器。这种复合传热材料在印度很有名。高超音速似乎比我们想象的更容易,造价也更低。这只是空气动力学和传热问题,其余问题都很常见。

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