三泰虎

印度人真的有可能抵制中国商品吗

Is it really possible to boycott Chinese product in India?

真的有可能在印度抵制中国商品吗?

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QUORA网站读者评论:

Yogesh Damle, Associate Engineer at Tech Mahindra (2016-present)

It is technically possible , but it would result in loss of income for both countries, more for India.

Reasons

1 ) India and China have trade of more than $100 Billion , which is really a huge huge amount , more than GDP's of many countries .

2)Out of $100 Billion , 65% is by China, remaining is by India. Of course China is greater in numbers in every aspect, since they are the manufacturing Hub of the world.

3) Boycotting chinese product will result in Indian traders loss, as they first purchase this all stock from China, and they sell in India.If boycotted, it means Indians are self destructing their economy , as those traders contribute to Indian economy by paying Tax.

4)Boycotting will lead to joblessness of those indian traders, as china has already sold this stock to this tradres. So, those traders will suffer most, and so India.

译文来源:三泰虎   http://www.santaihu.com/46674.html       译者:Joyceliu

从技术上讲,印度可以抵制中国商品,但此举将导致两国的收入损失,但印度的收入损失会更大。

原因如下

1)印度和中国的贸易额超过1000亿美元,这确实是一个巨大的数额,超过了许多国家的GDP。

2)在1000亿美元中,65%是中国的,剩下的才是印度的。当然,中国是世界制造业的中心,所以在各个领域都更占优势。

3)抵制中国商品将导致印度商人的损失,因为他们首先从中国采购商品,然后在印度销售。如果抵制中国商品,就意味着印度人将自毁经济,因为这些商人通过纳税为印度经济做出贡献。

4)抵制中国商品将导致这些印度商人失业。因此,这些商人将遭受最大的损失,国家也会如此。

5) There's no reason for boycott , just because China is supporting Pakistan . If this were to be, then china can also easily block all indian products, because India is supporting Vietnam, Cambodia , which are rivals of China.

6) The whole smartphone market of india is almost occupied by chinese multinational companies which generates huge huge revenue for indian economies. If boycotted, india is itself going to suffer a lot.

7) If boycott , then why only chinese lanterns, bulbs and firecrackers ? Boycott smartphones from Xiaomi,Lenovo,Gionee,Oppo,LeEco,OnePlus, and laptops from Lenovo .

These all companies have started manufacturing in India, and they also think India is this second Home after china , as cheap labor helps them to keep cost low.

5)没有理由单纯因为中国支持巴基斯坦就抵制中国商品。如果这样的话,那么中国也可以因为印度支持越南、柬埔寨而抵制所有印度商品,越南、柬埔寨是中国的竞争对手。

6)印度的整个智能手机市场几乎都已被中国跨国公司垄断,这些跨国公司为印度经济带来了巨大的收入。如果抵制中国商品,印度本身将遭受巨大痛苦。

7)如果抵制中国商品,那为什么只抵制中国灯笼、灯泡和鞭炮?应该抵制小米、联想、乔尼、Oppo、LeEco、OnePlus的智能手机和联想的笔记本电脑。

所有这些公司都开始在印度加工生产,他们也把印度视为仅次于中国的第二个家园,因为廉价的劳动力帮助他们维持较低成本。

*There should be correct reason to Boycott trade with any country.

If you have to Boycott, then the product must be defective, Faulty, harmful etc.

*But the ground reality is , Chinese products are not Faulty,harmful.And that's why smartphones laptops made by chinese companies are more popular in India.

Conclusion : There should be correct reason to Boycott. Boycotting just because China is supporting Pakistan, is totally illogical, wrong , and un-explainable.

*抵制与任何国家的贸易必须有正确合理的理由。

如果你要抵制,那么商品必须是有质量缺陷的,有害的,诸如此类的原因。

*但实际情况是,中国产品没有瑕疵、也并非有害。这就是为什么中国公司生产的智能手机在印度更受欢迎。

结论:抵制应该有正确的理由。仅仅因为中国支持巴基斯坦而抵制中国商品是完全不合逻辑、完全错误且不能自圆其说的。

 

Sarath Chandran, worked at Idea Cellular (2011-2017)

This my analysis on recent talks on banning Chinese products.

Firstly let me discuss about Chinese trade in the world

  1. Chinese export is 2342 billion $. (Which is more than our GDP )
  2. This is 12% of Total exports in the world.

Which means China is number one in export. Just for your info saying that the 2nd position goes to USA(1621 bn $ only).

  1. Chenese imports value is around 1900 bn $.

This simply shows that they GAINED around 400(export-import) bn $ just through trade.

Our total export value: 320 bn$

Import value: 460 bn $..

Means we are LOSING 140 bn $ through trade..

Theory: A developing country should have more exports value than imports to become a developed one. This is what we call Current Account Deficits..CAD shud be within limits. Some times increasing CAD is good also but it depends on what assets we are importing.

以下是我对近期有关抵制中国商品言论的分析。

首先让我来谈谈中国的世界贸易。

1。中国出口额为23420亿美元(比我们的GDP还多)

2。占全球出口总额的12%。

这意味着中国是出口第一大国。另外,排在第二位的是美国(仅1621亿美元)。

3。中国进口总值约为19000亿美元。

这意味着他们单单通过贸易就获益4000亿美元(进出口差额)。

我们的出口总值:3200亿美元

进口总值:4600亿美元。

这意味着我们通过贸易损失1400亿美元。

原则上:一个发展中国家要成为发达国家,出口应该超过进口。这就是我们所说的经常账户赤字。经常账户赤字应该适当可控。有时候,增加经常账户赤字也不赖,但取决于我们进口了什么。

Now let us see the trade b/w india and china.

  1. Total trade costs 71 bn $..(around 4.3 lakh cr, which almost near to(70-75%) Kerala GDP)..
  2. Interesting thing is out of 71bn$ trade, 61 bn $ we are importing and only 10bn $ we are exporting. Which means we are buying(depending) a lot many items,especially electronics items.

China's 2% of total exports only exporting to India. So if we stop importing it wont much affect chineese exports.But we wont be able to survive without those highly depended commodities. Our manufacturing sectors may go sick.

Apart from this india and china started a cooperation named "CHINDIA". As per this agreement china will do FDI around 20 bn $ in india within 5 yrs...and many more agreements..Thatz why govt is not saying anything about Chinese products ban....

现在我们来看看印度和中国的贸易。

1。贸易总额710亿美元(约合4.3万亿卢比,接近喀拉拉邦GDP的70-75%)。

2。有趣的是,在710亿美元的贸易中,我们进口610亿美元,只出口100亿美元。这意味着我们要进口很多东西,尤其是电子产品。

中国出口总额中只有2%出口到印度。因此,如果我们停止从中国进口商品,对中国的出口并不会造成太大影响。但是,如果没有了这些高度依赖中国的商品,我们就无法生存。我们的制造业可能会出现问题。

除此以外,印度和中国还开始推行“中印”合作。根据这项协议,中国将在5年内向印度提供约200亿美元的外国直接投资……以及其他更多的协议……这就是为什么政府没有就中国产品禁令发表任何言论……

 

Rahul Gupta, My priority order (1) Country (2) Human Being (3) Religion

Yes, We can boycott Chinese products in India. Remember the moment when Japanese refused to purchase American oranges, despite their oranges were small and bitter.

I just want to tell a simple plan.

(1) Whenever you purchase any thing of your need just see whether it is “made in china” or not.

(2) When you saw the word “made in china” in your purchasing, First think about the alternative product, it may be made in India or made in Korea or made in Taiwan or made in Japan etc. Purchase that alternative product. For example I have a Samsung phone that is made in Korea.

Gradually it will be habit in Indians to avoid “made in china” and shop keepers will order the products from India, Korea, Japan or some other country, not from china.

是的,我们可以在印度抵制中国产品。还记得日本人拒绝购买美国橙子吗,尽管他们的橙子又小又苦。

我只想谈论一个简单的计划。

(1)无论何时你购买任何你需要的东西,只要看看它是不是“中国制造”就行了。

(2)当你买东西时看到“中国制造”这个词,首先考虑一下有没有替代产品,它可能是印度制造的,也可能是韩国、台湾、日本制造的,等等。购买替代产品呗。例如,我就有一部韩国制造的三星手机。

渐渐地,印度人会习惯避开“中国制造”,商家也会慢慢不再从中国订购商品,转而从印度、韩国、日本或其他国家订购。

If you have some emergency like medicines then you can use “made in china” product.

New comments on 17 Oct 2016: I just saw a phone of my colleague, I feel proud when i saw the label on that phone “Designed and Engineered by Samsung, Manufactured in India”.

We are making the most complex things of this world here in India like Rockets, Satellites, Fighter Planes, Missiles etc, then what these things are like Mobile, Computer, Washing machine, Geyser, Television, Air conditioner etc. We can make every thing in India.

在紧急情况下,比如药品,你可以购买“中国制造”的产品。

2016年10月17日的最新评论:我刚看到同事的电话,看到电话上的标签“三星设计和制造,印度制造”,我感到很自豪。

我们印度能制造世界上最复杂的东西,比如火箭、卫星、战斗机、导弹等,那么我们肯定也能制造手机、电脑、洗衣机、间歇喷泉、电视、空调等东西。我们可以在印度制造一切。

 

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