Who is more powerful, Russia or China?
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1stEconomy - China is an obvious winner, so Russia 0–1 China.
2ndMilitary - Russia has approximately the same amount of nukes as the whole NATO combined, plus Russian weaponary is the 2nd most advanced in the world. Russia 1–1 China
3rdPopulation - no comment. Russia 1–2 China.
4thTechnology. Russia is superior in space tech, China is better in IT sector, so Russia 2–3 China
5thTerritory - this is obvious. Russia 3–3 China.
6thEnergy - Russia is in world’s top for exporting natural resources, plus it is a leader in nuclear energy. Russia 4–3 China.
7thInfluece - both are the main players in their regions, both are the key members of SCO and BRICS. Russia 5–4 China.
8thQuality of life - in average, Russia is wealthier. Russia 6–4 China
9thCulture - China is one of the oldest civilizations on the whole earth. Russia 6–5 China.
10thInfrastructure - China is superior here. Russia 6–6 China.
Conclusion - overall, both are equally important players on the international arena. Hope this helps.
Powerful? It depends on what type of Power:
Political: Though both the nations have UN Veto power, any nation be it China, UK, Japan, India etc... etc... etc... Have to follow either the US or Russia in the UN... No one can take an alternate route other than to abstain. Did the US ever stop worry about external comments before invading Gulf or Did Russia ever worry to land in Syria, Georgia or snatch Crimea?
Defense: No country can ever become as equal, sophisticated and powerful than the US or Russia. Both Super Powers would always retain their places unless the current alignment changes which doesn't seem possible anytime sooner. Russia has become weaker both economically and in weaponry post the Soviet collapse, yet China nor any other nation are still not closer to them no-matter what. Russia is like an Army major while nations like China are still those who are young recruits who have a lot to learn.
Science: Though Countries like India, China etc are competing both in Space and Science they have a lot way to go to achieve what Russia and USA have achieved. Though not impossible, it would take a long long time for other nations to even individually send man to space or build a space station on their own with their own with their own technology and conduct research on them.
Linus Skov, I live in Europe and I'm loving it
I'm going to say China, because it beats Russia in every factor that could affect international politics. China has a much larger population (10x that of Russia) and therefore also a lot more cultural influence (soft-power) in the neighbouring region. While it's certainly still influenced by Western culture, China has it's own version of pretty much every heritage that we think of as unique to Western culture. Russia is much more tied to European culture than any East Asian nation ever will be, because 70% of Russia's population live in Europe.
China has a more populous and military. It's technology and training still doesn't match the US, but China certainly rivals Russia in what matters most in modern warfare: power projeciton. It's also worth noting that Russia's military are suffering from demographic torubles, which is the reason that foreign nationals are now able to enter the armed forces.
China has more allies, even though it never gets close to the Western alliance system of the EU, the Anglosphere, Japan, South Korea and the Gulf States. Russia's geopolitical area of influence isn't really something to be proud of. Even though it has good diplomatic relations with a number of nations, it's only has actual influence on five rather insignificant nations :(on the international stage, that is) Armenia, Belarus, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazahstan (members of the Eurasian Economic Union and the Collective Security Treaty Organization)
China obviously also beats the living daylights out of Russia in industrial capacity and economic health. China has a much larger and more stable economy, that notably isn't in a recession, unlike Russia's. China has behaved lately and has much better relations with the West, meaning no sanctions from the world's largest economies, which has been one of Russia's great perils.
Overall, I'd say China is much more influential on the world stage, even when it doesn't attempt to intervene in conflicts and expand it's area of influence.