三泰虎

俄罗斯和中国, 谁更强大

Who is more powerful, Russia or China?

俄罗斯和中国谁更强大?

timg.jpg

Quora评论翻译:

来源:三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/46098.html    译者:Jessica.Wu

外文:https://www.quora.com/Who-is-more-powerful-Russia-or-China

Ivan Alexeevich

1stEconomy - China is an obvious winner, so Russia 0–1 China.

2ndMilitary - Russia has approximately the same amount of nukes as the whole NATO combined, plus Russian weaponary is the 2nd most advanced in the world. Russia 1–1 China

3rdPopulation - no comment. Russia 1–2 China.

4thTechnology. Russia is superior in space tech, China is better in IT sector, so Russia 2–3 China

5thTerritory - this is obvious. Russia 3–3 China.

6thEnergy - Russia is in world’s top for exporting natural resources, plus it is a leader in nuclear energy. Russia 4–3 China.

7thInfluece - both are the main players in their regions, both are the key members of SCO and BRICS. Russia 5–4 China.

8thQuality of life - in average, Russia is wealthier. Russia 6–4 China

9thCulture - China is one of the oldest civilizations on the whole earth. Russia 6–5 China.

10thInfrastructure - China is superior here. Russia 6–6 China.

Conclusion - overall, both are equally important players on the international arena. Hope this helps.

1.经济:中国显然是赢家,所以俄罗斯VS中国:0:1

2.军事:俄罗斯拥有的核武器数量几乎相当于整个北约的总和,加上俄罗斯的武器装备是世界上第二先进的。俄罗斯VS中国:1:1

3.人口:不用多说了。俄罗斯VS中国:1:2

4.技术:俄罗斯在航天技术上领先,中国在IT领域领先。俄罗斯VS中国:2:3

5.领土:这是显而易见的。俄罗斯VS中国:3:3

6.能源:俄罗斯是世界上最大的自然资源出口国,同时也是核能领导者。俄罗斯VS中国:4:3

7.影响力:两国都是本地区的主要参与者,都是上海合作组织和金砖国家的重要成员。俄罗斯VS中国:5:4:

8.生活质量:平均而言,俄罗斯人更富有。俄罗斯VS中国:6:4

9.文化:中国是世界上最古老的文明之一。俄罗斯VS中国:6:5

10 .础设施:中国在这方面更胜一筹。俄罗斯VS中国:6:6

总结:总的来说,两国都是国际舞台上同等重要的参与者。

 

Anonymous

Powerful? It depends on what type of Power:

强大?这取决于在哪方面:

Political: Though both the nations have UN Veto power, any nation be it China, UK, Japan, India etc... etc... etc... Have to follow either the US or Russia in the UN... No one can take an alternate route other than to abstain. Did the US ever stop worry about external comments before invading Gulf or Did Russia ever worry to land in Syria, Georgia or snatch Crimea?

政治方面:虽然这两个国家都有联合国否决权,但任何国家,无论是中国、英国、日本、印度等等必须在联合国跟随美国或俄罗斯。除了弃权以外,没有人能选另一条路。在入侵海湾国家之前,美国有没有停止过对外界言论的担忧?俄罗斯有没有担心过登陆叙利亚、格鲁吉亚或夺取克里米亚?

Defense: No country can ever become as equal, sophisticated and powerful than the US or Russia. Both Super Powers would always retain their places unless the current alignment changes which doesn't seem possible anytime sooner. Russia has become weaker both economically and in weaponry post the Soviet collapse, yet China nor any other nation are still not closer to them no-matter what. Russia is like an Army major while nations like China are still those who are young recruits who have a lot to learn.

国防方面:没有哪个国家能像美国或俄罗斯那样老练和强大。这两个超级大国将永远保持各自的位置,除非当前的结盟发生改变,而这似乎在任何时候都不太可能。在苏联后,俄罗斯在经济和武器装备方面都变得越来越弱,但无论如何,中国和任何其他国家仍然没有接近他们的水平。俄罗斯就像一个陆军少校,而像中国这样的国家仍然是年轻的新兵,有很多东西要学习。

Science: Though Countries like India, China etc are competing both in Space and Science they have a lot way to go to achieve what Russia and USA have achieved. Though not impossible, it would take a long long time for other nations to even individually send man to space or build a space station on their own with their own with their own technology and conduct research on them.

科学方面:尽管像印度、中国等国家都在太空和科学上竞争,但要达到俄罗斯和美国的成就,他们还有很长的路要走。虽然并非不可能,但其他国家甚至需要很长时间才能独自将人类送入太空,或用自己的技术建立一个空间站,并在上面开展研究。

 

Linus Skov, I live in Europe and I'm loving it

I'm going to say China, because it beats Russia in every factor that could affect international politics. China has a much larger population (10x that of Russia) and therefore also a lot more cultural influence (soft-power) in the neighbouring region. While it's certainly still influenced by Western culture, China has it's own version of pretty much every heritage that we think of as unique to Western culture. Russia is much more tied to European culture than any East Asian nation ever will be, because 70% of Russia's population live in Europe.

我觉得是中国,因为它在任何可能影响国际政治的因素上都胜过俄罗斯。中国的人口比俄罗斯多10倍,因此在周边地区也有更多的文化影响力(软实力)。虽然中国仍然受到西方文化的影响,但中国拥有自己的文化传统,我们认为这是区别于西方文化的独特之处。俄罗斯与欧洲文化的联系比任何东亚国家都要密切得多,因为俄罗斯70%的人口生活在欧洲。

China has a more populous and military. It's technology and training still doesn't match the US, but China certainly rivals Russia in what matters most in modern warfare: power projeciton. It's also worth noting that Russia's military are suffering from demographic torubles, which is the reason that foreign nationals are now able to enter the armed forces.

中国有更多的人口和军队。在技术和训练方面,中国仍无法与美国匹敌,但在现代战争中最重要的问题上,中国肯定能与俄罗斯匹敌:能源项目。同样值得注意的是,俄罗斯军队正遭受着人口问题的困扰,这也是外国公民现在能够进入军队的原因。

China has more allies, even though it never gets close to the Western alliance system of the EU, the Anglosphere, Japan, South Korea and the Gulf States. Russia's geopolitical area of influence isn't really something to be proud of. Even though it has good diplomatic relations with a number of nations, it's only has actual influence on five rather insignificant nations :(on the international stage, that is) Armenia, Belarus, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazahstan (members of the Eurasian Economic Union and the Collective Security Treaty Organization)

中国有更多的盟友,尽管它从未接近过西方联盟体系中的欧盟、英语圈、日本、韩国和海湾国家。俄罗斯的地缘政治影响力实在不是什么值得骄傲的事情。尽管它与一些国家有着良好的外交关系,但它只对五个相当不起眼的国家有实际影响:即亚美尼亚、白俄罗斯、塔吉克斯坦、吉尔吉斯斯坦和哈萨克斯坦(欧亚经济联盟和集体安全条约组织的成员国)

China obviously also beats the living daylights out of Russia in industrial capacity and economic health. China has a much larger and more stable economy, that notably isn't in a recession, unlike Russia's. China has behaved lately and has much better relations with the West, meaning no sanctions from the world's largest economies, which has been one of Russia's great perils.

显然,中国在工业产能和经济健康方面也超过了俄罗斯。中国的经济规模要大得多,也更稳定。与俄罗斯不同,中国经济明显没有陷入衰退。中国最近和西方的关系要好得多,这意味着没有来自世界最大经济体的制裁,然而这是俄罗斯面临的一大风险。

Overall, I'd say China is much more influential on the world stage, even when it doesn't attempt to intervene in conflicts and expand it's area of influence.

总的来说,我认为中国在世界舞台上的影响力要大得多,即使它不试图干预冲突并扩大自己的影响力。

三泰虎原创译文,禁止转载!:首页 > 俄罗斯 » 俄罗斯和中国, 谁更强大

()
分享到: