三泰虎

印度能在经济上打败中美吗

Will India ever beat Chinas and Americas economy and if that happens what will change in India?

印度将会打败中美经济吗?如果发生这种情况,印度会发生什么变化?

 timg.jpg

Quora评论翻译:

来源:三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/46084.html    译者:Jessica.Wu

外文:https://www.quora.com/Will-India-ever-beat-Chinas-and-Americas-economy-and-if-that-happens-what-will-change-in-India

Martin Andrews, Asian analyst.

The Indian GDP is $10 Trillion, the American GDP is $20 Trillion and the Chinese GDP is $25 Trillion.

For India to “beat” the Chinese economy it would need a growth rate of atleast 20% although India will surpass America, China is a different story.

Realistically speaking India could potentially grow at 10%+ growth rates by applying the perfect economic policy which I have elaborated on Martin Andrews' answer to Why are Sub continent Indian countries doing so poorly in comparison to East Asian countries?

So India will settle for second place until the next revolution.

印度GDP是10万亿美元,美国是20万亿美元,中国是25万亿美元。

要想“打败”中国经济,印度至少需要20%的增长率,尽管印度将超过美国,但要超过中国就没那么容易了。

从现实角度讲,通过实施完美的经济政策,印度有可能以10%以上的速度增长。

因此,印度将在下一次工业革命前屈居第二。

 

Kamal Padam, Co Founder (2010-present)

The question reads “Will India ever beat China's and America's economy, and if that happens, what will change in India?”.

“Ever” is a long long time. India is stuck in the past, all we do is to talk about our past glory, and how to reclaim that. The entire context has changed, but we have not. Unless that happens, there’s not going to be any surge forward.

What we need is a transformation toward developing a scientific temper, and the skill of Critical Thinking. We don’t teach either, outside of a few institutions. Our society is against these, and puts a premium on following traditions, on accepting the wisdom of elders and the wisdom written in ancient texts.

印度沉湎于过去,我们所做的一切就是谈论过去的荣耀,以及如何重拾它。整个时代已经发生了变化,但我们却一成不变。除非我们做出改变,否则不会有任何的发展。

我们需要的是一种转变,发展科学秉性以及批判性思维。除了一些机构,我们也不教授这些。我们的社会反对这些,并且重视遵循传统,重视接受长者和古籍中的智慧。

 

Mohit

Nothing is impossible. Yes, India can but will take long for this to happen. There are a host of things that actually needs to be changed, developed and upgraded in order to get this status.

Some changes

  • India will become a export oriented country
  • from consumer economy to producer and manufacturer
  • strong currency
  • upgraded technology
  • changed mindset, among others.

一切皆有可能。是的,印度可以做到,但这需要很长时间。为了达到这一目标,实际上有许多事情需要更改、开发和升级。

会发生的一些变化:

  • 印度将成为一个出口导向型国家

  • 从消费经济转变为生产者和制造商

  • 强势货币

  • 技术升级

  • 观念改变

 

Sathya Ramakrish, B.com Economics & International Relations, Sadakathullah Appa College, Nellai

For India to beat China and US we first have to beat UK,Japan,Germany… Then only we can talk about US and China!!!

Also I dont believe GDP growth will do any good. Our per capita is very very low.

Still a long long way to go

要想打败中国和美国,印度首先要打败英国、日本、德国,然后我们才能谈论美国和中国!!!

我也不认为GDP增长能有多大好处。我们的人均收入非常非常低。

我们还有很长的路要走

 

Vincent D'Mello, worked at Holford Associates

On account of the size of its population which is projected to reach 2.5 billion in 2100, India will surpass the US by nominal GDP size sooner or later; but what’s the point?

由于印度人口预计在2100年达到25亿,印度的名义GDP迟早会超过美国;但这有什么意义呢?

The US’s entire population is four times less than that of India’s. But their per-capita income is much higher, as their human capital is enormously more productive owing to significantly better education levels, vastly better institutional frameworks, significantly better infrastructure and technology, and a significantly freer economy.

印度的总人口是美国的四倍多。但是他们的人均收入要高得多,因为他们的人力资本的生产力要高得多,教育水平要高得多,体制框架要好得多,基础设施和技术要好得多,经济要自由得多。

In terms of dynamism, GDP per-capita, and share of world trade, India won’t beat the US or China’s economy EVER. The reason being that India’s governance system is broken and dysfunctional, and the economy is still mostly shackled by controls and restrictions. This deters investment and entrepreneurship, and hampers the productivity of workers, thereby limiting incomes.

就经济活力、人均GDP和世界贸易份额而言,印度永远不会超过美国或中国。原因在于,印度的治理体系已支离破碎,功能失调,经济仍受到控制和限制的束缚。这阻碍了投资和创业,阻碍了工人的生产力,从而限制了收入。

Unless the Indian economy is liberated and unless the governance system is reformed to first-world standards like Singapore and Australia, there is ZERO CHANCE of India ever surpassing the US and China.

除非印度经济得到解放,并且治理体系按照新加坡和澳大利亚等第一时间国家的标准进行改革,否则印度超越美国和中国的可能性为零。

 

Mathew Cherian, I watch China as they drive the World Economy

Economy is a game of rational players of co-operating type not competitive. So beating someone to the finishing line remain only the realm of sports and not economy sciences. The reason being, objectives of economic science excludes such degenerate behaviours here as competition. Economies of a nation are run for the social welfare of its citizen not g for evil gratification of the nation, which if existed then it would have ceased to be a Ladnier type economy, meaning an economy run to theoretical standards of scale. The scale is resource allocation to the most useful entities of the economy.

经济是一种理性的、合作型而非竞争性的博弈。因此,打败某人只属于体育领域,而非经济科学。原因在于,经济学的目标排除了竞争等堕落行为。一个国家的经济是为其公民的社会福利而运行的,而不是为了国家邪恶的满足感。

 

三泰虎原创译文,禁止转载!:首页 > 印度人看中国 » 印度能在经济上打败中美吗

()
分享到: