How are Indian products competing with Chinese products in India with the same quality but cheaper price tags?
来源：三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/45929.html 译者：Jessica.Wu
Simon Datta, Have lived in China for 14 years
When we make a comparison between India and China on quality we must make comparison only between home grown factories and not foreign invested factories. Most of China's export is either from foreign invested factories or made under supervison of foreign cos and the quality of such factories will be much higher than the local ones.
- Goods made by home grown Chinese factories are generally of poor quality whose life cycle is short though cheaper than Indian goods. The design and packaging of Chinese goods is much better
- Most crops, fruits,vegetabable grown in China is generally contaminated, hence carcogenic as the under ground water is contaminated. There are over 100 villages in China which are called cancer villages due to soil and water contamination
- Manyof their products are sold as fakes: Red wine, cooking oil, Red Wine, eggs,medicines, cold drinks etc. Many people in Hong Kong especially the expatriates avoid Chinese products.
In India one does not find fake foods, however there are some cases of adulteration but overall it is better. Most consumer goods made by Indian cos are of good standard if not the best. Indian made scooters, motorcycles, cycles etc are of good standard.Textiles, garments, shoes are of reasonable quality. China may be better in electronics but home appliance in India is quite good. One of the reasons why Chinese goods are preferred is because of low price and not necessarily on quality.
I know many retailers in India who remove made in China labels on many products as it connotes low quality. But I must say there are good quality products from China too. But on comparison I would rate Indian made goods slighly better than Chinese.
Avkrishna Rao, studied at Master of Business Administration in Business Management
It’s controlled by consumers’ BRAND LOYALTY. Both are having their loyal buyers, irrespective of the quality.
But people now a days prefer Indian goods as they believe they have better after sales service and easily available spare parts if needed for repairs.
Sharad Bhowmick, A Bonker preparing for the Skyfall!!!
Many people have common stereotype that Chinese goods don't last, Specially old school people, so they prefer Indian goods.
Supratik Sinha, Intersted in global topics related with india
Yes, we can’t leave or stop using products made in china because most global branded companies uses china as a chief manufacturing company and these products follows a strict rules in terms of quality.But their home grown products which are lot cheaper which does not follows quality rules ……For example a non global home grown smartphone company in china producing its products differs from indian mobile companies(eg.hi tech mobiles,others) in quality .Obviously indian products are far better . but here is an issue, china’s production line is huge bigger than that of india and can produce lot(quantity) in a quick time. Our goverment is trying to solve certain issues regarding manufacturing, skilled labours, rules ,made in india programs….lets hope
Michael Lee, BSCS
statistic shows Chinese goods are better than Indian goods. That is why Chinese goods sells more than Indian goods in India.
David Yang, Overseas Trader at CRCC (2007-present)
I am a Chinese who has 9 years experience in India. After reading Mr.Simon Datta’s answer, I think I have to write something here.
The industrial development level in India is behind China about 20 to 30 years. I will take 8 domains as examples to explain.
1, Shoes & Clothes
Every time I go to India, I will surely buy some clothes or shoes, as it is much cheaper than China, but the quality, you can distinguish from the looking. However, as I don’t hold an hobbit for old clothes, all clothes and shoes I buy from India, use for one year or two, and throw.
Let’s take some brand for example, as they are supervised by same persons.
Adidas shoes, normal style and new launch, and here are some price ref in India shops
Made in China 8,000 INR onwards
Made in Vietnam 5,000 INR onwards
Made in India 4,000 INR onwards
And I just bought two Nike drifit T shirt. One made in India cost 1,500 INR, and one made in Sri Lanka, cost 1,200 INR, while I also have an old drifit T shirt bought in China, cost 298 RMB, almost 3,000 INR.
Every time I go to Bangalore, I will buy 2 or 3 Lee Jeans, which cost only 2,000 INR per each for Jeans made in India, while the same brand in China cost 3 times higher for made in China.
So, it is clear, no matter you calculate the import tax or not, made in China is more expensive than made in India. As these two brand need to meet the quality standard of Nike or Adidas, we just consider they are in same quality level. If you don’t believe, you could go to those shops and find it yourself.
And domestic brands. There is a leather brand called woodlands, I didn’t take picture, however, almost all the woodlands shoes are round at the ankle which shall be an oval one. And one of my friends who was working for Adidas told me that it is round because one more high temperature process was missing.
India got much longer history of making cars, however, it is much fall behind now. After taking by Tata, Jaguar and Rang-rover now facing a catastrophic market decreasing in China now.
I have tried a Nano in Sri Lanka via Uber, after 3 kms, it was too noisy, I could hardly hear what my friend was talking who was sitting next to me.
And at the same day, I took a Geely Panda which is a Chinese, and similar price as Nano back to the same place. And I feel pretty much comfortable.
And should I mentioning that, Honda, Toyota setup factories in China for southeast Asian market. And Mercedes and BMW also have factories in China for China domestic market, and no necessary to mention other famous car makers, they all have factories in China. To my understanding, now, Suzuki with Maruti, and Renault with Mahindra, and Hyundai, those 3 companies are the foreign brands in India who set factories. Maybe some more, but not many. Honda and Toyota still imported from Thailand factory. Mercedes and BMW are enjoying themselves with a good market increase in India, but still no factory in India. Because there is no industrial development level to meet their standards.
It is very difficult to find a building with more than 20 floors in India, however, in China, you can find buildings over 30 floors every where, and those are not good hotels, those are just houses for leaving.
I think no need to talk about this topic, 3 years ago, you don’t even have an cell phone factories, while China was already sole billions all over the world.
5, Machines, Equipment
Fine machines, hydraulics, engines China are much better. For heavy equipment, JCB is good, as it was the first company making heavy equipment, and full support over the country, it is a British company, but set assembly factories in India. However, with the Chinese heavy equipment gets setup in India, the market share of JCB is from 80% dropping to 40% now. In India, the major players in this business are JCB, Sany, Zoomlion, XEMG, CAT, ACE, etc. Let me remind you, assemble factory, while China are doing it from R&D.
中国的精密机械、液压、发动机都要好得多。对于重型设备来说，杰西博很不错，因为它是第一家生产重型设备的公司，并且举国全力支持，这是一家英国公司，但在印度设立组装工厂。然而，随着中国重型设备在印度的建立，杰西博的市场份额从80%下降到40%。在印度，这个行业的主要参与者是杰西博，三一重工，中联重科，XEMG, 卡特, ACE等。
I have traveled with Delhi Metro today. You are using Pompadier wagons, and in Gourgon, you are using some Chinese wagons, no sight of made in India.
Chinese passenger plane C-919 gets a lot of orders world wild, but seems Indians are willing to be the loyal customer of Boeing and Airbus and Pompadier.
8, Military Arsenal
Fighters, LCA, not even Indian Air Force willing to buy it, while China is exporting. And Hindustan Areo Industry gets a very bad reputation for their maintenance work. As it hold a record of plane crash of the world.
And Chinese self made carrier is about to launch, and it spent total 5 years, while Indian’s carrier still stay idle, and it was almost 10 years already.
And China is the world no. 5 Arsenal exporter, while India is the biggest buyer of the world.
Actually, I don’t wanna make such comparison, it is not fair. We started our industrialization reformation for almost 40 years, however India was struggling for something else at the same time, and started the same program only when Modi Came to power. Both countries are not at the same level and stage now.
NO offence, but I will tell you why made in China gets bad reputation in India.
I have been selling made in China to the world for 11 years, Indian customers are very good at price bargain, and their strategy is always the same. Came to a seller, ask the price for 10 pcs, and ask the price for 100 pcs, and ask the price for 1,000 pcs, and the India merchandiser place the order of 1 pc and request the price of 1,000 pcs. It is always happen. In this case, Chinese factory has to deliver the quality equal the the price. And, in all those factories, there are some defect ware house, those products gets some defects, and Indian merchandisers love these products a lot. They usually buy all the goods in the ware house at a very cheap price and sell them to India.