三泰虎

美媒:印度试射AAD反导拦截弹,可在25千米高空拦截弹道导弹

India's Missile Defenses Can Now Take On Decoys. That's a Really Big Deal.

印度导弹防御系统现在可以对付模拟目标了, 这真的是“大事件”

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India’s efforts to build a homegrown ballistic missile defense system achieved a major success.

印度打造本土弹道导弹防御系统的努力取得了重大成功。

On August 2nd, India tested its Advanced Area Defence (AAD)/Ashvin Advanced Defense interceptor missile against decoy targets for the first time.

8月2日,印度首次对“先进区域防御系统”/“阿什温”先进防御拦截导弹进行模拟目标测试。

“One target among simultaneously incoming multiple targets was selected on [sic] real time, the weapon system radars tracked the target and the missile locked on to it and intercepted the target with a high degree of accuracy,” India’s go nment announced in a press release.

印度政府在新闻发布会上宣布:“武器系统雷达在同时来袭的多个目标中,实时选定一个目标,对其进行跟踪,随后导弹锁定目标并以高精准度将其拦截。”

The test was against a medium-range ballistic missile with a range of 1,500 kilometers. Franz-Stefan Gady of The Diplomat speculates that this was the first test of the new indigenous imaging infrared (IIR) seeker, which was developed to help the interceptors distinguish warheads from decoy/dummies.

此次测试模拟对一枚射程1500千米的中程弹道导弹进行拦截。《外交学者》的Franz-Stefan Gady推测,这是对新型本土成像红外(IIR)导引头的首次测试,该导引头的开发是为了帮助拦截器区分真假弹头。

This capability is increasingly necessary as countries like China and Pakistan develop multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRV) and multiple reentry vehicles (MRVs). MIRVs allow a single missile to aim warheads at different targets whereas MRVs contain multiple warheads but at the same target.

随着中国和巴基斯坦等国开发出分导式多弹头(MIRV)和多弹头技术(MRVs),具备反导能力对印度日益必要。分导式多弹头(MIRV)允许一枚导弹将弹头对准不同的目标,而多弹头(MRVs)包含多枚弹头,但瞄准的是同一个目标。

The use of decoys are a more cost effective way to try to confuse missile defense systems enough so that the warheads get through to their target. Either way, though, India’s missile defense systems will need to be able to engage multiple targets simultaneously.

使用假弹头测试是一种更具成本效益的方法,将导弹防御系统弄得足够混乱,使弹头能够命中目标。无论通过哪种方式,印度的导弹防御系统需要具备同时拦截多个来袭目标的能力。

The most recent test was overseen by the Defense Research Development Organization (DRDO), the premier defense technology agency within India’s Ministry of Defense. It took place at Abdul Kalam Island, Odisha in the Bay of Bengal.

最近的这次反导测试是由印度国防研究与发展组织 (DRDO)负责。DRDO是印度国防部的主要国防技术机构。测试地点位于孟加拉湾奥里萨邦的阿卜杜勒卡拉姆岛。

The AAD is a single-stage solid-fueled hit-to-kill interceptor missile that destroys hostile missiles in the terminal phase of flight. The press release says it is capable of destroying targets at altitudes of 15 and 25 kilometers.

“阿什温”先进防御拦截导弹是一种单级固体燃料拦截导弹,采用直接碰撞杀伤方式拦截目标,在敌方导弹飞行的末段将其摧毁。新闻稿称,它能够在15千米至25千米高度摧毁来袭目标。

The AAD had been tested at least five times before this most recent one. Those include tests in December, March and February 2017 as well as one a piece in 2016 and 2015.

在本次测试之前,“阿什温”先进防御拦截导弹至少进行了5次测试,包括2017年12月,3月和2月以及2016年和2015年的测试。

The Diplomat’s Gady says the earlier tests were all against Prithvi-II or III short-range ballistic missiles. Given the range cited in the press statement, the test this month was against a different and more powerful missile.

《外交学者》的Franz-Stefan Gady称,早前的测试都是针对“大地-2”或“大地3”型短程弹道导弹的。鉴于新闻稿中提到的射程,本月的测试是针对一种不同的、更强大的导弹。

The Prithvi missiles are also the basis for the other missile defense system that India is seeking to build. The Prithvi missile defense interceptors are used for exo-atmospheric intercepts (i.e. those outside the atmosphere) whereas the AAD are for endo-atmospheric intercepts. Prithvi Air Defense missile is more developed than the AAD having been first tested in 2007.

“大地”系列导弹也是印度正在寻求建立的其他导弹防御系统的基础。“大地”导弹防御拦截器用于在大气层外飞行的导弹进行拦截(即大气层外的拦截),而“阿什温”先进防御拦截导弹用于在大气层内进行拦截。大地防空导弹比“阿什温”先进防御拦截导弹的技术成熟度更高,大地防空导弹的首次测试是在2007年。

Besides trying to build its own missile defense systems, India is also looking to purchase them from abroad. For years there have been reports that India is interested in buying Russia’s S-400 air and missile defense system.

除了努力发展本土导弹防御系统,印度也正在考虑从国外购买反导系统。多年来一直有报道称,印度有意购买俄罗斯的S-400防空导弹防御系统。

At the October 2016 BRICS summit in Goa, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin announced a $5 billion deal for Delhi to acquire the S-400 Triumf air defense system.

在2016年10月果阿举行的金砖国家峰会上,印度总理莫迪和俄罗斯总统普京宣布了一项50亿美元的协议,以使德里获得S-400防空系统。

There was increased chatter that a deal was imminent in December 2017. "We hope that the S-400 deal will be signed with India soon," Russian Vice-Premier Dmitry Rogozin said late last year.

此前有传言称交易即将在2017年12月完成。俄罗斯副总理德米特里•罗戈津在去年末表示:“我们希望尽快与印度签署S-400协议。”

 

美国雅虎读者评论:

来源:三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/45837.html   译者:Jessica.Wu

外文:https://www.yahoo.com/news/india-apos-missile-defenses-now-160900361.html

Michael P16 hours ago

Who else thought those look like color pencils?

有人和我一样觉得这些看起来像彩色铅笔吗?

 

Ray Gan15 hours ago

Kudos

威武啊

 

Strongbone Cali18 hours ago

Everybody needs to do their own home defense if their going to survive.

每个国家都要做好自己的国防工作,如果想生存下来的话。

 

Lolllll16 hours ago

India spends only 1.3% of its GDP on Defense Program. How much US, Pakistan, China & West will spend.

印度的国防开支仅占GDP的1.3%。美国、巴基斯坦、中国和西方国家在国防上花费多少?

 

X12 hours ago

Anybody but China. As long it is not China it is a great thing

只要不是中国,这就是一件伟大的事情

 

Bullet11 hours ago

All countries spend so much money on military, lets spend it on infrastructure and people first.

所有国家都在军事上花费这么多钱,他们应该先把钱花在基础设施和人民身上。

 

Paul17 hours ago

Crayons?

这是蜡笔吗?

 

Darryl16 hours ago

India's adversaries and competitirs alike should beware of their potential! Some of the most tech and engineering savvy people in the world are Indians!

印度的对手和竞争对手都应该警惕他们的潜力!部分最懂技术和工程的人都是印度人!

 

persiagammon15 hours ago

What about clean water for 1.3 billion?!!!

13亿人什么时候能喝上干净的水呢? ! ! !

 

Noah14 hours ago

How many pencils?

这是有多少根铅笔?

 

john13 hours ago

Looks like #2 pencils box

看起来像铅笔盒

 

yin14 hours ago

seems painted with hardware store paint and brush

好像是用五金店的油漆和刷子刷的

 

Nooruddin17 hours ago

But Pakistan already has such a technology that India just developed now....

但是巴基斯坦已经掌握了这种技术,印度才刚刚研发出来。

 

nat14 hours ago

high degree of accuracy??? what is low degree of accuracy?

高精确度?那什么才是低精确度?

 

Adam15 hours ago

And are we at war with India?

我们是要和印度开战吗?

 

Guru12 hours ago

it can stop military bullying by china.

它可以阻止中国的军事欺凌。

 

Snatch18 hours ago

Deadly lipstick. That is exactly what those look like

看起来像致命口红。

 

Jean-Paul11 hours ago

after all, India is the Country with some of the best programmers and mathematicians in the world, ask Google Apple or Microsoft.

毕竟,印度拥有世界上最好的程序员和数学家,不信可以问问谷歌、苹果或微软。

 

Gul10 hours ago

I am sure they can select the missile to shoot down and succeed butThe question is, when 300 missiles are heading their way how will they decide which missile to shoot down.

我确信他们可以选中并成功击落导弹,但问题是,当300枚导弹同时朝他们逼近时,他们将如何决定该击落哪枚导弹。

三泰虎原创译文,禁止转载!:首页 > 美国 » 美媒:印度试射AAD反导拦截弹,可在25千米高空拦截弹道导弹

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