三泰虎

中国新的导弹驱逐舰将为航空母舰保驾护航,5大看点

China's new missile destroyers will guard its aircraft carriers — here's how they stack up to the US Navy

中国新的导弹驱逐舰将为航空母舰保驾护航——以下是它们与美国海军的对比

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China has launched four Type 055 guided-missile destroyers in the past 13 months and is building four more to meet its need for advanced warships

在过去的13个月里,中国已经下水了4艘055型导弹驱逐舰,并且正在建造另外4艘来满足其对先进战舰的需求。

They are Asia's largest and most advanced destroyers, designed to guard China's first home-grown aircraft carrier and meet the navy's demand for modern warships.

它们是亚洲最大、最先进的驱逐舰,旨在保护中国第一艘国产航空母舰,满足海军现代化战舰的需求。

Moving at top speed to build up a global blue-water navy to safeguard its maritime interests, China has launched four Type 055 guided-missile destroyers in the past 13 months — two simultaneously in July — and is building four more.

在过去的13个月里,中国以最快的速度下水了4艘055型导弹驱逐舰(7月同时下水了两艘),并且还在建造另外4艘。

The home-built warships — which analysts have called the second most powerful globally — are to serve as the primary escorts for People's Liberation Army aircraft carrier strike groups.

这些国产军舰将作为中国人民解放军航母战斗群的主要护航舰。分析人士称,这些军舰是全球第二强大的军舰。

The as-yet unnamed aircraft carrier that would provide the primary offensive firepower for a battle unit concluded its maiden sea trials in May.

今年5月,这艘尚未命名的航空母舰完成了首次海上试航,该航母将将为作战部队提供主要进攻火力。

Here are five things to know about the Type 055 destroyer:

以下是针对055型驱逐舰,你需要知道的五点信息:

1. Its size and armaments put it closer to a ‘cruiser’ than a ‘destroyer’

Type 055 is well equipped to be the primary escort in China's aircraft carrier strike groups.

1. 从其规模和军备来看更接近“巡洋舰”而不是“驱逐舰”

055型装备精良,可作为中国航母战斗群的主要护航编队。

At more than 180 metres long and 20 metres wide with a full displacement of more than 12,000 tonnes, it is a fearsome piece of marine and military engineering, equipped with air-defence, anti-missile, anti-ship and anti-submarine weapons.

它长180多米,宽20多米,排水量超过12,000吨,是一艘令人生畏的海军军事设备,装备有防空、反导、反舰和反潜武器。

The warship has a 112-cell VLS to fire HHQ-9 surface-to-air missiles, YJ-18 anti-ship cruise missiles, CJ-10 land-attack cruise missiles and missile-launched anti-submarine torpedoes.

战舰有一个112单元的垂直发射系统,可发射HHQ-9地对空导弹,YJ-18反舰巡航导弹,CJ-10陆地攻击巡航导弹和导弹发射反潜鱼雷。

It also has a 130mm dual-purpose naval gun and close-in weapon system and carries two anti-submarine helicopters.

它还拥有130毫米口径双用途海军炮和近距离武器系统,并搭载两架反潜直升机。

The destroyer's features include advanced X band radar in four active electronically scanned arrays and an integrated electronic system similar to the Aegis combat system on US naval ships.

驱逐舰的特点包括先进的X波段雷达,有四个有源电子扫描阵列和集成电子系统,类似于美国海军舰艇上的宙斯盾战斗系统。

Given its size, Type 055 could also serve as a platform for developing next-generation weapons such as high-energy laser equipment or rail guns, according to military analysts.

军事分析人士称,考虑到其尺寸,055型还可以作为开发新一代武器(如高能激光设备或轨道炮)的平台。

In theory, Type 055 is the world's second most powerful destroyer after the US Navy's DDG-1000, or Zumwalt class, the analysts said.

分析人士说,从理论上讲,055型是仅次于美国海军的DDG-1000或朱姆沃尔特级驱逐舰的世界第二大驱逐舰。

3. It still trails the US Zumwalt class

3. 它仍然落后于美国的朱姆沃尔特级

While China's Type 055 destroyer raises comparisons with the US Navy's Zumwalt class destroyer, the Chinese vessel still lags its US counterpart in important ways.

中国的055型驱逐舰与美国海军的朱姆沃尔特级驱逐舰相比,在许多重要方面仍落后于美国。

The Zumwalt is the world's most technologically advanced destroyer, with 15,000 dominant tonnes of displacement.

朱姆沃尔特级驱逐舰是世界上技术最先进的驱逐舰,有1.5万吨排水量。

Possessing a unique tumblehome hull design — where the sides slope inward — and an angular shape, the Zumwalt has a reduced radar return that can make it as stealthy as a fishing boat and quieter than a small submarine.

拥有独特的船舷内倾设计——侧面向内倾斜——和一个棱角分明的轮廓,朱姆沃尔特的雷达回波率降低,可以让它像渔船一样隐身,比小型潜艇更安静。

The Zumwalt also is equipped with a next-generation electronic system

朱姆沃尔特还装备了新一代电子系统。

Designed primarily as a land attack vessel, the Zumwalt is fitted with powerful naval guns that include a 155mm advanced gun system and an 80-cell VLS distributed peripherally around its outer shell.

因为该船主要设计用途为陆地攻击船,朱姆沃尔特型配备了强大的海军炮,包括155毫米口径先进火炮系统和分布在船体周围的80个单元的垂直发射系统。

By contrast, Type 055 is designed to focus on air defence and anti-submarine missions and thus has more missile cells and a longer range than the Zumwalt class.

相比之下,055型的设计重点是防空和反潜任务,因此比朱姆沃尔特级拥有更多的导弹单元和更长的射程。

4.  It can compete with other warships in Asia

4. 它可以与亚洲的其他军舰竞争

Type 055 destroyers will probably play a role similar to that of US Ticonderoga class cruisers and Arleigh Burke class destroyers, even though the Chinese ship is larger than both of the US vessels, which have displacements of fewer than 10,000 tonnes.

055型驱逐舰可能会扮演类似于美国提康德罗加级巡洋舰和阿利伯克级驱逐舰的角色,尽管中国舰比两艘美国舰都大,后者的排水量不到1万吨。

Type 055's radar, electronic and missile system also uses newer technology than the two US warships, which were developed in the 1980s and 1990s.

055型雷达、电子和导弹系统也使用比两艘美国军舰更新的技术,这两艘军舰分别在80年代和90年代发展。

Type 055 also has been compared to other warships deployed in the region, notably South Korea's Sejong the Great class (DDG-991) and Japan's Atago class and its newly launched Maya subclass. Both the Sejong and Atago-class destroyers have full displacements of around 10,000 tonnes and Aegis combat systems, with the Sejong the Great class boasting a 128-cell VLS.

055型也被与部署在该地区的其他军舰相比较,特别是韩国的世宗级(DDG-991)和日本的爱宕级及其新下水的玛雅子类。世宗级和爱宕级驱逐舰都有大约10000吨的排水量和宙斯盾战斗系统,世宗级拥有128单元垂直发射系统。

But analysts said they believe Type 055 surpasses the Korean and Japanese vessels in size, radar system performance, missile capacity and multifunctionality.

但分析人士说,他们认为055型在尺寸、雷达系统性能、导弹能力和多功能方面都超过了韩国和日本的舰艇。

5. It will trigger a shortage of warship names

5. 这将引发战舰名称的短缺

One of the Type 055 vessels under construction will be named "Lhasa", after the capital of Tibet.

正在建造中的055型船只之一将被命名为“拉萨”,以xz的省会命名。

The names of the other seven Type 055 vessels remain unknown, but the Chinese navy's vessel naming rules call for larger destroyers to be named after China's regional central cities, in most cases provincial capitals.

其他7艘055型驱逐舰的名字尚不清楚,但中国海军的命名规则要求更大的驱逐舰以中国地区中心城市命名,多数情况下以省会命名。

However, amid the recent boom in naval shipbuilding, 25 provincial capitals have already been used for warship names. Just two mainland capitals remain available: Nanchang in Jiangxi and Nanning in Guangxi.

然而,在最近海军造船业的蓬勃发展中,25个省会城市都已经被用来命名军舰。目前只有江西省南昌市和广西南宁两个大陆省会仍未使用。

美国雅虎网站读者评论:

来源:三泰虎   http://www.santaihu.com/45772.html        译者:Joyceliu

外文链接:https://www.yahoo.com/news/m/bc17cefb-ce66-3837-a5d3-a8e4bf4b672e/ss_china%27s-new-missile.html 

Bored Creep

Hmn, the question is less how they stack up against other surface fleets, and more how well do they stack up against our subs.

嗯,问题不在于它们如何对抗其他水面舰队,而在于它们如何对抗我们的潜艇。

 

Liteone

Just because a nation builds a military ship or two doesn't make it a worthwhile Navy. Navy Fleets require a tremendous amount of support resources to keep operational readiness. Neither do the China or the Russians have anything close to the resources the U.S. Navy processes.

仅仅因为一个国家建造了一两艘军舰,并不意味着它就是强大的海军。海军舰队需要大量的资源来保持战备状态。不管是中国还是俄罗斯都没有接近美国海军规模的资源储备。

 

Miriam M

Definition: Cruiser. A ship that is fast enough to escape from something it cannot out shoot.

定义:巡洋舰。这艘船的速度足以躲避它无法承受的射击。

 

SchlieffenPlan

on December 6, 1941 every American naval officer scoffed at the Imperial Japanese Navy. that would change the next morning. those who fail to learn history......

1941年12月6日,每个美国海军军官还在嘲笑日本帝国海军。第二天早上醒来,世界就变样了。那些不学历史的人啊,没文化真可怕…

 

john

The boats don't really matter, it's the nuclear subs that will win you the war...

这些船真的不重要,核潜艇才能赢得战争……

 

Ronfellow

First they need to know where those US attack submarines are located.

首先,他们需要得知道美国攻击潜艇的位置。

 

Kim Jong Fun

Are they going to name at least one of the ships the "Sumtingwong" in anticipation of when it sinks mysteriously?

他们会不会把至少一艘船命名为“Sumtingwong”号(谐音有点儿问题),期待它神秘地沉入海底?

 

John

soon to be seen from a glass bottom boat

很快就能在玻璃底船上看到

 

12bravo

Compared to the Reagan carrier group just one of 20, I don't think so.

与里根航母战斗群相比只有二十分之一,我不这么认为。

 

Jes

It takes years to train, manage, and support a carrier strike force. It is not done in 2, 4, or even 5 years. It takes between 7-10 years to nail down the type of discipline, tactics, and strategy for a carrier force. China does not come even remotely close the knowledge and experience the U.S. and many other U.S. allies retains in this area. It will take several more years or even decades for China obtain the skills necessary. In the meantime, the U.S. will continue to develop leading edge technologies which are changing the course of carrier fleets.

训练、管理和支持航母打击部队需要数年时间。它不可能在2年、4年甚至5年内完成。培养航母部队的纪律、战术和战略需要7-10年的时间。中国在这方面的知识和经验远不及美国和其他美国盟友。中国需要几年甚至几十年的时间才能掌握必要的技能。与此同时,美国将继续开发前沿技术,不断改变航母舰队的发展方向。

 

Fishpot

Has a month gone by where the Zumwalt class haven't had any problems?

一个月过去了,朱姆沃尔特级没有出现任何问题?

 

Anonymous

The real question is has China stolen enough US military technology to make their new destroyer practical?

真正的问题是,中国是否窃取了足够多的美国军事技术,让他们的新型驱逐舰更加实用?

 

Obama

The name for the new Chinese aircraft carrier is " Wi Dy Young"..

中国新航母的名字是“维迪扬”。

 

John

The problem with them? They are made in China!

它们的问题就在于它们是中国制造的!

 

renz

The new artificial reef... made in China.

What Would Chrissy Teigan Do

Don't they mean "guard it's carrier".

这是中国制造的新的人造礁石……

克丽丝·泰根会怎么做

他们的意思难道不是“守卫航母”吗?

 

bob s

not to worry China won't have any money for a navy after the trade war.

不用担心,在贸易战之后,中国不会再有任何资金来发展海军。

 

J

Type-055 is said to be equipped with railgun in the future, then it will be a game changer. A railgun could have a potential range of destruction for over 1,500 miles at hypersonic speed.

055型据说在未来会配备轨道炮,然后它将改变游戏规则。轨道炮在高超声速下有超过1500英里的攻击半径。

 

John

Vote Trump!

投票支持特朗普!

 

symsig

It's amazing how many naval experts there are sitting in their parents homes with a laptop !

令人惊讶的是中国的很多海军专家带着笔记本电脑坐在他们父母的家里!

 

kurtis

Bamboo is not real strong.....

竹子并非真的强悍……

 

Not me

The question is, are the aircraft carriers worth protecting. The ones they have have limited operational capabilities; mostly coastal defense. Not exactly a target for the west.

问题是,航母值得保护吗?他们的作战能力有限;主要用于沿海防御。都算不上是西方的目标。

 

Gold

Five years Chinese subs are the noisiest in the world. Now Chinese subs are the quietest subs due to their fully electric and/or AIP systems.

五年前中国潜艇是世界上噪音最大的。现在中国潜艇是最安静的潜艇,这要归功于全电动和/或AIP系统。

 

Ted

They need to study up on the Japanese battleship Yamato, they too were outfitted with weapons for a time gone by.

他们需要研究日本大和号战舰,在过去的一段时间里,他们也装备了武器。

 

True One

I love articles like this that have no "real" clue.

我喜欢这样通篇假兮兮的文章。

 

Oliver

2 more 055, launched two weeks ago making 4 total, is the world's largest and most advanced according to military reports.

据军方报道,加上两艘新下水的,两周前下水的055型导弹驱逐舰,总数达到了4艘,是世界上最大、最先进的导弹驱逐舰。

 

Highfive

The BI article missed a bunch of features on the ship. Has a layered air defense with a 24 cell short range SAM launcher in the rear & brand new 3rd. gen. CIWS with an 11 barrel 30mm gun (looks much like the Dutch Goalkeeper system). Has bow mounted, variable depth & towed sonar & carries two helicopters that can be used in both the attack or ASW roles. That's just some of the ships capabilities the articles missed.

商业内幕文章遗漏了船上的一些特性。分层防空与24单元短程地对空导弹发射器&使用11管30毫米炮全新第三代近防武器系统(看起来很像荷兰门将系统)。已安装船首,可变深度、拖曳声纳和携带两架直升飞机,可以用于攻击或反潜任务。这就是文章遗漏的一些船只的性能。

 

Those that simply write off the ship as a piece of junk underestimate China's ability to produce cutting edge technology (maglev trains - one example). From the article that I do agree with, " Type 055's radar, electronic and missile system also uses newer technology than the two US warships, which were developed in the 1980s and 1990s.

那些简单地认为这艘船是垃圾的人低估了中国生产尖端技术的能力(举个例子:磁悬浮列车)。我同意文章中所说的“055型雷达、电子和导弹系统也使用了比两艘美国军舰更新的技术,这两艘军舰分别是在80年代和90年代建造的”

Type 055 also has been compared to other warships deployed in the region, notably South Korea's Sejong the Great class (DDG-991) and Japan's Atago class and its newly launched Maya subclass. Both the Sejong and Atago-class destroyers have full displacements of around 10,000 tonnes and Aegis combat systems, with the Sejong the Great class boasting a 128-cell VLS.

055型也被与部署在该地区的其他军舰相比较,特别是韩国的世宗级(DDG-991)和日本的爱宕级及其新下水的玛雅子类。世宗级和爱宕级驱逐舰都有大约10000吨的排水量和宙斯盾战斗系统,世宗级拥有128单元垂直发射系统。

But analysts said they believe Type 055 surpasses the Korean and Japanese vessels in size, radar system performance, missile capacity and multifunctionality." Don't know who the 'analysts' who came up with the assessment but logical.

但分析人士表示,他们认为055型在尺寸、雷达系统性能、导弹能力和多功能方面都超过了韩国和日本的舰艇。不知道是谁提出了这样的评估,但这是合乎逻辑的。

 

Rjriverbank

If, because of its size and displacement, The US Navy calls the Type 055 a "cruiser" why aren't the Zumwalts classified in the same way? The DDG-1000s are longer, wider, and have bigger guns (even though the Navy has no ammunition to shoot.). And, at this time, the Navy is desperate for new cruisers

假如美国海军因为它的尺寸和排水量称055型为“巡洋舰”,为什么朱姆沃尔特没有按照同样的方式分类呢?DDG-1000s更长更宽而且炮也更大(尽管海军没有弹药可以射击)。在这个时候,海军迫切需要新的巡洋舰。

 

moderato

Just another sign that China will be the next superpower (and yes the US will still be one). Russia is just trying to cling to being important in the cheap and confrontational way....

这是中国将成为下一个超级大国的又一个迹象(美国仍将是一个超级大国)。俄罗斯只是想通过小气对着干的方式继续保持重要地位....。

 

Robert

Nothing to see here......

这里没有什么值得看的内容……

 

CharlieK

It remains to bee seen how capable this vessel will be.

这艘船的能力还有待观察。

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