In 2014, Nobel Prize-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz said that two significant forces would shape global prosperity in the 21st century:
U.S. technological innovation
urbanization in China.
The Brookings Institute has an updated look at 103 cities in China that are the global top 300 in terms of PPP GDP.
The Economist has a look at how China is turning into 19 super-regions. The population of China’s cities has quintupled over the past 40 years and has reached 813 million. By 2030 roughly one in five of the world’s city-dwellers will be Chinese. (Over 1 billion in urban areas)
China has a new urban plan. The new plan calls for 19 clusters in all, which would account for nine-tenths of economic activity.
Five city clusters about two to four times bigger than Tokyo
The biggest existing city cluster in the world is greater Tokyo, home to some 40 milloin people. The Yangzi delta will be almost four times as big, with 150 million people. The average population of the five biggest clusters that China hopes to develop is 110 million. Part of the reason is that the physical area of most of the Chinese clusters will also be bigger. The most prosperous, the Pearl delta, is expected to cover 42,000 square kilometers, about the same as the Netherlands.
High Speed Connections
The Jingjinji region around Beijing has five high-speed train lines today. By 2020 there should be 12 more intercity lines, and another nine by 2030.
In advanced countries, the doubling of a city’s population can increase productivity by 2-5%, according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Alain Bertaud of New York University says that, if integrated well, China’s city clusters could, thanks to their size, achieve levels of productivity never seen in other countries. He says it would be comparable to the differences between England and the rest of the world during the Industrial Revolution.
Evidence about economic gains from clustering in China is promising, if limited. Counties enjoy a 6% boost in productivity from being tied into the Yangzi super-region.
The main concern for those trying to lead productive lives across the vast super-regions is more mundane: how easy it is to get from A to B. The go nment classifies clusters as “one-hour economic zones” or “two-hour economic zones”, depending on the time it takes to cross the cluster by high-speed rail. But it often takes longer to get to train stations within cities than to travel by train between cities. People can spend four hours a day commuting within Shanghai.
It seems clear that China will continue to leverage technology to enable faster commuting within city regions.
* more high-speed rail lines
* robotic buses
* robotic cars and ridesharing with high-speed roads and tunnels
* ultra-fast elevators without cables to commute from skyscraper to skyscraper and to speed the last 300 meters
China will do what takes to get the potential 50% GDP boost from truly efficient one-hour connections.
In 2014, China accounted for fewer than 50 metro areas within the top 300 cities based on purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP. With 2016 data, China’s has 103 metros areas in the global top 300 which is more than North America and Western Europe combined. There was corrected PPP GDP calculations that boosted China’s PPP by about 30-40%.
Two Chinese Giants, Beijing and Shanghai, are economically dominant, together housing 26 million workers and generating over $1.6 trillion in real output.
Anchor Cities are 14 other metro areas that generated at least $200 billion in real output. They make up a quarter of the nation’s GDP in 2016, including nine provincial-level municipalities or provincial capitals (Tianjin, Chongqing, Zhengzhou, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Changsha, Chengdu) and five coastal cities that are home to some of the world’s busiest container ports (Qingdao, Suzhou, Wuxi, Ningbo, Shenzhen).
Rust Belt contains six metro areas (Harbin, Daqing, Changchun, Jilin, Shenyang, Dalian) in Northeast China, struggling to counter the decline of the nation’s coal and steel industry.
China’s has 81 mid-sized metro areas (average employment of 1.6 million and average GDP of $106.9 billion)—based on their industrial structure:
In 24 metro areas, services account for a higher share of the economy than industry. Brookings categorize these as Service Cities.
In 57 metro areas, industry accounts for a higher share of the economy than services. Brookings categorize these as Industry Cities.
Cities like Fuzhou, Xiamen, Wenzhou—the three Service Cities that ranked among the top 10 on the Economic Performance Index—have benefited largely from booming financial services and e-commerce, despite their heavy reliance on manufacturing less than a decade ago. On the other hand, Zhanjiang—the only Service City ranked in the bottom 10—has been unable to find a new growth industry to counteract the decline of its industrial base.
A closer look at the Pearl River Delta—a region of nine cities and 60 million people—exemplifies this dynamic. Once the “factory of the world,” the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region is in the midst of a dramatic economic transition. In some parts of the region, cities are thriving. Guangzhou leads the nation in cross-border e-commerce, and Shenzhen has emerged as the Silicon Valley of China. At the same time, in other corners of the region’s cities—such as Dongguan, Foshan, Jiangmen, Zhongshan, and Zhuhai—are experiencing slow growth or decline as they struggle to evolve their economies away from competing on low costs towards new product innovation. The losses in these cities have been gains for cheaper nearby cities such as Huizhou and Zhaoqing, which are still rooted in industry. Like China itself, the PRD is not a monolith, and whether its economy will remain rooted in the past or embrace a high-tech rebirth remains to be seen.
原创翻译：三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/45480.html 译者：Jessica.Wu
PEPE-11 hours ago
Wealth is important. But so are rule of law, h an rights, fre m of speech, civil and public participation. If China can achieve all this, it will be truly a great nation. If not, it will be lacking.
Mike-16 hours ago
A long way to go . Average Chinese wage about $ 1000.00 USD per year.
Greg-15 hours ago
China has a rapidly aging population dues to the one Child policy. Where as in the 1990's China had 7 working aged people for every retiree, by 2035 that number will down to 2! working aged people for every retiree. China will no longer be the worlds factory as they will not have the workforce to man those factories. On top of that China is ridiculously over developed. They have a 20 year housing surplus! Much of the cheap housing they build crumbles apart before it is even sold! China is due for a huge economic collapse and this trade war is all it is going to take!
Tom-15 hours ago
China's cities are shaping China? You dont say? It's ground breaking journalism like that that keeps me coming back to Yahoo. Notice how no one else has this story? Cutting edge.
Dingedarmor-16 hours ago
The 'sleeping dragon' is awake....and hungry....
Ray-15 hours ago
What ever happened to those fake news about ghost cities?
Phillipe-16 hours ago
China's per-capita GDP is 6-7 times lower than in the US.
Blair-14 hours ago
Seems won't be long when China's consumer total purchase power will exceed the US. Like it or not they got an increasing buying power mass population.
Ion-16 hours ago
The analytical rise, and fall of Economic Powers shows, that to sustain in time ahead they needs Markets. As it is now the Chinese Society it is not based on Markets then to a level that being controlled by the Chinese Government. Thus the rise of the Economic Power of China, having to do with the existence of Markets on which Chinese Products to be sold (and thus to foster prosperity) it is not existing without the Chinese Government to give-up to the Communist Tendencies of Control. Thus China "glory" of now, soon-or-later it is destined to fade. First are coming convulsions of all kind, then the Chinese Government will have to stand-up either Military against a possible Foreign Power, or to use the Military against own people.
Chung-17 hours ago
I believe "technological innovation" is also on China's mind, so folks of the world, China is coming and coming fast to help reshape global prosperity whilst USA is killing itself with its current MAGA & America first policy.
Jes-14 hours ago
I lived in China. The cities there are the most polluted in the world without question.
FreeTruth1945-12 hours ago
We do not need any more people in America.
Automation is replacing workers.
Water shortages are increasing.
We should be working to reduce our population to 250 million by the year 2100; not increase it to 500 million by the year 2100.
KHSimagesdotcom-10 hours ago
The only way that the US will remain the largest economy for the next 100 years is to embrace and capitalize on it's main advantages it has over China. 1. Greater civil liberties - Embrace the idea that we can all hold the gov't accountable. Don't hate on anyone who criticizes Obama or Trump (or any other politician). NEVER blindly follow a politician just to protect yourself from the alternative. Not all regulations, laws, policies, program and expenditures are universally good or bad. Get involved, do the research and hold your gov't accountable. Don't just pick a team based on what your family or favorite media personality says. Learn for yourself and participate!
Diversity - There are available business opportunities everywhere. If you only look to deal with others who are like you because it's easier, your opportunities will be limited and so will your growth. If everyone does this, America will remain limited. People have mental blocks when it comes to dealing with strangers of other races because of the racial backdrop.
CaptainKKK-16 hours ago
Stupid Flanders-12 hours ago
Whenever I see these comments, it makes me think that we might not actually have much of a chance. Sure, there are paid trolls like "Greg" who literally have no interest in anything else (and for all we know he could be a RUSSIAN troll trying to add enemies to our lengthy list), but what's worse is that the comments seem to serve no purpose other than to insult people who are starting to do pretty well for themselves.
OK - so you want to insult them, and MAYBE they might read a comment, but then what? They'll feel insulted for a few seconds and then go back to work because WORKING HARD gets you places. Sitting on your rear end typing insults? That's a guarantee that you're not even in the race.
So what is it? Are they shaping public perception by doing this? All that manages to do is make other people bitter and lazy too.
Maybe at the end of the day, it's just a cheap kind of therapy for people who have too much hate to think straight, and too much lard on their butts to actually get up and make their own lives better. Maybe it makes them feel better about how much they hate the people that are NOT like themselves.
Anyway...China has a bunch of these awesome modern cities, and high speed trains...and that's because they're NOT sitting around typing hate-speech. WE...have a bunch of people who complain about everyone else...and pretend that it's someone else's fault that our infrastructure is decrepit, and our water isn't clean.
Emilio-13 hours ago
China will be hurting big. Gradually their economy will slow down and millions of people will be unemployed. China has never anticipate that the United States will challenge unfair practices, IP theft and many other things. China got used to telling other countries what to do. Not anymore, because China is loosing its power. The world can see now how China has been abusing many countries of unfairness. Like I said, it only takes one country to defy China and the rest will follow. Many countries will not fear of China anymore. It is time that China needs to follow the rule of the law, not break the WTO rules of the law. China needs to obey the UNCLOS not break it. China thinks they are powerful that they are above the Law. Time is changing against China and XI Jing Ping.
J-16 hours ago
Recent estimates put the introduction of ocean plastics at 0.25% European union, 1% North American content and about 90% form china. Even if you don't care for "buy American" we all need to look at this great horrible beast called china. The destruction of the oceans needs to stop.
El Vato-12 hours ago
Much better for us that China, takes over VS Muslims, Africans or the Deep State.
Mingo-13 hours ago
Trump supporters want Trump to stop them. lol
Leondro-8 hours ago
China paid for this article, but it's worthless.
Lay-3 hours ago
If you want to see the real difference between China and the developed world. Travel first to Hong Kong then get a train from HK to Guangzhou.
As soon as you get off the train in Guangzhou you will see the difference. People spitting, shouting into their phones, smoking where it says no smoking, coughing without covering their mouths, burping and eating with their mouths open. Disgusting stinking toilets.
Perfecto-8 hours ago
More lie and more fake article... Lol
KN-7 hours ago
We need to grow our population. People start making babies if you don't want immigrants.
Duong-12 hours ago
World are world, they don't like cheater commies. Periods!
Freedom-16 hours ago
china city= thief city