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长远来看,印度会超过中国吗?Quora网友:这些图反应了中国的发展成就

长远来看,谁的发展会领先,印度还是中国?

美国quora评论翻译:

Anonymous

Lol, this is quite a stupid question. It is hilarious to see Indians with their fake nationalism comapring India to China.China is far far ahead to India in regards to almost every aspect. India while growing at a good space is never likely to catch up with China. Also,people pointing out that India's strong point is democracy are mistaken. Democracy is actually Indias weakest point.

哈哈,这个问题问得太没水平了。看到印度人比较中印就好笑,中国可是几乎每个领域遥遥领先印度啊

印度可能永远赶不上中国。好吧,有人指出印度的优势是皿煮,其实错了。皿煮实际上是印度的弱势

Harry Yang, Thinker and Philosopher

In the long run, it is definitely India.

People looking at the current status China Vs India conveniently forgot that India is the largest democracy while China is the largest dictatorship. Democracy is synonymous with stability, and confidence-inspiring. On the other hand, dictatorship can collapse at any moment due to the presence of many many problems, such as ghost cities, environment pollution, surplus males from “one-child policy”, huge debt, capital flight, “leftover women”, aging population, onset of AI and automation, etc.

译文来源:三泰虎

长远来看,肯定是印度啦

对比当前的中国和印度,人们很容易忘记印度是最大的皿煮国家,而中国是最大的专至国家。

皿煮是稳定的同义词。而专至随时崩溃。中国的问题很多,比如鬼城,比如环境污染,比如独生子女政策造成男多女少,比如巨额的债务,比如剩女问题,人口老龄化问题,人工智能的登场

Martin Andrews

China, China will continue to be many many years ahead of India, for India to catch up, it would have to have decades of incredible growth like that of China and that probably isn’t possible.

中国会继续领先印度的。印度要赶上去,需要几十年的疯狂发展,而这几乎是不可能的。

Talking about infrastructure, India has many regions where power cuts are a daily occurrence, electricity is one of the most basic infrastructures that is a guarantee for a better living standard, India is struggling to provide a high quality 24 hour supply to its people when China achieved this years ago, sewage treatment and waste management are also other areas where China is light years ahead of India.

If you still think that India would somehow end up ahead of China then I want you to see this pics, they are a showcase to China’s development:

说到基础设施,印度很多地区停电是家常便饭,而电是老百姓过上更美好生活的最基本保障之一。印度至今无力24小时供电,而中国已经实现了这一目标。废水和垃圾处理,中国也做得比印度好多了。

如果你仍然认为印度最终会超过中国,那么就看看以下图片吧,这些反应了中国的发展成就:

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main-qimg-53594261433e0775a89ecac77785c589-c.jpg

main-qimg-da5d974310a891ecfbb5079008a7cc06.png

main-qimg-4a4f6def0f288b133dfe783a808c0ea2.png

main-qimg-4c6d22e5633d75edbc6c7c207c54c98a.png

Hardev Singh

India

当然是印度啦

Jason He, A college student major in English

This is really a hard question, and I think that in this 50 years, China will be always ahead in development. When it comes to your question, I'm so sorry that I can't give you an answer for there are too much possibilities, maybe a war would change everything, we don't know. Maybe North Korea? Just for kidding.

这个问题很难答,我觉得未来50年,中国都会领先。

再以后,就难说了,有太多的可能性。也许一场战争就改变了一切。

Abhijit K

lets wait and see .

让我们等着瞧

Yan Tuteng, Mass Amateur, Messy Thinker, Fast Actor, Rational Analyst

Surely will be India. India will be the only world wide powerful contry in this planet as the largest democracy country in the world. lol

肯定是印度啦。作为世界上最大的皿煮国家,印度将成为这个星球上唯一的世界大国,哈哈

Amin Kayal, Entrepreneur, investor, business executive
In my view China will always have an advantage. It's related to the culture and history of the country. But Never say Never.

在我看来,中国会一直保持优势。这跟该国的文化和历史有关,不过,没有什么是永远的,永不说“决不”。

Avkrishna Rao, former Geological survey of India( retired) at Central Govt of India (1968-2002)
If India puts one step forward China can move two steps, they got control, no bribes, no hurdles, no political interference( If it’s there it’s for good only)

印度迈出一步,中国就迈出两步。一切尽在掌控中,没有贿赂,没有政治干预

Fang Deng

India!

Because it is India that is good in both scentice and freedom, China is nothing but a shit when compared with India in space and aeronautics technology.

China focuses on quantity whereas India focuses on quality.

China copies everything whereas India keeps on creativity.

印度!因为印度科技发达,有自由。跟印度比太空技术,中国算什么啊,啥都不是。

中国注重数量,印度注重质量。

中国抄袭一切,而印度持续创新

Ekjyot Singh Chabbra, Bored with a variety of interests

In the long run, anything can happen.
Any random event can and will alter the course of history.
Suppose a meteorite crashes into China, destroying/disabling much of their infrastructure. What then?
Well besides the (obligatory) international relief, another/some other nations could rise up to helm the mantlet once worn by China.

长远来看,一切皆有可能。

随便一起突发的历史事件,都可能改变历史进程。

比如陨星坠落中国,摧毁了中国大多数基础设施,然后呢?

Joseph Boyle
Equal enough so that one cannot dominate the other, which is what is most significant.

India is maybe 20 years behind overall but it varies a lot by sector and is ahead in some.

China will surely remain the manufacturing hub but with gradually more outsourcing as Japan did.

旗鼓相当最好,没有谁能主宰谁,这样最好了。

印度也许总体落后20年,某些方面领先。

中国仍会是制造业中心,不过会像之前的日本一样逐渐外包。

Randy McDonald, Torontonian and loving it

At this stage, it is impossible to judge.

China now is ahead of India, has been ahead for the past two decades, and enjoys certain advantages (a higher level of human development, better administration, perhaps a more homogeneous population) that India does not. Does this mean that, in the long run, India cannot catch up, cannot develop its own advantages? Not at all.

目前,还几乎无法判断。

中国目前领先印度,过去20年一直领先,某些方面的优势是印度没有的。

难道这意味着印度永远赶不上,无法建立自己的优势?当然不是

Anonymous

Definitely China, because what INDIA lacks is unity.
Our PM started make in India initiative which is progressing at a slow rate.
Also Indian currency's strength is degrading when compared to us dollar.

肯定是中国啦。印度缺乏团结

我们的总理启动了“印度制造”计划,结果进展相当缓慢。

印度货币对美元也在贬值

Aliasger Fanaswalla, works at Morgan State University

If your definition of long run is 10 years then it will be and has to be China all the way. It has much more land and more resources than India and is also very powerful economically and militarily than India and has at least thrice the nuclear arsenal that India possess. But if you talk about after the next 15 years it can be India as currently China is undergoing a lot of termoil due to investing billions in infrastructure development and those investments not paying off well , these won't create an immediate negative impact but in the long run it will hinder China's growth severly and also China's one child policy has reduced it young working population that will affect production in the long run. Also U.S.A and Japan look at China as a threat and thus they are trying their best ( discreetly in case of USA) to prevent China from becoming a superpower and dominating others.

如果你所说的长远指的是10年,那么肯定是中国一路领先。中国国土面积比印度大多了,资源比印度丰富多了,经济和军事比印度强大多了。

核武库的规模至少是印度的3倍。但是,再过15年呢,也许是印度吧,目前中国正动荡,基础设施投资那么大,却没有得到应有的回报,负面效应不会立即显现,长远来看会严重阻碍中国的发展。中国独生子女政策造成年轻劳动人口减少。

另外,美国和日本把中国视为威胁,竭尽全力阻挠中国成为超级大国。

Achal Gautam, lives in India

It is difficult to say that who will have a lead on long term in area of economic development.

Both countries have their own advantages & disadvantages. While China has a lead in terms of economic development, India has now become fastest growing economy among major economies. The economic growth of China has slowed compared in recent years compared to its own growth in last 2-3 decades. But in these 2-3 decades China has progressed at an astonishing rate. Never ever in human history, so many people have come out of poverty zone so fast. India has a long road to catch up China.

长远来看,谁的经济发展会领先,很难说

两国都有着各自的优势和劣势。中国目前经济发展领先,而印度是当今各大国经济体中发展速度最快的。

中国经济增长已经放缓,速度没有过去二三十年那么快了。

人类历史上,从来没有那么多人如此快地脱贫。要赶上中国,印度还有很长一段路要走

But India has the real jackpot in the long race and that is “Democracy”. China is so powerful but it fears simple things like Facebook, Google, Twitter etc. India trusts its own citizens while China always lives in fear of its own citizens. India may take years to build an infrastructure project but it takes opinion from everyone & try to find a best possible way. Till recently, Chinese were not allowed to have more than one child. This controlled population but a state should educate its citizens regarding having less child and must not dictate the number of children one should have.

不过印度有一个大杀器,那就是“皿煮”。中国是很强大,不过怕脸书、谷歌和推特。

印度相信本国公民,中国怕。印度修基础设施也许要很多年,不过征求每个人的意见,找出最切实可行的方法。

中国以前还不让生二胎呢,最近才放开的。计划生育是能控制人口,不过还是该靠宣传,而不是强制规定人们生几个。

Daidai Clever, former 2nd Battalion Commander enjoying spaghetti (2013-2016)

absolutely Indian.

Indian may have some fators that stunt development now,but Indian's leading elites have also realize these problems.The development of India can refer to China and avoid detours,The recently years high increase rate of GDP proofs that Indian has found the suitable development mode,Indian has more young and clever people.According to the Late-Developing Advantage theory,Indian will develop more better than China in decades.

In fact India has been the country with the largest number of foreign CEO in the top 500 companys of the US,yet Chinese are just some technology team leaders.

肯定是印度啦。印度某些因素也许会阻碍发展,不过印度精英已经认识到了这些问题

印度的发展可以参考中国,避免走弯路。最近一些年,印度GDP高歌猛进,说明印度找到了合适的发展模式。

印度有着庞大的年轻人口。根据后发优势理论,印度未来几十年发展速度会比中国快多了

美国500强公司的CEO,印度人是最多的,中国人只是技术团队的主管而已

Rajkumar Chharush, ASI, CISF at Ministry of Home Affairs, India

This is open to debate and there is no definite answer to this question. China and India have historically been the world's two largest economies accounting more than 40% of world's GDP.

Now, both are again trying to regain their glory. China has grown tremendously in last 4 decades, pulled millions out of poverty, have created a world-class infrastructure in all sectors and become the world's factory. India was left behind due to various reasons. But since 1991,India’s growth pace has been second only to China. India, too, has pulled millions out of poverty and prosperity has reached to majority of Indians.

这个问题尚有争议,没有个定论。历史上,中国和印度一直是世界前2大经济体,占了世界GDP的40%以上。

如今,两国跃跃欲试,希望重拾过去的辉煌。过去40年,中国取得了巨大发展,无数人脱贫,修建了世界级的基础设施,成为了世界工厂。

印度因为各种原因而落后了。自从1991年以来,印度发展速度仅次于中国,数以百万计的人脱贫,繁荣惠及了印度大多数人。

Both countries are again on the path to be largest economies of world in next 20 years.

India will be third biggest economy by 2030. But, Which country will be really ahead in 2050? This is debatable. There are only few agencies that put their bets on India. That China will soon be world's largest economy is a forgone conclusion.

Will India ever overtake China in total GDP or development? This depends on many factors :India's growth in next 2–3 decades, social cohesion,and legal/admn/economic reforms in coming time. Of course, how much does China grow in next few decades will also decide the ultimate winner.

China is ageing,while India is young. China may face social challenges emanating from one-party rule, while India is a flourishing democracy. India has solid foundation and institutions as far as democracy is concerned, China doesn't have this.

Field is wide open for both the countries.

未来20年,两国都会走上成为世界最大经济体的道路

到2030年,印度将是世界第三大经济体。到了2050年,哪个国家会领先?尚存争议。

目前,只有几个机构认为印度会领先。中国不可避免会成为世界最大经济体。

印度GDP会超过中国吗?很多因素决定了是否可能,比如未来二三十年印度的发展,印度的社会凝聚力,印度的法治和社会改革等。

当然,也要看中国未来几十年的发展。

中国在老龄化,而印度人口很年轻。中国也许会面临社会挑战,而印度会是一个繁荣的皿煮国家。

Yadlapalli Rama Krishna, mbbs from Yangzhou University

india is smaller than china by 3 times but land suitable for agriculture in india is more, but agriculture in china is very advanced that they farm all over the year. in india mostly they farm once or twice.

india can never grow better than china with current democracy as india is brainwashed by media for centuries starting British colonialism to till today. indian media is foreign owned, Pakistan, USUK elite, even china own some media in india. it's possible for anyone in world to start media channel in india. so media is always anti india, anti hindu, anti desi companies, anti to pro development politicians.

china is 25 years ahead than india now. after 10 years china will be 30 years ahead. in 10 years all Chinese cities will be connected with bullet trains .currently 80% cities are connected.every city in china is full of 4lane roads with cycle tracks in every city. every city had ring roads Beijing had atleast 5 ringroads, every city in china can be compared to shanghai in roads, buildings, parks. to tell you truth Mumbai don't even have one ring road a complete ringroad around Mumbai. Mumbai lost a chance to become HongKong due to under developed infrastructure in 90s.

印度国土面积比中国小3倍,不过可耕种土地比中国多。

中国农业发达,一年四季都种植,而印度大多数土地种一季或者两季。

就目前的皿煮来看,印度永远比不过中国的。从英殖民开始,一直到现在,几个世纪以来,印度人一直被媒体洗脑。

印度媒体是外国买办操控的,就连中国在印度也有媒体,任何人都可以在印度开设媒体。结果是,这里的媒体都是反印的

中国目前领先印度25年,10年后中国将领先30年。10年内,中国所有城市会通过高铁连接起来,目前通高铁的城市占了80%。

中国每一座城市的公路都是4车道的,旁边还有自行车道。每个城市都有环城公路,北京已经有5环了。每个城市的公路、大楼和公园都不输上海。

跟你们说吧,孟买连一环都没有,没有环城公路。90年代,基础设施不发达,导致孟买错失了成为香港的机会

外文:https://www.quora.com/In-the-long-run-who-will-be-ahead-in-development-India-or-China

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