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老外谈中国:真实的中国是什么样的?

What is the real image of China? Are there 2 versions of China? The real one and the one they are making the world think is the real China?

中国真正形象是什么样的?中国有两种版本吗?“真正”的中国和他们让世界认知的中国,哪个是真的?

【美国问答网站quora网贴翻译

译文来源:Quora中文网 http://quora123.com/464.html

Jack Penny, I've traveled around all of China and studied in Harbin
Updated Nov 20, 2016
China is big. China is very big.
I’d like to elaborate a bit:
This is China, not Russia.

中国很大,非常大。

说明一下。这是中国,不是俄罗斯。

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If you go to the very west of China, it will look a little bit like a middle eastern country. If you go to a few of the northern cities, you’ll feel like you might be in Russia. If you go to Beijing, which is kind of in the north, you see the stuff you see in newspapers - but if you go to Shanghai you feel like you’re in Europe. Not so far from Shanghai, about 5 hours by train, you can go to a city that used to be a German colony and has a brewery started by Germans making some of the best mass export beer in all of Asia. If you go to Guangzhou, you can enjoy the endless markets and stereotypically rude China you hear people complain about.

如果去中国西部,看起来会像中东国家。如果去北边的城市,你可能会感觉身处俄罗斯。如果去北京,即中国北方,你会看到报纸上看到的东西;如果你去上海,你会感觉去了欧洲。

上海不远处,大约5小时的火车车程,是一个曾经被德国殖民的城市,有一家德国人创办的啤酒厂,它把质量最好的啤酒出口到亚洲各国。如果去广州,你可能看到无穷的市场,以及你听到人们抱怨过的典型的中国式粗鲁。

There are deserts, mountains, plains, vast cities, villages, farms, factories….There is Russia, there is the middle east, there is Europe…There are towns where people will say ‘hi’ to you and be friendly, there are towns where someone will try to sell you a fake iPhone for $100 in the most unfriendly tone you can imagine.
There are hundreds of languages spoken in China. Mandarin is the one we all know about, but it’s not even the native language of most the people there. And many people can’t even read or write.

有沙漠、高山、平原、大城市、乡村、农场、工厂……有俄罗斯,有中东,也有欧洲。有人会对你友好地说“你好”的城镇,也会有用你所想象的最不友好的语气,以100美元卖给你假苹果的城镇。

中国有成百上千种语言。普通话大家都知道,但不是大多数当地人说的母语。很多人不会读或写。

One time, I met a guy doing shaokao (outside BBQ stalls/restaurants) in Haerbin, he was white and looked kinda Russian (Haerbin is near Russia…kinda, and looks like Russia,) so I asked where he was from. He was like “uhh…China.” He was actually from the west of China, and some language using arabic script was his native language.
There are people who pipe down to the gove*ment’s strict laws and control, and there are those who don’t care, and openly disgrace the g*rnment on social media when they do something they don’t like. There are cities that are so polluted you get a bad throat after 1 day of walking around, and there are cities where the sky is blue and beautiful.

一次,我看到一个家伙在哈尔冰烧烤,他是白人,看起来像俄罗斯人(哈尔滨靠近俄罗斯,有点像俄罗斯),我问他哪里人,他说,“额,中国。”他实际上来自中国西部,说的是有阿拉伯字母的母语。

有些城市污染严重,在外面走了一天后,你的喉咙会有点难受。也有的城市天空是蓝色的,很好看。

To sum up, If I was to compare it to the media, as you wrote in your question. I would say that yes, China is the factory of the world, a huge exporter of raw materials, and very polluted in some places. They can be rude (but only because their culture is different,) and can be very traditional. But that’s just 5% (or something) of China, it’s a very diverse place with many peoples, languages, and cultures.

综上所述,如果对比媒体,正如你在问题中所写的,我会说是的,中国是世界工厂,原料出口大国,某些地方污染严重。他们会很粗鲁(但只因为他们的文化不同),也可能非常传统。但只占中国的5%(或其他),中国是人口众多、语言多样、文化繁多的多样化国家。

Edit: Some people are responding to this answer with “oh Shanghai isn’t like Europe,” or something like that. Actually you need to take some of this answer less literally, I’m just giving a general overview of China from my perspective. There are cultural roots in these cities that are definitely reflected today, in the architecture and in the culture too. Please don’t take it too literally, of course Shanghai isn’t really Paris, Haerbin isn’t really St Petersburg and Qingdao isn’t really Stuttgart.
260.8k Views · 1,302 Upvotes

编辑:有些人会用“哦,上海不像欧洲”或诸如此类的来回答。实际上不应从答案表面看问题,我只是从我的角度概括了一下中国。这些城市的文化根源,也在当今的建筑和文化中反映出来。别太咬文嚼字,上海当然不是真的巴黎,哈尔滨也不是真的圣彼得堡,青岛也不是真正的斯图加特。

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